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Kim D Y - - 2002
Two primary tumours, squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and multiple bronchioloalveolar carcinomas, were diagnosed in a Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana). Two oral masses were located in the right ventrolateral surface of the tongue, near the frenulum, and the lungs contained multiple, widely distributed, nodular masses. Microscopically, the oral masses ...
Hama Seiji - - 2002
OBJECT: Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are composed of tall, well-differentiated, ciliated columnar epithelia. Their structures are altered by hyperplasia or squamous metaplasia, but their cause remains unknown. METHODS: The authors studied pathological findings and anterior pituitary function in 20 patients harboring RCCs. They classified RCC epithelium as either single (a ...
Goldmann Wolfgang H - - 2002
Studies were carried out using vinculin-deficient F9 embryonic carcinoma (gamma229) cells to analyze the relationship between structure and function within the focal adhesion protein vinculin, in the context of control of cell shape, cell mechanics, and movement. Atomic force microscopy studies revealed that transfection of the head (aa 1-821) or ...
Paradiso Angelo - - 2002
Oncogene alterations have been clearly demonstrated to be related to the carcinogenesis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the analysis of these alterations for screening and early diagnostic purposes generally requires invasive techniques for surgical removal of pathological epithelium. The aim of the present study was to ...
Gametchu Bahiru - - 2002
We have studied the presence and functional implications of membrane glucocorticoid receptor (mGR) in several wild type (WT) and mutant mouse lymphoid cell lines (nuclear transfer decrease, NT(-); nuclear transfer increase, NT(i); and receptorless, R(-)). Direct fluorescent antibody staining revealed large aggregates of mGR-specific fluorescing antigens in the plasma membrane ...
Saito Takahito - - 2002
We report here an autopsy case of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver in a 63-year-old man who had hypercalcemia and an elevated serum level of parathyroid hormone-related protein. At autopsy, primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver was found, without distinct preceding or associated hepatic or biliary diseases; ...
Della Salda L - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate if the evaluation of cell proliferation of the well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (WDSCC) and infundibular keratinizing acanthoma (IKA) could be useful in the differential diagnosis between these two tumours. Eighteen IKAs and ten WDSCCs were selected for this study. Two ...
Takeda Atsushi - - 2002
Squamous cell carcinoma antigen belongs to the serpin family and is used for the diagnosis and management of squamous cell carcinoma. We investigated the involvement of squamous cell carcinoma antigen in psoriasis, as it is always detected in the sera of patients with psoriasis. Squamous cell carcinoma antigen localization in ...
Kim Y S - - 2002
The lining of the trachea consists of a pseudostratified, mucociliary epithelium that under a variety of conditions, such as vitamin A deficiency, toxic and mechanical injury, becomes a stratified squamous epithelium. Several in vitro cell culture models have been established to study the process of differentiation of airway epithelium. Such ...
Lo Muzio L - - 2002
p120(cat) is a novel component of the catenin family, a cytoplasmic molecule closely associated with the cell-cell adhesion molecule E (epithelial)-cadherin, by forming complexes between the cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin and the cytoskeleton. Recent studies suppose a role for this molecule in human cancers and to date none report its ...
Haroon Shamsa - - 2002
Criteria for judging the squamous cellularity adequacy of cervicovaginal ThinPreps using cell counts in representative fields have been proposed. We compared the interobserver reproducibility in the designation of ThinPreps as satisfactory (SAT), satisfactory but limited by (SBLB), or unsatisfactory (UNS) for interpretation. Three reviewers independently assessed 145 cervicovaginal ThinPreps accessioned ...
Kanwar Amrinder J - - 2002
Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus is an uncommon disease of skin and genital mucosa in both sexes. Involvement of the male genital mucosa is usually complicated by recurrent balanoposthitis, ulceration, phimosis, and meatal stenosis. The development of a squamous cell carcinoma is extremely rare in genital lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in ...
Kayisli Umit A - - 2002
The vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) is a 46 kDa protein present at the leading edge of migrating cells. Because trophoblastic cell migration and invasion are critical stages for the achievement of successful implantation and development of the placenta, we investigated VASP expression in different cell types of the human placenta throughout ...
Thurnher D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Antiproliferative effects in neoplastic cells of different origin have been attributed to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) during the past few decades. METHODS: We tested the influence of NSAIDs and hydrocortisone on cell lines derived from head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) and on normal oral mucosal keratinocytes. Cell ...
Kuniyasu H - - 2001
CD44 variant exon (CD44v) 3 is a heparan sulfate-binding isoform of CD44. The role of CD44v3 in invasion and metastasis associated with heparan sulfate in colon cancer cell lines and cases of colon cancer was examined. Expression of CD44v3 mRNA and protein was observed in five of six human colorectal ...
Yang C C - - 2001
We demonstrated in vivo that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs including sulindac can act as inhibitors of urinary bladder carcinogenesis in rats. The aim of the present study was to determine whether sulindac affects arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and gene expression and DNA-2-aminofluorene adduct formation in the T24 human bladder tumor cell ...
Bair E L - - 2001
Matrilysin is a matrix metalloprotease (MMP) overexpressed in a number of cancers including skin, head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, and prostate and colon adenocarcinomas. Matrilysin has been shown to play a role in the degradation of the basement membrane that separates epithelium from stroma allowing tumor cells to intravasate ...
Harvat B L - - 2001
Interferon-gamma induces an irreversible growth arrest and squamous differentiation in normal human epidermal keratinocytes. We present for the first time a careful biochemical analysis of the cell-cycle-related events that occur during interferon-gamma treatment of normal human epidermal keratinocytes. The interferon-gamma-induced irreversible growth arrest state is characterized by inhibition of cyclin-dependent ...
Wu X - - 2001
Epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) sends signals to the proliferation signal transduction system, receiving two ligands: epithelial growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha). This immunohistochemical study examined the roles of EGFR and its ligands in the proliferation of normal and neoplastic vulvar squamous cells in 25 patients with ...
Zhang W - - 2001
We investigated the combination effect of sodium ascorbate (vitamin C) and menadione (vitamin K3) on the viability of various cultured cells. Human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2, HSC-3) and human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells were more sensitive to these vitamins as compared to normal cells (human gingival fibroblast HGF, human ...
Kaspareit J - - 2001
The first lung tumour-bearing animal was a 7 years and 3 months old cynomolgus monkey. Microscopic examination revealed a neoplastic mass under the pleura that consisted of squamous islands with little keratinization, multifocal mineralization of the keratin, inflammatory cell and foreign body-type giant cell infiltration. It was classified as pulmonary ...
Faridoni-Laurens L - - 2001
P73, a p53-homologue gene, has been studied for its possible role in head and neck squamous epithelium (HNSE) differentiation and carcinogenesis. P73 RNA and protein were analysed in 50 biopsies, including well- and moderately-differentiated carcinomas, and 21 matched normal adjacent tissues. P73 immunohistochemical analyses revealed intense p73 nuclear staining in ...
Liu Y - - 2001
Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) is a G-coupled membrane protein. In this study, we analyzed the expression of PAR-1 in oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). PAR-1 was expressed in oral SCCs, but the level of PAR-1 protein was lower in non-metastatic cells than in metastatic cells. Thrombin stimulated the growth of ...
Hulboy D L - - 2001
Chemical carcinogenesis in mouse skin has been useful in delineating the molecular events that underlie squamous cell carcinoma progression. A late event in this progression, the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), is characterized by the loss of epithelial markers and the presence of mesenchymal markers. One mesenchymal marker associated with this transition ...
Fitzgerald R C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Esophageal disease research is impeded by a paucity of nonmalignant cell lines. Furthermore, culture of primary esophageal cells is difficult because of a lack of cell adhesion and contamination. The aim of this study was to develop a short-term culture method to facilitate cell physiologic studies by using primary ...
Souza R F - - 2001
Oesophageal adenocarcinoma is one of the most deadly human malignancies. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been established as a strong risk factor for oesophageal adenocarcinoma, and more than 40% of adult Americans experience regular GERD symptoms. GERD can be complicated by oesophagitis, and by replacement of oesophageal squamous mucosa with ...
Inoue T - - 2001
Cancer cell-stromal cell interaction plays a crucial role in the malignant growth of cancer cells. In the skin, the main stromal cell types consist of dermal fibroblasts and subcutaneous adipocytes. Fibroblasts are shown to promote the invasive growth of various cancer cell types. The interaction between cancer cells and stromal ...
Gray A C - - 2001
An in vitro submerged keratinocyte model of squamous metaplasia (SQ) in epithelia is being developed to assess the risk associated with exposure to certain environmental agents. Tracheobronchial epithelium (TBE) in vivo can respond to airborne environmental insult by becoming squamous. Epidemiological evidence suggests that cigarette smoke is capable of inducing ...
Laitakari J J Department of Pathology, University of Oulu, - - 2001
To study, under controlled conditions, the applicability of automated image analysis of immunohistochemical markers as an indicator of development and progression in tobacco component-induced tumors in the respiratory tract. Amount, location, size, shape and intensity of staining of proliferating cell and p53 antigen in chemically induced precursors and squamous cell ...
Sunaga H - - 2001
Epithelial hyperplasia and dysplasia have been diagnosed as precancerous lesions and have been discussed in relationship to carcinogenesis. We analyzed the immunohistochemical expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (G-CSFR) and platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF) in oral and oropharynx; 33 samples of normal epithelium, 28 samples of hyperplasia, 16 ...
Pestili de Almeida E M - - 2001
Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in humans and is also a frequently diagnosed neoplasm in dogs. Induction of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), a key rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, has been implicated in the oncogenesis of various cancers in humans, including squamous cell carcinomas. However, expression of ...
Michimukai E - - 2001
In the present study, we have analyzed tumor deoxyribonucleic acid from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells for patched mutations using an exon-by-exon single strand conformation polymorphism assay and direct sequencing. We found two missense mutations which affected the conserved residue in the transmembrane domains of the gene product and ...
von Bültzingslöwen I - - 2001
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of the antimetabolite 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on the capacity of the oral epithelium and the dental pulp to induce a mitogen-driven T-cell proliferation. Inbred Lewis rats were given 6 i.v. injections of 5-FU (30 mg/kg or 50 mg/kg) over a period of ...
Okamura H - - 2001
Oral squamous carcinoma cell line SSCKN cells were shown to be highly sensitive to bleomycin, whereas SCCTF cells were minimally sensitive to this reagent. To determine whether the anticancer drug resistance to oral squamous carcinoma cells could be related to the degree of the drug-induced apoptosis, we examined the effects ...
Kato N - - 2001
The first case of primary cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) to cause zosteriform and epidermotropic metastasis to skin is reported. The patient is a 72-year-old Japanese woman. A cutaneous SCC appeared on the lateral side of her right knee and was removed. After dissection of the right inguinal lymph nodes, ...
Niimi K - - 2001
The process of vascular invasion of human oral squamous cell carcinomas was histologically and immunohistochemically studied in surgical and autopsy specimens. Hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome, and immunohistochemical stainings for Ulex europaeus I lectin binding, CD31, and type IV collagen were done to differentiate lymphatic and blood vessels and to demonstrate basement ...
Dumonceaux T - - 2001
We have determined that the production of a metastasis-associated neutral glycosphingolipid, isogloboside (iGb(4)Cer, GalNAcbeta1-3Galalpha1-3Galbeta1-4Glcbeta1-O-ceramide) is associated with the loss of G(M3) synthase activity. Assays for neutral glycosphingolipid-forming glycosyltransferases in cells producing various levels of iGb(4)Cer revealed no consistent differences that could account for the difference in iGb(4)Cer biosynthesis. However, comparison ...
Rozanov D V - - 2001
Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a key enzyme in the activation pathway of matrix prometalloproteinase-2 (pro-MMP-2). Both activation and autocatalytic maturation of pro-MMP-2 in trans suggest that MT1-MMP should exist as oligomers on the cell surface. To better understand the functions of MT1-MMP, we designed mutants with substitutions in ...
Khan M H - - 2001
nm23-H1 is a candidate gene for the suppression of cancer metastasis. Several studies on human breast, hepatocellular, gastric, ovarian, and colon carcinomas and melanomas have shown that reduced nm23-H1 expression was closely related to metastatic progression with poor prognosis. However, the biochemical mechanism by which nm23-H1 suppresses the metastasis has ...
Vesoulis Z - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Papillary squamous and squamotransitional cell carcinomas of the cervix and vagina are infrequent morphologic variants of squamous cell carcinoma that may be underdiagnosed due to a bland histologic appearance. To our knowledge, this entity has not been previously detected by Pap smear evaluation. CASE: Vaginal wall pap smears were ...
Akagi J - - 2001
It has been reported that MUC-1 molecules devoid of the tandem repeat region (MUC-1/Y) are detected preferentially in carcinoma cells and are associated with their progression. However, its clinical significance is still unknown. We constructed a mouse colon adenocarcinoma cell line (MC-38) transduced with either MUC-1/Y cDNA defecting the tandem ...
Ariga T - - 2001
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked primary immunodeficiency disease, arising from mutations of the WAS-protein (WASP) gene. Previously, we have reported that mononuclear cells from WAS patients showed lack/reduced of the intracellular WASP (WASP(dim)) by flow cytometric analysis, and analysis of WASP by flow cytometry (FCM-WASP) was useful for ...
Kehlen A - - 2001
In rheumatic joints, high concentrations of interleukin-8 (IL-8) have been measured in synovial fluid and in pannus tissue. In both locations aminopeptidase N (APN)/CD13, an exopeptidase with reported activity towards IL-8 is also present. The surprising stability of IL-8 in the presence of an alleged IL-8-degrading peptidase prompted us to ...
La E - - 2001
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a major mediator of inflammation and exerts pleiotropic effects on many systems. To elucidate the role of its endogenous inhibitor, intracellular IL-1 receptor antagonist (icIL-1Ra), in mouse skin, we produced an icIL-1Ra-overexpressing skin carcinoma cell line (icIL-1Ra-JWF2). Altered expression of icIL-1Ra did not change IL-1alpha mRNA ...
Hamada K - - 2001
The squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) serves as a serological marker for squamous cell carcinomas. Molecular cloning of the SCCA genomic region has revealed the presence of two tandemly arrayed genes, SCCA1 and SCCA2, which are 95% identical in nucleotide sequence. SCCA1 is a papain-like cysteine proteinase inhibitor, while SCCA2 ...
Watanabe G - - 2001
PURPOSE: In only a very limited number of cultured cell lines, epidermal growth factor (EGF), a potent mitogen for many kinds of cells, was shown to activate STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) protein, which can transmit signals that cause cell growth arrest and apoptosis. The purpose of ...
Gupta D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the cytologic criteria for follow-up of mature metaplastic cells within the atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) category. STUDY DESIGN: Squamous epithelial abnormalities between January 1994 and June 1997 at our institution totaled 2,632 and included squamous carcinoma (1), high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (278), low ...
Fresvig A - - 2001
With regard to the cellular origin of bronchial squamous-cell carcinomas, there are some clinicopathologic and experimental data indicating a link between neuroendocrine (NE) bronchial tumors and the traditionally non-NE squamous-cell carcinomas. Against this background, 29 consecutively resected bronchial squamous-cell carcinomas were examined immunohistochemically (IHC) by means of the specific NE ...
Hamada K - - 2001
The squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) serves as a serological marker for squamous cell carcinomas. Molecular cloning of the SCCA genomic region has revealed the presence of two tandemly arrayed genes, SCCA1 and SCCA2. SCCA1 is a papain-like cysteine proteinase inhibitor, while SCCA2 is a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase inhibitor. Little ...
Rømer J - - 2001
In this study we have used in situ hybridization with radiolabeled antisense RNA probes to examine the expression of mRNA for urokinase-type plasminogen activator and its receptor in histologic samples of squamous cell (n = 7) and basal cell (n = 7) carcinomas of the skin. Messenger RNA for both ...
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