Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1568
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Selvaggi Suzanne M - - 2002
The presence of pronounced squamous epithelial atrophy/atrophic vaginitis on cervicovaginal preparations can present diagnostic difficulties, particularly in the presence of a granular background. The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the background material present on ThinPrep cytology in cases of atrophic vaginitis and invasive squamous cell carcinoma ...
Kiguchi Kazushige - - 2002
Two cell lines, HYVC and HMVC, were established from cultures of the squamous cell carcinoma removed from the vulva of females of 37 and 46 years old, respectively. These cell lines were very similar in their biological characteristics, such as morphology (polygonal), growth pattern (32-43 hr of population doubling time, ...
Andl Claudia D - - 2003
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is observed in a number of malignancies, especially those of esophageal squamous cell origin. However, little is known about the biological functions of EGFR in primary esophageal squamous epithelial cells. Using newly established primary human esophageal squamous epithelial cells as a platform, we overexpressed ...
Watson Richard A - - 2002
The Drosophila tumour suppressor discs large (Dlg) is a cell-junction localized protein that is required for the maintenance of epithelial cyto-architecture and the negative control of cell proliferation. The mammalian homologue is likely to have a similar mode of action, and therefore functional perturbation of this protein may be linked ...
Erjala Kaisa - - 2002
The vinorelbine sensitivity of eight recently established head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines was tested using the 96-well plate clonogenic assay. The chemosensitivity of these head and neck SCC cell lines to vinorelbine expressed as IC50, corresponding to the drug concentration causing 50% inhibition in clonogenic survival, ...
Higuchi Yuzuru - - 2002
We reconstructed the recombinant p53-expressing adenovirus and examined its infections and effects in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Eight human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines were infected by the recombinant adenovirus harboring the lacZ gene (AxCAiLacZ) or the wild-type p53 gene (AxCAip53), and the ...
Hodges Anissa - - 2002
There are approximately 200,000 new cases of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed each year in the United States, with between 1300 and 2300 deaths per year from metastatic disease. The tumor suppressor p16, encoded by the CDKN2/INK4a locus, has been reported mutated in >or=24% of squamous cell carcinomas. Mutations of ...
Zhang Xin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Greater than 40% of patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity have lymph node metastasis at the time of diagnosis and a 5-year survival rate of less than 50%. Changes in gene expression that regulate metastasis of SCC to lymph nodes have not been identified. METHODS: ...
Coletta R D - - 2002
Basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC) is an aggressive variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with a predilection for the upper aerodigestive tract. In the English literature, approximately 40 cases of BSC have been described in the oral cavity. BSC has frequently been confused with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), basal cell adenocarcinoma, ...
Mimaki Yoshihiro - - 2002
Phytochemical analysis of the underground parts of Polianthes tuberosa has resulted in the isolation of four new spirostanol saponins with five monosaccharides (1-4). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR data, and the results of hydrolytic cleavage. The cytotoxic activities of 1-4 against HL-60 ...
Ohtaka Masahiko - - 2002
We report a case of carcinosarcoma of the esophagus characterized by ductal and myoepithelial differentiation. A 61-year-old man was operated on for a polypoid tumor of the distal esophagus. Histologically, this tumor was composed of ductal structures and sarcomatous spindle cells surrounding the ducts at the central area of the ...
Rhee Chae-Seo - - 2002
The diverse receptor-ligand pairs of the Wnt and frizzled (Fz) families play important roles during embryonic development, and thus may be overexpressed in cancers that arise from immature cells. Hence, we investigated the expression and function of five Wnt (Wnt-1, 5a, 7a, 10b, 13) and two Fz (Fz-2, 5) genes ...
Kageji Teruyoshi - - 2002
Mercaptoundecahydrododecaborate (Na2B12H111SH, sodium borocaptate or 'BSH') has been used clinically as a boron compound for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in patients with malignant glioma in Japan and Europe. Boron-10 is known to accumulate selectively only in brain tumor cells. This work was aimed to clarify the subcellular biodistribution of ...
Ratliff Catherine R - - 2002
The term "Marjolin's ulcer" is often used to describe the formation of neoplastic changes in the scar tissue of chronic ulcers. This type of carcinoma is most often seen in postburn scars, but it may be seen in many types of chronic wound scars. The most common cell type is ...
Shimizu Kasumi - - 2002
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3s have been characterized in human squamous cell carcinoma KB cells. PDE3 activity was detected in homogenates of KB cells. PDE3A and 3B mRNAs were detected by RT-PCR in RNA from KB cells; the nucleotide sequences of the fragments were identical to those of human PDE3A and 3B. ...
Sakai Taro - - 2002
Lymph node metastasis is commonly found in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this study, we examined the molecular and genetic characteristics of a human esophageal SCC cell line, T.Tn. T.Tn cells formed tumors at s.c. tissue in nude mice when inoculated with Matrigel, but did not metastasize to any ...
Munshi Hidayatullah G - - 2002
Activation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) has been shown to play a significant role in the behavior of cancer cells, affecting both migration and invasion. The activation process requires multimolecular complex formation involving pro-MMP-2, membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2). Because calcium is an important regulator ...
Gasparoni Alberto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Beta-catenin, an E-cadherin-associated protein involved in cell-cell adhesion and signaling, has been hypothesized to translocate to the nucleus and activate transcription in several human cancers, including oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). METHODS: In the present study, we analyzed the subcellular localization of beta-catenin in cultures of human oral normal ...
Shang Zheng-Jun - - 2002
PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) is a newly found unstable free radical gas, serving as an important mediator, messenger, and signal transduction molecule and involved in a variety of pathophysiologic processes. Recently, NO has been reported to have cytotoxic effects on several tumor cells as an effector molecule of activated macrophage. ...
Wu Michael H - - 2002
Carboxylesterases play a critical role in the bioactivation of the anticancer prodrug irinotecan [7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxy-camptothecin; CPT-11] into its active metabolite SN-38 (ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin). We reported recently that human carboxylesterase-2 (hCE-2) is a higher-affinity, higher-velocity enzyme for irinotecan hydrolysis when compared with hCE-1. To further investigate the role of these isoforms, we cloned ...
Lee Dong W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been found to be up-regulated in several types of human cancers and its role in the carcinogenic process has been proposed The aim of this study was to examine the expression of COX-2 in human squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and to ...
Ludwig Andreas - - 2002
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV/CD26) is a costimulatory molecule as well as a protease highly expressed on T cells. Purified DPP IV has been recognized to inactivate peptide hormones, neuropeptides, and some chemokines by cleavage behind a proline residue at the penultimate N-terminal amino acid position. Here, we identified another ...
Liu Shao Chen - - 2002
Overexpression of cyclin D2 was studied in 10 human squamous cell carcinoma lines, to establish whether this gene plays a role in tumor progression. We found that those cell lines that overexpressed cyclin D2 (CCND2) had the most invasive in vivo behavior. The invasive ability of the cell lines was ...
Xu Xuehong - - 2002
BACKGROUND: FK506-binding proteins (FKBP) are immunophilins that interact with the immunosuppressive drugs FK506 and rapamycin. Several FKBP family members such as FKBP12, FKBP12.6, and FKBP51 are expressed in T cells. It has been speculated that these FKBPs are possibly redundant in the immunosuppressant-induced T-cell inactivation. To determine the pharmacological relevance ...
Katz Kenneth A - - 2002
Psoralen + ultraviolet A-treated psoriasis patients are at increased risk for squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas; however, the incidence and risk factors associated with second squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas in this population are not well qualified. Incidence and risk factors for second squamous cell carcinomas ...
Khmel'nitskii O K - - 2002
We studied the effects of Biopin ointment containing pine resin and used for the therapy of burns, wounds, and purulent and inflammatory diseases on the cell composition of wounds and histochemical changes in the granulation tissue during the therapy of extensive third-degree burns. The preparation stimulated the nonspecific immune response, ...
Brennan P A - - 2002
Nitric oxide (NO) has a pivotal role in angiogenesis. The expression of NO synthase (NOS2) is down-regulated in basal cell skin cancer but we know of no studies that have investigated its expression in the more aggressive squamous cell skin carcinoma. This immunohistochemical study assessed NOS2 expression in 37 cases ...
Lebman Deborah A - - 2002
The role of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) pathway in the development and progression of esophageal cancers is poorly understood. As an initial step in clarification of this issue, the functional status of the TGFbeta pathway was evaluated in a panel of esophageal cancer derived cell lines. Both adenocarcinoma ...
Okada Hiroyuki - - 2002
To reveal the characteristic features of the imprint cytology of ameloblastomas, we compared these features with the histopathological features of the same specimens. Twenty-five cases, histopathologically diagnosed as ameloblastoma, were used. Three cell types were recognized: small squamous epithelial cells which were polyhedral or spindle-shaped with some projections; naked cells ...
Yamazaki Koichi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Squamous metaplasic cells are rarely seen in sputum of female nonsmokers. CASE: A 47-year-old female nonsmoker presented with massive amounts of squamous metaplasic cells in sputum and an elevated level of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen in serum present for months, while no causative lesion was detected either by ...
Nie Minhai - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of cytokeratin 19 during oral carcinogenesis. METHODS: 53 specimens including normal oral mucosa, oral epithelial hyperplasia, oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma were investigated by immunohistochemistry, SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. RESULTS: CK19 was detectable in suprabasal cell layers in epithelial dysplasia and in ...
Moilanen M - - 2002
MMP-8 (collagenase-2) is the most effective collagenase to initiate type I collagen degradation. Since initiation of lysis of the surrounding collagen matrix is an essential prerequisite for carcinoma cells to spread, this study investigated the expression of MMP-8 in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck in vivo ...
Hague Angela - - 2002
Bag-1 is an anti-apoptotic protein that promotes metastasis in some tumour cell types. To determine whether Bag-1 expression is altered in 64 oral squamous cell carcinomas, tumour samples were compared with 17 samples of normal oral epithelium. Normal oral epithelia had pronounced nuclear staining in the basal and maturation layers ...
Wakulich Candice - - 2002
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) have been identified in a variety of carcinomas, but there are few studies concerning their presence in oral cancers. The objective of this study was to determine whether FGF-1, FGF-2, and high affinity receptors FGFR2 and FGFR3 are present in the pathogenesis ...
Schwerer Michael J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To clarify epithelial cell proliferation and p27Kip1 expression along the stepwise histological changes from endophytic schneiderian papillomas to associated carcinomas. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective investigation involved surgical specimens from 58 patients. METHODS: Immunohistochemical assessment involved the nuclear Ki67 antigen expressed in proliferating cells. Further, the cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor p27Kip1 ...
Williamson John D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is characterized by systemic, necrotizing, granulomatous inflammation accompanied by vasculitis. It classically involves the triad of the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys. Isolated pulmonary lesions of WG may present in some patients as pulmonary masses, simulating neoplasms. The features of WG can be suggested by ...
De Angelis Tiziana - - 2002
The expression of selected metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) was examined in three squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines (FaDu, SiHa, A431) and a keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) to determine which metalloproteinases function in SCC invasiveness. A Matrigel invasion assay was used to assess invasiveness of the cell ...
Kato Noriko - - 2002
Glassy cell carcinoma (GCC) of the uterine cervix is characterized by distinctive cytological features and an aggressive clinical course. Although this tumor has been usually considered a poorly differentiated variety of adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), a clarification of the phenotype and histogenesis of GCC is still required. We examined three GCCs ...
Plzák Jan - - 2002
Craniopharyngioma is a rare benign tumour originating from Rathke's pouch. This paper reports a tumour case studied with a set of markers defining protein-carbohydrate recognition. Expression of endogenous lectins and their reactive glycoligands is under differentiation-dependent control in many cell types. These parameters can be related to the degree of ...
Asai Tatsuya - - 2002
In order to identify genes associated with metastasis, suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was performed using murine osteosarcoma cell line Dunn and its subline with higher metastatic potential, LM8. SSH revealed expression of the gene encoding valosin-containing protein (VCP; also known as p97) to be constitutively activated in LM8 cells, but ...
Bruno Silvia - - 2002
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the end product of a multistep process characterized by a progression from normal epithelial cells through metaplastic or dysplastic intraepithelial changes that evolve into invasive cancer. Since retinamides have shown promising in vivo anti-tumoral activity, we studied effects and effector mechanisms of the synthetic retinoid ...
Koyanagi Kazuo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of tumor cells in the blood stream is considered evidence of a high risk of distant organ metastasis. We examined the usefulness of telomerase activity in peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells as an indicator of distant metastasis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Telomerase activity was ...
Hama Seiji - - 2002
OBJECT: Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are composed of tall, well-differentiated, ciliated columnar epithelia. Their structures are altered by hyperplasia or squamous metaplasia, but their cause remains unknown. METHODS: The authors studied pathological findings and anterior pituitary function in 20 patients harboring RCCs. They classified RCC epithelium as either single (a ...
Kim D Y - - 2002
Two primary tumours, squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and multiple bronchioloalveolar carcinomas, were diagnosed in a Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana). Two oral masses were located in the right ventrolateral surface of the tongue, near the frenulum, and the lungs contained multiple, widely distributed, nodular masses. Microscopically, the oral masses ...
Sasai Ken - - 2002
Human beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) was expressed by baculovirus-insect cell system, and the purified recombinant enzyme was kinetically characterized. The data obtained were used to establish the kinetic basis of the substrate specificity toward donor nucleotide sugars, and also revealed that K(m) values for the donors are much higher compared to ...
Goldmann Wolfgang H - - 2002
Studies were carried out using vinculin-deficient F9 embryonic carcinoma (gamma229) cells to analyze the relationship between structure and function within the focal adhesion protein vinculin, in the context of control of cell shape, cell mechanics, and movement. Atomic force microscopy studies revealed that transfection of the head (aa 1-821) or ...
Paradiso Angelo - - 2002
Oncogene alterations have been clearly demonstrated to be related to the carcinogenesis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the analysis of these alterations for screening and early diagnostic purposes generally requires invasive techniques for surgical removal of pathological epithelium. The aim of the present study was to ...
Gametchu Bahiru - - 2002
We have studied the presence and functional implications of membrane glucocorticoid receptor (mGR) in several wild type (WT) and mutant mouse lymphoid cell lines (nuclear transfer decrease, NT(-); nuclear transfer increase, NT(i); and receptorless, R(-)). Direct fluorescent antibody staining revealed large aggregates of mGR-specific fluorescing antigens in the plasma membrane ...
Della Salda L - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate if the evaluation of cell proliferation of the well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (WDSCC) and infundibular keratinizing acanthoma (IKA) could be useful in the differential diagnosis between these two tumours. Eighteen IKAs and ten WDSCCs were selected for this study. Two ...
Kim Y S - - 2002
The lining of the trachea consists of a pseudostratified, mucociliary epithelium that under a variety of conditions, such as vitamin A deficiency, toxic and mechanical injury, becomes a stratified squamous epithelium. Several in vitro cell culture models have been established to study the process of differentiation of airway epithelium. Such ...
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