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Results 401 - 450 of 2193
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Inoue Yusuke - - 2006
PURPOSE: The application of in vivo bioluminescence imaging to non-invasive, quantitative monitoring of tumour models relies on a positive correlation between the intensity of bioluminescence and the tumour burden. We conducted cell culture studies to investigate the relationship between bioluminescent signal intensity and viable cell numbers in murine leukaemia model ...
Nishikawa Makiya - - 2006
Metastasis is one of the most harmful aspects of malignant neoplasm. Interaction of tumour cells with normal cells such as tissue macrophages may generate reactive oxygen species, which would affect various aspects of tumour metastasis. Reactive oxygen species cause damage to both tumour and normal cells and some of them, ...
Rubio C A - - 2006
Dilated neoplastic glands, some with a layer of flat tumour cells and others lacking a group of consecutive lining tumour cells (i.e., glandular gaps called pores), were previously found at the leading invading tumour edge of colorectal carcinomas. Through the glandular pores, the retained intraglandular material was siphoned off directly ...
Roeske John C - - 2006
Alpha-particle emitters are currently being considered for the treatment of micrometastatic disease. Based on in vitro studies, it has been speculated that only a few alpha-particle hits to the cell nucleus are considered lethal. However, such estimates do not consider the stochastic variations in the number of alpha-particle hits, energy ...
Fischer Barbara M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Positron emission tomography (PET) has gained widespread use in cancer diagnosis and treatment, but how many malignant cells are required for a tumour to be detected by PET? METHODS: Three human cancer cell lines [glioblastoma and two subtypes of small cell lung cancer (SCLC)] in concentrations from 10(4) to ...
Motoshima Hiroyuki - - 2006
AMPK is a serine/threonine protein kinase, which serves as an energy sensor in all eukaryotic cell types. Published studies indicate that AMPK activation strongly suppresses cell proliferation in non-malignant cells as well as in tumour cells. These actions of AMPK appear to be mediated through multiple mechanisms including regulation of ...
Stöber Barbara - - 2006
PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that radiolabelled amino acids could be superior to FDG in differentiating tumour and inflammation. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate the uptake of FET and MET in human tumour and inflammatory cells and to investigate their uptake kinetics. METHODS: For uptake studies, cells ...
Molteni Monica - - 2006
Endotoxin/lipopolysacccharide (LPS) is a potent inflammatory stimulus, which acts on tumour infiltrating leukocytes by eliciting a wide range of factors promoting invasion and metastasis. Less known is the effect of LPS directly on tumour cells. In this study, we analysed whether tumour cell lines from different origin (melanoma, ovarian carcinoma, ...
Liu B - - 2006
Pseudolaric acid-B (PLAB), a diterpene acid, was isolated from the root and trunk barks of Pseudolarix kaempferi. It showed antifungal and anti-fertility effects as well as cytotoxic activities in previous studies. The present study investigates cytotoxic activity on cultured human cancer cells, inhibition on the growth of transplantable tumours in ...
Chui Chung Hin - - 2006
The possible anti-proliferation and cell death induction potential of a novel microbial fermentation extract named as oncogen XP-180 (or simply as XP-180) was tested on three human solid tumour carcinoma cell lines (non-small cell lung cancer A549, breast cancer MDA-MB231, liver adenocarcinoma SK-Hep1) and on the acute myelogenous leukaemia KG1a ...
Gürbüz Y - - 2006
The histogenetic origin of salivary gland tumours is not clear. In normal tissues smooth muscle actin (SMA) is expressed in myoepithelial cells, CK14 immunoreactivity is seen in myoepithelial and basal cells and CK10 in keratinized squamous epithelium. In this study, we examine the immunophenotypic properties of salivary gland tumours in ...
Henderson Elisa A - - 2006
The alpha-FR has been reported to be overexpressed in many carcinomas, in particular those of the ovary and uterus. The high expression of alpha-FR in some tumours compared with normal tissues has been exploited over the last decade for folate-mediated targeting of macromolecules, anticancer drugs, imaging agents and nucleic acids ...
Pejanović Vjera - - 2006
Three new 5'-O-acyl tiazofurin derivatives 2-4 were synthesized and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against different tumour cell lines as well as for their ability to induce apoptosis in C6 cells in vitro. Apart of the antitumour assays, the cell membrane permeation of 2-4 and their intracellular metabolism in C6 ...
Dentener M A - - 2006
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by both airway inflammation and systemic changes. To elucidate the relationship between local and systemic inflammation, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) production by sputum cells and blood cells of patients with COPD and controls was compared and the effect of the extracellular matrix ...
Gerlach Ulrike - - 2006
Dysregulation of the centrosome complex and chromosomal segregation has been associated with aneuploid cells and aggressive solid tumours, but the relevance of this mechanism to the adenoma-carcinoma sequence of sporadic colorectal cancer (sCRC), especially tumours showing chromosomal instability (CIN), is still unknown. In a series of matching normal epithelial cells ...
Veselý Pavel - - 2006
Increased numbers of rosettes of podosomes were observed in overgrown rat Rous sarcoma RsK4 cells. A possible role of these structures in nutrient uptake in tumour cell survival was investigated by exposure to acute starvation. A single cell suspension of RsK4 cells in Hanks balanced salt solution was allowed to ...
Harms Wolfgang - - 2006
PURPOSE: The study consisted of two treatment arms comparing the effects of CLDR (continuous low dose rate) and PDR (pulsed dose rate) brachytherapy on cell cycle progression in a radioresistant rat prostate tumour model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interstitial PDR and CLDR brachytherapy (both 192-Ir, 0.75 Gy/h) were administered to Dunning ...
Abu-Eid R - - 2006
AIM: Granular cell tumour (GCT) is a benign tumour which occasionally induces pseudo-epitheliomatous hyperplasia (PEH) of the covering epithelium, mimicking squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) invasion. PEH cells do not show marked atypia, but the presence of pseudoinvasive patterns remains a diagnostic problem since several misdiagnosed cases have been reported. This ...
Kurkure N V - - 2006
A case of seminoma in a monorchid adult guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) is described. Grossly, a right enlarged testis, which was soft in consistency, and white to pale in colour with few spots of haemorrhages was observed. Histologically, the testicle revealed diffusely spread sheets of tumour cells. The cells were ...
Thio T - - 2006
Three dogs (two Rottweilers and a Flat-coated retriever) showed various neurological signs, including apathy, depression, circling, a partial decrease in functions associated with cranial nerves, seizures, hyperaesthesia, proprioceptive deficits, and increased spinal reflexes. In all three cases, necropsy revealed a solid, distinct, white mass in the brain and multiple, poorly ...
Shimoyama Y - - 2006
Pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary gland were diagnosed in two dogs. The tumours were single, firm and well circumscribed, with a smooth cut surface. Metastatic tumours were not detected. Histopathological examination revealed that the tumours contained multiple cysts lined with luminal epithelial cells and myoepithelial cells, and mucinous, myxochondroid and ...
Kang M-S - - 2006
A 13-year-old male tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) had a marked mandibular swelling noticed 12 months earlier and associated with progressive anorexia and weight loss. Radiological and post-mortem examination revealed a mass (13x15 cm) which was firm and poorly defined, with destruction of the adjacent bone tissue. Histologically, the mass was ...
Pan Yong - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1, also known as EBP50 or NHERF) is a putative tumour suppressor gene in human breast cancer. Located at 17q25.1, NHERF1 is frequently targeted during breast tumourigenesis. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the NHERF1 locus is found in more than 50% of breast tumours. ...
Sato K - - 2006
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a high grade type of neuroendocrine tumour with an aggressive clinical course. This report describes the first case of LCNEC combined with an adenocarcinoma component in the common bile duct. A 68 year old man presented with jaundice. Severe stenosis of the bile duct ...
Ledwith B J - - 2006
PER.C6, a cell line derived from human embryonic retinal cells transformed with the Adenovirus Type 5 (Ad5) E1A and E1B genes, is used to produce E1-deleted Ad5 vectors such as the MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag vaccine. While whole, live PER.C6 cells are capable of growing as tumours when transplanted subcutaneously into ...
Wajant Harald - - 2006
The membrane-bound death ligands CD95L/FasL and TRAIL, which activate the corresponding death receptors CD95/Fas, TRAILR1 and TRAILR2, induce apoptosis in many tumour cells, but can also elicit an inflammatory response. This chapter focuses on the relevance of CD95L/FasL and TRAIL for the tumour surveillance function of natural killer cells and ...
W?rnberg Fredrik - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The ras pathway is essential for cell growth and proliferation. The effects of R115777, a farnesyl transferase inhibitor, were investigated in cancer cell lines expressing varying levels of growth factor receptors and with differing ras status. Effects on tumour xenografts and human ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the ...
Jung A A Pathologisches Institut der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Thalkirchner Strasse 36, 80337 Munich, Germany. - - 2006
Human colorectal cancer is one of the best, if not the best, understood tumour diseases. These tumours develop stepwise via an adenoma-carcinoma sequence. The steps in this process can easily be discriminated with light microscopy. The breakthrough in understanding carcinogenesis was the finding that mutations in tumour suppressor genes and ...
Gulbahar M Y - - 2005
This report describes a retrobulbar rhabdomyosarcoma in a 7-year-old male budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus). The bird was presented with orbital distension and exophthalmia of the left eye and died during surgery. Necropsy revealed a tan to grey retrobulbar mass compressing all components of the left eye with obscured vision. In histopathological ...
Costello Leslie C - - 2005
The re-emergence of interest in intermediary metabolism and the development of metabolomics in relation to cancer and other diseases provide a timely reason to revisit issues of tumour cell metabolism. In this review, we address the issue of the role of high aerobic glycolysis, which is commonly associated with the ...
Viallet Norbert R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) on FADU squamous cell carcinoma cells in a nude mouse model and to determine the effect of sodium thiosulphate (STS) on CDDP activity. METHODS: CD1 nude mice were inoculated with FADU tumour cells to both flanks. They were then randomized to four ...
Valencak Julia - - 2005
The overexpression of somatostatin receptors (SST-Rs) on various tumour cells provides the molecular basis for the successful use of radiolabelled SST analogues in clinical oncology. The objective of the study was to evaluate the tumour binding of In-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclo-dodecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid-lanreotide (In-DOTA-LAN) and In-DOTA-tyrosine-octreotide (In-DOTA-Tyr-OCT) in patients with stage IV melanoma. In ...
Erenpreisa Jekaterina - - 2005
Following irradiation p53-function-deficient tumour cells undergo mitotic catastrophe and form endopolyploid cells. A small proportion of these segregates nuclei, and give rise to viable descendants. Here we studied this process in five tumour cell lines. After mitotic failure, tumour cells enter the endocycle and form mono-nucleated or multi-nucleated giant cells ...
Erenpreisa Jekaterina - - 2005
Following genotoxic insult, p53 mutated tumour cells undergo mitotic catastrophe. This is characterised by a switch from mitosis to the endocycle. The essential difference between mitosis and the endocycle is that in the latter, DNA synthesis is uncoupled from cell division, which leads to the formation of endopolyploid cells. Recent ...
Laerum Ole Didrik - - 2005
During the Montebello Conference on malignant serosal tumours at Lillehammer, Norway, in June 2004, a group of 30 international experts addressed the biologic and genetic aspects of malignant tumours affecting serosal cavities in the human body. Three neoplasms were mainly dealt with: mesotheliomas arising locally, ovarian carcinomas developing in close ...
Brekke C - - 2006
Tumour angiogenesis is a tightly regulated process involving cross-talk between tumour cells and the host tissue. The underlying mechanisms that regulate such interactions remain largely unknown. NG2 is a transmembrane proteoglycan whose presence on transformed cells has been demonstrated to increase proliferation in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo. To study ...
Brozek Wolfgang - - 2005
Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA expression in general is low in normal, adenomatous and cancerous human colon mucosa, except in rather undifferentiated lesions, in which IL-6 is overexpressed. Cytokeratin (CK) 8-positive carcinoma cells were identified by double immunostaining as almost exclusive source of IL-6. Likewise, in five (sub)clones of primary culture COGA-1 ...
Mukdsi Jorge Humberto - - 2005
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important angiogenic factor in the pituitary gland. The objective of this study was to unveil the VEGF subcellular localisation in different pituitary cell types and to evaluate changes in its expression at different time intervals after oestrogen stimulation. A relevant feature demonstrated was ...
Cardone Rosa A - - 2005
Recent research has highlighted the fundamental role of the tumour's extracellular metabolic microenvironment in malignant invasion. This microenvironment is acidified primarily by the tumour-cell Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 and the H(+)/lactate cotransporter, which are activated in cancer cells. NHE1 also regulates formation of invadopodia - cell structures that mediate tumour cell ...
Dua R S - - 2005
AIMS: It is well recognised that intravasation of tumour cells into the vasculature and/or lymphatics is a key stage in the metastatic process. It is also clear that very little is known about the mechanisms underlying this event. In this review, we will focus on cell surface molecules that may ...
Wheatley Denys N - - 2005
Arginine catabolizing enzymes have been used on cancers for over 60 years. In the last 5 years the ability of arginine catabolizing enzymes, not only to inhibit proliferation, but to kill tumour cells has been reinvestigated. Selectivity of action lies in the inability of many tumours to circumvent arginine deprivation ...
Wang J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is an autoimmune mucocutaneous disease. We previously reported that B cells in a Castleman tumour associated with PNP produced autoantibodies. However, it is uncertain whether the production of autoantibodies from the associated tumour is a common mechanism in PNP. OBJECTIVES: To investigate autoantibody production in a ...
Cho J H - - 2005
A 64-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of an asymptomatic mass involving the lower lip. Histopathological examination showed a well-circumscribed tumour composed of many lobules separated by thin, fibrous connective tissue. Individual lobules were composed of round or polyhedral tumour cells, which had a characteristic finely granular and vacuolated ...
Hashimoto Yosuke - - 2005
Fascin is a globular actin cross-linking protein that has a major function in forming parallel actin bundles in cell protrusions that are key specialisations of the plasma membrane for environmental guidance and cell migration. Fascin is widely expressed in mesenchymal tissues and the nervous system and is low or absent ...
Mellor H R - - 2005
The quiescent cell population of tumours poses a barrier to the success of many cancer therapies. Most chemotherapeutic drugs target proliferating cells, but the growth fraction of many tumours is low. Based on the multicellular tumour spheroid model, a system was developed using human colon adenocarcinoma (DLD-1) cells to mimic ...
Wheatley Denys N - - 2005
Arginine deprivation causes many types of tumour cells to die, often because they cannot recover or convert urea cycle intermediates into arginine. The powerful homeostatic mechanisms that kicks in to restore arginine levels in vivo are lacking in vitro, where there is no supply of citrulline. Comparison between cells deprived ...
Maiolino P - - 2005
Thirty-five canine cutaneous mast cell tumours (CCMCTs) were analysed by computerized nuclear morphometry. In each case, the nuclei of at least 100 neoplastic cells were measured, and the mean nuclear area (MNA), mean nuclear perimeter (MNP) and mean nuclear form factor (FF) were calculated. Significant differences in respect of MNA ...
Harris F - - 2005
PhBPs show selectivity for tumour and microbial cells, which appears to be based on electrostatic interactions between the positive charge generally carried by these molecules and the negative charge found on the outer surface of these target cells. In some cases, a site of action for photoactivated PhBPs is the ...
Tanaka K - - 2005
Fibrolamellar carcinoma (FLC), a variant of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), very rarely occurs in association with cholangiocarcinoma (CC). This report describes the first case of FLC coexisting with CC (FLC-CC) from Japan. Although the major part of the tumour located in the right lobe of the liver showed the typical features ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2005
In this paper, the authors offer a classification of benign fatty tumours of the upper limb. There are three histologically distinct types of fat cells: immature fat cells which give rise to lipoblastomas, mature brown fat cells which give rise to hibernomas and mature white fat cells which give rise ...
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