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Weston Victoria J VJ School of Cancer Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2010
The Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM) gene is frequently inactivated in lymphoid malignancies such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), T-prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL), and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and is associated with defective apoptosis in response to alkylating agents and purine analogues. ATM mutant cells exhibit impaired DNA double strand break repair. ...
Brigulová K - - 2010
Ovarian carcinoma represents the most common cause of death from gynecological malignancies in Europe and North America, being the third most frequent and the first as to the mortality. The standard chemotherapeutical regimen for ovarian cancer involves the administration of platinum derivate (carboplatin, cisplatin), in advanced stage is platinum derivate ...
Strillacci A - - 2010
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression is strongly associated with colorectal tumourigenesis. It has been demonstrated that the chronic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (COX inhibitors) partially protects patients from colorectal cancer (CRC) development and progression but induces severe cardiovascular side effects. New strategies for selective COX-2 blockade are required. We developed an ...
Martínez-Fernández B - - 2011
A tumour located in the pectoral region and the left front flipper was observed in a 29-year-old female California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) that died following signs of respiratory disease and inappetence. Metastases were present in the lung and adrenal gland. The histological pattern of the tumour was variable. In some ...
Chen Ying Yi - - 2011
Aim: SN 28049 (N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-2,6-dimethyl-1-oxo-1,2-dihydrobenzo[b]-1,6-naphthyridine-4-carboxamide) is a new DNA binding drug that targets topoisomerase II. SN 28049 is curative against the murine Colon 38 adenocarcinoma (CT38) while etoposide, another topoisomerase II-directed drug, shows minimal activity; we investigated the basis for this difference in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Colon 38 tumours ...
Cree Ian A - - 2010
The discovery of anti-cancer drugs has become dependent on cell lines, which are used to screen potential compounds for activity as well as to explore cancer biology. Cell lines produce rapid results, but their relevance to patient outcomes is questionable as they undergo selection over many passages to a point ...
Bartkova J - - 2011
Heterochromatinization has been implicated in fundamental biological and pathological processes including differentiation, senescence, ageing and tumourigenesis; however, little is known about its regulation and roles in human cells and tissues in vivo. Here, we show distinct cell-type- and cancer-stage-associated patterns of key heterochromatin marks: histone H3 trimethylated at lysine 9 ...
Quintana Silvina - - 2010
Transgenic mice bearing a construct in which the expression of the SV40 oncogene is directed by the AMH promoter (AT mice) develop testicular tumours in adult life. We aimed to study early steps of tumour development and characterize tumours at different ages by histological, morphometric, and immunohistochemical techniques. One- to ...
Tsuiji Kenji - - 2011
Objective. Uterine leiomyomas are the most common gynaecological benign tumour and greatly affect reproductive health and wellbeing. They are the predominant indication for hysterectomy in premenopausal women. Curcumin, a well-known component of turmeric, has been reported to prevent various diseases such as cancer, diabetes and obesity. Previous study reported that curcumin ...
Dragicevic-Curic Nina - - 2010
In the case of cutaneous malignant or non-malignant diseases, topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) with a temoporfin (mTHPC)-containing formulation would be advantageous. Unfortunately, mTHPC is a highly hydrophobic drug with low percutaneous absorption and novel mTHPC-loaded invasomes for enhanced skin delivery were developed. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Marcu Loredana - - 2010
While repopulation is a clinically observed phenomenon after radiotherapy, repopulation of tumour cells between cycles of chemotherapy is usually a neglected factor in cancer treatment. As the effect of both radiotherapy and chemotherapy on tumour cells is the same (attack on cancer cells), the response of the tumour to injury ...
Vaz Josiana A - - 2010
The in vitro antioxidant and growth inhibitory activity of extracts obtained from two Portuguese wild mushrooms (Clitocybe alexandri and Lepista inversa) was studied in human tumour cell lines. The extracts were phenolic (methanolic and ethanolic) and polysaccharidic (boiling water). The antioxidant activity assays included evaluation of radical-scavenging capacity, reducing power ...
Wiiger Merete Thune - - 2010
Screening a phage-display single-chain antibody library for binding to the breast cancer cell line PM-1 an antibody, scFv173, recognising activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM, CD166) was isolated and its binding profile was characterized. Positive ALCAM immunohistochemical staining of frozen human tumour sections was observed. No ALCAM staining was observed ...
Del Re Brunella - - 2010
Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (L1) are retroelements generally repressed in most differentiated somatic cells. Their activity has been observed in some undifferentiated and tumour cells and could be involved in tumour onset and progression. Growing evidences show that the L1 activation can occur in neuronal precursor cells during differentiation process. ...
Kamura S - - 2010
Ewing's sarcoma family of tumours (ESFT) is a malignant small round-cell tumour of the bone and soft tissues. It is characterised by a strong tendency to invade and form metastases. The microenvironment of the bone marrow is a large repository for many growth factors, including the basic fibroblast growth factor ...
Gao J - - 2010
This study was designed to investigate the in vivo growth inhibitory effects of celecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor, and fluvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, on the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line, BEL-7402. Athymic nude mice implanted with BEL-7402 cells were given celecoxib and fluvastatin, either alone or in combination, ...
Aldinucci Donatella - - 2010
It has become clear that cancer is not merely a growth of autonomously proliferating cells, but that other non-malignant cell types are a functional part of the disease. Immune cells, fibroblasts, specialized mesenchymal cells and microvasculature together make up the tumour microenvironment and have functional interactions with tumour cells. Classical ...
de Oliveira Joana Tavares - - 2010
Galectin-3 is a glycan-binding protein that mediates cell-cell and/or cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions. Although galectin-3 is implicated in the progression of various types of cancers, the mechanisms by which galectin-3 enhances metastasis remain unclear. In order to elucidate the role of galectin-3 in the complex multistage process of cancer metastasis, ...
Brown Martin - - 2010
To honour perhaps the most influential man in the radiation sciences, Henry S. Kaplan, by reviewing the field of tumour hypoxia, one of his many interests. It was postulated over 50 years ago by Thomlinson and Gray that human solid tumours would contain hypoxic cells and that they would exert ...
Nitzsche B - - 2010
Testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT) is the most common cause of death from solid tumours in young men and especially for platinum-refractory patients novel treatment approaches are urgently needed. Using an in silico screening approach for the detection of novel cancer drugs with inhibitory effects on the tyrosine kinase activity ...
Ouyang N - - 2010
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a nuclear receptor that regulates the metabolism and disposition of various xenobiotics and endobioitics. We investigated a novel PXR function in regulating colon tumourigenesis in this study. Histochemistry, transfection, cell proliferation assay, anchorage-alpha-dependent assay, xenograft, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence flow cytometry. Using histochemistry analysis, we found that ...
Hudej Rosana - - 2010
In our study, the ruthenium-based anticancer agent KP1339 was tested in combination with electroporation for its cytotoxic effect on CHO and SA-1 cell lines in vitro and on SA-1 murine tumour model in vivo. Cells were treated with different doses of KP1339 for 15 or 60 min with or without ...
Yang Wei - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of survivin-short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the proliferation, apoptosis and radiosensitivity of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survivin-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA) expression vector was constructed and transfected into SMMC-7721 cells mediated by cationic liposome. Survivin mRNA and protein expression were analysed by ...
Box Carol - - 2010
Primary human tumours can often be eradicated by surgery if detected early; however metastatic disease renders complete cure less likely and the development of resistance to therapy results in tumour escape and increased risk of death. Interactions of tumour cells with each other, surrounding normal cells and extracellular matrix or ...
Stingl L - - 2010
Heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has a crucial role in both the stabilisation and regulation of various proteins, including those related to radioresistance. Inhibition of Hsp90 may therefore provide a strategy for enhancing the radiosensitivity of tumour cells. This study explores the responses of four tumour cell lines (A549, GaMG, HT ...
Wang T - - 2010
Portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT) is highly associated with the progression and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there are no appropriate cell models of PVTT with which to study the biological and physiological characteristics of PVTT. Primary cell culture was performed by the use of a successive xenograft line ...
Salmina Kristine - - 2010
We have previously documented that transient polyploidy is a potential cell survival strategy underlying the clonogenic re-growth of tumour cells after genotoxic treatment. In an attempt to better define this mechanism, we recently documented the key role of meiotic genes in regulating the DNA repair and return of the endopolyploid ...
Fais S - - 2010
This review presents a possible new approach against cancer, as represented by inhibition of proton pumps, a mechanism used by tumour cells to avoid intracellular accumulation of toxic substances. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) belong to a family of pro-drugs that are currently used in the treatment of peptic diseases needing ...
Kohrenhagen Nico - - 2010
Vulvar cancer contributes to about 5% of all gynaecological cancers. Galectin-1, a member of an ubiquitous expressed beta-galactoside-binding family that comprises over 140 members to date, has been shown to be involved in many physiological and pathological processes, such as tumour progression, by promoting cancer cell invasion and metastasis, in ...
Salcido C D - - 2010
Side population (SP) fraction cells, identified by efflux of Hoechst dye, are present in virtually all normal and malignant tissues. The relationship between SP cells, drug resistance and cancer stem cells is poorly understood. Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive human tumour with a 5-year survival rate of ...
Tentori L - - 2010
We recently demonstrated that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 is involved in angiogenesis and tumour aggressiveness. In this study we have compared the influence of abrogation of PARP-1 expression by stable gene silencing to the pharmacological inhibition of cellular PARP activity using PARP-1/-2 inhibitors on the chemosensitivity of tumour cells to the ...
Garnier Delphine - - 2010
Oncogenic transformation and aberrant cellular differentiation are regarded as key processes leading to malignancy. They produce heterogenous cellular populations including subsets of tumour initiating cells (TICs), also known as cancer stem cells (CSCs). Intracellular events involved in these changes profoundly impact the extracellular and systemic constituents of cancer progression, including ...
Zou Weiping - - 2010
T helper 17 (T(H)17) cells have well-described roles in autoimmune disease. Recent evidence suggests that this effector T cell subset is also involved in tumour immunology and may be a target for cancer therapy. In this Review, we summarize recent findings regarding the nature and relevance of T(H)17 cells in ...
Watzka Stefan B - - 2010
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapies are a valid therapeutic option for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but unequivocally recognised predictive factors for therapeutic response are lacking. However, intrinsic resistance might occur due to loss of EGFR expression during the course of the disease or its treatment. Paraffin-embedded tissue from ...
Senior Paul V - - 2010
PURPOSE: In normal colonic epithelium, the receptor tyrosine kinase, EphB2 interacts with ephrinB1 ligand to maintain the integrity and architecture of the colonic crypt. Loss of EphB2 is seen in most colorectal cancers and correlates with poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of two levels of EphB2 ...
Fang D D - - 2010
Despite earlier studies demonstrating in vitro propagation of solid tumour cancer stem cells (CSCs) as non-adherent tumour spheres, it remains controversial as to whether CSCs can be maintained in vitro. Additional validation of the CSC properties of tumour spheres would support their use as CSC models and provide an opportunity ...
Danker Kerstin - - 2010
Cell expansion and metastasis are considered hallmarks of tumour progression. Therefore, efforts have been made to develop novel anti-cancer drugs that inhibit both the proliferation and the motility of tumour cells. Synthetic alkylphospholipids, compounds with aliphatic side chains that are ether linked to a glycerol backbone, are structurally derived from ...
Barkan Dalit - - 2010
Metastases can develop after apparently successful treatment of a primary tumour, sometimes following a period of tumour dormancy that can last for years. However, factors that regulate metastatic tumour dormancy remain poorly understood. Here we review the potential contribution of interactions between tumour cells and the microenvironment in metastatic sites, ...
Sonnemann Jürgen - - 2010
PURPOSE: It has recently been recognised that anticancer chemotherapy can elicit an immunogenic form of apoptosis characterised by the exposure of calreticulin (CRT) on the surface of dying tumour cells, entailing an immune response that contributes to the therapeutic outcome. CRT exposure has been found to be induced by anthracyclins ...
Hille Andrea - - 2010
Purpose of this work was to test the effect of tumour-cell-derived keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) or recombinant KGF (palifermin) on cell proliferation and radiation response of human HNSCC cells and normal keratinocytes in vitro. Four tumour cell cultures derived from head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, primary keratinocytes, and immortalized ...
Donev K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: High-grade gliomas featuring giant cells, often demonstrate immunoreactivity for neuronal markers, a finding prognostically significant according to some studies. We investigated this event in glioblastomas (GBM). METHODS: Immunoexpression for synaptophysin, neurofilament protein, neuronal nuclear antigen, chromogranin and glial fibrillary acidic protein was analysed in 82 GBM including 11 fibrillary, ...
Ménard Ludovic - - 2010
We previously showed that Reptin is overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and that in vitro depletion of Reptin with siRNAs led to HCC cell growth arrest and apoptosis. Here, we asked whether in vivo targeting of Reptin in established tumours had a therapeutic effect. We used lentiviral vectors to construct ...
Huang J - - 2010
The G-protein-coupled formylpeptide receptor (FPR) that mediates chemotaxis of phagocytic leucocytes induced by bacterial and host-derived chemotactic peptides is selectively expressed by highly malignant human gliomas and contributes to tumour growth and angiogenesis. As invasion of surrounding normal tissues is one of the important features of tumour malignancy, we investigated ...
Basu Deepjoy - - 2010
Granular cell tumours are uncommon lesions, although the head and neck region accounts for approximately 50% of all lesions. It is not clear whether or not granular cell tumour is a true neoplasm, a developmental anomaly, or a trauma-induced proliferation. The basic cell of origin is now thought to be ...
Edward M - - 2010
Background  There is a close correlation between tumour progression and hyaluronan production, either by tumour cells or by stromal cells that are stimulated by tumour-derived factors. Inhibition of tumour stimulation of fibroblast hyaluronan may suppress tumour growth and invasion. Objectives  To examine the effect of the hyaluronan synthesis inhibitor 4-methylumbelliferone ...
Zhang P - - 2010
We recently identified matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein/osteoblast factor 45 (MEPE/OF45) as a new cofactor of CHK1 in rat cells. The aim of this study was to determine the role of human MEPE/OF45 (hMEPE/OF45 has approximately 50% homology with rat MEPE/OF45 (rMEPE/OF45)) in affecting the sensitivity of human tumour cells to DNA ...
Nakanishi T - - 2010
The expression of side-population (SP) cells and their relation to tumour-initiating cells (T-ICs) have been insufficiently studied in breast cancer (BC). We therefore evaluated primary cell cultures derived from patients and a panel of human BC cell lines with luminal- or basal-molecular signatures for the presence of SP and BC ...
Stoecklein Nikolas H - - 2010
Recent genetic analyses of paired samples from primary tumours and disseminated tumour cells have uncovered a bewildering genetic disparity. It was therefore proposed that ectopically residing tumour cells disseminate early and develop independently into metastases parallel to the primary tumour. Alternatively, these cells may represent an irrelevant cell population unable ...
Tangney Mark - - 2010
The intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes represents a promising therapeutic vector for the delivery of DNA, RNA or protein to cancer cells or to prime immune responses against tumour-specific antigens. A number of biological properties make L. monocytogenes a promising platform for development as a vector for either gene therapy or ...
Haikal F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Abrikossoff or granular cell tumour (GCT) is a relatively rare neoplasia, benign in most of the cases. It may occur in any part of the human body, but it has an oral location in 70% of the cases. Its origin has been discussed for decades, and it is not ...
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