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Results 451 - 500 of 1569
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Kobayashi Hideaki - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that amino acid transport systems play an important role in cell proliferation. Their activity is increased in malignant cells compared to benign cells. In this study, we investigated whether L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is expressed in human non-cancerous esophageal mucosa and ...
Kariya Yuki - - 2005
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) functions as a ligand for the S1P/EDG family receptors. For years, intracellular signaling roles for S1P have also been suggested, especially in cell proliferation. Now, we have generated several mouse F9 embryonic carcinoma cell lines varying in expression of the S1P-degrading enzyme, S1P lyase (SPL) and/or sphingosine ...
Masuda Tomotake - - 2005
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays a important role in various physiological functions. We examined whether PPARgamma is expressed in primary squamous cell carcinoma and lymph node metastasis and whether PPARgamma is a potential target for tumor therapy. A high-level expression of PPARgamma was observed in tumor cells of human ...
Adegboyega Patrick A - - 2005
A major problem in the diagnosis of verrucous squamous cell carcinoma is the lack of readily reproducible objective criteria for distinguishing this malignant lesion from reactive epithelial hyperplasia. Both lesions are characterized by thickened (well-differentiated) squamous epithelium without cellular atypia and subjacent stroma densely infiltrated by lymphocytes and plasma cells. ...
Goto Kenji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A multiple primary invasive carcinoma of the cervix is a rare condition and is seldom composed of squamous cell carcinoma and clear cell adenocarcinoma. CASE: A 47-year-old woman presented with contact bleeding. The anterior lip of the cervix revealed a 2.0-cm protruded mass. Preoperative pathological and imaging studies demonstrated ...
Briggs Robert C - - 2005
MNDA (human myeloid nuclear differentiation antigen) is expressed in specific lineages of hematopoietic cells and most notably at high levels in macrophages at sites of inflammation. MNDA and related proteins appear to modulate the activity of transcription factors and in some cases have a role in mediating cell death. The ...
Bohrer Paula Luce - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of micronuclei in exfoliated oral mucosal cells collected from 3 anatomic sites in patients exposed to tobacco and alcohol. STUDY DESIGN: Smears were prepared with normal oral mucosal cells obtained from the lower lip, tongue border and floor of the mouth of 21 controls, 28 ...
Hossain Zakir - - 2005
Glycolipids should have potential effects as antitumor agents. However, very few studies have examined this property of digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG) and sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG) on colon cancer cells. Cell viability was determined every 24 h with sodium 2-(4-iodophenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-(2, 4-disulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium dye reduction assay up to 72 h. Alkaline phosphatase activity was ...
Emanuel Patrick - - 2005
Morphologic distinction of high-grade adenoid cystic carcinoma from basaloid squamous cell carcinoma can be difficult. Equivocal diagnoses can mislead treatment. We have investigated the possibility that immunohistochemical staining for the presence of p63, a novel epithelial stem-cell regulatory protein, could be a useful means of distinguishing these two neoplasms. Archival, ...
Imai Yuichiro - - 2005
Radiotherapy for oral squamous cell carcinomas is limited in its efficacy and in its ability to improve the survival rate in patients at an advanced stage. A protocol is described here which may elevate the therapeutic efficacy of radiation for these cells. The addition of glycerol to the culture medium ...
Patel Vyomesh - - 2005
Given the role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), several rational approaches have now been utilized to abrogate tyrosine kinase activity and its disengagement from downstream signal transducers. Monitoring the activity of these molecules could potentially be useful to determine not only ...
Poehlmann T G - - 2005
Aberrant activity of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is believed to be essential for neoplastic cell behaviour and thus for the malignancy of tumor cells [Bowman T, Garcia R, Turkson J, Jove R. STATs in oncogenesis. Oncogene 2000;19:2474-88]. Extravillous trophoblast cells resemble malignancies in their invasive ...
Oridate Nobuhiko - - 2005
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) exhibit an increased expression of the translation initiation factor eIF4E and the cell-cycle regulator cyclin D1 (CCND1). Both stimulate cell cycle progression and transform squamous epithelial cells. We used small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to silence the expression of eIF4E and CCND1 in HNSCC ...
Martín-Villar Ester - - 2005
We report the full cDNA sequence encoding the human homologue of murine PA2.26 (T1alpha-2, podoplanin), a small mucin-type transmembrane glycoprotein originally identified as a cell-surface antigen induced in keratinocytes during mouse skin carcinogenesis. The human PA2.26 gene is expressed as 2 transcripts of 0.9 and 2.7 kb in several normal ...
Kudo Yasusei - - 2005
S phase kinase-interacting protein 2 (Skp2), an F box protein, is required for the ubiquitination and consequent degradation of p27. It is well known that reduced expression of p27 is frequently observed in various cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma and is due to an enhancement of its protein degradation. ...
Mogi Seiki - - 2005
The expression of the integrin alpha(v)beta6 has been correlated with oral SCC invasion. We evaluated its expression in three 4NQO transformed murine oral keratinocyte cell lines (B7E3, B7E11 and B4B8). The B7E3 cells were negative for beta6, whereas the B7E11 and the B4B8 cells were both positive. The beta6 negative ...
Guo Chun - - 2005
Activations of MMP-2 and membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) have been correlated with cell migration, a key cellular event in the wound healing and tissue remodeling. We have previously demonstrated furin-dependent MMP-2 and MT1-MMP activations induced by type I collagen in cardiac fibroblasts. To understand mechanistic aspects of the regulation ...
Witkiewicz Agnieszka K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Microglandular hyperplasia (MGH) of the cervix in human beings is associated early with gland proliferation and terminates in mature squamous metaplasia. Using antibodies to basal cell markers, we analyzed biopsies with MGH to profile the distribution and evolution of reserve cells and their relationship to these epithelial components. DESIGN: ...
Tsai Wen-Chung - - 2005
Therapeutic ultrasound has been widely used in sports-related tendon injuries. However, previous research has not examined the molecular mechanism of this therapeutic effect on tendon cell proliferation. This study was designed to determine the in vitro effect of ultrasound on the proliferation of tendon cells intrinsic to rat Achilles tendon. ...
Muramatsu Takashi - - 2005
We examined expression and function of osteopontin (OPN) in oral cancer cell lines using antisense oligonucleotide (AS). Quantitative real-time RT-PCR showed that expression in BSC-OF cells was significantly higher (10-fold) than that in KB cell. AS-study showed that foci of AS-treated BSC-OF cells possessed thin processes and radiated morphologically, although ...
Satoh Shintaro - - 2005
A suitable model analyzing the behavior of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma has not yet been established. We tried to establish such a system using a reconstructed oral mucosa, in which T3M-1 squamous cell carcinoma cells were cultured on 3T3 fibroblast-containing collagen gel. Fibroblasts promoted the stratification and keratinization of T3M-1 ...
Zhang Y - - 2005
This study was undertaken to determine the characteristics of fatty acid synthesis in squamous carcinoma cells and to assess the possibility of exploiting this synthesis pathway in anticancer therapy. Incorporation of [(3)H]acetate into total lipids of the TCA-83 squamous carcinoma cell line and normal gingival fibroblasts was measured. The effects ...
Bhawal Ujjal K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a newly recognized factor regulating cancer cell invasion and metastasis. Nevertheless, the involvement of RAGE in the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinomas has not been elucidated. This study investigated the expression of RAGE in ten oral squamous ...
Sharma Prashant - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the Ki-67 labeling indices in surface scrape smears from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma before and after 24 Gray radiotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: Forty three patients with histologically documented squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity were sampled by means of surface scrape smears prior to therapy ...
Chovanec M - - 2005
Lectins represent one of pivotal regulators of the cell proliferation The potential of galectin-7 as a new prognostic marker was studied in normal and transformed squamous epithelia of both ectodermal (epidermis, cornea vs. trichoepithelioma, basal and squamous cell carcinoma) and endodermal (vocal fold epithelium vs. carcinoma) origin. Studies on the ...
Hu Jun - - 2005
The constitutive expression of nuclear-factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in human pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells cultivated in vitro and the possible changes when incubated with PDTC and IL-1beta were investigated. The synchronized hRPE cells in vitro were divided into two groups. In non-PDTC group, hRPE cells were exposed respectively to IL-1beta and NS ...
Furuya Yoshitaka - - 2005
The aim of this study was to clarify the role of ganglion cells in the development and recurrence of sigmoid volvulus. We analyzed 9 samples obtained from 9 patients who had undergone sigmoidectomy for sigmoid volvulus, and, for comparison, 18 samples from 18 patients who had undergone sigmoidectomy or low ...
Frey Ulrich H - - 2005
The G protein Galphas is derived from four alternatively spliced transcripts, two long variants (Galphas(L)+CAG and Galphas(L)-CAG), which include an extra 45-bp segment, and two short variants (Galphas(S)+CAG and Galphas(S)-CAG). The long and short forms differ in each case by splicing in or out of a serine residue encoded at ...
Ueo Tetsuya - - 2005
Morules develop in several neoplasms and have been considered as a type of squamous metaplasia despite the absence of keratinization and intercellular bridges. The objective of this study was to clarify the pathological significance of morules and to distinguish morules from squamous metaplasia in colonic neoplasms. Ten cases of morule-associated ...
Younger J Michael - - 2004
CFTRDeltaF508 exhibits a correctable protein-folding defect that leads to its misfolding and premature degradation, which is the cause of cystic fibrosis (CF). Herein we report on the characterization of the CFTRDeltaF508 biogenic intermediate that is selected for proteasomal degradation and identification of cellular components that polyubiquitinate CFTRDeltaF508. Nonubiquitinated CFTRDeltaF508 accumulates ...
Kuroda Minpei - - 2004
Eight 27-norlanostane glycosides (1-8), including five new compounds (3 and 5-8), were isolated from the MeOH extract of the bulbs of Muscari paradoxum. The structures of the new compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 2D NMR data, and the results of hydrolytic cleavage. The cytotoxic ...
Kalish Richard S - - 2004
The ability of minocycline to inhibit processing of tetanus toxoid (TT) for presentation to human T cells was tested. Peripheral blood antigen presenting cells (APC) were incubated with TT before or after addition of test compounds for 4 h. APC were then fixed with paraformaldehyde, and added to autologous TT-responsive ...
Wong Chung Fai - - 2004
The inhibition of E2F has been demonstrated to be important in the initiation of squamous differentiation by two independent manners: promotion of growth arrest and the relief of the differentiation-suppressive properties of E2Fs. E2F6 is reported to behave as a transcriptional repressor of the E2F family. In this study, we ...
Kim Jeong-Ran - - 2004
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a major role in the turnover of extracellular matrix (ECM) during cancer invasion and metastasis, and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) control MMPs, thus maintaining a balanced ECM catabolism under physiological conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the behavior of some MMPs (FASEB ...
Okpalugo T I T - - 2004
MTT (Tetrazolium)-assay suggests that diamond-like carbon (DLC) and silicon-doped DLC (Si-DLC) films obtained under appropriate deposition parameters are not toxic to bovine retinal pericytes, and human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC). The observed frequency distributions of the optical density (OD) values indicative of cell viability are near Gaussian-normal distribution. One-way ANOVA ...
Petro B J BJ Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, M/C 859, University of Illinois at Chicago, 801 S. Paulina Street, Chicago, IL 60612-7212, - - 2004
BRK is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase whose functional role is poorly understood. Although it is an epithelial specific kinase, its expression appears to be tissue specific. To date, little is known about BRK expression in human oral epithelium. We investigated expression of BRK in human oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) ...
Breuer Roderick H J - - 2004
Polycomb group (PcG) genes are responsible for maintenance of cellular identity and contribute to regulation of the cell cycle. Recent studies have identified several PcG genes as oncogenes, and a role for PcG proteins in human oncogenesis is suspected. We investigated the expression of BMI-1 and EZH2 PcG oncogenes in ...
Pelzmann Martina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to inhibit the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX). There are two isoforms of the enzyme. Recent investigations indicate that both isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2, are involved in carcinogenesis. METHODS: We investigated the effects of nimesulide, a COX-2 selective and indomethacin, a non-selective NSAID on the ...
Fu Bian-Hong - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chemotaxis is an important step during the invasion of carcinoma cells. And integrins are most important receptors mediating interaction between cells and extracellular matrix (ECM). This study was designed to study integrin beta1 mediating chemotaxis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to laminin(LN). METHODS: A micropipette technique was adopted to ...
Raitanen Misa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The development of synthetic taxanes targets at increasing solubility of the drug, improved clinical efficacy and reduced side-effects. We evaluated the sensitivity of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines to BMS-184476 and BMS-188797 in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of paclitaxel and the synthetic taxanes were ...
Kwan Winkle - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the outcomes of patients with locally advanced basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin treated with radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective review of the outcomes of patients with basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas treated with radical radiotherapy was conducted. Patients with T2 or ...
Kuroda Minpei - - 2004
Phytochemical analyses have been carried out on the fresh bulbs of Ornithogalum thyrsoides with particular attention to the steroidal glycoside constituents, resulting in the isolation of four new spirostanol saponins and seven new cholestane glycosides, together with three known steroidal compounds. The structures of the new glycosides were determined on ...
Ribeiro Daniel Araki - - 2004
Chlorhexidine digluconate is widely used in dental practice for decreasing plaque control, controlling gingivitis and disinfecting root canals. However, the undesirable effects of chlorhexidine digluconate regarding its genotoxicity are conflicting in the literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the genotoxicity of chlorhexidine digluconate in rat peripheral ...
Hague Angela - - 2004
Oral carcinomas are known to have a greater apoptotic index than normal oral epithelium, evident as shrinking cells with condensed chromatin. In this study, these morphologically apoptotic cells stained positively for cleaved (active) caspase-3. In normal oral epithelium, cleaved caspase-3 positive-cells were only rarely detected. The terminally differentiated surface epithelial ...
Fujii Hideki - - 2004
CCR6 is the receptor of chemokine CCL20. In the present study, we demonstrated that the surface expression of CCR6 was enhanced on the human HCC cell lines (HuH7, PLC/PRF/5, and HepG2) especially on HuH7 cells, but not on HLE or HLF cells. These HCC cell lines (HuH7, PLC/PRF/5, and HepG2) ...
Poeaknapo Chotima - - 2004
Morphine is a plant (opium poppy)-derived alkaloid and one of the strongest known analgesic compounds. Studies from several laboratories have suggested that animal and human tissue or fluids contain trace amounts of morphine. Its origin in mammals has been believed to be of dietary origin. Here, we address the question ...
Song Yongcheng - - 2004
Gammadelta T cells expressing Vgamma2Vdelta2 T cell receptors are activated by a broad range of phosphorus-containing small molecules, termed phosphoantigens, and are of interest in the context of the chemotherapy of B cell malignancies. Here, we report the synthesis of four pairs of chiral phosphoantigens: the bromohydrins of isopentenyl diphosphate ...
Al-Awadhi Rana - - 2004
This study investigates the potential value of the nuclear matrix protein NMP179 as a marker of abnormal squamous cells in ThinPrep slides. Forty-six cervical scrapes were collected as cell suspensions and ThinPrep slides were prepared. They were double-immunostained for NMP179 and Cytokeratin 18 (CK18), an endocervical cell marker. The method ...
Bosward K L - - 2004
This is a report of an unusual squamous cell carcinoma in the nasal cavity of a dog. A 13-year-old Golden Retriever was presented with a unilateral nasal and ocular discharge. Although a nasal tumour was suspected, initial diagnostic investigations were unrewarding, and, with worsening clinical signs, the dog was euthanatized. ...
Ishiwata Isamu - - 2004
The cell line designated HHUS was established from human uterine cervical keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. The HHUS cell line was subcultivated more than 70 times within 3 years. The cultured cells, polygonal or spindle, with neoplastic and pleomorphic features, appeared epithelial in shape, with a pavement-like arrangement and grew in ...
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