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Results 301 - 350 of 2212
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Asplund A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are prevalent tumours with uniform histology that develop without any known precursor lesion. Alterations in the sonic hedgehog-patched1 signalling pathway are accepted as necessary events for tumorigenesis, and mutations in the patched1 gene are frequently present in tumours. OBJECTIVES: To analyse transcript profiles in BCC. ...
Brockschmidt C - - 2008
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) are highly resistant to treatment due to changes in various signalling pathways. CK1 isoforms play important regulatory roles in these pathways. We analysed the expression levels of CK1 delta and epsilon (CK1delta/in) in pancreatic tumour cells in order to validate the effects of CK1 inhibition by ...
Meier, Roland
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a devastating childhood neoplasm for which there is not yet an efficient treatment. Chemokines and their receptors have been involved in tumour growth and metastasis, and in particular the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis has been reported to mediate organ-specific cancer cells homing and invasion. The purpose of the study ...
Katoh Shin-Ya - - 2008
Mdr1 is a multi-drug-resistance protein, a member of the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette family of drug transporters. Mdr1 is expressed in wide variety of cells and limits absorption of toxicants into the body or tissue; however, it is also expressed in many cancer cells and can render tumour cells resistant to ...
Horst-Schrivers, Anouk Nicole Agnes ...
Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are a group of rare tumours, arising from cells of the neuroendocrine system. To this group belong midgut carcinoid tumours originating from the enterochromaffin cells of the bowel and phaeochromocytomas arising from chromaffin cells in the medulla of the adrenal gland and paraganglia. The aim of this ...
Regenbrecht, C. R. A.
Al-Hajj et al. (2003) were the first to identify and prospectively isolate a minority subpopulation of cells from human solid tumours that contained all of the in vivo tumour-forming abilities. The tumourigenic cell population was identified based on its cell surface phenotype. This population could initiate tumours in immunocompromised mice ...
ZieliƄska Katarzyna - - 2008
Fas and FasL interaction induces apoptotic cell death. In immunocompetent cells it plays a crucial role in the effector functions of the cells and in the regulation of host immune response. In tumours (e.g. melanoma), FasL expression possibly counteracts the Fas-positive effector T cells that infiltrate into tumours, and consequently ...
Mühlethaler-Mottet Annick - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are a new class of promising anti-tumour agent inhibiting cell proliferation and survival in tumour cells with very low toxicity toward normal cells. Neuroblastoma (NB) is the second most common solid tumour in children still associated with poor outcome in higher stages and, thus NB ...
Imai Misa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) are frequently seen in menopausal women and are relatively indolent. Although the physiological properties of normal granulosa cells have been studied extensively, little is known about the molecular mechanism of GCT progression. Here, we characterise the unique behavioural properties of a granulosa tumour cell line, ...
Vincan Elizabeth - - 2008
Cells in tissues do not exist as isolated entities but are part of the three-dimensional tissue architecture. Consequently, some aspects of cell behaviour cannot be mimicked by simple in vitro monolayer culture systems. Moreover, cell shape and behaviour is not rigid but is dynamic and can be regulated by intrinsic ...
Bruge Francesca - - 2008
Two-electron reduction of quinones catalyzed by NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) protects cells against oxidative stress and toxic quinones. In fact, low level of NQO1 activity is often associated with increased risk of developing different types of tumours and with toxic effects linked to environmental quinones. In a previous report we analyzed ...
Chandra S - - 2008
Boron measurements at subcellular scale are essential in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) of cancer as the nuclear localization of boron-10 atoms can enhance the effectiveness of killing individual tumour cells. Since tumours contain a heterogeneous population of cells in interphase as well as in the M phase (mitotic division) ...
Jiménez-Medina Eva - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Protein-bound polysaccharide (PSK) is derived from the CM-101 strain of the fungus Coriolus versicolor and has shown anticancer activity in vitro and in in vivo experimental models and human cancers. Several randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that PSK has great potential in adjuvant cancer therapy, with positive results in ...
Zhang Hongyu - - 2008
LRP1 [LDL (low-density lipoprotein) receptor-related protein 1]-null CHO cells (Chinese-hamster ovary cells) (13-5-1 cells) exhibited accelerated cell growth and severe tumour progression after they were xenografted into nude mice. Reconstitution of LRP1 expression in these cells, either with the full-length protein or with a minireceptor, reduced growth rate as well ...
Dubernard Gil - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Breast carcinomas associated with pregnancy display a high frequency of inflammatory types, multifocal lesions and lymph node metastasis. Because pregnancy results in transfer to mothers of foetal stem cells that can migrate and differentiate into various tissues, we addressed the issue of whether such cells are present in breast ...
Garcia Boy Regine - - 2008
Tracers that specifically target tumours are highly warranted for diagnosis and to monitor cancer chemotherapy response. However, as cancer cells arise from normal cells they do not substantially differ from the normal cells and therefore tumour specific targets are rare. Fortunately, the process of malignant transformation is associated with the ...
Lee A H S - - 2008
This article reviews recent advances in the diagnosis of these three unusual tumours of the breast. Spindle cell carcinoma needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis of many mammary spindle cell lesions: it is important to be aware of the wide range of appearances, including the recently described fibromatosis-like ...
Gulubova Maya V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Goblet cell carcinoids appear less frequently in the appendix than do other carcinoids. In the presented work a case with a goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix is described. METHODS: Routine histological and histochemical methods were employed, with a combination of histochemistry and immunohistochemistry on one section and light ...
Thornburg Joshua Marshall - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Glycolysis is increased in breast adenocarcinoma cells relative to adjacent normal cells in order to produce the ATP and anabolic precursors required for survival, growth and invasion. Glycolysis also serves as a key source of the reduced form of cytoplasmic nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) necessary for the shuttling of ...
Ubezio Paolo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent development of technologies giving detailed images of tumours in vivo, direct or indirect ways to measure how many cells are actually killed by a treatment or are resistant to it are still beyond our reach. METHODS: We designed a simple model of tumour progression during treatment, ...
Eustace Alex J - - 2008
Metastatic melanoma is a highly chemotherapy resistant tumour. The use of newer targeted therapies alone and in combination with chemotherapy may offer new hope of improving response to treatment. Dasatinib, a multi-target kinase inhibitor, is currently approved for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia and has shown promising results in ...
Waldum Helge L - - 2008
Tumours are classified according to the most differentiated cells with the exception of carcinomas where a few tumour cells show neuroendocrine differentiation. In this case these cells are regarded as redifferentiated tumour cells, and the tumour is not classified as neuroendocrine. However, it is now clear that normal neuroendocrine cells ...
Androutsopoulos Vasilis V Leicester School of Pharmacy, De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, - - 2008
The natural product eupatorin has been reported to have antiproliferative activity in tumour cell lines, but the exact mechanism is unclear. The cytochromes P450 CYP1B1, CYP1A1, and CYP1A2 have been shown to participate in the activation of various xenobiotics, compounds derived from the diet as well as chemotherapeutic drugs. CYP1B1 ...
Mizukami Y - - 2008
It has been reported that the population of regulatory T cells (T regs) is increased in tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes in cancer-bearing hosts. Recently, forkhead/winged helix transcription factor p3, Foxp3, is thought to be the most reliable marker of T regs. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence and localisation pattern ...
Bourdeaut F - - 2008
Neuroblastic tumours are composed of variable proportions of neuroblasts and Schwann cells. Whether both components share a common neoplastic origin is highly debated and discrepant results have been reported about the presence of tumour-related genetic alterations in Schwann cells. We have used X-methylation analysis and array-CGH to investigate contiguous Schwannian ...
Darra Elena - - 2007
Despite enormous scientific and economic effort tumour still is one of the most terrible pathologies among human population all over the world. Products derived from the plant kingdom have often offered an opportunity to counteract or alleviate this illness. Here, we summarize the short story of the study of an ...
Bleeker Wim K - - 2008
We evaluated the dose requirements for sustained in vivo activity of ofatumumab, a human anti-CD20 antibody under development for the treatment of B cell-mediated diseases. In a mouse xenograft model, a single dose, resulting in an initial plasma antibody concentration of 5 microg/ml, which was expected to result in full ...
Bassi Rosaria - - 2008
HMGB1 (high mobility group box 1 protein) is a nuclear protein that can also act as an extracellular trigger of inflammation, proliferation and migration, mainly through RAGE (the receptor for advanced glycation end products); HMGB1-RAGE interactions have been found to be important in a number of cancers. We investigated whether ...
Harper Lisa J - - 2007
The initiation, growth, recurrence and metastasis of solid tumours, including squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region, have been related to the behaviour of a small subpopulation of 'tumour-initiating' cells. Cells with stem cell characteristics have also been identified in cell lines derived from cancers and the aim ...
Wu W-B - - 2007
Tumours are complex tissues composed of both matrix proteins and stromal cells such as fibroblasts and inflammatory cells. Tumour progression is often the result of dynamic interactions between the tumour cells and their surroundings. Lycopene, a natural carotenoid that is abundant in tomato, has been shown to inhibit proliferation of ...
Bose S - - 2007
The tumour component of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells, are believed to be derived from germinal centre (GC) B cells but intriguingly display a characteristic loss of B cell receptor (BCR) expression. The precise mechanisms by which BCR-negative HRS cell progenitors survive negative selection during the GC ...
Tindall M J - - 2008
The mechanisms underlying the formation of necrotic regions within avascular tumours are not well understood. In this paper, we examine the relative roles of nutrient deprivation and of cell death, from both the proliferating phase of the cell cycle via apoptosis and from the quiescent phase via necrosis, in changing ...
Hermeyer K - - 2007
A 3-year-old male Labrador retriever dog was presented with multifocal small cutaneous nodules, distributed mainly over the thoracic wall, the flank and the scrotum. The dog was otherwise in good health and had no significant past medical history. Radio- and sonographic examination revealed no evidence of internal tumours, including endocrine ...
Gerhardt Holger - - 2008
Tumour cells use two major routes to spread during metastasis, e.g. lymph vessels and blood vessels within or surrounding the primary tumour. The growth rate of the primary tumour often correlates with the quantity of new blood vessels that form within the tumour. However, qualitative abnormalities of the tumour vasculature ...
Torrisi Rosalba - - 2007
The prevalence of HER2 amplification according to the percentage of positively stained cells, of polysomy 17 and their correlation with clinical and pathologic characteristics were retrospectively evaluated in a population of 415 breast cancers where fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) was performed to clarify HER2 status previously determined by immunohistochemistry. ...
Gal A - - 2008
To better understand the dual, tumour-suppressive and tumour-promoting function of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta), we analysed mammary epithelial NMuMG cells in response to short and long-term TGFbeta exposure. NMuMG cells became proliferation-arrested and apoptotic after exposure to TGFbeta for 2-5 days, whereas surviving cells underwent epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). After chronic ...
Velarde Roser - - 2008
Gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumours from two Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica hispanica) were examined grossly, histologically and immunohistochemically. One neoplasm was a 1.5 kg tan multinodular cavitated mass in the forestomach. The other tumour was a firm mural mass 1.2 cm in diameter in the colon. Microscopically, both tumours were formed mainly ...
Rayter S - - 2008
The PPM1D gene is aberrantly amplified in a range of common cancers and encodes a protein phosphatase that is a potential therapeutic target. However, the issue of whether inhibition of PPM1D in human tumour cells that overexpress this protein compromises their viability has not yet been fully addressed. We show ...
Wijffels Karien I E M - - 2008
Two mechanisms of radiotherapy resistance of major importance in head and neck cancer are tumour cell repopulation and hypoxia. Hypoxic tumour cells that retain their clonogenic potential can survive radiation treatment and lead to local recurrences. The aim of this study was to quantify this cellular population in a cohort ...
Thuróczy J - - 2007
Immunohistochemical expression of progesterone and the cellular proliferation marker Ki-67 was assessed in formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded samples from 43 canine mammary tumours. Benign tumours showed high surface membrane progesterone expression (mean 196.42+/-25.91 positively labelled cells per 500 tumour cells) and low cellular proliferation (52.14+/-16.73 positively labelled cells per 500 tumour ...
Abarzua S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Phytoestrogens are a diverse group of nonsteroidal plant compounds which have similar effects to endogenous estrogens in humans and have been ascribed potential anticarcinogenic activities. We tested the effects of phytoestrogen extracts from different plant organs of flax, Linum usitatissimum, on cell proliferation in trophoblast tumour cells of the ...
Griffaut B - - 2007
Wounds from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tubers excrete bioactive metabolites from a variety of structural classes, including proteins. Here we describe a protein specifically active against tumour cells arising either from human, animal or plant tissues. The non-tumour animal cells or the plant callus cells are not sensitive to ...
Rodriguez Lorena - - 2007
Aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been successfully employed in the treatment of certain tumours. Porphyrins endogenously generated from ALA induce tumour regression after illumination with light of an appropriate wavelength. The aim of this work was to compare porphyrin production from ALA and sensitivity to photodynamic treatment in ...
Mukherjee A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: PMX464 is a novel benzothiazole substituted cyclohexadienone reportedly targeting the thioredoxin (Trx1)/thioredoxin reductase (TrxR1) system. We have previously shown that PMX464 has enhanced hypoxic anti-proliferative effects in colorectal tumour cells, with some non-tumour cells (quiescent endothelium and fibroblasts) being relatively resistant. The current study aimed to validate ...
Sorli S C - - 2007
Our laboratory has previously shown that apelin is mitogenic for endothelial cells. We have postulated that apelin represents an angiogenic factor secreted by tumour cells in order to promote the formation of new vessels necessary for tumour growth. We first demonstrate that apelin and its receptor are not expressed by ...
Yamate J - - 2007
A homotransplantable tumour (LY) and cell lines (LY-PPB6 and LY-H12) were established from a spontaneous malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (PNST) of the uterine cervix of an F344 rat. Primary and LY tumours consisted of oval or spindle-shaped cells arranged in a flatfield or streaming fashion, and indistinct nuclear palisades ...
Kasten-Pisula Ulla - - 2007
PURPOSE: New drugs are needed to increase the efficiency of radiotherapy in order to improve the therapeutic outcome of tumour patients. In this respect, the polyphenol Gossypol might be of interest, because of its effect on apoptosis and DNA repair, which is either mediated directly or indirectly via the inositol ...
Chaput Nathalie - - 2007
The treatment of cancer by chemotherapy causes tumour cell death, mostly by apoptosis. This tumour cell death may or may not elicit an immune response. At least in some cases, the efficacy of chemotherapy critically depends on the induction of immunogenic cell death that is a type of cell demise ...
Doherty, Geoffrey P.
DT-diaphorase is a two-electron reducing enzyme that is an important activator of bioreductive antitumour agents, such as mitomycin C and EO9. DT-diaphorase is highly inducible by a wide variety of compounds, including 1,2-dithiole-3-thiones (D3T's), and these compounds could be used to enhance the antitumour activity of bioreductive agents. We investigated ...
Bracher Marguerite M Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, Kings College London, New Hunts House, London, United - - 2007
We have developed a three-colour flow cytometric method to assay the contributions of cytotoxicity and phagocytosis to antibody-dependent cell-mediated tumour cell killing. In this assay, tumour target cells are pre-labelled with CFSE, and mixed with effector cells and a tumour antigen-specific monoclonal antibody. After incubation of the cells with the ...
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