Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1569
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Salvadori C - - 2004
Multifocal to diffuse meningeal infiltration by neoplastic epithelial cells was observed in two aged cats with neurological signs and a history of surgical ablation of the auricular pinnae because of the presence of squamous cell carcinoma. In both cats, examination of the external ear canals revealed neoplastic lesions consistent with ...
Whipple Mark E - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to identify a genomic profile that predicts the likelihood of oral squamous cell carcinoma compared with normal oral mucosa in unknown tissue samples. STUDY DESIGN: Using a training set of tissue samples that were histologically classified as oral squamous cell carcinoma or normal mucosa, the authors ...
Krakstad Beate F - - 2004
The catenin p120 (p120ctn) is an armadillo repeat domain protein that binds to cadherins and has been shown to facilitate strong cell-cell adhesion. We have investigated a possible link between heterotrimeric G proteins and p120ctn, and found that both Galpha12 and Galpha13 can completely and selectively abrogate the p120ctn-induced branching ...
Cheung A N Y - - 2004
To assess the potential value of chromosome in situ hybridisation (CISH), Ki-67, and telomerase immunocytochemistry in liquid based cervical cytology to help detect carcinoma cells and precursors. Sixty ThinPrep processed cervical cytology samples were studied: 23 cases within the normal limit, 13 low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs), 10 high ...
Chen-Tsai Catherine P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Neural cell adhesion molecule; nerve growth factor; and its receptors TrkA, TrkB, TrkC, and p75(NGFR) regulate unique survival pathways in the cells of different noncutaneous malignancies exhibiting a perineural invasive phenotype. Their expression is currently unknown in basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma exhibiting perineural invasion. OBJECTIVE: ...
Weigl Lukas G - - 2004
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an inherited skeletal muscle disorder triggered by commonly used anesthetics. Mutated ryanodine receptors have been identified as molecular targets. The sensitivity of myotubes from individuals classified by the in vitro contracture test as MH susceptible (MHS), normal (MHN), and equivocal (MHEH) was assessed for the Ca2+-releasing ...
Cracchiolo Bernadette M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The mature eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A contains the unusual amino acid hypusine, formed post-translationally from a specific lysine residue and essential for proliferation of eukaryotic cells. We hypothesized that the major eIF5A isoform, eIF5A-1, is an in situ biomarker for proliferation. NIH-353, a polyclonal immunoreagent specific for hypusine-containing ...
Chen Pei-yi - - 2004
AIM: To investigate effects of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells and on angiogenesis in vitro. METHODS: Human NPC cell lines (CNE1, CNE2 and SUNE) were treated with nimesulide or celecoxib. MTT assay and colony formation assay were performed to observe antiproliferation activity of COX-2 inhibitors to ...
Ogura Kiyoshi - - 2004
We previously reported that galactosylceramide expression factor-1 (GEF-1), a rat homolog of hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate (Hrs/Hgs), induces galactosylceramide and/or sulfatide expression and morphological changes in epithelial cells. Here, we show that GEF-1 induces myogenesis in MDCK and C3H10T1/2 cells. GEF-1 overexpression in MDCK cells (MDCK/GEF-1) appeared to ...
Kawakita Tomoyuki - - 2004
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a member of the TNF family whose transcripts are expressed in various human tissues. Since TWEAK has a variety of biological activities, we investigated TWEAK sensitivity, expression, and physiological role in human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Tweak receptor was detected in four kinds of ...
Heller D A - - 2004
Objective: Despite numerous attempts using a variety of therapeutic modalities, response rates and survival times for canine nasal squamous cell carcinoma remain poor. The goals of this study are to determine if a COX-2 selective inhibitor induces apoptosis and alters cell cycle distribution in two in vitro models of nasal ...
Nejjari Mimoun - - 2004
Although proprotein convertases are involved in tumor development, nothing is known about their role in metastatic dissemination. To investigate the involvement of convertase inhibition, we used human colon carcinoma cells overexpressing alpha1-antitrypsin Portland (alpha1-PDX, PDX39P cells), a potent convertase inhibitor. We previously reported that these cells bear uncleaved integrin alpha ...
Aarbiou J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze a possible contribution of human neutrophil defensins and secretory leukocyte proteinase inhibitor (SLPI) to the induction of airway epithelial changes such as squamous cell metaplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The presence of these molecules and the number of proliferating (Ki-67-positive) epithelial cells ...
Notas George - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, trials of octreotide have shown a significant survival benefit in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma but new data are controversial. We, therefore, examined the production of somatostatin and cortistatin, the expression and distribution of somatostatin receptors (sst) in HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and the possible antiproliferative ...
Thomas-Tikhonenko Andrei - - 2004
Effective treatment of malignant carcinomas requires identification of proteins regulating epithelial cell proliferation. To this end, we compared gene expression profiles in murine colonocytes and their c-Myc-transformed counterparts, which possess enhanced proliferative potential. A surprisingly short list of deregulated genes included the cDNA for clusterin, an extracellular glycoprotein without a ...
Kabbout Mohamed - - 2004
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most prevalent form of epithelial cancer. SCC results when normal epithelial cells undergo multiple neoplastic changes that culminate in the evolution of an invasive cancer. Retinoids are commonly used as chemopreventive and treatment agents in skin cancer; however, SCC progression is accompanied by a ...
Hashimoto Mizuo - - 2004
It was recently reported that the human CD109 gene encodes a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoprotein that is a member of the alpha(2)-macroglobulin/C3, C4, C5 family of thioester-containing proteins. In this study, we found that the expression of mouse CD109 gene was upregulated in NIH3T3 cells expressing RET tyrosine kinase with a multiple ...
Hirai Yasuo - - 2004
We established 2 novel human cell lines (GCCOT-1, GCCRK) from glassy cell carcinoma. Both cell lines showed dual tendencies of glandular and squamous differentiation, and thus possess the characteristics resembling reserve cells, the putative origin of most carcinomas arising from the uterine cervix. HPV type 18 DNA including E6-E7, which ...
Furukawa Satoshi - - 2004
Triamcinolone acetonide (TAC), a synthetic glucocorticoid, induces cleft palate resulting from poor development of palatal shelves in mice. However, TAC has no effect on medial edge epithelial cells (MEE cells) in secondary palatal shelves. In the present study, we examined the relationship between the pathogenesis of cleft palate and the ...
Hirokawa Mitsuyoshi - - 2004
Morules are a diagnostic clue to the cribriform-morular variant (C-MV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma, and are superficially similar to squamous metaplasia. In order to clarify the histogenesis of morules and differentiate them from squamous metaplasia, we immunohistochemically compared the morules in five cases of C-MV with squamous metaplasia in six ...
Reing Janet E - - 2004
Chromosomal segregational defects are commonly observed in cancer cells and are an important source of genetic instability. It is currently unknown whether these mitotic defects are the result of a subpopulation of defective cells or reflect characteristics of the population of cells as a whole. In this study, we compared ...
Beju D - - 2004
Nasal polyps are commonly associated with cystic fibrosis (CF) and also with idiopathic allergies, asthma, and aspirin intolerance. The pathogenesis of nasal polyp formation is controversial. The present study investigates the ultrastructure of thirteen nasal polyps surgically removed from seven CF patients and six non-CF (NCF) patients with allergic diseases, ...
Lucas Karin Killermann - - 2004
The three known human Group IV phospholipase A2 (PLA2) paralogs, Group IVA, IVB and IVC, were overexpressed in Sf9 insect cells using the baculovirus expression system. An endogenous, calcium-independent PLA2 activity was identified in the insect cell lysates, which can be inhibited by bromoenol lactone (BEL). The Group IV PLA2 ...
Liu Zhong-Min - - 2004
AIM: To study the role of hypermethylation in the loss of retinoic acid receptor beta(2) (RARbeta(2)) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: The role of hypermethylation in RARbeta(2) gene silencing in 6 ESCC cell lines was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP), and its methylation status was compared with RARbeta(2) ...
Foschini Maria P - - 2004
P63 is a recently discovered gene harbouring different isoforms by alternate splicing. The two main isoforms, TAp63 and Delta Np63, have opposite functions, being responsible for cell-cycle arrest and cell proliferation, respectively. In addition, new isoforms have been described with the same sequence as TAp63 and Delta Np63, but lacking ...
Ruvoletto M G - - 2004
A variant of the serpin squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) has been identified as a hepatitis B virus binding protein and high expression of SCCA has recently been found in hepatocarcinoma. Since HBV is involved in liver carcinogenesis, experiments were carried out to examine the effect of HBV preS1 envelope ...
Pazzaglia Laura - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The S100A4 gene may affect the invasive properties of tumor cells through modulation of metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the human liposarcoma cell line, SW872, we analyzed the expression of S100A4 protein by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. The production of MMP2, MMP9, TIMP1 and ...
Hirakawa Hiroshi - - 2004
Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) is a useful tumor marker for diagnosis and management of squamous cell carcinoma. It is well known that cell-cell adhesion is important for progression of cancer. However, it is not clarified whether cell-cell adhesion affects SCCA production in squamous cell carcinoma. The present study was, ...
Lundy Fionnuala T - - 2004
To date, little attention has been paid to the possible role of alpha-defensins (human neutrophil peptides 1-3), HNP-1, HNP-2 and HNP-3 in innate host defence against tumour invasion. In the current study, using a single-dimensional high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for peptide separation, followed by mass spectrometry and amino ...
Ikarashi Terué - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intercellular deposition of perlecan, a major heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) of the basement membrane, is known to result in characteristic stellate reticulum-like structures in ameloblastomas or tooth germs. Although enlargement of the intercellular space is one of the histological characteristics of epithelial dysplasia of oral mucosa, the mode of ...
Yue Wei - - 2004
Suppression of alpha-mannosidases by chemicals has been shown to reduce the potentiality of growth and metastasis of various tumors. In our study, the effect of 6A8 alpha-mannosidase (MAN 6A8), recently discovered in our laboratory, on malignant behaviors of tumor cells was examined. Since the suppressive effect of chemicals on alpha-mannosidase ...
Erjala Kaisa - - 2004
Concomitant chemoradiotherapy has been used for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) particularily with cisplatin, 5-FU, methotrexate, bleomycin and taxanes. Vinorelbine is a semisynthetic vinca alcaloid, which causes a block in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. HNSCC cell lines have previously been reported to be ...
Basta-Juzbasińá Aleksandra - - 2004
The most frequent consideration in the clinical and histologic differential diagnosis of keratoacanthoma is squamous cell carcinoma. In the present study, cytokeratin 10 expression and proliferation rate as measured by Ki-67 expression were compared between 50 clinically and histologically diagnosed keratoacanthomas and 50 squamous cell carcinomas. Tissue sections from the ...
Reynoso J - - 2004
We present a case of esophageal papillomatosis with underlying squamous cell carcinoma in situ. An esophageal lesion resected from a 74-year-old woman demonstrated histological findings characteristic of squamous cell papilloma (fibrovascular core and numerous finger-like projections covered with hyperplastic squamous epithelium) and severe dysplasia characteristic of squamous cell carcinoma. The ...
Méhes Gábor - - 2004
Persistant infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) of the uterine cervix is related with cytological atypia (SIL), the oncogenic potential of which is unclear in a given time point of monitoring. HPV-induced genetic instability result in polyploidization as well as in low frequency random chromosome aberrations in squamous cells. In the ...
Jones Edwin L EL - - 2004
Lugol's iodine staining technique was used to examine oral samples from 10 men and 10 women. Examination of saliva samples before and after extraction with water shows that the low levels (49 positive cells and 3,951 negative cells) of glycogen in buccal epithelial cells become even lower after water extraction ...
Brown Darron R - - 2004
To compare and contrast the intracellular distribution pattern of the human papillomavirus type 59 (HPV 59) E1/E4 protein in COS cells, human keratinocytes, and naturally infected genital epithelium. The HPV 59 E1/E4 protein was expressed in COS cells and NIKS cells (immortalized human keratinocytes). A subset of NIKS cells was ...
Isaka Keiichi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Well-characterized human cancer cell lines are important research resources for studying cancer cell biology, as well as for developing new strategies against cancer cell growth and progression. We present a new cell line, CA, established from an invasive non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix in 36-year-old patient. ...
Jackson Jerome - - 2004
Esophageal intestinal metaplasia, otherwise known as Barrett's Esophagus, is a pre-cancerous condition that afflicts over 1 million Americans annually. Barrett's Esophagus is caused by chronic esophageal exposure to stomach acid which can occur in patients afflicted with Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). The lining of the esophagus undergoes a metaplastic ...
Holzer Ryan G - - 2004
Previously, oncostatin M (OSM) has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells in vitro. Circumstantial evidence, however, suggests that OSM could be involved in the development of a metastatic phenotype in vivo. We examined the effects of OSM on the proliferation and metastatic potential of the murine ...
Sato S - - 2004
Flavopiridol is a synthetic flavone that has shown an antitumor effect against several cancers. Here, we investigated the in vitro effect of flavopiridol alone and the combined effect of low-dose flavopiridol plus radiation on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines (TE8, TE9 and KE4) ...
Pimenta Flávio Juliano Garcia Santos - - 2004
Lichen planus is a mucocutaneous disease of inflammatory nature and unknown etiology. It is characterized by a cell-mediated immunological response to induced antigenic change in skin and/or mucosa. The possible malignant transformation of lichen planus remains a subject of controversial discussions in the literature. hMSH2 is one of the human ...
Miyakawa T - - 2004
A patient had triple extramammary Paget's disease of both axillary and genital regions. Right inguinal lymphadenopathy was found 1 year after excision of all the skin lesions. Excisional biopsy of the lymph node demonstrated a mixture of Paget cells and atypical squamoid cells with horn pearls suggestive of keratinization. The ...
Sato Sunao - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: CD44 is one of the cell surface molecules that play an important role in cancer metastasis. In oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the downregulation of CD44v9 has been shown to be associated with tumor metastasis. We found that treatment with an anti-CD44v9 antibody enhanced the invasive potential of OSCC ...
Witter K - - 2003
In this paper we report the identification of a new HLA-B allele in a sample that was distributed in the International UCLA Terasaki Cell/DNA Exchange, and the results were summarized in the final report of the 280th Cell Exchange. This novel allele officially designed B*3809 was found in B-cell line ...
Jamasbi Roudabeh J - - 2003
A mouse monoclonal antibody (MAb-9) produced by immunization with a human esophageal carcinoma cell line, TE-2 (derived from undifferentiated squamous cell carcinoma) reacted specifically with about 30% of esophageal carcinoma cell lines and tissue sections from clinical samples. MAb-9 showed minimal reactivity with normal esophageal tissue. (125)I, fluorescent or gold ...
Satake Kenichi - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin A and D(3) have a very strong differentiation induction effect. STUDY DESIGN: We examined the anti tumor effect on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by treatment with several vitamins having strong differentiation induction effects in vitro. METHODS: We used KB cell that an oral floor squamous ...
Muqit Miratul M K - - 2004
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra and the presence of cytoplasmic inclusions known as Lewy bodies (LBs). Mutations in parkin cause autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP) that is distinct from sporadic PD by the general absence of LBs. Several studies have reported ...
Lin Meei-Hua - - 2003
Using an antibody directed against gamma-secretase-generated antigen unique to activated Notch1, we mapped Notch1 activation strictly to suprabasal cells in epidermis, nail matrix, and other skin appendages during normal development. The consequences of Notch1 activation in keratinizing nail cells were investigated in a transgenic mouse model. Ectopic activation of Notch1 ...
Chang Kuo-Wei - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Potassium channels have been reported to be involved in the proliferation of many types of cells, including tumor cells. The overexpression of the K+ channel and related channel activity are involved in the neoplastic process. METHODS: We examined the expression of an A-type voltage-gated K+ channel, Kv3.4, in oral ...
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