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Suo Z - - 1992
Fourty-seven squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) were studied by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry and electronmicroscopy. Nineteen percent (9 cases) of SCCs in different locations were immunoreactive for CAM5.2 and three poorly differentiated SCCs did not express cytokeratins 6 and 18. No cases were positive for c-erbB2 protein. p53 protein overexpression was found ...
Inoue S - - 1992
In order to reduce the toxicities of cisplatin (DDP) and/or to improve antitumor efficacy, a large number of new platinum analogues have been synthesized. 1,1-Cyclobutanedicarboxylato(2-aminomethylpyrrolidine)platin um(II) (DWA2114R) is one of them. In this study, we characterized the action mechanism of DWA2114R flow-cytometrically in 3 human lung cancer cell lines by ...
Zedan M M - - 1992
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and T cell subpopulations were evaluated in children with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Three groups were included: 13 patients with active RHD, 12 with non-active RHD, and 14 control children. Serum IL-2 and T cell subpopulations were measured by radioimmunoassay and monoclonal antibodies respectively. Patients with active RHD ...
Ross D A - - 1992
Mucoepidermoid carcinomas are common head and neck neoplasms whose wide distribution includes the major salivary glands, especially parotid, the minor salivary glands within the oropharynx, sites within the larynx, and the submucosal bronchial glands. These tumors are heterogeneous neoplasms composed of intermediate, squamous, and mucous cell subpopulations and have been ...
Hu Z Q - - 1992
(-)Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), the main constituent of green tea, strongly enhanced the direct plaque-forming cell (PFC) response to sheep red blood cells (SRBC) in vitro and showed strong mitogenic activity for mouse splenic B-cells but not for splenic T-cells and thymocytes. The enhancement of B-cell proliferation was not mediated by ...
Nindl M - - 1992
The cytokeratin expression of seborrheic keratosis was studied by means of immunohistochemistry and compared with that of normal human skin. The following findings were obtained in seborrheic keratosis: (1) a partial lack of high molecular weight cytokeratin (#1/68 kD, #10/56.6 kD) in all ten cases examined; (2) the detection of ...
Hillemanns P - - 1992
Cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) and cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) were localized in biopsies of normal squamous epithelium, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and invasive squamous cell cancer of the cervix uteri by immunohistochemistry. In both the normal stratified squamous epithelium of the exocervix and low-grade CIN, CRABP I was present ...
Banks E R - - 1992
In this study of 40 cases of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma, 83% arose in the pyriform sinus, base of tongue, tonsil, and larynx. The 35 men and five women ranged in age from 27 to 88 years (median 62). In patients for whom social habits were recorded, 24 of 26 ...
Garrido M C - - 1992
AIM: To characterise a newly developed mouse monoclonal antibody JC1 which recognises a nuclear antigen present in proliferating cells in normal tissues and neoplastic lesions, and which is absent in resting cells. METHODS: The methodology was established using a representative range of frozen sections from normal tissues and from certain ...
Tobey N A - - 1992
Rabbit esophageal epithelium grown in primary culture enabled the study of intracellular pH (pHi) regulation at two distinct stages in the life cycle of the epithelial cell: basal and mature squamous. pHi was measured in single basal and mature squamous cells after loading with the fluorescent probe 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(and -6)carboxyfluorescein at ...
Benninger M S - - 1992
Spindle cell carcinoma is an unusual variant of squamous cell carcinoma. The histogenesis of these tumors is controversial, as is the prognosis for patients with spindle cell carcinoma of the head and neck when compared with all squamous cell carcinomas of these sites. Fifteen consecutive nondermal cases of spindle cell ...
Rabiasz G J - - 1992
Three human lung squamous carcinoma cell lines (NX002, CX140 and CX143) demonstrate features of squamous differentiation including involucrin synthesis and competence to form cornified envelopes. 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate inhibits growth of these cell lines and this growth inhibition is associated with enhanced differentiation.
Kim J M - - 1992
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens of 17 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of Marjolin's ulcer (SCC-MU), 6 cases of common SCC (SCC), and 5 cases of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) were stained with three monoclonal antikeratin antibodies (CAM 5.2, MAK-6, and MA-903), a monoclonal antivimentin antibody (V9), and a polyclonal anticarcinoembryonic ...
Sun Q - - 1992
The importance of cervical squamous metaplasia and human papillomavirus 16 (HPV 16) infection for cervical carcinoma has been well established. Nearly 87% of the intraepithelial neoplasia of the cervix occur in the transformation zone, which is composed of squamous metaplastic cells with unclear origin. HPV DNA, mostly HPV 16, has ...
Hutchinson M L ML Department of Pathology, New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts - - 1992
Quantitative measures of visually normal squamous metaplastic cells exfoliated from the uterine cervix were obtained to test the hypothesis that these cells, like intermediate squamous and endocervical columnar cells, show subvisual evidence of atypia in cases of bonafide squamous intraepithelial neoplasia. The cells identified as squamous metaplastic were obtained from ...
Sakamoto N - - 1992
A mapping study of cystectomy specimens in three cases of pure squamous cell carcinoma and 28 cases with transitional cell carcinoma with squamous differentiation is described, with an emphasis on the histogenesis of pure squamous cell carcinoma. Two of the three cases of pure squamous cell carcinoma had extensive benign ...
Smith K J - - 1992
Spindle cell squamous carcinoma (SCSC) and atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX) are both spindle cell neoplasms (SCN) that usually arise in areas of solar or ionizing radiation of elderly patients. Both lesions have a similar biologic behavior. In addition, the morphologic and ultrastructural similarities found in AFX and the spindle cell component ...
Kvist E - - 1992
In a retrospective study of 28 women and eight men with squamous cell metaplasia in different parts of the bladder, including the trigone, no histopathological differences were observed among the regions. All the five (female) patients with parakeratosis had a concomitant invasive bladder tumour. Thirty-eight% of all the patients had ...
Sawutz D G - - 1992
In this study, we examined the effect of TNFa on bradykinin (BK) B2 receptor binding and function in human A431 epidermoid carcinoma cells. [3H]BK binds to a single class of receptors on A431 cells in a saturable and reversible manner. A binding affinity (KD) of 3.0 +/- 0.3 nM (n ...
Bujía J - - 1992
Characterization of the EGF-R has been carried out on five squamous carcinoma cell lines of the head and neck region (FaDu, HLaC-78, HLaC-79, UM-SCC-17A and 17-B). The results have been compared with those from a spontaneously immortalized aneuploid human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) and cultured fresh skin keratinocytes. A monoclonal ...
Sayama K - - 1992
Immunohistochemical studies were performed to establish the distribution of membrane cofactor protein (MCP; CD46), decay-accelerating (DAF; CD55) and homologous restriction factor (HRF20; CD59), in normal skin appendages, and in benign and malignant skin neoplasms. At least two of these regulators were detected on normal eccrine glands, apocrine glands and sebaceous ...
Howell S - - 1992
The expression of cell-surface peptidases was examined in two human colon carcinoma cell lines, Caco-2 and HT-29. Enzymic assays revealed the presence of eight cell-surface peptidases on a Caco-2 cell line (passage number 82-88), namely aminopeptidase N, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, peptidyl dipeptidase A (angiotension-converting enzyme), aminopeptidase P, aminopeptidase W, endopeptidase-24.11, ...
Heng M C - - 1992
Lectins bind tightly to carbohydrate moieties on cell surfaces. Alterations in lectin binding have been reported to accompany epidermal cell differentiation, marking alterations in membrane sugars during this process. The presence of UEA I (Ulex europaeus agglutinin I) L-fucose-specific lectin-binding sites has been used as a marker for terminally differentiated ...
Ornstein K S - - 1992
An abnormality in galactosylation of complex carbohydrates may be important in the pathogenesis of the long-term complications of classic (galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase-deficient) galactosemia. The ability of nine galactosemic fibroblast preparations to be galactosylated with a purified galactosyltransferase was measured as an indicator of vacant sites where galactose would normally reside. The ...
Kupryjanczyk J. - - 1992
Two cases of cervical carcinoma and two cases of normal ectocervical epithelium with a squamous signet-ring cell component are presented. In one carcinoma the vacuolization was so prominent that it partially obliterated the epithelial pattern of the tumor. Paraffin specimens were studied with a panel of histo- and immunohistochemical stains ...
Wachtel M S - - 1992
Cervicovaginal smears from 2 women with postirradiation dysplasia, 4 women with postirradiation squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, 30 women with irradiation atypia and 5 healthy, nonirradiated women were stained immunohistochemically with six keratin antibodies. For four of the antibodies--CK19 (BA17), EMA, PKK-1 and CAM 5.2--squamous cells showing irradiation atypia, ...
Moore K G - - 1992
The squamous cell carcinoma line, SqCC/Y1, like natural squamous epithelia, forms a cornified cell envelope during differentiation which can be directly correlated with an increase in particulate transglutaminase activity. When transglutaminase is activated in these cells by calcium ionophore X-537A, annexin I and involucrin become incorporated into the cornified cell ...
Dunphy E J - - 1992
The human X-ray repair cross-complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) is highly polymorphic in the cells of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma lines and in a variety of other human cell lines. We describe six patterns seen in Southern analysis of EcoRI-digested genomic DNA. Levels of XRCC1 mRNA vary in ...
Saida T - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Almost all markers for proliferating cells need freshly frozen tissues for evaluation; therefore retrospective study is impossible. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, a murine monoclonal antibody (TOB7) against the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was used for the analysis of cell kinetics of cutaneous keratinocytic neoplasms. The antibody is ...
Montgomerie J Z - - 1992
We have been investigating the nature of the mucosal lining of human urinary bladder. Surface material was obtained from bladders at autopsy and used for biochemical analysis. Western immunoblotting and tissue immunochemistry identified a molecule of Mr 28,000 (28K) which is present within surface cells of the urothelium (umbrella cells). ...
Matsumoto M - - 1992
The cytotoxicity of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) in combination with hydroxyurea (HU) or 2'-deoxyguanosine (GdR) on human gastric carcinoma MK-1 cells and colon carcinoma HT-15 cells was studied. Synergistic interaction between ara-C and HU on MK-1 cells and HT-15 cells, or ara-C and GdR on MK-1 cells was shown using the combination ...
Haratake J - - 1992
A rare gastric carcinoma containing diverse components, that is, neuroendocrine (small cell carcinoma), squamous and gland-like elements in an 82 yr old woman is described. Radiologic examination revealed a large ulcerated tumor, and a Borrmann type II tumor, 6.5 x 5 cm, was found in the resected stomach. Histologically, the ...
Lotan R - - 1992
Rabbit tracheobronchial epithelial cells (RbTE) can undergo squamous cell differentiation under defined culture conditions and, therefore, have been used as a model to study the regulation of squamous cell differentiation markers. In the present study, we identified a 20-kDa protein, designated rSQ20, in the serum-free growth medium conditioned by RbTE ...
Wetzels R H - - 1992
The expression patterns of basement membrane components and keratin intermediate filament proteins were studied in normal human bronchial epithelium and 56 lung carcinomas using monoclonal antibodies to laminin, type VII collagen and the individual keratins 14, 16, 17 and 18. In normal lung, laminin and type VII collagen were present ...
Horvat B - - 1992
The superficial layers of the stratified squamous epithelium of the murine vagina undergo transdifferentiation into cuboidal mucinous cells during the proestrus phase of the normal estrous cycle. In contrast to their squamous progenitor cells which have the cytoskeletal characteristics of squamous epithelium, mucinous cells express keratin polypeptides typical of simple ...
Reeves M E - - 1992
The first step in tumor metastasis is the detachment of cells from the primary tumor. If metastatic tumor cells have decreased levels of active homotypic cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), this might aid their escape from the primary tumor. In order to determine whether homotypic CAM activity might be reduced in ...
Kitazawa S - - 1992
We investigated the immunohistochemical localization of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), a major factor responsible for the humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy, in uterine cervical lesions. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from 16 cases of normal and reactive conditions, 45 cases of cervical intra-epithelial neoplasm (CIN) and 63 cases of invasive cancer were studied ...
Maes M - - 1992
Recently, there have been some reports that depression may be accompanied by indices of polyclonal B cell proliferation. In order to examine whether depression is characterized by an altered B cell subset profile we determined the number and percentage of the following B cells: HLADR+, CD19+, CD20+, and CD21+. We ...
D'Amato L - - 1992
To compare the efficiency of hybridization methods for the detection of HPV genome, 22 cases of invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix were analyzed by Southern blot analysis and in situ hybridization carried out with 35S- and biotin-labeled probes. These cases contained from less than one to as ...
Satoh M - - 1992
The expression of c-myc oncogene products in oral papillomas was studied by using an immunohistochemical method. The oncogene products were detected in 17(70.8%) of the 24 oral papillomas under study. The expression of the products was evaluated, and the histologic localization in proliferating epithelial cells of the oral papillomas was ...
Banks E R - - 1992
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is a variant of squamous carcinoma the cytomorphology of which has not been examined previously. The cytologic features of metastatic basaloid squamous cell carcinoma in fine needle aspiration specimens from nine patients are described. The primary tumors, when known, were located ...
Lupulescu A - - 1992
Basal cell carcinomas in rats and squamous cell carcinomas in mice induced by a topical administration of a chemical carcinogen 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA) a single dose of 800 micrograms, were significantly reduced in number and size following a combined administration of vitamin C, a daily dose of 50 mg/kg b.wt. and ...
Noguchi M - - 1992
Eighteen small cell lung cancers (SCLCs), 108 non-SCLCs (67 adenocarcinomas, 29 squamous cell carcinomas and 12 large cell carcinomas) were immunohistochemically examined for expressions of cluster 1 SCLC antigen/N-CAM and chromogranin A with monoclonal antibodies NCC-Lu-243 and anti-chromogranin A. The cell membranes of all the SCLCs and three of the ...
Tsutsumi K - - 1992
Premalignant cervical lesions occur at the squamo-columnar junction and in endocervical epithelium and squamous ectocervical epithelium, in descending order of frequency. However, previously only ectocervical cells have been clearly shown to be immortalized in vitro by the oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPVs). This report describes the immortalization of normal human ecto- ...
Morita Y - - 1992
We report a rare case of squamous cell carcinoma located in the middle mediastinum as a solitary mass. Histologically, lymphatic tissues remained together with nests of squamous cell carcinoma which were occupying the greater part of the mass. Examinations of the whole body failed to detect a primary site of ...
Rafiee P - - 1992
Cytokeratin-type intermediate filaments are a polygenic family of insoluble proteins that vary according to cell of origin and have been proposed as potentially useful markers of differentiation in epithelial malignancies. Because gastrointestinal malignancies resemble each other in their expression of many soluble antigens, we compared the cytokeratins of seven colonic, ...
Balm A J - - 1992
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) 175F4 (IgG1) and 175F11 (IgG2a), originally raised against the human mammary carcinoma cell line (ZR-75-1), react with a carcinoma-associated antigen in both adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas of different origins. Immunohistochemically, the mAbs exhibited reactivity with 42 out of 43 squamous cell carcinomas of the head and ...
Klijanienko J - - 1992
A case of carcinosarcoma of the larynx and pyriform sinus with sarcomatous and epithelial malignant components is described in a 68-year-old male. The primary site was composed of spindle-shaped malignant mesenchymal cells with osteosarcomatous and chondrosarcomatous differentiation intermingled with areas of well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, tubular and papillary adenocarcinoma, ...
Mandel U - - 1992
The oral mucosa has been extensively studied in the past, and has thus become a model for demonstration of dynamic changes in cellular glycosylation and many other cell products such as keratins in relation to epithelial differentiation. The extensive knowledge of the glycosylation pattern in normal cells is instrumental in ...
Christensen M E - - 1992
The expression of the receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been determined on oral squamous cell carcinomas. Immunoreactive receptor was localized using a monoclonal anti-EGF-receptor antibody which reacts with sequences in the external domain of the receptor. Frozen sections were studied from 40 patients with squamous cell carcinomas. In ...
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