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Görögh T - - 1997
Aneuploidy as abnormal nuclear DNA content, is considered almost positive evidence of malignancy. In this study three diploid and three aneuploid squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines were examined for DNA content by flow cytometry. The DNA indices of the SCC cell lines were found to range from 1.0 to ...
Fendrick J L - - 1997
Evidence is presented suggesting that CA125 is a serine and/or threonine phosphoprotein and that its secretion from the human amnion WISH cell line is closely linked to its phosphorylation. It is also indicated that regulation of CA125 secretion requires protein(s) tyrosine phosphorylation. WISH cells treated with a tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, ...
Yamamoto H - - 1997
Both the expression of amelogenin mRNA and secretion of amelogenin were investigated in rat molars by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Probes were designed by multiple-labeling of oligonucleotide probes for in situ hybridization. Amelogenin mRNA first appeared in differentiating ameloblasts of the distal region and some inner enamel epithelial cells ...
Desloge R B - - 1997
Cholesteatoma is a destructive process involving an accumulation of desquamated keratin arising from squamous epithelium that pathologically has invaded the middle ear or mastoid process. The clinical hallmarks of cholesteatomas, namely invasion of healthy tissues, migration, unrestrained proliferation, aggressiveness, recidivism, and uncoordinated differentiation predict the existence of defects in the ...
Aviram A - - 1997
Previously we have shown that pivaloyloxymethyl butyrate (AN-9), a pro-drug of butyric acid (BA), is a differentiation-inducing agent in a variety of cells. In this report, we demonstrate that AN-9 is a cytostatic but not cytotoxic agent in a myelomonocytic cell line (WEHI); thus, the cells were growth-arrested and differentiated. ...
Viac J - - 1997
CD40 antigen, expressed on many cell types is involved in cell-cell interactions, with activated T cells expressing the CD40 ligand. In the skin, keratinocytes express CD40 which may play a role in amplifying inflammatory responses. We investigated the expression of this antigen in a series of epidermal tumors in correlation ...
Lee J S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the design principles of the AutoPap System evaluation score by evaluating slides having a low prevalence of abnormal cells and small cell abnormalities and assessing the evaluation score as a diagnostic tool. STUDY DESIGN: Data from two clinical studies conducted using the AutoPap System and data obtained ...
Titenko-Holland N - - 1996
A micronucleus assay employing fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a centromeric probe was used on specimens of exfoliated buccal and nasal cells collected from mortuary science students exposed to embalming fluid containing formaldehyde. FISH labeling allowed micronuclei (MN) containing a whole chromosome (centromere-positive, MN+) to be differentiated from those ...
Desai S S - - 1996
One hundred patients suffering from oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral lichen planus (OLP) were studied for the cytogenetic damage in oral mucosal cells and in circulating lymphocytes along with their habit patterns. It was observed that OSF was largely associated with betel nut containing masticants while ...
Kawada A - - 1996
To elucidate involvement of proteinases in malignancy of keratinocytes, expression of cathepsin B, a cysteine proteinase, and cathepsin D, an aspartic proteinase, was ascertained in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of normal skin, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Bowen's disease, seborrhoeic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Presence of procathepsin B and an ...
Michal M - - 1996
We describe four cases of ectopic hamartomatous thymoma with unusual morphological features. In cases 1 and 2 we found a dysplastic glandular component which was often arranged in a cribriform pattern bridging several glandular spaces. In case 2 we found solid adenocarcinomatous areas with infiltrative edges. Case 3 showed widespread ...
Vázquez-Abad D - - 1996
The present study was designed to determine the subcellular localization of histidyl-tRNA synthetase (Jo-1) in human laryngeal epithelial carcinoma cell line (HEp-2 cells). Indirect immunofluorescence using commercial HEp-2 cells with human serum and human-affinity-purified anti-Jo-1 antibodies was performed using confocal microscopy. Anti-histidyl-tRNA-synthetase-positive sera showed distinct nuclear and cytoplasmic granular staining ...
Takimoto M - - 1996
It is known that serum promotes squamous differentiation of airway epithelial cell culture in vitro. We investigated which types of epithelial cells produce endothelins (ETs) and ET-evoked cellular responses in cultured human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs). Squamous cells, not basal cells (nondifferentiated), secrete ET-1 actively. Specific binding of [125I]ET-1, not ...
Sano K - - 1996
A rapid enhanced polymer one-step staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (EPOS-PCNA) in formalin fixed, paraffin embedded sections of tongue squamous cell carcinoma is described. EPOS-PCNA was compared with PCNA immunohistochemistry using the avidin-biotin complex (ABC) method, with or without autoclave pretreatment. Significant correlation of PCNA labeling index (percentage of ...
Harada H - - 1996
Abnormal expression of cell adhesion molecules and related proteins has been observed in various carcinoma cells. We compared expression patterns of desmosomal cadherins, E-cadherin, and cytoplasmic plaque proteins of four different human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines and in vivo squamous cell carcinoma cells with those of normal human keratinocytes. ...
Stranahan P L - - 1996
Intratumoral phenotypic diversity is well documented with regard to tumor associated carbohydrate antigens (TACA). The factors which control the expression of these cell-surface oligosaccharides on different cells of the same tumor are not understood. We investigated the expression of a panel of mucin associated oligosaccharides in cell lines growing at ...
Piffkò J - - 1996
The present study was designed to immunolocalize CD44-v6 and -v5 isoforms in normal, dysplastic and malignant oral mucosa as well as in primary and metastatic oral squamous cell carcinomas. Routinely formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues of 100 oral carcinoma patients were immunohistochemically investigated following wet autoclave antigen retrieval. Both CD44-v6 and ...
de Berker D - - 1996
The main distinction between the germinal matrix and the nail bed is that the former is the origin of all or most of the nail plate and the latter provides an epithelial surface to which the emerging nail can adhere. It has been argued that the nail bed may contribute ...
Kuriyama S - - 1996
Transduction of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene into tumor cells followed by treatment with prodrugs is one of the most promising approaches for gene therapy in cancer. The choice of prodrugs is important in order to obtain maximum anticancer effects with minimum adverse reactions. We retrovirally transduced ...
Krunic A L - - 1996
The distinction between keratoacanthoma and squamous cell carcinoma is a common dermatopathological dilemma. Although the mainstay of the diagnosis is still clinico-pathological correlation, many dermatopathologists now include keratoacanthomas in the spectrum of squamous cell carcinomas. Recent reports, however, have pointed out that keratoacanthoma is "deficient squamous cell carcinoma" since it ...
Tanda N - - 1996
The expression of -GlcNAc beta 1-6Man-(beta 1-6) branched oligosaccharides in carcinoma cells has been considered to influence their metastatic potentials. In the present paper, the lectin histochemistry of oral squamous cell carcinomas obtained in biopsy from 34 patients with Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin (L-PHA), which potentially binds to N-glycosidic carbohydrates with ...
Tiozzo R - - 1996
3-Aminobenzamide (3-ABA) is an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP), an enzyme involved in several cellular processes, and exerts its effects by acting at the cytoskeleton level. Here we show that 3-ABA has an antiproliferative effect on the human carcinoma cell line A431, as measured by different assays. 3-ABA was capable of ...
Zarn J A - - 1996
Human CD24 is a highly glycosylated glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked (GPI-linked) cell surface protein. GPI-linked proteins are involved in signal transduction mediated by members of the protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) family. Therefore we studied associated molecules providing the signaling capacity of CD24. Lysates of SW2 and K562 cells were analysed for expression of ...
Li J - - 1996
Using immunohistochemical method the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a marker of cell proliferation, was studied semiquantitatively in 9 cases of pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (PEH), 24 cases of keratoacanthoma (KA), 47 cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 5 cases of Bowen's disease (BD). It was observed that the ...
Ishida R - - 1996
2-Amino-4,4 alpha-dihydro-4 alpha,7-dimethyl-3H-phenoxazine-3-one (Phx) was synthesized by the reaction of 2-amino-5-methyl-phenol with bovine hemolysates. Since Phx is a phenoxazine derivative like actinomycin D, which exerts a strong anti-tumor effect by intercalating DNA, we examined the effects of Phx on cell proliferation and cell cycle progression in human epidermoid carcinoma cells ...
Motoyama T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Although the cytologic diagnosis of malignancy by fine needle aspiration is easy in cases of moderately to poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma in various organs, it is not always easy in cases of the well-differentiated type. CASE: A 46-year-old female presented with a slowly growing mass in the right ...
al-Sader M H - - 1996
AIMS: To compare differences in cell proliferation indexes and apoptotic indexes between cutaneous basal and squamous cell carcinomas, in an attempt to suggest an explanation for the differences in their biological behaviour. METHODS: Forty cases of cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and 40 cases of moderately and well differentiated squamous ...
Fisseler-Eckhoff A - - 1996
Cytokeratins are expressed in varying combination in the course of differentiation of epithelial cells and tumor cells. This is the first report of systematic immunohistochemical (ABC-method) investigations concerning the expression of different cytokeratin types (KL 1, CK 4, 10 and 17) within the transformation of the bronchial mucosal epithelium with ...
Oka K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The MIB-1 monoclonal antibody is a marker of cycling cells and the PC10 monoclonal antibody is a marker of proliferating cell nuclear antigen in paraffin sections. This study was conducted to elucidate the difference in response to radiotherapy (RT) between cervical adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, focusing on cell ...
Bortuzzo C - - 1996
Eicosanoids have been implicated in colon carcinogenesis, but very little is known on the potential role of leukotrienes (LTs) and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) in this process; such compounds are produced by colonocytes and tumor infiltrating leukocytes. We studied the effect of LTB4, LTB4 methyl ester, LTB5, 12(R)-HETE, 12(S)-HETE and 15(S)-HETE ...
Odida M - - 1996
Two hundred and twenty three cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix were classified according to their resemblance to cells in any of the layers in the ectocervix and a grade of low and high malignancy was also given to each case. Forty cases were classified as basal, 59 ...
Herold-Mende C - - 1996
Splice variants of the adhesion molecule CD44 have been described as essential for the lymphatic spread of rat tumour cells and are claimed to be involved in the metastatic spread of several human tumours. Immunohistochemistry has been used to analyse the expression pattern of CD44 standard (CD44s) and variant (CD44v) ...
Cataluña J J - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of bronchial biopsy (BB) specimens in establishing the specific cell type in primary lung cancer (LC), and to study the influence of several factors on this accuracy. SETTING: Tertiary health-care center. PATIENTS: One hundred forty-six patients with LC diagnosed by BB specimens who ...
Ohori N P - - 1996
CD44 is a family of transmembrane glycoproteins involved in cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix interactions. Of the CD44 isoforms characterized, the v6 variant has been shown to confer metastatic potential in animal models and its expression has been correlated with aggressive behavior in some human malignancies. In an attempt to provide further ...
Chou C Y - - 1996
A human cervical cancer cell line, CX, was established from a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The CX cells were epithelial in morphology with relatively large vesicular nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. Cytoplasmic organelles were generally sparse but tonofilaments were relatively abundant. The cells grew as a ...
Coleman S S - - 1996
DNA extraction procedures and PCR conditions to detect Vibrio vulnificus cells naturally occurring in oysters were developed. In addition, PCR amplification of V. vulnificus from oysters seeded with biotype 1 cells was demonstrated. By the methods described, V. vulnificus cells on a medium (colistin-polymyxin B-cellobiose agar) selective for this pathogen ...
Blaski C A - - 1996
To evaluate the clinical utility of nasal lavage (NL), we performed post-work shift NL on 172 grain workers and 78 postal worker control subjects. The grain worker group included a higher percentage of current smokers (25.7% vs 16.7%) and a lower percentage of former smokers (21.15% vs 35.9%) compared with ...
Goodger N M - - 1996
The expression of p34cdc2 has been examined in normal, hyperplastic, and malignant oral epithelia and lymphoid tissues. Four monoclonal antibodies were prepared against Xenopus p34cdc2, three of which react specifically with human p34cdc2 and not with p33cdk2. These produced similar patterns of staining in both fixed and frozen sections of ...
Enders G H - - 1996
We and others have recently shown that p16 can potently and specifically inhibit progression through the G1 phase of the replicative cycle in cells that express the retinoblastoma protein (pRB). However, none of these studies examined cell types in which p16 has been firmly implicated in tumorigenesis. We predicted that ...
Neilly J B - - 1996
The appearance of the gallbladder in images of patients undergoing 99Tcm-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99Tcm-HMPAO) autologous white cell scans (AWCSs) was compared before and after the introduction of fasting in the white cell scan protocol in our department. Before February 1995, when fasting was not required as a condition of the ...
Chen H C - - 1996
Naturally occurring squamous cell carcinomas of lung of laboratory rodents are rare, and few cases have been reported and illustrated. A solid peripheral lung mass was observed grossly in a untreated 573-day-old male Sprague Dawley CD (Crl:CD [SD] BR) rat. Microscopically, the mass was composed of neoplastic squamous epithelial cells ...
Tesfaigzi J - - 1996
The absence of vitamin A or vitamin A derivatives in culture media promotes squamous cell differentiation of tracheobronchial epithelial cells. This is especially true for the expression of a small proline-rich protein (20K; 98 amino acids) in pig trachea epithelial cells. Multigene families encode different small proline-rich proteins in different ...
Kylmäniemi M - - 1996
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have an important role in many biological processes, such as tumor metastasis, wound healing, and inflammation. The regulation of MMPs and their inhibitors is still not known in detail, and the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dexamethasone on cultured oral benign and ...
Sumitomo S - - 1996
Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies during carcinogenesis in rat submandibular glands (SMGs) using a carcinogen (9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene: DMBA) were evaluated. For carcinogenesis, the carcinogen-containing sponge was surgically inserted into the gland. Histopathological features during carcinogenesis were as follows; dilatation of ductal segments, the presence of duct-like structures and cystic lesion around the ...
Litvinov S V - - 1996
Ep-CAM, an epithelial adhesion molecule, is absent in normal squamous epithelia but can be detected in some squamous carcinomas. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies to keratinocyte differentiation and proliferation markers, we investigated the association of EP-CAM expression with differentiation-related and/or neoplastic changes in cervical epithelium. Normal endocervical glandular epithelium ...
Sriurairatana S - - 1996
The ultrastructure of a cholangiocarcinoma cell line (HuCCA-l) originally established from an intrahepatic bile duct tumor of a patient seropositive for a liver fluke infection was studied by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron miscroscopy. With the SEM, the surface of HuCCA-1 cells were found to be covered with microvilli. ...
Foreman K E - - 1996
Prior to the AIDS epidemic, Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) was a rare neoplasm. However, in the context of immunosuppression, cutaneous KS lesions more frequently develop and express various surface molecules recognized by T cells such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; CD54) and HLA-DR. The KS tumor cells are thought to arise ...
Maclean H - - 1996
PURPOSE: We studied a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the eyelid in a 42-year-old homosexual man with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to explore the link between squamous cell carcinoma and human Papillomavirus infection. METHOD: A rapidly growing, 3-mm lesion was removed from the right lower eyelid by excisional ...
Belani R - - 1996
The CTLL-2 bioassay is used frequently to determine interleukin-2 (IL-2) concentrations in experimental samples, including samples that contain reagents which affect the CD28-B7 interaction. We therefore evaluated whether the CD28-B7 pathway plays a role in the growth of CTLL-2 cells. Flow cytometry demonstrated that CTLL-2 cells express both CD28 and ...
Scott M - - 1996
168 Rh specific monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) were evaluated in 43 laboratories. Red cells from 63 Rh variant phenotype donations were circulated in panels to evaluators. Circulation was organised to ensure adequate duplicate testing. Evaluators were asked to test each Mab at 3 dilutions in two specified techniques against normal phenotype ...
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