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Mittal K - - 1999
Both atrophic and dysplastic cervical squamous epithelia show lack of maturation, nuclear crowding, and increased nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio. Because of these similarities, distinguishing dysplasia from atrophy in cervical biopsies from elderly patients is often problematic. Because dysplasia shows increased proliferation and atrophy has decreased proliferation, the possible utility of MIB-1 in ...
Ibrahim E M - - 1999
The expression of CD44s, CD44v4, CD44v5, CD44v7-8, and CD44v10 was investigated immunohistochemically in a variety of neoplastic cervical lesions. Normal endocervical columnar cells exhibited no reactivity for any of the antibodies, whereas the subcolumnar reserve cells were strongly positive for CD44s, CD44v5, and CD44v7-8. In some cases, positive cells were ...
Calderón-Garcidueñas L - - 1999
The nasal passages are a common portal of entry and are a prime site for toxicant-induced pathology. Sustained increases in regenerative cell proliferation can be a significant driving force in chemical carcinogenesis. The atmosphere in Mexico City contains a complex mixture of air pollutants and its residents are exposed chronically ...
Haack A - - 1999
Transient expression of full-length wild-type (wt) and a new B-domain truncated (deltaB) FVIII has been investigated in three eukaryotic cell lines (HEK-293, COS, CHO). When expressed in CHO cells, both FVIII proteins reached the same peak antigen levels, whereas in HEK-293 and COS cells those of FVIII/deltaB were up to ...
Yasuda T - - 1999
Interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1alpha) production and invasiveness through mouse lung endothelial cells (MLE) were investigated in high-metastatic RCT+ and low-metastatic RCT- clones established from poorly differentiated murine sarcoma. Apparently, a higher level of IL-1alpha was derived from RCT+ cells than from RCT- cells. In an invasion assay, the number of ...
Sun X L - - 1999
Cervical carcinoma is an AIDS-defining illness. The expression of folate receptors (FRs) in cervical carcinoma (HeLa-IU1) cells was modulated by stable transduction of FR cDNA encapsidated in recombinant adeno-associated virus-2 in the sense and antisense orientation (sense and antisense cells, respectively). Although sense cells proliferated slower than antisense or untransduced ...
ElAttar T M - - 1999
Resveratrol and quercetin are polyphenols which have been detected in significant amounts in green vegetables, citrus fruits and red grape wines. Beneficial effects attributed to these compounds include anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antitumor properties. The effect of resveratrol and quercetin on growth of human oral cancer cells is unknown. Resveratrol and ...
Chen W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To develop a more effective induced-differentiation or -apoptosis therapy for treating oral squamous cell carcinomas. METHODS: The combination of all trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) was tested for its antiproliferative activity against human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line (Tca8113 cells) in vitro. Clonogenic assay, MTT assay, ...
Horie Y - - 1999
A case of pseudovascular squamous cell carcinoma in the uterine cervix of a 64-year-old woman was examined. Histologically, the lesion consisted of atypical, large, non-keratinizing squamous cells that exhibited not only acantholytic changes but also pseudovascular changes. Immunohistochemically, these tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen and carcinoembryonic ...
Kodama H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate immunostimulating activity of purified rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) C-reactive protein (CRP) on trout phagocytic cells. ANIMALS: 20 rainbow trout and 2 rabbits. PROCEDURE: The effect of CRP on phagocytic activity of head kidney (HK) cells was examined by use of a phagocytosis assay with plastic particles. The ...
Rosier J F - - 1999
The present study investigated in vitro radio-enhancement by gemcitabine (dFdC) in two head and neck squamous cell carcinomas with different intrinsic cellular radiosensitivity. Radiosensitive (SCC61, SF2=0.16) and radioresistant (SQD9, SF2=0.49) human head and neck squamous cell carcinomas were used. Confluent cells were incubated with dFdC and irradiated in drug-free medium ...
van Neerven R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: At present, recombinant allergens are considered for the diagnosis and treatment of atopic allergies. To evaluate the theoretical impact of isoallergen variation on the selection of isoallergens for specific allergy vaccination, we characterized the T-cell response of allergic patients to the Phleum pratense major allergen, Phl p 5, and ...
Uchida T - - 1999
Leukocyte cell-derived chemotoxin 2 (LECT2) is a recently isolated protein and has been shown to be synthesized by human hepatocytes. All hepatocytes show diffuse immunostaining for LECT2 within the cytoplasm. In the present study, an attempt was made to clarify the expression pattern of LECT2 in nine cases of low-grade ...
Carley W - - 1999
Human synovial endothelial cell (HSE) intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is upregulated maximally by synergy of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interferon gamma (IFN gamma). Such synergy is not as pronounced in human umbilical vein endothelium (HUVE). ICAM surface staining and ELISA detection reflected similar levels on HUVE and ...
Nomura Y - - 1999
In this study, we characterized a protease responsible for the cleavage of RXRalpha in two human derived cell lines, HepG2 and JEG-3 cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) combined with antibody supershift analysis suggested that contamination of cytoplasmic components during nuclear extract preparation could result in complete cleavage of RXRalpha ...
McGinnis J F - - 1999
Among retina-specific proteins, recoverin is unique with respect to its cellular regulation in that it is found in rods, cones, some bipolar cells, and a rare population of cells in the ganglion cell layer. Recoverin is a calcium-binding protein which inhibits rhodopsin kinase from phosphorylating rhodopsin. Because cells in the ...
Babó I - - 1999
PURPOSE: To improve our understanding of the aggressive behaviour of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) certain biological features related to malignancy were compared in the basaloid and in the squamous cell population of this tumour. METHODS: Growth rate, cell population kinetics parameters, ploidy and collagenase activity were measured in BSCC ...
Sumitomo S - - 1999
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is a member of the heparin-binding growth factor family and has mitogenic activity. Immunohistochemical expression of FGF-2 and its receptor (FGFR) was evaluated in experimentally induced squamous cell carcinoma as well as transforming cells of rat submandibular gland (SMG) induced by 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA)/sponge implantation. Proliferating cells ...
Trott K R - - 1999
Recent experimental data relating to the mechanisms of accelerated repopulation during daily fractionated irradiation are reviewed. There is evidence indicating that acceleration of repopulation is an active response towards the progressively accumulating radiation damage which is characteristic for squamous cell carcinomas and their tissue of origin, i.e. normal squamous epithelium. ...
Matsubara H - - 1998
We examined whether antitumor effect could be produced by retrovirally expressed human interleukin-2 (hIL-2) gene in human esophageal cancer cells (T.Tn) using immunocompromised nude mice. Loss of tumorigenicity of hIL-2-producing T.Tn (T.Tn/hIL-2) cells inoculated subcutaneously was observed in contrast to continuous tumor growth of wild-type cells, although in vitro proliferation ...
Yoneda K - - 1998
Induction of differentiation is today a useful strategy in cancer therapy but the clinical practice is insufficient in squamous cell carcinomas. We examined the effect of vesnarinone, a differentiation-inducing agent, on the cell cycle and cellular differentiation in four cell lines established from oral squamous cell carcinomas possessing a wild-type ...
Iacocca M V - - 1998
Four mixed Merkel cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin are described. The patients ranged in age from 74 to 90 years and demonstrated or had a history of previous ultraviolet or infrared damage to the skin, manifested by basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, actinic keratoses, solar elastosis, ...
Otori N - - 1998
Lectin expression during wound healing of the rabbit sinus mucosa was examined. Positive UEA-I staining was evident on squamous or cuboidal as well as columnar regenerating epithelial cells (RE cells). PNA staining of columnar RE cells first became evident after neuraminidase treatment, while squamous or cuboidal RE cells stained positively ...
Yamamoto K - - 1998
To initially analyze the genomic abnormalities in human oral squamous cell carcinoma, DNA extracted from each of four oral carcinoma cell lines (Ca9-22, HO-1-u-1, HSC-2, KB) was examined using restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS), a method especially conducive to detection of amplifications and rearrangements of genomic DNA. Isolated cell line ...
Frontelo P - - 1998
Previous studies indicated that mouse transformed keratinocytes undergo an epithelial-fibroblastic conversion when cultured in the presence of TGF-beta1. This conversion is associated in vivo with a squamous-spindle carcinoma transition. We derived epithelioid (A6, FPA6) and spindle (B5) clonal cell variants from a squamous carcinoma cell line (PDV) after treatment with ...
Mizukawa N - - 1998
The saliva of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma was subjected to reversed-phase HPLC, and a peak (P 14) was eluted with a linear gradient of acetonitrile. The molecular weight of P14 was 3,442 daltons by mass spectrometry. The results of amino acid sequencing by Edman degradation and homology studies ...
Liu H - - 1998
We have shown that a fibronectin (FN) matrix is required for the organization of tenascin-C (TN-C) matrices by peritumor fibroblasts (PTF) cultured from tissue surrounding oral squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC). In the present study, we detected alternatively spliced FN containing both the EDA and EDB domains decorating the reactive stroma adjacent ...
Ohba M - - 1998
Protein kinase C (PKC) plays a crucial role(s) in regulation of growth and differentiation of cells. In the present study, we examined possible roles of the alpha, delta, eta, and zeta isoforms of PKC in squamous differentiation by overexpressing these genes in normal human keratinocytes. Because of the difficulty of ...
van Dorst E B - - 1998
AIM: To study the differentiation of epithelial tissues within their histological context, and to identify hypothetically, on the basis of keratin pattern, the putative tissue origin of a (metastatic) carcinoma. METHODS: Using well characterised monoclonal antibodies against individual keratins 7, 8, 18, and 19, which are predominantly found in columnar ...
van de Wal Y - - 1998
Celiac disease (CD) is caused by gluten ingestion in susceptible individuals. Tissue transglutaminase (tTG)-specific Abs are characteristic of CD, and increased tTG activity has been observed in the jejunal biopsies of patients. Here we demonstrate that tTG selectively deamidates gluten peptides, which results in strongly enhanced T cell-stimulatory activity. To ...
Blades K - - 1998
PURPOSE: To assess whether impression cytology samples could be used to assess cell conjunctival cell surface areas, and to obtain an estimate of these for normal appearing cells vs. those with squamous metaplasia. METHODS: Small sheets of nasal bulbar conjunctival cells (c. 0.03 mm2) were obtained from 17 subjects aged ...
Schlage W K - - 1998
In a 12-month inhalation study on rats using room-aged sidestream smoke (RASS, 12 microg total particulate matter (TPM)/l) as an experimental surrogate for environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), we investigated differentiation changes, i.e. altered cytokeratin (CK) expression, in the epithelial lining at nasal cavity level 1 (NL1) (anterior portion of nasal ...
Hosokawa K K Department of Dermatology, Osaka University School of Medicine, Suita, - - 1998
We report a case of identical twins with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa, who developed squamous cell carcinoma in the hand at the latter half of their third decade. To our knowledge, this is the first case of manifestation of squamous cell carcinoma in identical twins and may contribute to the ...
Mehrotra R - - 1998
Expression of interleukin-13 (IL-13) has been examined in head and neck cancer cell lines. This interleukin was expressed by all human head and neck carcinoma cells studied, though in varying degrees. The effect of exogenous IL-13 on growth of squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck cell lines was ...
Kashyap S - - 1998
Nucleolar organiser regions (NOR) are chromosomal segments coding for ribosomal RNA. The number of nucleolar organiser regions correlates with cellular proliferation and has a diagnostic and prognostic value in neoplastic diseases. The aim of this study was to study the morphologic subtypes of squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix ...
Leid J G - - 1998
Compared to most alphabeta T cells, bovine gammadelta T cells express two to five times the level of L-selectin and have a much higher capacity to roll on monolayers of endothelial cells, platelets, and leukocytes in assays done under physiological flow. To gain additional insight into the basis for these ...
Dumortier J - - 1998
Clone C5 of the human colon adenocarcinoma LoVo cell line was subcutaneously injected with or without exogenous laminin-1 (EHS laminin) into immunosuppressed newborn rats. Cultures were initiated from lung metastases obtained with or without laminin-1 and gave rise to the C5 sublines LM and M4, respectively. The LM subline was ...
Schneeberger C - - 1998
The gene for Cyclin D1 (CCND1) lies within chromosomal region 11q13 and codes for a cell cycle regulator essential for G1 phase progression. This G1-cyclin is a putative protooncogene whose clonal rearrangement and/or amplification and mRNA overexpression occurs in several types of human neoplasias, including head and neck squamous cell ...
Morice W G - - 1998
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a recently recognized variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with a predilection to occur in the tongue base, hypopharynx, and supraglottic larynx. In smal biopsy specimens, these tumors can be difficult to distinguish from small cell undifferentiated carcinoma (SCUC) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). ...
Matsushita Y - - 1998
Thrombomodulin (TM) is an endothelial cell surface glycoprotein which converts thrombin from a procoagulant protease to an anticoagulant. We have previously reported that TM is a useful marker for immunohistochemical diagnosis of angiogenic tumors and also have reported that TM is expressed on squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the human ...
Scurry J - - 1998
AIMS: To investigate the malignant potential of lichen sclerosus, a study using the cell proliferation marker Ki67 comparing lichen sclerosus with and without associated squamous cell carcinoma was performed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded slides of 13 cases of lichen sclerosus with associated carcinoma, and 31 cases without associated carcinoma, ...
Cardinali M - - 1998
The excessive proliferation exhibited by cancer cells is frequently a result of their failure to adequately regulate cell cycle progression. In the present study, we developed a xenograft model of oral cancer in athymic mice, using squamous carcinoma cell lines and examined the ability of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 ...
Hitomi J - - 1998
CAAF1 and CAAF2, newly identified calcium-binding proteins from bovine amniotic fluid, have been revealed to be members of the S100 protein family preferentially produced by fetal squamous epithelial cells, including epidermal keratinocytes. Having previously cloned the cDNA of human CAAF1 protein from the esophageal epithelium, we report here on the ...
Cho Y - - 1998
ND10 are recently characterized nuclear domains that are composed of 0.5 microm sized, precisely circumscribed dots in cultured human cell lines. To investigate the distribution and number of ND10 on various types of normal and neoplastic human tissues, we carried out immunostaining and immunoprecipitation analyses with monoclonal antibodies 138 and ...
Munakata R - - 1998
An autopsied case of an 80-year-old man with spindle cell carcinoma of the gingiva is reported. The tumor was polypoid and mostly composed of a sarcomatous proliferation of spindle cells with a small focus of squamous cell carcinoma at the stalk portion. The carcinoma metastasized to a cervical lymph node, ...
Walter F G - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether squamous cells in urine indicate bacterial contamination. METHODS: We prospectively studied 105 consecutive women who presented to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of a urinary tract infection. Two urine samples were collected from each woman, a midstream clean-catch (MSCC) sample and a catheterized (CATH) ...
Scher R L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) has a high incidence of recurrence and associated second primary malignancy. The retinoid 13-cis-retinoic acid has been shown to be effective as both a chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent for HNSCC, but often with treatment-limiting toxicity. The synthetic retinoid fenretinide (N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide) ...
Sa─čol O - - 1998
Keratoacanthomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin share many histopathologic features, making differential diagnosis difficult. The aim of this study is to investigate the staining pattern of proliferating cells in keratoacanthomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin and to evaluate the value of nuclear morphometric criteria in differential ...
Yoo J Y - - 1998
Specific biological responses to the erbB3-erbB4 ligand heregulin (HRG) have been postulated to be due to the formation of heterodimers of those receptors with erbB2. To test the role that erbB2 plays in the response to HRG in a human breast carcinoma cell line, antisense oriented erbB2 was stably transfected ...
Willett K L - - 1998
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, and recently bioassay-based induction studies have been used to determine exposures to complex mixtures of PAHs. Induction of CYP1A1-dependent activity in H4IIE rat hepatoma cells has been used extensively as a bioassay for halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons and more recently for PAHs. Fluoranthene ...
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