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Results 201 - 250 of 2196
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Liu Dongwu - - 2009
Natural product extracts are a rich source of small molecules that display antitumor activity. Cantharidin, in the form of the dried body of the Chinese blister beetles: Mylabris phalerata or M. cichorii, displays antitumor activity and induces apoptosis in many types of tumor cells. Cantharidin has been used as an ...
Csupor-Löffler Boglárka - - 2009
The antiproliferative activities of n-hexane, chloroform, aqueous-methanol and aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of the Achillea millefolium aggregate on three human tumour cell lines were investigated by means of MTT assays. The chloroform-soluble extract exerted high tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activities on HeLa and MCF-7 cells, and a moderate ...
Derenzini Massimo - - 2009
The importance of nucleolar changes in cancer cells is underestimated in tumour pathology. There is evidence that the nucleolus is the mirror of a series of metabolic changes that characterize cancer cells. Cell entry into the cell cycle is always associated with up-regulation of the nucleolar function and increased nucleolar ...
Albasri Abdulkader A Division of Pathology, Nottingham University, Nottingham NG7 2UH, - - 2009
The Tensin gene family encodes proteins thought to modulate integrin function. C-terminal Tensin-like (CTEN) is a member of the Tensin gene family which lacks the N-terminus actin-binding domain. Cten is reported to have both oncogenic and tumour-suppressor functions. We investigated the role that Cten may play in colorectal cancer (CRC). ...
Work Thierry M - - 2009
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) of green turtles has a global distribution and causes debilitating tumours of the skin and internal organs in several species of marine turtles. FP is associated with a presently non-cultivable alphaherpesvirus Chelonid fibropapilloma-associated herpesvirus (CFPHV). Our aims were to employ quantitative PCR targeted to pol DNA of CFPHV ...
Zscharnack K - - 2009
AIMS: Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, a key regulator of glycolysis, is synthesized and degraded by four different isozymes of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB1-4). The PFKFB3 isozyme is upregulated in several human tumours. Six alternatively spliced variants of PFKFB3 mRNA are known in humans (UBI2K1-6). Here, we studied the role of the PFKFB3 splice variants in ...
Christgen Matthias - - 2009
Infiltrating lobular breast cancer (ILBC) is a clinically and biologically distinct tumour entity defined by a characteristic linear cord invasion pattern and inactivation of the CDH1 tumour suppressor gene encoding for E-cadherin. ILBCs also lack beta-catenin expression and show aberrant cytoplasmic localization of the E-cadherin binding protein p120-catenin. The lack ...
Wang Qi - - 2009
The embryonic stem cell factors Oct3/4 and Sox2 are essential for pluripotency and self-renewal of embryonic stem cells. Cancer cells, especially in poorly differentiated or undifferentiated tumours, have been characterized by many phenotypic traits similar to undifferentiated embryonic cells, indicating that Oct3/4 and Sox2 may be expressed in solid tumours. ...
Lorz Corina - - 2009
The epidermis is the stratified epithelium that covers and protects the body from external damage. This tissue undergoes continuous cell renewal throughout the life of the individual at the expense of a pool of pluripotent cells, some of them lie in a well defined niche in the hair follicle known ...
Tennant Daniel A - - 2009
In 2000, Douglas Hanahan and Robert Weinberg published a review detailing the six hallmarks of cancer. These are six phenotypes that a tumour requires in order to become a fully fledged malignancy: persistent growth signals, evasion of apoptosis, insensitivity to anti-growth signals, unlimited replicative potential, angiogenesis and invasion and metastasis. ...
Zhou X-D - - 2009
Various malignant cancers have been found to contain a sub-population of stem cell-like tumour cells, or cancer stem cells (CSCs), however, culture methods for CSCs and the size of the fraction of CSCs in C6, which is a commonly used glioma cell line, remain controversial. In this study, we demonstrated ...
Falanga Anna - - 2009
Pathogenesis of the prothrombotic state of cancer patients is due, at least in part, to the ability of cancer cells to activate the coagulation system. Several complex and not fully recognized interactions between the malignant cell and the clotting system promote a shift in the haemostatic balance compared with a ...
Nadir Yona - - 2009
Heparanase is an endo-beta-D-glucuronidase capable of cleaving heparan sulphate (HS) side chains of heparan sulphate proteoglycans on cell surfaces and the extracellular matrix; activity that is strongly implicated in tumour metastasis and angiogenesis. It has been shown that heparanase overexpression in human leukaemia, glioma and breast carcinoma cells results in ...
Separovic D - - 2009
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proven effective for treatment of several types of cancer. Photodynamic therapy alone, however, attains limited cures with some tumours and there is need for its improved efficacy in such cases. Sphingolipid (SL) analogues can promote tumour response in combination with anticancer drugs. In this study, ...
Disis Mary L - - 2009
The stimulation of a tumour-specific T-cell response has several theoretical advantages over other forms of cancer treatment. First, T cells can home in to antigen-expressing tumour deposits no matter where they are located in the body-even in deep tissue beds. Additionally, T cells can continue to proliferate in response to ...
Hartmann-Petersen S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 and MMP-9 is low in the normal epidermis and is induced by physiological processes such as wound healing, but also malignant transformation of epidermal cells. The activity of both MMPs has been associated with the hyaluronan (HA) receptor CD44. We previously reported that the ...
Pérez-Moreno M - - 2009
Tumour development comprises a complex succession of events that prompt incipient cancer cells to proliferate out of control and to acquire migratory and invasive capabilities. Over the past decades, cancer research has produced a wealth of knowledge about the intrinsic alterations of neoplastic cells within tumours. However, tumours now have ...
Remedi María Mónica - - 2009
The tumour microenvironment, which is largely composed of inflammatory cells, is a crucial participant in the neoplastic process through the promotion of cell proliferation, survival and migration. Neutrophil polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) induce inflammatory reactions that can be either cytotoxic for tumour cells or can promote tumour growth and metastasis. Previously, ...
Robinson James - - 2009
The European Searchable Tumour line Database (ESTDAB) ( http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd/estdab ) is a freely available and fully searchable database of melanoma-derived cell lines, which have been characterised for over 250 immunologically relevant markers by a consortium of European scientists. The database is linked to a cell bank, which can provide melanoma ...
Pires M A - - 2010
Canine endometrial carcinomas are rare, and mostly occur in geriatric bitches. In this work, the uterus of a 10-year-old female Boxer evidencing an endometrial carcinoma on the body of the uterus was used to describe the histopathological features of the tumour and to study its immunophenotype. In this work, a ...
Sasaki Yutaka - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are used in cancer therapy to reverse anaemia. It has been suggested that ESAs might improve treatment outcome by reducing tumour hypoxia, but ESAs might also increase tumour growth. In this work, the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) beta was investigated on a human head ...
Boumendjel Ahcene - - 2009
Over the past decades, in spite of intensive search, no significant increase in the survival of patients with glioblastoma has been obtained. The role of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and especially the activity of efflux pumps belonging to the ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) family may, in part, explain this defect. ...
Morrison Brian J - - 2009
Tumour heterogeneity has several important consequences including: (i) making their classification by morphological and genetic analysis more difficult because of the diversity within single tumours and the common majority of cells as the bulk of a tumour will dominate this classification whether or not these cells are critical for diagnosis ...
Scurry James - - 2009
AIMS: Hidradenoma papilliferum (HP) of the anogenital region, which was previously thought to be an apocrine tumour, is now believed to be derived from anogenital mammary-like glands (MLG) and is more accurately termed MLG adenoma. We sought to explore any ramifications that may have resulted from the perceived change in ...
Holliday Deborah L - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing recognition of the role of the microenvironment in the control of both normal and tumour cell behaviour. In the breast, myoepithelial cells and fibroblasts can influence tumour cell behaviour, with myoepithelial cells exhibiting a broad tumour-suppressor activity while fibroblasts frequently promote tumour growth and invasion. This ...
Henriksson Eva - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The survival of patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer is still poor, with 5-year survival rates of 24-35%. The identification of prognostic and predictive markers at the molecular and cellular level could make it possible to find new therapeutic targets and provide "taylor made" treatments. Established cell ...
Bolós V - - 2009
A new theory about the development of solid tumours is emerging from the idea that solid tumours, like normal adult tissues, contain stem cells (called cancer stem cells) and arise from them. Genetic mutations encoding for proteins involved in critical signalling pathways for stem cells such as BMP, Notch, Hedgehog ...
Snoeren Nikol - - 2009
AIM: Local recurrence and needle track seeding are serious complications after local ablation for liver malignancies and potentially affect long-term survival. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of viable tissue adherent to the needle applicators after ablation to gain insight into the possible mechanisms of local ...
Bergamo A - - 2009
The effects of indazolium trans-[tetrachlorobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(III)] (KP1019, or FFC14A), the second ruthenium compound that entered clinical trials, in an in vitro model of tumour invasion and metastasis show that the antitumour effects of this compound might include also the modulation of cell behaviour although its cytotoxicity appears to be predominant over ...
Michaelis Martin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chemoresistance acquisition may influence cancer cell biology. Here, bioinformatics analysis of gene expression data was used to identify chemoresistance-associated changes in neuroblastoma biology. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis of gene expression data revealed that expression of angiogenesis-associated genes significantly differs between chemosensitive and chemoresistant neuroblastoma cells. A subsequent systematic analysis of ...
Rosenfeldt Mathias T - - 2009
Autophagy is a catabolic membrane-trafficking process that leads to sequestration and degradation of intracellular material within lysosomes. It is executed at basal levels in every cell and promotes cellular homeostasis by regulating organelle and protein turnover. In response to various forms of cellular stress, however, the levels and cargoes of ...
O'Sullivan Adrian W - - 2009
The surgical insult induces an inflammatory response that activates P38 MAP kinases and solid tumours can also release cytokines. Therfore inhibition of these pathways may reduce tumour growth We set out to examine the effects of P38-MAPK inhibition on apoptosis, proliferation, VEGF release and cell cycle effects in-vitro and on ...
Marques Ines J - - 2009
Aberrant regulation of cell migration drives progression of many diseases, including cancer cell invasion and metastasis formation. Analysis of tumour invasion and metastasis in living organisms to date is cumbersome and involves difficult and time consuming investigative techniques. For primary human tumours we establish here a simple, fast, sensitive and ...
Rodahl Lina M LM Faculty of Medicine, Centre for Cancer Biomedicine, University of Oslo and Institute for Cancer Research, the Norwegian Radium Hospital, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Montebello, Oslo, - - 2009
Several regulators of endocytic trafficking have recently been identified as tumour suppressors in Drosophila. These include components of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery. Disruption of subunits of ESCRT-I and -II leads to cell-autonomous endosomal accumulation of ubiquitinated receptors, loss of apicobasal polarity and epithelial integrity, and ...
Trabelsi Amel - - 2008
We report a case of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma in a 66-year-old woman. The tumour, located on the left kidney, was well circumscribed. Microscopically, the tumour was composed of cuboidal cells arranged in tubules and making abrupt transitions to spindle cell morphology in a myxoid stroma. Tumour cells ...
Miao Ruidong - - 2008
Bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes are a class of biologically active compounds that has antitumour,antifungal, antibacterial,antioxidant and antivenom properties.We investigated the effect of two new highly oxygenated bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes (HOBS)isolated from Cremanthodium discoideum (C.discoideum) on tumour cells. Our results showed that HOBS induced morphological differentiation and reduced microvilli formation on the cell surface ...
Basanta D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Tumour progression has been described as a sequence of traits or phenotypes that cells have to acquire if the neoplasm is to become an invasive and malignant cancer. Although genetic mutations that lead to these phenotypes are random, the process by which some of these mutations become successful and ...
Nanthakumaran Shayanthan - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Immunonutrition, containing arginine as a key component, has been shown to enhance the immune system and significantly reduce infectious complications in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery. Arginine, however, may also influence tumour cell behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of arginine on ...
Kawashiri Takehiro - - 2009
Paclitaxel is a commonly used anticancer drug, but it frequently causes peripheral neuropathy. Neurotropin, a non-protein extract from inflamed rabbit skin inoculated with vaccinia virus, has been used to treat various chronic painful conditions. In the present study, we investigated the effect of neurotropin on the paclitaxel-induced neuropathy in rats. ...
Wiberg Kristina - - 2009
Bortezomib represents a new class of anti-cancer drugs, the proteasome inhibitors. We evaluated the in vitro activity of bortezomib with regard to tumour-type specificity and possible mechanisms of drug resistance in 115 samples of tumour cells from patients and in a cell-line panel, using the short-term fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay. ...
Chearwae W - - 2008
Brain tumour stem cells (BTSCs) are a small population of cells that has self-renewal, transplantation, multidrug resistance and recurrence properties, thus remain novel therapeutic target for brain tumour. Recent studies have shown that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists induce growth arrest and apoptosis in glioblastoma cells, but their effects ...
Marrazzo E - - 2009
The p73 locus gene has a complex structure encoding a plethora of isoforms. The different DeltaN truncated isoforms of p73 may exert different activities depending on the cellular context. The beta isoform of DeltaNp73 seems to have a particular pattern of action even if its role in cell cycle and ...
Faivre Sandrine - - 2008
mTOR interacts with multiple proteins involved in major signal transduction pathways controlling cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. mTOR is acknowledged to play major roles in cellular interplays between cancer and stroma cells, including endothelial cells. Rapalogues demonstrated antitumour activity in several hypervascularized tumours in clinical trials. Whether rapalogues directly affect ...
Sharif Muhammad Ashraf - - 2008
Synovial sarcoma is a mesenchymal spindle cell tumour, which is unrelated to synovium and shows variable epithelial differentiation. Typically, synovial sarcoma arises in the soft tissues of the extremities but cases in the head and neck region are less common and oral cavity involvement is extremely rare. A 17-year-old girl ...
Zhang H - - 2008
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays an important role in modulating cellular signalling, but its role in metastasis is not well defined. A significant reduction in Cav-1 levels was detected in lymph node metastases as compared with primary tumour of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) specimens (P<0.0001), confirming the downregulation of ...
Anderson Alexander R A - - 2009
Cancer is a complex, multiscale process, in which genetic mutations occurring at a subcellular level manifest themselves as functional and morphological changes at the cellular and tissue scale. The importance of interactions between tumour cells and their microenvironment is currently of great interest in experimental as well as computational modelling. ...
Scholz A - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Current systemic therapies for neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) do not provide sufficient control of tumour growth. However, efficient evaluation of novel drugs is hindered by the lack of a suitable preclinical animal model. Here an orthotopic mouse model of pancreatic NET is established and used to study the ...
Teankum K - - 2008
In boars, scrotal haemangiomas have been described frequently, but intratesticular haemangiomas are rare. Of 12 boars with scrotal haemangiomas, three animals also had testicular tumours, as follow: testicular haemangioma (TH) (n=1); TH with intratubular germ cell tumour (ITGT) (n=1); TH with intratubular germ cell-like tumour (ITGLT) and Sertoli cell tumour ...
Chee Jessica - - 2008
Tissue kallikrein (hK1) and plasma kallikrein (PK, hKB1) are serine proteases that produce biologically active kinin peptides from endogenous kininogen substrates. There is evidence linking the kallikreins and the mitogenic kinin peptides to carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of tissue prokallikrein (pro-hK1), plasma prekallikrein ...
Tuckwell W - - 2008
A Monte Carlo tumour model has been developed to simulate tumour cell propagation for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The model aims to eventually provide a radiobiological tool for radiation oncology clinicians to plan patient treatment schedules based on properties of the individual tumour. The inclusion of an oxygen ...
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