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Results 201 - 250 of 1569
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Ribeiro Daniel A - - 2008
This study was undertaken to investigate the genomic instability on blood cells during 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO)-induced rat tongue carcinogenesis by means of single cell gel (comet) and micronucleus assays. Male Wistar rats were distributed into three groups of 10 animals each and treated with 50 ppm 4NQO solution through their ...
Bauer Richard - - 2008
Cadherins belong to a family of homophilic cell-cell adhesion proteins that are responsible for the establishment of a precise cell architecture and tissue integrity. Moreover, experimental data suggest that loss of intercellular adhesion is inversely correlated with cellular differentiation. Furthermore, dedifferentiation is closely linked to tumor progression. Recently, we have ...
Lin Yu-Min - - 2008
Dexamethasone has been shown to inhibit tumor invasiveness. In the present study, the effects of dexamethasone on matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) secretion, cell invasiveness, and intravasation in human U87MG glioma cells were examined. Dexamethasone decreased MMP-2 secretion and cell invasiveness in human glioma cells. Incubation of cells with dexamethasone increased mitogen ...
Krieglstein Josef - - 2008
Protein histidine phosphatase (PHP) has just recently been discovered in eukaryotes and ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) was shown to be one of its substrates. Since ACL is crucial for cellular energy and fat metabolism we made an attempt to study the influence of PHP on cell viability. Using an adenoviral vector ...
Chan D W - - 2008
The Forkhead Box M1 (FOXM1) transcription factor plays a crucial role in regulating expression of cell cycle genes which are essentially involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and transformation. Recent studies have reported that aberrant expression of FOXM1 in a variety of human cancers is associated with their aggressive behaviour. However, ...
Liu Yu - - 2008
The antitumor antibiotic peplomycin showed higher cytostatic antiproliferative effect on five cultured human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, Ca9-22 and NA), as compared with three human oral normal cells (gingival fibroblast HGF, pulp cell HPC and periodontal ligament fibroblast HPLF). Although the antiproliferative activity of ...
Shin Kum-Joo - - 2009
PURPOSE: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a multifunctional lipid mediator involved in triggering tumor cell invasion and metastasis, as well as malignant cell growth. LPA is also known to modulate the colony scattering of epithelial cancers, which is a prerequisite for cell invasion. However, the underlying details of how this is ...
Li P - - 2009
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of aspirin and nimesulide on cell proliferation, apoptosis and its potential mechanisms in EC9706 and EC109 esophageal squamous carcinoma cells. EC9706 and EC109 cells were incubated with varying concentrations of aspirin and nimesulide, and the effects on cell proliferation and ...
Hong Ji-Soo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) are characterized by a high degree of local invasion and a high rate of metastases to cervical lymph nodes. Downregulation of CXCR-4 by siRNA inhibits invasion and growth of breast and colon cancer cells. However, there have been no reports on the downregulation of ...
Atsumi Naho - - 2008
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a malignant tumor that shows morphologic and phenotypic similarities to normally differentiated squamous epithelium. Thus, it may be an ideal model for seeking a marker of tumor-initiating cells (TICs) based on their morphology. Using the human SCC cell line A431, we found that, as a ...
Saigal Babita - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the efficacy of taxoid treatment combined with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition is dose and sequence dependent in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Three head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, chosen on the basis of their diverse ...
Kanno Miho - - 2008
We recently showed that p120 catenin (p120ctn), which is an armadillo family protein member that binds to E-cadherin (E-cad), is also localized to desmosomes by directly or indirectly binding to desmogleins (Dsg). We examined whether p120ctn is associated with Dsg1 and Dsg3, as compared with E-cad and plakoglobin (PG), in ...
Hamamoto Takao - - 2008
CONCLUSION: Laryngeal epithelium contains TRPV1, 2, 3 and 4, which may act as laryngeal nociceptors perceiving luminal noxious stimuli, play an important role in thermal sensation, osmotic sensation, and are also related to pathological conditions, such as inflammatory response, genesis of cough, asthma. OBJECTIVE: Expression of TRPV1, 2, 3 and ...
Morgan Michael B - - 2008
Cutaneous spindle cell squamous carcinoma is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma in which keratinocytes infiltrate the dermis as single cells with elongated nuclei rather than as cohesive nests or islands, and signs of keratinization of conventional squamous cell carcinoma are insubstantial or nonexistent. Spindle cell carcinoma must be ...
Taves Jennifer - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) plays a critical role in digesting the extracellular matrix and has a vital function in tumor metastasis and invasion; this protease activity is significantly increased in non-small cell lung cancers. The sodium hydrogen exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1) functions as a focal point for signal coordination and ...
Huo De-Hua - - 2008
Apoptin, a small protein encoded by chicken anemia virus (CAV), induces cell death specifically in cancer cells. In normal cells, Apoptin remains in the cytoplasm; whereas in cancerous cells, it migrates into the nucleus and kills the cell. Cellular localization appears to be crucial. Through a yeast two-hybrid screen, we ...
Fujita Kyoko - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine if the cells of human ocular surface neoplasms express sonic hedgehog (Shh) and the effects of topical mitomycin C on its expression. METHODS: Conjunctival tissues obtained from two normal subjects, two patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the ocular surface (conjunctiva), and one patient with ocular epithelial ...
Roslind Anne - - 2008
YKL-40 is a new prognostic biomarker in cancer. The biological function is only poorly understood. This study aimed at determining the subcellular localization of YKL-40, using immunogold labeling, in normal epithelial cells and in malignant tumor cells of the breast by immunoelectron microscopy. YKL-40 protein expression was redistributed in carcinoma ...
Marel Anna-Kristina - - 2008
Resveratrol may function as a cancer chemopreventive agent. However, few data are available on the antitumoral activities of its dimer, epsilon-viniferin, also present in human diet. So, the effects of resveratrol, epsilon-viniferin, of their acetylated forms (resveratrol triacetate, epsilon-viniferin pentaacetate) and of vineatrol (a wine grape extract) were compared on ...
Falanga Vincent - - 2008
We report on a case of the collision of a desmoplastic-neurotropic melanoma and a squamous cell carcinoma on the lip. A 46-year-old male developed a multifocal infiltrative squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip, which also showed sparse melanocyte atypia within the epidermis and an extensive spindle cell proliferation within ...
Lu Lianjun - - 2008
The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p57 in EB1089-inhibited proliferation of human laryngeal squamous carcinoma cells (HEp-2). HEp-2 cells were treated with the vitamin D3 analogue EB1089 for 48 h and total RNA was extracted for reverse transcription-PCR amplification using primers ...
Bajpai Manisha - - 2008
Barrett's epithelium is a precancerous, specialized columnar metaplasia in the distal esophagus. We demonstrate the changes in cellular phenotype in a non-neoplastic Barrett's cell line (BAR-T), following exposure to acid and bile salt, the two important components of gastroesophageal refluxate. Cell phenotypes in BAR-T cell line were quantified by fluorescence-activated ...
Taki Masayuki - - 2008
Stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha (SDF-1alpha) and its receptor CXCR4 have been implicated in the tumorigenesis, proliferation, and lymph node metastasis of cancer. Here, we report that highly invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells with a spindle cell morphology show a strong expression of both SDF-1alpha and CXCR4. CXCR4 expression and ...
Kossard Steven - - 2008
One of the major controversies in dermatopathology is the relationship of keratoacanthoma to squamous cell carcinoma. Leaders in the field remain polarized in their views. Carcinomas with distinct follicular pattern of differentiation have been described in reference to the isthmus as trichilemmal carcinomas, to the follicular bulb as pilomatricomal carcinomas, ...
Sellheyer Klaus - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While cytokeratin 7 is a reliable marker for most cases of Paget's disease, it is not 100% sensitive. Moreover, cases of cytokeratin 7-positive pagetoid squamous cell carcinoma in situ are reported in the literature. The monoclonal antibody Ber-EP4 is diagnostically highly reliable in the differentiation between basal cell carcinoma ...
Whittom A A - - 2008
Cajal bodies (CBs) and Gems are nuclear domains that contain factors responsible for spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) biogenesis. The marker protein for CBs is coilin. In addition to snRNPs, coilin and other factors, canonical CBs contain the survivor of motor neuron protein (SMN). SMN can also localize to Gems. ...
Ghantous Akram - - 2008
Many of the best-selling anticancer drugs are plant-derived. We tested for the anticancer properties of extracts isolated from Centaurea ainetensis, a plant species endemic to Lebanon and which is often used in folk medicine. We performed bioassay-guided fractionation of Centaurea ainetensis extracts using a panel of normal and neoplastic murine ...
Ko Christine J - - 2008
Numerous variants of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) have been described. We recently encountered four examples of SCC composed primarily of single, atypical cells that were cytokeratin (CK) MNF116-positive and p63-positive. One case was particularly difficult to diagnose as the single cells were obscured by a dense inflammatory infiltrate. We have ...
Hubert G W - - 2008
In order to further test whether or not psychostimulant drugs activate CART peptide-containing cells in the nucleus accumbens, we examined the fraction of CART positive cells that co-immunostained for c-Fos after administration of saline or cocaine (10 and 25 mg/kg i.p.). There was about a 45% increase in the fraction ...
Lu Kung-Wen - - 2008
Gypenosides (Gyp), components of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, were found to induce suppression of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma SCC4 cell growth and induce apoptosis in response to overexpression of reactive oxygen species, calcium (Ca(+2)) and to decrease mitochondrial membrane potential in vitro. In this study, the effect of Gyp on ...
Johnson Tara L - - 2010
High morbidity and mortality associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are largely attributable to late stage diagnosis. Despite significant advances in therapeutic strategies, the five-year survival rate for oral cancer remains at about 50%. A chemopreventive approach may be an effective alternative or adjunct to current therapies. Previous studies ...
Siddiqi Anwer M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to test the hypothesis that the cytologic diagnosis of cancer cells can be enhanced by the technique of hyperspectral imaging (HSI). METHODS: As a proof of principle, HSI was employed to obtain hyperspectrum from a normal human fibroblast, as well as its ...
Hamilton Garth - - 2008
Cystatins are a family of naturally occurring cysteine protease inhibitors, yet the target proteases and biological processes they regulate are poorly understood. Cystatin F is expressed selectively in immune cells and is the only cystatin to be synthesised as an inactive disulphide-linked dimeric precursor. Here, we show that a major ...
Xu Xundi - - 2008
CDC25A is a cell cycle-activating phosphatase that promotes transition from the G1 to S phase. We previously reported that overexpression of CDC25A in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue samples was associated with poor prognosis. In this study, we attempted suppression of CDC25A in HCC cells to elucidate the therapeutic potential ...
Ko Seong-Hee - - 2008
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of prostaglandins, is made inducible by various stimuli such as inflammation. Although COX-2 is commonly overexpressed in a variety of premalignant and malignant conditions including oral leukoplakia and squamous cell carcinoma, relatively little research has compared the effects of various COX-2 inhibitors ...
Zhong Lai-Ping - - 2008
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common malignant tumor in the oral and maxillofacial region. The mechanism of carcinogenesis of OSCC is still unclear. In vitro study on OSCC cell lines, especially derived from immortalized oral epithelial cells, is a very useful strategy to understand the mechanism of ...
Kullander Johanna J Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Medical Microbiology, Lund University, University Hospital, Malmö, - - 2008
A human papillomavirus (HPV) was cloned from a patient with multiple squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and identified as HPV88, recently categorized into a new species within the genus Gamma. The HPV88 viral load in an SCC of the index patient exceeded 1 million copies/cell. By contrast, a survey of 447 ...
Gu Xiaolian - - 2008
The transcription factor p63 is commonly over-expressed in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN). By microarray analysis of p63-siRNA-treated SCCHN cells we identified 127 genes whose expression relies on over-expression of p63. More than 20% of these genes are involved in cell motility. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and reporter ...
Gomes Ana Paula Neutzling - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that the number of mast cells is increased in ultraviolet (UV) irradiated skin and in neoplasias. Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a lesion caused by excessive exposure to sunlight that can transform into lip squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to compare the number ...
Mollaoglu Nur N Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Friedrich- Alexander University of Erlangen/Nuremberg, Glückstrasse 11, 91054, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2008
Melanoma associated-A antigens (MAGE-A) are silent in normal tissues except testis. However, they are activated ina variety of different tumors. Thus, their expression is highly specific to cancer cells. Reverse transcription-nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR) is a highly sensitive technique that has been used successfully for the detection of MAGE ...
Katase Naoki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spindle cell carcinoma (SpCC) is a rare, high malignant variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which shows biphasic proliferation of conventional SCC component and malignant spindle shape cells with sarcomatous appearance. METHODS: A case of Spindle cell carcinoma with bone-like calcified materials, occurring at the mandibular molar region of ...
Lao-Sirieix P P Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison, MRC Research Center, Cambridge, - - 2008
Barrett's esophagus (BE) may be an adaptive cellular response to repeated acid exposure. The aims of this study were to compare intracellular acid loading in BE cells with normal squamous esophageal cells. Primary squamous and BE cells were obtained endoscopically and cultured for up to 24 h. Barrett's adenocarcinoma cell ...
Leppäluoto Pentti A - - 2008
It has remained unclear why cervical adenocarcinoma, as observed in consecutive screening, has rapidly increased during the past decades, while at the same time both that of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and the combined toll of adeno- and SCC have consistently decreased. Here it is argued that this might be ...
Lu S-M - - 2008
The Chaoshan littoral is located in a high-incidence area of esophageal cancer in the south of China. In this study, a new esophageal cancer cell line CSEC was established from a 47-year-old female Chinese patient in this district. The biological characters of the cultured cells were investigated, including morphology, ultrastructure, ...
Shehan James - - 2008
We are reporting two cases of perianal squamous cell carcinoma in-situ, negative for high-risk (HR) and low-risk (LR) human papilloma viruses. A brief review of anal and perianal squamous cell carcinoma and the role of HPV are presented.
Fernandez-Flores A - - 2008
In a previous report, we demonstrated how a percentage of CD30+ cells was nearly constant in the inflammatory infiltrate that accompanies keratoacanthoma (KA), but we saw a lack of CD30 cells when KA was regressing. In the current study we investigated the presence of CD30+ cells in the inflammatory infiltrate ...
Nagai Shinjiro - - 2008
Pemetrexed, a multi-targeted antifolate (MTA), is a promising agent in the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). With the aim of finding an optimal schedule for the combination therapy of MTA and gemcitabine (GEM), we investigated their interaction against an MPM cell line, 211H, ...
Ribeiro Daniel - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of p53, caspase-3, bcl-2, MIB-1, and PCNA to validate more objective methods to differentiate squamous cell carcinoma and keratoacanthoma, as well as to understand their pathogenesis with accuracy. A total of 52 cases of histopathologically diagnosed keratoacanthoma in the proliferative ...
Okamura Masahiko - - 2008
We established the optimal conditions for the induction of cell death by cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4) and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell lines. HSC-3 cells were the most sensitive to 48 hours' continuous treatment with CDDP, followed by HepG2, HSC-2 ...
Liu Shyun-Yeu - - 2008
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) has been better known for its well-defined role primarily in neurite outgrowth during neuronal development. However, the biological functions of MAP2 in non-neuronal cells, such as epithelial cells, remain largely unknown. In the present study, we sought to investigate the cellular functions of MAP2 by separately ...
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