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Results 401 - 450 of 1569
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Caulfield Timothy - - 2006
This article explores the ways in which human dignity is used in debates about controversial biotechnologies, including biobanks, human gene patents, stem cell research and human cloning. Increasingly, human dignity is used as a form of general condemnation and as blanket justification for regulatory restraint. However, this use of human ...
Valeri R M - - 2006
We describe a rare and interesting case of a basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSC) of the uterine cervix with metastasis in the left iliac region diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA). A 54-year-old woman underwent FNA because of a mass in the left iliac region. The material was processed by ...
Valentine Beth A - - 2006
A retrospective study examined data regarding equine cutaneous and mucocutaneous neoplasms submitted to the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory at Oregon State University in a 3.5-year period. A total of 536 neoplasms were identified, accounting for 30% of the total equine pathology submissions. Sarcoid, squamous cell carcinoma, melanocytic tumors, papillomas, and mast ...
Fang Quan - - 2006
Ascorbyl stearate is a lipophilic, vitamin C derivative with antitumorigenic properties. The molecular mechanism(s) underlying the anticarcinogenic effect of this compound have not been well documented. The effect of ascorbyl stearate was studied in a panel of human ovarian epithelial cancer cells. Treatment with ascorbyl stearate caused a dose-dependent inhibition ...
Norozy Zahra - - 2006
Inositol 6-phosphate (IP-6) has demonstrated novel anti-cancer activity using several different tumor models. IP-6, or phytic acid, has antioxidant properties that directly act to inhibit cancer cell growth. In previous experiments using Hep-2 cells treated with a single treatment dose of IP-6 (1 mM) showed decreases in number only after ...
Mitra Aparna - - 2006
Among the soluble MMPs, MMP-2 (gelatinase A) is particularly important in the invasive property of tumor cells. Cell membrane-associated MMP-2 activation is one of the challenging areas in tumor biology. In the present communication, we studied the membrane dependent activation of MMP-2 in SiHa cells. METHODS: Activation of pro-MMP-2 by ...
Bamberger Ana-Maria - - 2006
Abnormalities in the process of trophoblast invasion may result in abnormal placentation. Both the embryonic trophoblast and maternal decidua produce corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which promotes implantation. Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1), which is expressed in extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) of normal human placenta, may also function in tro-phoblast/endometrial interactions. ...
Makishi S - - 2006
Morules have been reported in pulmonary blastoma (PB), well differentiated fetal adenocarcinoma of the lung (WDFA), and uterine endometrioid carcinoma (EC), and rarely in other carcinomas. beta Catenin gene mutation has been associated with morule formation. To compare and clarify the cellular characteristics of morules in carcinomas in various organs ...
Shemesh Sivan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas both arise in the epidermis of fair-skinned people in response to ultraviolet light, with the overall frequency of basal cell carcinoma being 4 times that of squamous cell carcinoma. Despite the similarities in the population at risk, and the presumed etiology of these ...
Wang Dian - - 2006
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have demonstrated cancer chemoprevention effects associated with their ability to modulate polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism. In the present study, we report a significant reduction of 15-lipoxygenase 2 (15-LOX-2) in seven carcinoma cell lines of the human head and neck when compared with normal primary cultured keratinocytes, ...
Ch'ng Sydney - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mucosal squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is a disease of high mortality and morbidity. Interactions between the squamous cell carcinoma and the host's local immunity, and how the latter contributes to the biological behavior of the tumor are unclear. In vivo studies have demonstrated sequential mast ...
Zhou Liang - - 2006
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Abnormal interaction of epithelial cells with laminin component of basement membrane may account for altered biological behavior of cells, influencing proliferation, adhesion, and motility. In the current study, we investigated the role of 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR), a high affinity receptor for laminin, in aggressiveness of laryngeal squamous cell ...
Kammori Makoto - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We have developed a novel method for evaluating telomere length in four different cell types in non-cancerous and cancerous mucosal tissue from 15 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus using tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (Q-FISH). We hypothesized that the very rapid cell proliferation observed in ...
Ryska Ales - - 2006
Three cases of massive squamous cell metaplasia in Hashimoto's thyroiditis are reported. The patients were two men and one woman aged 24, 52, and 55 years, respectively. In all three patients, the glandular parenchyma was replaced by hypocellular fibrous tissue with scattered chronic inflammatory infiltrate. Follicular cells were almost absent; ...
Figus A - - 2006
The digital nail complex is occasionally involved by squamous cell carcinoma. The published literature has either been indiscriminating of the site of origin of this tumour within the nail complex or has concentrated attention on the nail bed as the site of pathology. Tumours originating in the lateral nail fold ...
Wang Jing - - 2006
Lingual squamous cell carcinoma is common and the survival rate is relatively low. The invasion of cancer cells from the primary tumour into the surrounding tissue is an early step in the process of metastasis and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is a vital mediator of cellular migration in some ...
Liang Feng-Xia - - 2005
Although the epithelial lining of much of the mammalian urinary tract is known simply as the urothelium, this epithelium can be divided into at least three lineages of renal pelvis/ureter, bladder/trigone, and proximal urethra based on their embryonic origin, uroplakin content, keratin expression pattern, in vitro growth potential, and propensity ...
Ohkura Shuri - - 2005
We have previously reported that significantly higher levels of Keratin 14 (Ker-14) was observed in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and severely dysplastic tissues, whereas this expression was reversed in hyperplasia and in mild to moderate dysplasia. In this study, the mechanism of Keratin 14 activation in oral squamous cell ...
Zhu Wei - - 2005
Human plasma contains low, but physiologically significant, concentrations of morphine that can increase following trauma or exercise. We now demonstrate that normal, human white blood cells (WBC), specifically polymorphonuclear cells, contain and have the ability to synthesize morphine. We also show that WBC express CYP2D6, an enzyme capable of synthesizing ...
Thurfjell Niklas - - 2005
The human p63 gene encodes a series of proteins that differ in their N- and/or C-terminal sequences and have widely differing properties in promoting or repressing p53-related functions such as growth arrest and apoptosis. In addition, p63 has important roles in the maintenance and differentiation of epithelial cell populations. Squamous ...
Xu Liming - - 2006
Amelogenin is an extracellular matrix protein secreted by ameloblasts and is a major component of enamel matrix. Recently, in addition to their role in enamel formation, the biological activity of enamel proteins in the process of cell differentiation has recently become widely appreciated. In this study, we examined the biological ...
Xie J J - - 2005
Fascin, an actin-bundling protein, induces membrane protrusions and increases cell motility in various transformed cells. The overexpression of fascin in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been described only recently, but the roles and mechanism still remained unclear. Here, by using RNA interference (RNAi), we have stably silenced the expression ...
Fujita Kazuhiko - - 2006
NKT cells from C57Bl/6 mice are known to be the initial cellular source of IL-4 that acts as a trigger for Th2 cell differentiation. CC-chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) has been described as an initial stimulator of IL-4 production by these cells; however, IL-4 was not produced by NKT cells from ...
Sueoka Kotaro - - 2005
Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) is clinically used as a tumor marker for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of various organs. SCCA1 and its highly homologous molecule, SCCA2, belong to the serine proteinase inhibitors (serpins) family, suggesting that these proteins may be involved in the malignant behavior of squamous cell ...
Smetana Karel K - - 2006
Cellular activities in the regulation of growth or adhesion/migration involve protein (lectin)-carbohydrate recognition at the cell surface. Members of the galectin family of endogenous lectins additionally bind distinct intracellular ligands. These interactions with protein targets explain the relevance of their nuclear and cytoplasmic presence. Expression profiling for galectins and accessible ...
Wan Weihua - - 2006
The roles of aberrant expression of constitutively active ALK chimeric proteins in the pathogenesis of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) have been well defined; nevertheless, the notion that ALK is a molecular target for the therapeutic modulation of ALK+ ALCL has not been validated thus far. Select fused pyrrolocarbazole (FP)-derived small ...
Santos A R AR - - 2005
Vero cells, a cell line established from the kidney of the African green monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops), were cultured in F-10 Ham medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum at 37 degrees C on membranes of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA), poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and their blends in different proportions (100/0, 60/40, 50/50, 40/60, ...
Chidzonga Midion Mapfumo - - 2006
Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for approximately 90% of oral malignancies. The objective of this study was to document the gender, age, sub-site distribution and histologic differentiation of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, maxillary antrum and lip in a Zimbabwean population. Hospital records of patients with a histologic diagnosis ...
Jaiswal Kshama - - 2006
Bile reflux has been implicated in the neoplastic progression of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Bile salts increase proliferation in a Barrett's-associated adenocarcinoma cell line (SEG-1 cells) by activating ERK and p38 MAPK pathways. However, it is not clear that these findings in cancer cells are applicable to non-neoplastic cells of benign ...
Santos André L S - - 2006
In this study, we report the ultrastructural and growth alterations caused by cysteine peptidase inhibitors on the plant trypanosomatid Phytomonas serpens. We showed that the cysteine peptidase inhibitors at 10 microM were able to arrest cellular growth as well as promote alterations in the cell morphology, including the parasites becoming ...
Ylipalosaari M - - 2005
The integrin alphavbeta6, a receptor for fibronectin, vitronectin, tenascin and TGF-beta latency-associated peptide (LAP), is not detectable on normal oral epithelium but is neo-expressed in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) and epithelial dysplasia. Previously it has been shown that alphavbeta6 integrin can up-regulate MMP-3 and -9 expression in OSCC cells. ...
Seike Masahiro - - 2005
We report the case of an 85-year-old man who presented with an enlarging tumor on the right temple. Histologically, spindle-shaped cells were proliferating continuously within well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma that was immunohistochemically negative for vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin (ASMA) but positive for cytokeratin (AE1/3). These spindle-shaped cells expressed vimentin ...
El-Sayed Ivan H - - 2006
Efficient conversion of strongly absorbed light by plasmonic gold nanoparticles to heat energy and their easy bioconjugation suggest their use as selective photothermal agents in molecular cancer cell targeting. Two oral squamous carcinoma cell lines (HSC 313 and HOC 3 Clone 8) and one benign epithelial cell line (HaCaT) were ...
Niwa Yasuharu - - 2005
We identified that suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) gene was aberrantly methylated in its CpG island in three of 10 human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. SOCS-3 RNA was undetectable in five of the 10 HCC cell lines including the three methylated cell lines, and a demethylating agent, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, reactivated ...
Syed Nelofer N Breakthrough Breast Cancer Centre, Institute of Cancer Research, Fulham Rd, London SW3 6JB, United - - 2006
The Polo-like kinases (Plks) are a highly conserved family of protein kinases that function in regulation of cell cycle and DNA damage-induced checkpoints. Evidence of a tumor suppressor function for the Plks in human neoplasia is lacking. Here, we report that Snk/Plk2 is transcriptionally down-regulated in B-cell neoplasms. Silencing occurs ...
Yuen Heng-Wai - - 2005
Laminin-5 (Ln-5) is expressed in several human carcinomas and hypothesized to contribute to tumor invasion. To understand the role of Ln-5 in human cancers, we stably delivered small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) directed against the Ln-5 gamma2 chain into JHU-022-SCC cells (022), a non-invasive oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell line ...
Fattorossi Andrea - - 2005
Accumulating evidence indicates an immunosuppressive role of the thymus-derived CD4+ T-cell population constitutively expressing high level of CD25, T regulatory (Treg) cells, in autoimmune diseases. Here we show that the number of Treg cells in the blood is significantly lower in untreated myasthenia gravis patients than in age-matched healthy subjects, ...
Oliveira M C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cytokeratins (CKs) are the intermediate filament proteins of the epithelium cells, which have become important markers of normal and abnormal cell differentiation. The goal of the present study was to investigate the expression pattern of CK 10, 13, 14 and 16 in oral verrucous carcinoma (OVC) and oral squamous ...
Lau Kent G - - 2005
Formulations of ultra-deformable liposomes containing bleomycin (Bleosome) have previously been described and proposed for topical treatment of skin cancer [Lau, K.G., Chopra, S., Maitani, Y., 2003. Entrapment of bleomycin in ultra-deformable liposomes. S. T. P. Pharm. Sci. 13, 237-239]. In this study, the stability of various Bleosome formulations was characterised ...
Okano Hiroshi - - 2005
AIM: To detect the expression of a proliferation-related ligand on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines (SK-Hep1, HLE and HepG2) and in culture medium. METHODS: APRIL expression was analyzed by Western blotting in HCC cell lines. Effects of APRIL to cell count and angiogenesis were analyzed, too. RESULTS: Recombinant human ...
Browning Alyson M - - 2005
Epidemiologic evidence supports the view that dietary flavonoids exert protective effects in oral diseases, including cancer. However, the dietary forms of flavonoids, the flavonoid glycosides, are thought to be inactive, thus they must first be hydrolysed to their active aglycones. This may occur in the saliva in the oral cavity. ...
Yu Wei-Yuan WY Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, - - 2005
The mouse embryonic oesophagus is initially lined with a simple columnar epithelial layer which changes during the course of development to a stratified squamous tissue. To study the mechanism of this transition, we developed an in vitro model, based on oesophageal explants isolated from E11.5d mouse embryos, which fully recapitulates ...
Chovanec Martin - - 2005
This study represents a combined lectin and immuno-histochemical analysis of normal, dysplastic and malignant squamous epithelia of the upper aerodigestive tract with emphasis on the relation between lectin reactivity and the cells' proliferative/anti-apoptotic potential. Staining by double-labeling to detect pKi67, DeltaNp63alpha, alpha2,3/6-linked sialic acid (NeuNAc) and galectin-3-reactive epitopes was performed ...
Nestor M - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the properties of the astatinated chimeric MAb (cMAb) U36 as a conjugate to selectively target and eradicate head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: cMAb U36 was labelled with 211At via the linker N-succinimidyl 4-(trimethylstannyl)benzoate (SPMB). The quality of the ...
Savellano Mark D - - 2005
Multi-targeting strategies improve the efficacy of antibody and immunotoxin therapies but have not yet been thoroughly explored for HER2-based cancer treatments. We investigated multi-epitope HER2 targeting to boost photosensitizer immunoconjugate uptake as a way of enhancing photoimmunotherapy. Photoimmunotherapy may allow targeted photodynamic destruction of malignancies and may also potentiate anticancer ...
Auw-Haedrich Claudia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: p63 is a homologue of the tumour suppressor gene p53, which is expressed in human basal squamous epithelium. Some investigators maintain that p63 plays a role in the development of squamous epithelium and, despite its homology to p53, it is considered to act as an oncogene. This study investigated ...
Salazar Edith L - - 2005
The prevalence of human papillomavirus HPV-16DNA sequences in 57 penile carcinoma biopsies was examined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with type specific internal probes, employing HPV consensus primers from the L1 region. The cases comprised 39 typical squamous cell carcinoma and 18 specimens with different subtype. PCR products were ...
Tanaka Hironori - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the oncolytic activity of cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) promoter-based conditional replication-selective adenovirus vector for squamous cell carcinoma cells of the head and neck. DESIGN: In vitro study. SUBJECTS: None. INTERVENTIONS: A conditional replication-selective adenovirus vector in which the expression of E1a, required for viral replication, is controlled by ...
Muller Sabine - - 2005
There is increasing evidence that bisphosphonates have direct antitumor effects in vivo in addition to their therapeutic antiresorptive properties. Bisphosphonates inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of many cancer cell lines. They also exhibit anti-invasive properties in vitro and in vivo. We have previously shown that a novel non-nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate inhibited ...
Hong Xin - - 2006
Glioma cells produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to induce vascularization and thereby supply the malignant tissue with oxygen and nutrients. However, little is known about the direct effects of VEGF on tumor cells. In this study, we investigate the ability of VEGF to promote proliferation and invasion of human ...
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