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Lee Tae Hun - - 2012
Methylphenidate (MPH) and atomoxetine (ATX) are commonly used as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) therapeutic agents. In the present study, we investigated the effects of MPH and ATX on cell proliferation and neuronal differentiation in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the adolescent mouse by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) and doublecortin (DCX) immunohistochemistry. BrdU-positive ((+)) ...
Feng Yadong - - 2011
HIF-1α (hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha) is believed to promote oesophageal squamous tumour growth. Thus, an HIF-1α inhibitor is viewed as a therapeutic target in treating oesophageal cancer. Recently, YC-1 [3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole] has been widely used as a potential HIF-1α inhibitor and is being developed as a novel anticancer drug. However, little ...
Wegienka Ganesa G Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2011
Sex hormones may play an important role in observed gender differences in asthma incidence and severity. Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) are presumed to be involved in asthma and may vary with hormone levels. To investigate the effects of sex hormones on levels of Treg cells (percentage of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ lymphocytes ...
Sugita Sunao - - 2011
To determine whether murine corneal endothelial (CE) cells can promote the generation of T regulatory (Treg) cells in vitro. To induce Treg cells in vitro by CE cell lines, T cells exposed to CE cells were used as Treg cells. T cells exposed to CE cells in the presence of ...
Jin Hyun-Tak - - 2011
T cell exhaustion develops under conditions of antigenpersistence caused by infection with various chronic pathogens, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB), or by the development of cancer. T cell exhaustion is characterized by stepwise and progressive loss of T cell function, which is probably the main ...
Wald Abigail I - - 2011
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) have a much better disease outcome compared to SCCHN cases lacking HPV. Differences in microRNA (miRNA) expression may affect their clinical outcomes. The miRNA expression was studied using microarrays and quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) ...
Gutcher Ilona - - 2011
TGF-β1 is a regulatory cytokine that has an important role in controlling T cell differentiation. T cell-produced TGF-β1 acts on T cells to promote Th17 cell differentiation and the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). However, the exact TGF-β1-producing T cell subset required for Th17 cell generation and its cellular mechanism of action remain ...
Kofler David M - - 2011
Adoptive T-cell transfer showed promising efficacy in recent trials raising interest in T cells with redirected specificity against tumors. T cells were engineered with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) with predefined binding and CD3ζ signaling to initiate T-cell activation. CD28 costimulation provided by a CD28-CD3ζ signaling CAR moreover improved T ...
Chikamatsu Kazuaki - - 2011
CD44 was found as a surface marker in cancer stem cell (CSC) of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN); however, the immunologic properties of such CSCs have not yet been elucidated. The immunologic properties of CD44+ cancer stem-like cells were compared with those of CD44- cells using ...
Hseu You-Cheng - - 2011
Alpinia pricei has been shown to induce apoptosis in human squamous carcinoma (KB) cells. In this study, we report the effectiveness of the ethanol (70%) extracts of A. pricei rhizome (AP extracts) in terms of tumor regression as determined using both in vitro cell culture and in vivo athymic nude ...
Honma M - - 2011
Background.  Subungual keratoacanthoma (SUKA) is a rare cutaneous tumour with several features distinct from ordinary KA. SUKA may not show spontaneous regression and sometimes grows progressively, resulting in phalangeal bone destruction. This makes its distinction from digital squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) difficult. Aim.  To investigate differences in molecular expression between ...
Kadota Kyuichi - - 2010
Pulmonary mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma is an extremely rare neoplasm. This is the first cytological report of such a rare neoplasm. A 59-year-old Japanese man was admitted to the hospital complaining of a persistent cough and bloody sputum. A bronchial endoscopic examination revealed an endobronchial polypoid tumor. Upon ...
Wu Zhou-Wei - - 2010
A case of a 28 year-old Chinese male who presented with a rapidly growing tumor within a nevus sebaceous on his right cheek. The tumor was excised and immunohistochemical analysis and histology were consistent with spindle-cell squamous cell carcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first report ...
Underwood Timothy J - - 2010
Carcinoma of the oesophagus is the sixth leading cause of cancer death in the western world and is associated with a 5-year survival of less than 15%. Recent evidence suggests that stromal-epithelial interactions are fundamental in carcinogenesis. The advent of co-culture techniques permits the investigation of cross-talk between the stroma ...
Mriouah Jihane - - 2010
The implication of loss of PTEN expression in resistance to targeted therapy has already been described in many tumor types. The absence of response to anti-EGFR agents in PTEN-deficient tumors relies on persistent activation of signaling pathways downstream of pEGFR. To investigate the role of PTEN loss of expression in ...
Liu Nan - - 2011
Paclitaxel has become one of the most effective and widely used chemotherapeutic agents over the past decades. Although it has shown promise to selectively deplete regulatory T (Treg) cells in our previous study, the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be further elucidated. The present study focused on the effect of ...
Li Sheng-Jiao - - 2011
The incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is increasing but the long-term survival rate remains low. An animal model would therefore be helpful for evaluation of new treatment modalities for oral SCC. Hamster is small animal, therefore, the cancer of hamster cheek pouch is not optimal for tumor imaging. ...
Akgül Baki - - 2011
It has been demonstrated previously that E7 oncogene expression of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 8 in keratinocytes induces cell invasion and accelerated differentiation. Looking for cellular genes deregulated by HPV-8 E7, lipocalin-2 was identified as being upregulated in these cells by cDNA microarray analysis. Lipocalin-2 is known to be overexpressed ...
Park Seok-Woo - - 2010
Several researchers have observed that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors display anticancer effects only at higher concentrations than doses that block COX-2 activity in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells. To better understand the exact anticancer mechanism of COX-2-inhibitors, we compared the effects of pharmacologic inhibitors to those of small-interfering ...
Park Jong-Hwan - - 2010
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling has been found to promote cell proliferation, invasiveness, and angiogenesis in a variety of cancers. This study was performed to examine whether TLR signaling is involved in tumor progression of an oral squamous cell carcinoma, YD-10B cells. TLRs expression was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction ...
Kunimoto Yasuomi - - 2011
Background: Previous studies have shown that the expression of Deleted in Esophageal Cancer 1 (DEC1) is significantly reduced in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) often develop esophageal carcinomas. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the expression of DEC1 and histone modifications in HNSCC ...
Giudice Fernanda Salgueiredo - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2010) 40: 405-411 Background:  Several signaling pathways are involved in the progression of squamous cell carcinoma. Among them, activated PI3K/Akt may result in NF-κB nuclear translocation, thus leading to the transcription of genes enrolled in cellular invasion and proliferation, such as cyclin D1. This study sought ...
Elias Silvia T - - 2010
Cancer is a public health problem worldwide. Incidences of oral carcinomas are increasing in the last decades, and the developed countries are the most affected. Current therapeutic options for this type of cancer are aggressive and/or invasive, including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In addition, they have not yet translated into ...
Yarmolyuk Yaroslav R - - 2011
The free radical nitric oxide (NO) is over-expressed in many tumors, including head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC); however, the role NO plays in tumor pathophysiology is still not well understood. We, herein, report the development of an in vitro model system which can be used to probe the ...
Tarjan Gabor - - 2011
It is not understood why some head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, despite having identical morphology, demonstrate different tumor aggressiveness, including radioresistance. High levels of the free radical nitric oxide (NO) and increased expression of the NO-producing enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) have been implicated in tumor progression. We previously ...
Chatelain Kourt - - 2011
Proanthocyanidins, compounds highly concentrated in dietary fruits, such as cranberries and grapes, demonstrate significant cancer prevention potential against many types of cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate cranberry and grape seed extracts to quantitate and compare their anti-proliferative effects on the most common type of oral cancer, ...
Abrahao Aline Correa - - 2010
The overexpression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a frequent event in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are potent inhibitors of COX-1 and COX-2, exert chemopreventive effects on HNSCC cancer development. COX-2 promotes the release of the pro-inflammatory mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which ...
Defty Clare L - - 2011
Pleomorphic giant or 'monster' cells represent a well-recognized yet uncommon finding associated with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), usually of nodular type. We present a case of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (basaloid SCC) with 'monster' cells that closely mimicked those described in pleomorphic nodular BCC. Clinically, the lesion presented as a ...
Teh Muy-Teck - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) 40: 67-76 Desmosomes, the intercellular junctions that confer strong adhesion between epithelial cells, are frequently altered in malignancy. However, a comprehensive analysis of these structures has not been carried out in oral neoplasia. Oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and pre-malignant dysplasia can be sub-classified according ...
Kelly Jemma G - - 2010
The cornea is one of the few human tissues where the in situ locations of stem cells (SCs), transient-amplifying (TA) cells and terminally-differentiated (TD) cells have been relatively well localised and characterised. Mid-infrared (IR) (4000-400 cm(-1)) is absorbed by biological molecules and facilitates the acquisition in the biochemical-cell fingerprint region ...
Samadi Abbas K - - 2010
As part of a program to discover drug leads from plant biodiversity, the present investigation was undertaken to explore the anticancer potential of compounds derived from selected Latin American plants. Bioassay-guided fractionation of a crude extract of the aerial parts of Vassobia breviflora led to the isolation of the withanolide-type ...
Okui Tatsuo - - 2010
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is engaged in the molecular pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma, which frequently invades the maxilla or the mandible. However, the effects of a mTOR inhibitor on bone destruction associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the ...
Abbas Ossama - - 2011
The inherent longetivity of stem cells causes them to be susceptible to multiple genetic hits. Thus, it is not surprising that stem cells are implicated in the etiopathogenesis of select cutaneous neoplasms. However, most studies to date are restricted to the use of a single marker (p63, cytokeratin-15 or cytokeratin-19) ...
Weng Jing-Ru - - 2010
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a naturally occurring phytochemical found in cruciferous vegetables, has received much attention due to its translational potential in cancer prevention and therapy. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of OSU-A9, a structurally optimized I3C derivative, in a panel of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, SCC4, ...
Shibuya Kiyoshi - - 2011
We investigated the capabilities of an endo-cytoscopy system (ECS) that enables microscopic imaging of the tracheobronchial tree during bronchoscopy, including normal bronchial epithelium, dysplastic mucosa and squamous cell carcinoma. The newly developed ECS has a 3.2mm diameter that can be passed through the 4.2mm working channel of a mother endoscope ...
Chung Jacky - - 2010
ΔNp63α is a critical pro-survival protein overexpressed in 80% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) where it inhibits TAp73β transcription of p53-family target genes, which is thought to increase HNSCC resistance to chemotherapy-induced cell death. However, the mechanisms governing ΔNp63α function are largely unknown. In this study, we ...
Cludts Stéphanie - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: To examine the presence of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) quantitatively in relation to neoplastic progression of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The presence of MIF was analysed by quantitative immunohistochemistry in sections of 81 HSCCs, and compared to 15 specimens of tumour-free epithelia (TF_E), 29 ...
Moon Yeon-Hee - - 2010
Five-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) and its derivatives act as precursors of the photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). In this study, the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with hexenyl ester of ALA (ALA-hx) was examined in a human oral squamous cell carcinoma, YD10B cells. PpIX accumulation and mRNA expression of coproporphyrinogen oxidase (CPO) ...
Richter Petra - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) 40: 46-54 Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is suggested to be crucial for the development of an invasive and metastatic carcinoma cell phenotype. Therefore, the definition of this phenotype is of great clinical interest. We recently evidenced vimentin positive cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) invasive ...
Brieger Juergen - - 2010
Promoter hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes is a common feature of primary cancer cells. However, at date the somatic epigenetic events that occur in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) tumorigenesis are not yet been well defined. In the present study we analysed the methylation status of the gene ...
Yang Xiao - - 2010
We previously established an in vitro cellular carcinogenesis model of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with a line of human immortalized oral epithelia cells (HIOECs), a line of cancerous HB96 cells, and other cells (HB56 cells) at the early stage of carcinogenesis. In this study, comparative proteomic analysis identified a ...
Jiang Lu - - 2010
Tumor metastasis is the dominant cause of death in cancer patients, including patients with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). Previously, we reported that reduced miR-138 level is correlated with enhanced metastatic potential in TSCC cells. Here, we demonstrate that miR-138 suppresses TSCC cell migration and invasion by regulating 2 ...
Jung Da-Woon - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that stromal fibroblasts have a more profound influence on the initiation and progression of carcinoma than was previously appreciated. This study aimed at investigating the reciprocal relationship between cancer cells and their associated fibroblasts at both the molecular and cellular level in oral squamous cell carcinoma ...
Fukuda Masakatsu - - 2010
Interleukin (IL)-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine, comprising IL-12p40 and the cloned IL-23-specific p19 subunit, was identified as a cancer-associated cytokine in a recent study. Like IL-12, IL-23 is expressed predominantly by activated dendritic cells and phagocytic cells. These cytokines antagonistically regulate local inflammatory responses in the tumor microenvironment and infiltration ...
Hamada Katsuyuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) serves as a serological marker for squamous cell carcinomas. Molecular cloning of the SCCA genomic region has revealed the presence of two tandemly arrayed genes: SCCA1 and SCCA2. SCCA1 gene is up-regulated in squamous cell carcinoma cells. We analyzed the proximal region of ...
Li Ke - - 2010
Some studies have demonstrated that N-cadherin is upregulated in more invasive cancer cell lines and tumors and plays a key role in intercellular adhesion. However, the understanding on the roles N-cadherin plays in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still poor. Our data showed that knock-down of N-cadherin in ESCC ...
Ito Shin - - 2010
We reported previously that the forced expression of the chemokine BRAK/CXCL14 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells decreased the rate of tumor formation and size of tumor xenografts in athymic nude mice and SCID mice. In order to clarify the expression of BRAK/CXCL14 affected either the settlement of ...
Sun Guangwei - - 2010
This study investigated the existence of stem-like cells in established head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) lines, HSC3 and HSC4. Flow cytometric analysis confirmed the presence of side population (SP) cells excluding Hoechst 33342 in HSC4 cells (0.37+/-0.06%) but not HSC3 cells in a reserpine-sensitive manner. After sorting, the ...
Celik Ayla - - 2010
The micronucleus (MN) assay in exfoliated buccal cells is a useful and minimally invasive method for monitoring genetic damage in humans exposed to occupational and environmental agents. The MN test is used as an indicator of genotoxic exposition, since it is associated with chromosome aberrations. An increased mutation rate in ...
Murakami Akihiro - - 2010
Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) is a useful tumor marker for diagnosis and management of squamous cell carcinoma. Recent reports have shown that SCCA can influence the invasion or metastasis of cancer cells. However, it remained unclear how SCCA acts to mediate these biological functions. To solve this question, at ...
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