Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1570
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Cirillo N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) targeting desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) in apoptotic keratinocytes. METHOD: Inhibitor studies on cultured keratinocytes and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Blocking of MMP-9 activity strongly reduces shedding of Dsg3 from cell surface. MMP-2 has a less relevant role in the cleavage of Dsg3 while ...
Tataroglu Canten - - 2007
CD44 and beta-catenin are adhesion molecules expressed on a wide variety of cells. Failure of this expression is believed to lead to disruption of cell-cell adhesion and to neoplasia. The aim of this study was to investigate the staining intensity of CD44 and beta-catenin in keratoacanthomas and squamous cell carcinomas ...
Zen Yoh - - 2007
In this study, we examined the possible involvement of progenitor cells in the carcinogenesis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using tissue specimens and cell lines. We used ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2 as a progenitor cell marker. Immunohistochemically, ABCG2(+) hepatocytes were observed in the periportal areas of the dysplastic nodule, and ...
Kawai Noriko - - 2007
We attempted to find a specific antigen of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells that could be safely applied to gene therapy in the conservative clinical treatment of oral cancer. We performed subtraction using normal human keratinocyte cells, followed by selection using four oral SCC cell lines. We isolated three ...
Hirshberg Abraham - - 2007
Alteration in DNA content is an early event in oral carcinogenesis. We have examined oral brush samples to detect non-diploid cells (NDC) using simultaneous morphological and cytogenetic analysis. The study included 8 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), 22 premalignant lesions (OPLs), and 25 control individuals. Slides stained with Giemsa followed ...
Milano Francesca - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a metaplastic condition in which normal squamous esophageal epithelium is replaced by columnar epithelium. It is proposed that one of the possible mechanisms is dedifferentiation of squamous epithelium into columnar epithelium. The pathophysiology through which this metaplasia occurs is unknown. A recent study ...
Sanctorum Hermes - - 2007
Interference effects in CALUX measurements were studied. 2,3,7,8-TCDD and PCB 126 solutions were added, according to an experimental design, to the genetically modified cells. CALUX responses were measured for pure solutions of each of these pollutants, for their mixtures and for successive additions where the first added pollutant is removed ...
Nakatani Sachie - - 2007
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a slowly progressing chronic joint disease. Glucosamine (GlcN) is a saccharide that is widely used to relieve symptoms associated with OA. However, the mechanism of the effects of GlcN on articular cartilage remains unclear. We studied the effects of GlcN and its analogues, including chitin derivatives included ...
Nishikata Makoto - - 2007
Increased expression of carbonic anhydrase-related protein (CA-RP) VIII has previously been shown in colorectal carcinoma. Since CA-RP has no catalytic carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity, the present study attempted to elucidate its biological significance in colon cancer cells. From a colon cancer cell line (LoVo), we established clones that overexpressed CA-RP ...
McLaughlin Patricia J - - 2007
The opioid growth factor (OGF) is a constitutively expressed negative growth regulator whose action is mediated by the OGF receptor (OGFr). The OGF-OGFr axis tonically regulates the growth of human squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). To examine the repercussions of amplifying OGFr in SCCHN, constructs were ...
Rawal Swati Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Verruciform xanthoma (VX) is a benign lesion that primarily affects the oral cavity, most frequently the gingiva. VX lesions are characterized by xanthoma cells (lipid-laden macrophages or foam cells) found in the superficial connective tissue. To characterize these foam cells further, immunohistochemical techniques were used to investigate the presence ...
Tang Juan - - 2007
HAb18G/CD147, a new hepatoma-associated antigen cloned and screened from human hepatocellular carcinoma cDNA library, is closely correlated with metastasis process in human hepatoma cells. In the present study we aimed to identify the pivotal molecules of the HAb18G/CD147 signal transduction pathway. The investigation showed that betaig-h3, a secretory extracellular matrix ...
Sobolik-Delmaire Tammy - - 2007
Desmosomes are prominent cell-cell adhesive junctions found in a variety of epithelial tissues, including the oral epithelium. The transmembrane core of the desmosome is composed of the desmosomal cadherins that interact extracellularly to mediate cell-cell adhesion. The cytoplasmic domain of desmosomal cadherins interact with plaque proteins that in turn interact ...
GR - Jahanshahi
Introduction: Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a common mucocutanous disorder with unknown etiology. While current data suggest that oral lichen planus is a cell-mediated autoimmune disease, it might be associated to S+100, CD+4 and CD+8 cells. Because of differential diagnosis of OLP and Oral Lichenoid Lesion (OLL) is usually difficult ...
Hayati Abdul Rahman - - 2007
Cervical carcinoma is the second leading cancer in women in Malaysia, after breast cancer. Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been implicated in the development of dysplasia or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and progression to squamous cell carcinoma. Because of the confinement of the human papillomavirus infection within the epithelial layer, the presence ...
Shin Young Joo - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biocompatibility of nanocomposites used for artificial conjunctiva. METHODS: Fifty New Zealand white rabbits were used for the experiments. Nanocomposites of poly -caprolactone (PCL) and of PCL coated with polyvinyl alcohol (PCL+PVA), polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PCL+PVP), or chitosan (PCL+C), and amniotic membrane (AM) as a control, were cut ...
Stein Elisabeth - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Large defects of the oral mucosa are still a major challenge in reconstructive surgery. For the development of oral mucosal grafts, successful enrichment of cells with a high proliferative potential is highly desirable. Therefore, the aim of this study was to separate two fractions of oral keratinocytes based on ...
Soma T - - 2007
The synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) requires cyclooxygenase (COX) and prostaglandin E synthase (PGES). There are two forms of PGES: cytosolic PGES (cPGES) and microsomal PGES (mPGES)-1. In this study, we investigated the effects of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) contents on PGES and COX-2 in esophageal cells. We incubated a human ...
Kong Wei-Jia - - 2007
PC cell-derived growth factor is a novel growth factor for tumor formation and progression. No comprehensive literature concerning PC cell-derived growth factor expression status and its biological function in squamous cell carcinoma, especially in the larynx, is, however, available. The target of this study is to evaluate the clinical significance ...
Aroni Kiriaki - - 2007
This study was conducted to elucidate the biological activity of epidermal cells in cutaneous squamocellular tumors by counting the number of silver-stained nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs), to estimate the quantity of Ig-producing cells and the inflammatory cellular infiltrate (ICI), and to achieve a comparative evaluation. Twenty cases of actinic keratosis ...
Bock Jonathan M - - 2007
Sulindac sulfide and sulindac sulfone have demonstrated anti-neoplastic and chemo-preventive activity against various human tumors, but few studies have examined the relative effectiveness of these drugs against squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). These compounds are metabolites of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug sulindac and differ in their ...
Young M Rita I - - 2007
Patients with premalignant oral lesions have varying levels of risk of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), whose aggressiveness requires increased motility. Not known is if and how premalignant oral lesion cells acquire the increased motility characteristic of OSCC. This was addressed by immunohistochemical analysis of banked premalignant lesion tissues ...
Ribeiro-Silva Alfredo - - 2007
An 84-year-old woman underwent hysterectomy due to a friable endometrial mass infiltrating almost half way through the myometrial wall. The tumor consisted of papillary structures with thin fibrovascular cores covered by several layers of pleomorphic cells. The deeply located neoplastic cells were ovoid with a pale eosinophilic cytoplasm resembling urothelial ...
Fang Chih Yeu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been implicated in the development of many human neoplasias including B lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is essential to virus-induced B cell immortalization and the downregulation of cell adhesion molecules that increases cell motility. Therefore, identifying LMP1 activity modulation ...
Wietrzyk Joanna - - 2007
New vitamin D analogs are interesting candidates for anticancer treatment, including squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), especially in combination with cytostatics. In order to evaluate the effect of combined application of cisplatin, imatinib, or docetaxel and new vitamin D analogs [PRI-1906: (24E)-24a-homo-(1S)-1,25-dihydroxyergocalciferol, and PRI-2191: (24R)-1,24-dihydroxyvitamin D3], against the cells of two ...
Lee Eun Ju - - 2007
Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) are characterized by a marked propensity for local invasion and dissemination to cervical lymph nodes. Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and high levels of certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in the development of squamous cell carcinoma of oral cancer. ZD1839 ...
Lapperre Thérèse S - - 2007
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is associated with bronchial epithelial changes, including squamous cell metaplasia and goblet cell hyperplasia. These features are partially attributed to activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Whereas smoking cessation reduces respiratory symptoms and lung function decline in COPD, inflammation persists. We determined epithelial ...
Vijayakumar Soundarapandian - - 2006
Epithelia, the most common variety of cells in complex organisms exist in many shapes. They are sheets of polarized cells that separate two compartments and selectively transport materials from one to the other. After acquiring these general characteristics, they differentiate to become specialized types such as squamous columnar or transitional ...
Mongan Nigel P - - 2006
Human Rex-1 (hRex-1) (also referred to as zinc-finger protein-42, Zfp42) encodes a zinc finger protein expression of which is believed to be characteristic of pluripotent stem cells. We have applied bioinformatics to classify the relationship of human, rat, and mouse REX1 proteins in the C2H2 family of zinc finger proteins ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2006
The present study was designed to analyze the molecular basis of the intracellular pH-dependent capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) of human platelets and megakaryocytic cells, specifically to test the hypothesis that members of the classical transient receptor potential (TRPC) protein family are involved in the CCE pathway that is promoted by ...
Temmink Olaf H - - 2007
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and uridine phosphorylase (UP) are often upregulated in solid tumors and catalyze the phosphorolysis of natural (deoxy)nucleosides and a wide variety of fluorinated pyrimidine nucleosides. Because the relative contribution of each of the two enzymes to these reactions is still largely unknown, we investigated the substrate specificity ...
Garcia Josep - - 2007
Hematogenous carcinoma metastasis is associated with tumor cell emboli formation, which is now known to be facilitated by selectins. P-selectin-mediated interactions of platelets with cancer cells are based mostly on mucin- and glycosaminoglycan-type selectin ligands. We previously showed that mouse colon carcinoma cells (MC-38) carry P-selectin ligands of nonmucin origin, ...
Wu Wei-Ciao - - 2007
Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine), a pure compound of Cordyceps sinensis, has been illustrated with anti-tumor effects. In the present study, the apoptotic effect of cordycepin on OEC-M1, a human oral squamous cancer cell line, was investigated by morphological observations, cell viability assay, annexin V-FITC analysis and flow cytometry methods. Results demonstrated that ...
Xu Lihui - - 2006
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I tetramer technology has become the central technique for analyzing antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell responses and it has been widely used to explore the differentiation and formation of memory CD8(+) T cells. Previously, a simplified and efficient procedure for preparing high quality HLA-A*0201 tetramers has ...
Oliveira-Neto Helenisa Helena - - 2007
It is becoming accepted that multiple cell types in stromal microenvironment are involved in tumorigenesis. In this setting, mast cells (MC) display a diversity of roles that may contribute to the defense against tumors or tumor progression. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate density and migration of ...
Neves Sílvia S - - 2006
The Herpes Simplex Virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) suicide gene/ganciclovir (GCV) approach has been used for the treatment of a variety of cancers. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of ganciclovir in oral squamous cancer cells, previously transfected with HSV-tk gene delivered by transferrin-associated complexes ...
Nakada Mitsutoshi - - 2006
Eph receptor tyrosine kinases are involved in nervous system development. Eph ligands, termed ephrins, are transmembrane proteins that bind to Eph receptors, the mutual activation of which causes repulsive effects in reciprocally contacting cells. Previously, we showed that overexpression of EphB2 in glioma cells increases cell invasion. Here, expression profiles ...
Kudo Yasusei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spindle cell squamous carcinoma (SCSC) is a rare and peculiar biphasic malignant neoplasm that occurs mainly in the upper aerodigestive tract. It consists of sarcomatoid proliferation of pleomorphic spindle-shaped cells and squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Here, we established a SCSC cell line from a tumour arisen in gingiva. We ...
Nagamine Kenjiro - - 2006
We developed a rat model of oral cancer pain by inoculating cancer cells into the lower gingiva. A squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) derived from Fisher rats, SCC-158, was inoculated into the subperiosteal tissue on the lateral side of the lower gingiva in male Fisher rats. Inoculation of cancer cells induced ...
McGrath Molly J - - 2006
Colonization of apple leaves by the yeastlike fungus Aureobasidium pullulans was followed quantitatively and spatially at a microscale level throughout two growing seasons. Ten field leaves were sampled on 11 dates in 2003 and 15 dates in 2004. Using an A. pullulans-specific fluorescence in situ hybridization probe and epifluorescence microscopy, ...
Chu Haiying - - 2007
CXC chemokine recepter-4 (CXCR4) and its ligand, stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) have been implicated in the organ-specific metastasis of several malignancies. Hca-F and its syngeneic cell line Hca-P are mouse hepatocarcinoma cell lines with high and low potential of lymphatic metastasis, respectively. Previous studies showed that the secretion of matrix ...
Ichihara-Tanaka Keiko - - 2006
Midkine is a heparin-binding growth factor that promotes cell attachment and process extension in undifferentiated bipolar CG-4 cells, an oligodendroglial precursor cell line. We found that CG-4 cells expressed a non-proteoglycan form of neuroglycan C, known as a part-time transmembrane proteoglycan. We demonstrated that neuroglycan C before or after chondroitinase ...
Takkunen Minna - - 2006
Disappearance of E-cadherin is a milestone for epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), found both in carcinomas and in some fibrotic diseases. We have studied the mechanisms of EMT in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells isolated from primary tumor (43A) and its recurrent tumor (43B). Whereas the cells from primary carcinoma displayed ...
Inoue Makoto - - 2006
Trichoblastomas, trichoepitheliomas, and squamous cell carcinomas in the skin of dogs were analysed by immunohistochemistry for the nuclear expression of p27, p21 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). High levels of p27 were present in trichoepitheliomas and trichoblastomas compared with squamous cell carcinomas. Detectable p21 was found in trichoepitheliomas and ...
Ouyang Liming - - 2006
Oncostatin M (OSM) is a multifunctional regulator of cell growth and differentiation. It inhibits the growth of many types of tumor cells, but its role in metastasis is unknown. We studied the human OSM expressed and purified from reconstructed E. Coli on its activity of inhibiting metastasis of tumor cells ...
Fryknäs Mårten - - 2006
The squamous cell carcinoma HeLa cell line and an epithelial cell line hTERT-RPE with a nonmalignant phenotype were interrogated for HeLa cell selectivity in response to 1267 annotated compounds representing 56 pharmacological classes. Selective cytotoxic activity was observed for 14 of these compounds dominated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) selective ...
Bosnar Maja Herak - - 2006
The human nm23-H1 was discovered as a tumor metastasis suppressor based on its reduced expression in melanoma cell lines with low versus high metastatic potential. It encodes for one of two subunits of the nucleoside-diphosphate kinase. Besides its role in the maintenance of the cells NTP pool, nm23 plays a ...
Val-Bernal J Fernando - - 2006
Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is a reactive proliferation of benign squamous epithelium that can mimic squamous cell carcinoma. Herein is a report on this type of reaction on two subgemmal neurogenous plaques in a lingual circumvallate papilla. To the authors' knowledge this is the first report on this combination of lesions. A ...
McQueen F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To define a minimum acceptable total squamous cellularity for (ThinPrep) liquid-based cervical cytology (LBC) specimens using quality control techniques. METHODS: Two hundred LBC preparations were made containing varying numbers (<200) of severely dyskaryotic squamous cells and with varying total cellularities. RESULTS: Ninety-eight per cent of the LBC preparations that ...
Wandall Hans H - - 2007
Glycosylated onco-foetal fibronectin (GOF) deposited in the stroma of oral squamous cell carcinomas correlates with survival. One of the two polypeptide GalNAc-transferases, GalNAc-T3 or GalNAc-T6, is required for the biosynthesis of GOF by the initiation of a unique O-glycan in the alternative spliced IIICS region. Using cell culture experiments, immunohistochemical ...
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