Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2218
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Schrage Y M - - 2010
Chondrosarcomas are resistant to conventional chemo- and radiotherapy. A subset of chondrosarcomas arises secondarily in the benign tumour syndromes enchondromatosis (EC) and multiple osteochondromas (MO), and prevention of tumour development would greatly improve prognosis. We therefore investigated the effect of selective COX-2 inhibition on chondrosarcoma growth. COX-2 expression was studied ...
Paduch Roman - - 2009
We studied the expression of inducible heat shock protein (HSP27, HSP72) and multidrug-resistance protein (MRP) in co-cultures of human colon carcinoma cell spheroids obtained from different grades of tumour with normal human colon epithelium, myofibroblast and endothelial cell monolayers. We also measured the influence of recombinant human transforming growth factor ...
Penzo C - - 2009
Interferons (IFNs) are naturally produced cytokines with multiple important biological functions. The activity of recombinant feline IFN-omega (rFeIFN-omega) alone and in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs was tested on canine and feline mammary carcinoma cell lines (REM134 and CAT-MT) and putative tumour-initiating cells (TIC) derived from these cell lines by sphere ...
Barwick Tara - - 2009
Positron emission tomography (PET) using F-18 fluoro-3'-deoxy-3-L-fluorothymidine (FLT) offers noninvasive assessment of cell proliferation in vivo. The most important application refers to the evaluation of tumour proliferative activity, representing a key feature of malignancy. Most data to date suggest that FLT is not a suitable biomarker for staging of cancers. ...
Papaioannou N - - 2009
The objective of the study was to determine the immunohistochemical expression of canine TERT in canine testicular tumours comparing two different antibodies for TERT, and to correlate them with well established markers specific to dividing cells such as PCNA and ki67, and with expression of the p53 tumour suppressor gene. ...
Vitali Roberta - - 2009
Stage 4 neuroblastoma (NB) is a devastating childhood cancer whose poor outcome has remained essentially unchanged in the last 20 years. Receptor tyrosine kinases have important roles in the control of proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of NB cells. Thus, we tested the activity of second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor Dasatinib in ...
Stacke Christina - - 2010
Human fucosyltransferase IX (hFucT-IX) is a highly conserved alpha1,3 fucosyltransferase with a distinct acceptor and site specificity. hFucT-IX catalyses the transfer of activated fucose to a sugar acceptor, thereby forming the Lewis x epitope. This epitope is responsible for recognition phenomena throughout the body e.g. in tumour growth. Detailed characterisation ...
Chiaravalli Anna Maria - - 2009
A case of a colonic carcinoma showing a pancreatic acinar cell differentiation is described for the first time. A 65-year-old woman underwent surgical resection for an ulcerated protruding tumour of 4 x 2.5 cm in size on the anterior wall of the sigmoid colon. Histologically, tumour cells were organized in ...
Gericota B - - 2010
A 4-year-old Dutch warmblood mare was presented with a 10-month history of ataxia and proprioceptive deficits. Computed tomography defined a large, non-contrast enhancing mass in the left cerebral hemisphere. Necropsy examination revealed a tumour that effaced much of the piriform and temporal lobes. Microscopically the lesion was classified as a ...
Lozupone Francesco - - 2009
Tumour cannibalism is a characteristic of malignancy and metastatic behaviour. This atypical phagocytic activity is a crucial survival option for tumours in conditions of low nutrient supply, and has some similarities to the phagocytic activity of unicellular microorganisms. In fact, Dictyostelium discoideum has been used widely as a model to ...
Hirotsu M - - 2009
The hypothesis that malignant tumours are generated by rare populations of cancer stem cells that are more tumourigenic than other cancer cells has gained increasing credence. The objective of this study was to identify and characterise a subpopulation of human sarcoma-initiating cells. We examined established rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines by flow ...
Kats-Ugurlu Gursah - - 2009
Tumour metastasis is the result of a complex sequence of events, including migration of tumour cells through stroma, proteolytic degradation of stromal and vessel wall elements, intravasation, transport through the circulation, extravasation and outgrowth at compatible sites in the body (the 'seed and soil' hypothesis). However, the high incidence of ...
Grotius Janine - - 2009
PURPOSE: Tumour lactate levels have been shown to correlate with high radioresistance in tumour models in vivo. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of pathophysiological extracellular lactate concentrations and acidosis on the in vitro survival and radioresponse of various cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HCT-116, HT29 (colorectal) and ...
Mayer Arnulf - - 2009
PURPOSE: The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-dependent transcriptional response is often very pronounced in hypoxic microregions of solid malignant tumours, leading to secretion of pro-angiogenic factors and activation of a hypoxia-tolerant, glycolytic metabolism. Here, the influence of the microenvironment of tumour-initiating cells as a factor determining intertumoural variations in the relative contributions ...
Korkola James E - - 2009
Germ cell tumours (GCTs) represent the leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in young men aged 18-35 years. Transformation of the cell of origin results in tumours with several unique properties. GCTs are characterized by gain of the short arm of chromosome 12 in almost all cases, a frequency ...
Eide Nils - - 2009
PURPOSE: Our objective was to introduce immunomagnetic separation (IMS) in ocular research by evaluating the possibility of detecting tumour cells in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) samples and validating the captured cells as melanocytic cells. METHODS: Mononuclear cell (MNC) fractions isolated from BM and PB in uveal melanoma ...
Pfeifle Christian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in the treatment of patients with Ewing family tumours (EFT) during the past decades, the prognosis for patients with advanced disease is still unsatisfying. New treatment strategies have to be developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hypoxanthine/aminopterin/thymidine (HAT)-sensitive EFT cell line was developed by repetitive treatment of the ...
Chen Chi-Yuan - - 2009
Human tumourous imaginal disc (Tid1), a human homologue of the Drosophila tumour suppressor protein Tid56, is involved in multiple intracellular signalling pathways such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, and cell survival. Here, we investigated the anti-tumourigenic activity of Tid1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in vitro and in ...
Li Xiao-Lin - - 2009
We previously showed that introduction of transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) 1 into TAP-negative CMT.64, a major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) down-regulated mouse lung carcinoma cell line, enhanced T-cell immunity against TAP-deficient tumour cells. Here, we have addressed two questions: (1) whether such immunity can be further augmented ...
Trimboli Anthony J AJ Department of Molecular Genetics, College of Biological Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2009
The tumour stroma is believed to contribute to some of the most malignant characteristics of epithelial tumours. However, signalling between stromal and tumour cells is complex and remains poorly understood. Here we show that the genetic inactivation of Pten in stromal fibroblasts of mouse mammary glands accelerated the initiation, progression ...
Hoksch Beatrix - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: During surgery for colon carcinoma, tumour cells may spread into the blood and may lead to the development of distant metastases. The most frequent sites of metastases are the liver and lungs. A new therapeutic approach is required to prevent tumour implantation of freely circulating tumour cells during and ...
Wagstaff Kylie M - - 2009
Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Although enticing, the concept of a chemotherapeutic treatment directed towards a single target that kills tumour cells, without any harmful side effects or death of neighbouring cells is probably na??ve, due to the fact that tumour cells arise from normal ...
Zong F - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Syndecan-1 is a transmembrane proteoglycan involved in various biological processes. Its extracellular, transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains may all participate in signal transduction. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological roles of these domains of syndecan-1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We transfected cells of two mesenchymal tumour cell ...
Gillings Annette S - - 2009
The BCL-2 homology domain 3 (BH3)-only protein, B-cell lymphoma 2 interacting mediator of cell death (BIM) is a potent pro-apoptotic protein belonging to the B-cell lymphoma 2 protein family. In recent years, advances in basic biology have provided a clearer picture of how BIM kills cells and how BIM expression ...
Wang Chunming - - 2009
The current practice of cell immunotherapy against cancer has encountered a substantial challenge, that is, targeted delivery of therapeutic cells to tumour sites is not favourably managed. In this study, we aimed to provide an engineering solution to govern the cell targeting and actions, for which a biomaterial model is ...
Baran Bart?omiej - - 2009
In some types of cancers, tumour-infiltrating monocytes/macrophages (TIM) may be responsible for the formation of an invasive microenvironment in a manner dependent on the secretion of soluble mediators such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF). Human pancreatic carcinoma (HPC-4) cells are able to induce TNF production by monocytes. Here, the effect ...
Zogovic Nevena S - - 2009
In the present study, we compared the effects of nanocrystalline fullerene suspension (nanoC(60)) on tumour cell growth in vitro and in vivo. NanoC(60) suspension was prepared by solvent exchange using tetrahydrofuran to dissolve C(60). In vitro, nanoC(60) caused oxidative stress, mitochondrial depolarization and caspase activation, leading to apoptotic and necrotic ...
Piette Caroline - - 2009
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most frequent and malignant brain tumors in adults. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are routinely used in the treatment of GBMs for their capacity to reduce the tumor-associated edema. Few in vitro studies have suggested that GCs inhibit the migration and invasion of GBM cells through the induction of ...
Qualtrough D - - 2009
Fascin is overexpressed in many cancers, including colorectal, but its role in the malignant transformation of benign colorectal adenomas is unclear. Immunohistochemical analysis of fascin expression was carried out in resected human colorectal adenoma specimens. The effects of forced overexpression of fascin on adenoma cell motility were also analysed. We ...
Apel Anja - - 2009
Autophagy or "self-eating" digests proteins and functionless cell organelles to reuse. This cell-own recycling system attracts much attention in tumour biology. One of the major functions of autophagy is maintaining cellular homeostasis. Thus, it is constitutive active in all living cells. Damaged or dispensable proteins and organelles are removed to ...
Lee Yong Jin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of p53 in radionuclide gene therapy, we investigated the cytotoxic effect of (131)I and (188)Re following cotransfection of the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and wild-type p53 (wt-p53) genes into cancer cells. METHODS: The NIS gene was transfected to human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells (ARO) expressing ...
Demir Resit - - 2009
Of all processes involved in carcinogenesis, local invasion and the formation of metastases are the clinically most relevant but the scientifically least well understood at their molecular level. Recent experimental progress has identified that tumour hypoxia not only induces tumour angiogenesis, but also modulates the expression of several genes that ...
Rizvi Selim M H - - 2009
To evaluate the frequency of neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (NEH) in resected neuroendocrine tumours and non-neuroendocrine cell carcinomas and to study its relationship to selected clinical parameters. Random blocks without tumour from resected typical carcinoids (TCs, n = 46), atypical carcinoids (ACs, n = 14), large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs, n ...
Poincloux Renaud - - 2009
When migrating away from a primary tumour, cancer cells interact with and remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and in particular the transmembrane MT1-MMP (also known as MMP-14), are key enzymes in tumour-cell invasion. Results from recent in vitro studies highlight that MT1-MMP is implicated both in the ...
Halldén G - - 2009
Replication-selective oncolytic adenoviruses are promising anti-tumour therapeutic agents that have been proven safe in hundreds of patients. While clinical efficacy was limited with the viral mutants alone, outcomes were improved in combination with chemotherapeutics. To further increase efficacy of viral-based therapies it is necessary to explore the cellular mechanisms responsible ...
Paret Claudia - - 2010
Conventional renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal cancer. As the metastatic conventional RCC is practically incurable, there is a need for markers to estimate the tumour aggressiveness. To identify and characterise new marker(s) associated with the poor prognosis of conventional RCC. RNA from 24 conventional RCCs was ...
Jonckheere N - - 2009
Activator protein-2alpha (AP-2alpha) is a transcription factor that belongs to the family of AP-2 proteins that have essential roles in tumorigenesis. Indeed, AP-2alpha is considered as a tumour-suppressor gene in different tissues such as colonic, prostatic or breast epithelial cells. Moreover, AP-2alpha also participates in the control of colon and ...
Refaeli Yosef Y Charles C Gates Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Program, Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2009
Most tumours contain a heterogeneous population of cancer cells, which harbour a range of genetic mutations and have probably undergone deregulated differentiation programmes that allow them to adapt to tumour microenvironments. Another explanation for tumour heterogeneity might be that the cells within a tumour are derived from tumour-initiating cells through ...
Greay S J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the in vitro anticancer activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil (TTO), and its major active terpene component, terpinen-4-ol, against two aggressive murine tumour cell lines, AE17 mesothelioma and B16 melanoma. METHODS: Effects of TTO and terpinen-4-ol on the cellular viability of two tumour cell lines and ...
Chen Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify new anti-cancer agents from Cordyceps-colonizing fungi, using an ecology-based approach. It also aims to explore their anti-cell proliferative mechanisms, and to evaluate their anti-tumour effects in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracts from Cordyceps-colonizing fungi were tested on HeLa cells, and active extracts were separated ...
Pellizzari Tregno Francesca - - 2009
6-(7-Nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-ylthio)hexanol (NBDHEX) is a powerful inhibitor of the glutathione transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and causes the disruption of the complex between GSTP1-1 and c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK). This induces JNK activation and apoptosis in tumour cells. In the present work we assess the in vitro and in vivo effectiveness of NBDHEX ...
Gil da Costa Rui M - - 2010
Canine Merkel cell tumours are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms that show a relatively benign biological behaviour when compared with their human counterparts. To date, little information is available on their immunohistochemical properties. This report describes the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of two such tumours. The tumours' immunoreactivity profile was studied with ...
Scopelliti Alessandro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Until few years ago, all neoplastic cells within a tumour were suggested to have tumorigenic capacity, but recent evidences hint to the possibility that such feature is confined to a subset of Cancer Initiating Cells (CICs), also called Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs). These cells are the reservoir of the ...
Najim N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of methionine depletion with cytotoxic agents that are potentially influenced by depletion of methionine, and are known to have a role in CNS tumour treatments for children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity studies and synergistic interactions were assayed by SRB ...
Lee E J - - 2009
Granular cell tumour is a rare disorder that is characterised by an oval-shaped tumour that has with eosinophilic granules within the tumour cells. It is extremely rare to find this disease arising from the retroperitoneum. We report here on a case of a 46-year-old man with a retroperitoneal granular cell ...
Salomskaite-Davalgiene Sonata - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Electric pulses delivered to cells that are in close contact may induce cell fusion, by a process termed electrofusion. Recently it has been shown that electrofusion in tumours in vivo depends on tumour type. The aim of this work was to examine the differences in electrofusion in various cell ...
Lee M-W - - 2009
We describe an infant with a congenital polypoid anal mass, diagnosed as botryoid-type embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Histological examination revealed myxoma-like appearance and cells with greater differentiation with elongated streaming eosinophilic cytoplasm and one or two nuclei, suggestive of rhabdomyoblasts. Tumour cells were strongly immunoreactive for desmin and 10% of cells displayed ...
Gaballah K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tumour cells may persist at the operative site after seemingly adequate surgery. Radiotherapy is often given in an attempt to prevent repopulation, but this modality cannot be relied upon to prevent locoregional recurrence. An alternative strategy is to take advantage of the requirement of tumour cells to develop an ...
Jenkinson Michael D - - 2010
PURPOSE: Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) describes water diffusion within tissues. Previous studies report a negative linear correlation between minimum ADC and tumour cellularity in different types of gliomas, but there are no studies in oligodendroglial tumours. This study evaluated the relationship between ADC and tumour cellularity in oligodendroglial tumours characterized ...
Mendoza-Schulz A - - 2009
The consumption of drinking water rich in fluoride has toxic effects on the central nervous system. In cell biology research, fluoride is currently used as a phosphatase inhibitor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride on different physiological processes in GH4C1 pituitary tumour cells. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >