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Wang Chunming - - 2009
The current practice of cell immunotherapy against cancer has encountered a substantial challenge, that is, targeted delivery of therapeutic cells to tumour sites is not favourably managed. In this study, we aimed to provide an engineering solution to govern the cell targeting and actions, for which a biomaterial model is ...
Baran Bart?omiej - - 2009
In some types of cancers, tumour-infiltrating monocytes/macrophages (TIM) may be responsible for the formation of an invasive microenvironment in a manner dependent on the secretion of soluble mediators such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF). Human pancreatic carcinoma (HPC-4) cells are able to induce TNF production by monocytes. Here, the effect ...
Zogovic Nevena S - - 2009
In the present study, we compared the effects of nanocrystalline fullerene suspension (nanoC(60)) on tumour cell growth in vitro and in vivo. NanoC(60) suspension was prepared by solvent exchange using tetrahydrofuran to dissolve C(60). In vitro, nanoC(60) caused oxidative stress, mitochondrial depolarization and caspase activation, leading to apoptotic and necrotic ...
Piette Caroline - - 2009
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most frequent and malignant brain tumors in adults. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are routinely used in the treatment of GBMs for their capacity to reduce the tumor-associated edema. Few in vitro studies have suggested that GCs inhibit the migration and invasion of GBM cells through the induction of ...
Qualtrough D - - 2009
Fascin is overexpressed in many cancers, including colorectal, but its role in the malignant transformation of benign colorectal adenomas is unclear. Immunohistochemical analysis of fascin expression was carried out in resected human colorectal adenoma specimens. The effects of forced overexpression of fascin on adenoma cell motility were also analysed. We ...
Apel Anja - - 2009
Autophagy or "self-eating" digests proteins and functionless cell organelles to reuse. This cell-own recycling system attracts much attention in tumour biology. One of the major functions of autophagy is maintaining cellular homeostasis. Thus, it is constitutive active in all living cells. Damaged or dispensable proteins and organelles are removed to ...
Lee Yong Jin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of p53 in radionuclide gene therapy, we investigated the cytotoxic effect of (131)I and (188)Re following cotransfection of the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and wild-type p53 (wt-p53) genes into cancer cells. METHODS: The NIS gene was transfected to human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells (ARO) expressing ...
Demir Resit - - 2009
Of all processes involved in carcinogenesis, local invasion and the formation of metastases are the clinically most relevant but the scientifically least well understood at their molecular level. Recent experimental progress has identified that tumour hypoxia not only induces tumour angiogenesis, but also modulates the expression of several genes that ...
Rizvi Selim M H - - 2009
To evaluate the frequency of neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (NEH) in resected neuroendocrine tumours and non-neuroendocrine cell carcinomas and to study its relationship to selected clinical parameters. Random blocks without tumour from resected typical carcinoids (TCs, n = 46), atypical carcinoids (ACs, n = 14), large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs, n ...
Poincloux Renaud - - 2009
When migrating away from a primary tumour, cancer cells interact with and remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and in particular the transmembrane MT1-MMP (also known as MMP-14), are key enzymes in tumour-cell invasion. Results from recent in vitro studies highlight that MT1-MMP is implicated both in the ...
Halldén G - - 2009
Replication-selective oncolytic adenoviruses are promising anti-tumour therapeutic agents that have been proven safe in hundreds of patients. While clinical efficacy was limited with the viral mutants alone, outcomes were improved in combination with chemotherapeutics. To further increase efficacy of viral-based therapies it is necessary to explore the cellular mechanisms responsible ...
Paret Claudia - - 2010
Conventional renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal cancer. As the metastatic conventional RCC is practically incurable, there is a need for markers to estimate the tumour aggressiveness. To identify and characterise new marker(s) associated with the poor prognosis of conventional RCC. RNA from 24 conventional RCCs was ...
Jonckheere N - - 2009
Activator protein-2alpha (AP-2alpha) is a transcription factor that belongs to the family of AP-2 proteins that have essential roles in tumorigenesis. Indeed, AP-2alpha is considered as a tumour-suppressor gene in different tissues such as colonic, prostatic or breast epithelial cells. Moreover, AP-2alpha also participates in the control of colon and ...
Refaeli Yosef Y Charles C Gates Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Program, Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2009
Most tumours contain a heterogeneous population of cancer cells, which harbour a range of genetic mutations and have probably undergone deregulated differentiation programmes that allow them to adapt to tumour microenvironments. Another explanation for tumour heterogeneity might be that the cells within a tumour are derived from tumour-initiating cells through ...
Greay S J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the in vitro anticancer activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil (TTO), and its major active terpene component, terpinen-4-ol, against two aggressive murine tumour cell lines, AE17 mesothelioma and B16 melanoma. METHODS: Effects of TTO and terpinen-4-ol on the cellular viability of two tumour cell lines and ...
Chen Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify new anti-cancer agents from Cordyceps-colonizing fungi, using an ecology-based approach. It also aims to explore their anti-cell proliferative mechanisms, and to evaluate their anti-tumour effects in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracts from Cordyceps-colonizing fungi were tested on HeLa cells, and active extracts were separated ...
Pellizzari Tregno Francesca - - 2009
6-(7-Nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-ylthio)hexanol (NBDHEX) is a powerful inhibitor of the glutathione transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and causes the disruption of the complex between GSTP1-1 and c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK). This induces JNK activation and apoptosis in tumour cells. In the present work we assess the in vitro and in vivo effectiveness of NBDHEX ...
Gil da Costa Rui M - - 2010
Canine Merkel cell tumours are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms that show a relatively benign biological behaviour when compared with their human counterparts. To date, little information is available on their immunohistochemical properties. This report describes the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of two such tumours. The tumours' immunoreactivity profile was studied with ...
Scopelliti Alessandro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Until few years ago, all neoplastic cells within a tumour were suggested to have tumorigenic capacity, but recent evidences hint to the possibility that such feature is confined to a subset of Cancer Initiating Cells (CICs), also called Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs). These cells are the reservoir of the ...
Najim N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of methionine depletion with cytotoxic agents that are potentially influenced by depletion of methionine, and are known to have a role in CNS tumour treatments for children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity studies and synergistic interactions were assayed by SRB ...
Lee E J - - 2009
Granular cell tumour is a rare disorder that is characterised by an oval-shaped tumour that has with eosinophilic granules within the tumour cells. It is extremely rare to find this disease arising from the retroperitoneum. We report here on a case of a 46-year-old man with a retroperitoneal granular cell ...
Salomskaite-Davalgiene Sonata - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Electric pulses delivered to cells that are in close contact may induce cell fusion, by a process termed electrofusion. Recently it has been shown that electrofusion in tumours in vivo depends on tumour type. The aim of this work was to examine the differences in electrofusion in various cell ...
Lee M-W - - 2009
We describe an infant with a congenital polypoid anal mass, diagnosed as botryoid-type embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Histological examination revealed myxoma-like appearance and cells with greater differentiation with elongated streaming eosinophilic cytoplasm and one or two nuclei, suggestive of rhabdomyoblasts. Tumour cells were strongly immunoreactive for desmin and 10% of cells displayed ...
Gaballah K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tumour cells may persist at the operative site after seemingly adequate surgery. Radiotherapy is often given in an attempt to prevent repopulation, but this modality cannot be relied upon to prevent locoregional recurrence. An alternative strategy is to take advantage of the requirement of tumour cells to develop an ...
Jenkinson Michael D - - 2010
PURPOSE: Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) describes water diffusion within tissues. Previous studies report a negative linear correlation between minimum ADC and tumour cellularity in different types of gliomas, but there are no studies in oligodendroglial tumours. This study evaluated the relationship between ADC and tumour cellularity in oligodendroglial tumours characterized ...
Mendoza-Schulz A - - 2009
The consumption of drinking water rich in fluoride has toxic effects on the central nervous system. In cell biology research, fluoride is currently used as a phosphatase inhibitor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride on different physiological processes in GH4C1 pituitary tumour cells. ...
Parrinello Simona S MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology and the UCL Cancer Institute, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2009
Dissecting the early steps of tumourigenesis is key to our understanding of cancer biology. However, lack of knowledge of initiating mutations and the target 'cell of origin' has slowed progress towards this goal. Genetically engineered mouse models of the tumour-predisposition syndrome neurofibromatosis type-1 provide a rare opportunity to study tumour ...
Paltian V - - 2009
CD44 is an important adhesion molecule for hyaluronan, a major component of the extracellular matrix (ECM). In human breast cancer, the interaction of tumour cells with the ECM via CD44 is favoured as a major candidate for tumour progression and metastasis. The present study was designed to investigate immunohistochemically the ...
Cai Xiongwei - - 2009
The small protein, HSPC300 (haematopoietic stem/progenitor cell protein 300), is associated with reorganization of actin filaments and cell movement, but its activity has not been reported in human cancer cells. Here, we investigated the association of HSPC300 expression with clinical features of lung squamous cell carcinoma. High levels of HSPC300 ...
Mac??k J - - 2009
Angiosarcomas of the major salivary glands are rare tumours. The authors describe a case of the tumour located in the right parotid gland of a 77-year-old woman. Histological examination revealed a poorly differentiated tumour made up of epithelioid and spindle cells. These two types of cells intermingled. In some parts, ...
Daukste Liene - - 2009
There is increasing evidence that the growth of human tumours is driven by a small proportion of tumour stem cells with self-renewal properties. Multiplication of these cells leads to loss of self-renewal and after division for a finite number of times the cells undergo programmed cell death. Cell cycle times ...
Turner C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, support has increased for the notion that a subpopulation of brain tumour cells in possession of properties typically characteristic of stem cells is responsible for initiating and maintaining the tumour. Unravelling details of the brain tumour stem cell (BTSC) hierarchy, as well as interactions of these ...
Bonfili Laura - - 2009
Natural occurring modulators of proteasome functionality are extensively investigated for their implication in cancer therapy. On the basis of our previous evidences both on proteasomal inhibition by monomeric polyphenols, and on the characterization of wheat sprout hydroalcoholic extract, herein we thoroughly report on a comparative study of the effect of ...
Silván U - - 2009
Carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the testis is considered to be a precancerous germinal cell lesion, but the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying transformation of CIS into invasive pluripotent cancer cells remain to be elucidated. Moreover, a satisfactory animal model for the experimental study of germinal tumours has not ...
De Koning Leanne - - 2009
Mammalian cells contain three closely related heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) isoforms, HP1alpha, beta and gamma, which, by analogy to their unique counterpart in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, have been implicated in gene silencing, genome stability and chromosome segregation. However, the individual importance of each isoform during normal cell cycle and disease has ...
Demir Resit - - 2009
Of all processes involved in tumour progression, local invasion and formation of metastases are the clinically most relevant but the scientifically least well understood at their molecular level. The loss of cell adhesion, then tumour cell migration with changes in the cytoskeleton, invasion and metastatic dissemination are the steps of ...
Riedle Svenja - - 2009
L1-CAM (L1 cell-adhesion molecule), or more simply L1, plays an important role in the progression of human carcinoma. Overexpression promotes tumour-cell invasion and motility, growth in nude mice and tumour metastasis. It is feasible that L1-dependent signalling contributes to these effects. However, little is known about its mechanism in tumour ...
Tirino Virginia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that specific sub-populations of cancer cells with stem cell characteristics within the bulk of tumours are implicated in the pathogenesis of heterogeneous malignant tumours. The cells that drive tumour growth have been denoted cancer-initiating cells or cancer stem cells (hereafter CSCs). CSCs have been isolated initially ...
Erenpreisa Jekaterina - - 2009
Escape from mitotic catastrophe and generation of endopolyploid tumour cells (ETCs) represents a potential survival strategy of tumour cells in response to genotoxic treatments. ETCs that resume the mitotic cell cycle have reduced ploidy and are often resistant to these treatments. In search for a mechanism for genome reduction, we ...
Brozovic Gordana - - 2009
In this study, DNA damage in tumour cells, as well as irreversible cell damage leading to apoptosis induced in vivo by the combined application of cisplatin and inhalation anaesthetics, was investigated. The genotoxicity of anaesthetics on Ehrlich ascites tumour (EAT) cells of mice, alone or in combined application with cisplatin, ...
Enderling H - - 2009
Tumours are heterogeneous populations composed of different cells types: stem cells with the capacity for self-renewal and more differentiated cells lacking such ability. The overall growth behaviour of a developing neoplasm is determined largely by the combined kinetic interactions of these cells. By tracking the fate of individual cancer cells ...
Pfeiffer M - - 2009
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive, rapidly metastasising tumour. Previously, we demonstrated the influence of CXCL12-CXCR4 interaction on processes involved in metastasis and chemoresistance in SCLC. We show here that STAT3 is expressed in both primary SCLC tumour tissues and SCLC cell lines. We investigated the function of ...
Gole Boris - - 2009
Cells that migrate away from a central tumour into brain tissue are responsible for inefficient glioblastoma treatment. This migratory behaviour depends partially on lysosomal cysteine cathepsins. Reportedly, the expression of cathepsins B, L and S gradually increases in the progression from benign astrocytoma to the malignant glioblastoma, although their specific ...
López-Soto A - - 2009
The expression of the NKG2D ligands on cancer cells leads to their recognition and elimination by host immune responses mediated by natural killer and T cells. UL16-binding proteins (ULBPs) are NKG2D ligands, which are scarcely expressed in epithelial tumours, favouring their evasion from the immune system. Herein, we investigated the ...
Persson Annette - - 2009
Malignant glioma and glioblastoma multiforme form the largest group of highly malignant brain tumours, for which there is yet no definitive cure. Different approaches to treatment have been tried, in vain or with minimal benefit for the patient. In addition to surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, immunotherapy aiming at evoking an ...
Gambichler T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) nuclear proteins have barely been employed in the diagnosis of skin malignancies. We aimed to assess whether MCM immunohistochemistry can be utilized to examine tumour proliferation in Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). METHODS: In this pilot study, we studied skin specimens of eight patients with MCC. As ...
Zips Daniel - - 2009
To test the effect of BIBF 1120, a novel small molecule inhibitor of multiple angiogenic receptor tyrosine kinases, on the hypoxia and radiation response of tumours. Poorly differentiated human squamous cell carcinoma FaDu growing in nude mice was treated with BIBF 1120 and investigated by functional histology. To test the ...
Liu Dongwu - - 2009
Natural product extracts are a rich source of small molecules that display antitumor activity. Cantharidin, in the form of the dried body of the Chinese blister beetles: Mylabris phalerata or M. cichorii, displays antitumor activity and induces apoptosis in many types of tumor cells. Cantharidin has been used as an ...
Csupor-Löffler Boglárka - - 2009
The antiproliferative activities of n-hexane, chloroform, aqueous-methanol and aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of the Achillea millefolium aggregate on three human tumour cell lines were investigated by means of MTT assays. The chloroform-soluble extract exerted high tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activities on HeLa and MCF-7 cells, and a moderate ...
Derenzini Massimo - - 2009
The importance of nucleolar changes in cancer cells is underestimated in tumour pathology. There is evidence that the nucleolus is the mirror of a series of metabolic changes that characterize cancer cells. Cell entry into the cell cycle is always associated with up-regulation of the nucleolar function and increased nucleolar ...
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