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Dua R S - - 2005
AIMS: It is well recognised that intravasation of tumour cells into the vasculature and/or lymphatics is a key stage in the metastatic process. It is also clear that very little is known about the mechanisms underlying this event. In this review, we will focus on cell surface molecules that may ...
Wheatley Denys N - - 2005
Arginine catabolizing enzymes have been used on cancers for over 60 years. In the last 5 years the ability of arginine catabolizing enzymes, not only to inhibit proliferation, but to kill tumour cells has been reinvestigated. Selectivity of action lies in the inability of many tumours to circumvent arginine deprivation ...
Wang J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is an autoimmune mucocutaneous disease. We previously reported that B cells in a Castleman tumour associated with PNP produced autoantibodies. However, it is uncertain whether the production of autoantibodies from the associated tumour is a common mechanism in PNP. OBJECTIVES: To investigate autoantibody production in a ...
Cho J H - - 2005
A 64-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of an asymptomatic mass involving the lower lip. Histopathological examination showed a well-circumscribed tumour composed of many lobules separated by thin, fibrous connective tissue. Individual lobules were composed of round or polyhedral tumour cells, which had a characteristic finely granular and vacuolated ...
Hashimoto Yosuke - - 2005
Fascin is a globular actin cross-linking protein that has a major function in forming parallel actin bundles in cell protrusions that are key specialisations of the plasma membrane for environmental guidance and cell migration. Fascin is widely expressed in mesenchymal tissues and the nervous system and is low or absent ...
Mellor H R - - 2005
The quiescent cell population of tumours poses a barrier to the success of many cancer therapies. Most chemotherapeutic drugs target proliferating cells, but the growth fraction of many tumours is low. Based on the multicellular tumour spheroid model, a system was developed using human colon adenocarcinoma (DLD-1) cells to mimic ...
Wheatley Denys N - - 2005
Arginine deprivation causes many types of tumour cells to die, often because they cannot recover or convert urea cycle intermediates into arginine. The powerful homeostatic mechanisms that kicks in to restore arginine levels in vivo are lacking in vitro, where there is no supply of citrulline. Comparison between cells deprived ...
Maiolino P - - 2005
Thirty-five canine cutaneous mast cell tumours (CCMCTs) were analysed by computerized nuclear morphometry. In each case, the nuclei of at least 100 neoplastic cells were measured, and the mean nuclear area (MNA), mean nuclear perimeter (MNP) and mean nuclear form factor (FF) were calculated. Significant differences in respect of MNA ...
Harris F - - 2005
PhBPs show selectivity for tumour and microbial cells, which appears to be based on electrostatic interactions between the positive charge generally carried by these molecules and the negative charge found on the outer surface of these target cells. In some cases, a site of action for photoactivated PhBPs is the ...
Tanaka K - - 2005
Fibrolamellar carcinoma (FLC), a variant of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), very rarely occurs in association with cholangiocarcinoma (CC). This report describes the first case of FLC coexisting with CC (FLC-CC) from Japan. Although the major part of the tumour located in the right lobe of the liver showed the typical features ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2005
In this paper, the authors offer a classification of benign fatty tumours of the upper limb. There are three histologically distinct types of fat cells: immature fat cells which give rise to lipoblastomas, mature brown fat cells which give rise to hibernomas and mature white fat cells which give rise ...
Sundelin Kaarina - - 2005
CONCLUSIONS: The intra-tumoral cytokines IL-6, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) stimulate oral cancer cells to enhanced secretion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and -9. These results contribute to an understanding of the extracellular events necessary for tumour progression. OBJECTIVE: MMPs play an important role in enhanced intra-tumoral ...
Ivanova A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: STRA13 is a bHLH transcription factor that plays a crucial role in cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and response to hypoxia. OBJECTIVE: To assess STRA13 involvement in carcinogenesis and evaluate its diagnostic value. METHODS: A comprehensive analysis was undertaken of the endogenous protein expression in 389 normal and corresponding malignant ...
Galiè Mirco - - 2005
The progression of a lesion to a carcinoma is dependent on the engagement of 'reactive stroma' that provides structural and vascular support for tumour growth and also leads to tissue reorganization and invasiveness. The composition of reactive stroma closely resembles that of granulation tissue, and myofibroblasts are thought to play ...
Luksiene Zivile - - 2006
Our previous data indicate, that hematoporphyrin dimethyl ether (HPde) can totally inhibit the growth of aggressive Ehrlich ascite tumour, when combined with low doses (2Gy) of ionizing radiation. Taking into account these findings, it appears of particular interest to evaluate the dependence of radiosensitizing efficiency of porphyrins on tumour aggressiveness. ...
Pandha Hardev S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of antitumour vaccines comprising irradiated allogeneic or autologous whole cells expressing cytosine deaminase (CD) which are first killed ex vivo by prodrug activation using 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), as the immunogenicity of tumour cells used as irradiated vaccines depends both on antigen expression and on the mode ...
Matsumoto Yoshitaka - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the radiosensitizing effect of geldanamycin (GA), an inhibitor of heat shock protein 90, on tumour cells and normal cells. We tested the effect of a combination of GA and radiation on cell survival, PI3K/Akt-related proteins and apoptosis induction. GA sensitized tumour cells ...
Kumarasinghe Marian Priyanthi - - 2005
AIMS: Long-term follow-up studies of colorectal endocrine cell tumours (CRECTs) are rare. Our aim was to correlate pathological features with metastatic potential and long-term survival of CRECTs. METHODS: Pathological features of 35 CRECTs were reviewed. Features assessed were the tumour size, local and angio-invasion, growth pattern, cyto-nuclear morphology, mitotic count, ...
Mayer Frank - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Germ cell tumours (GCTs) are highly sensitive to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The inability to arrest the cell cycle at the G1/S-check-point due to a lack of retinoblastoma gene product RB has been suggested as one potential explanation for this feature. Flavopiridol (FP), an inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases, causes cell ...
Klisovic Dino D - - 2005
Uveal melanoma (UM) is a highly malignant primary intraocular tumour in adults that has a high mortality rate due to haematogenous dissemination. The migration of UM cells through the basement membrane requires the presence of proteolytic enzymes, such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The expression of MMP-2, MMP-9 and membrane type-1/MMP ...
Nonaka D - - 2005
The term inflammatory pseudotumour was originally used in a generic fashion for any lesion which simulated a neoplastic condition at a clinical, macroscopic and microscopic level but which was thought to have an inflammatory/reactive pathogenesis. In more recent times, the term has been employed in a more restrictive sense for ...
Hock Barry D - - 2005
The cellular products obtained following electrofusion (EF) of dendritic cells (DC) and tumour cells have shown promise as cancer vaccines. The immunogenicity of these preparations has been attributed to the presence of small numbers of DC-tumour hybrids and the contribution of the non-hybrid tumour cells present has received little attention. ...
Clemencet Marie-Claude - - 2005
Humans appear to be refractory to some effects of peroxisome proliferators including alterations in cell proliferation, whereas rodents are susceptible. In this study, differences between the human and rat response to peroxisome proliferators were evaluated using rat and human tumour liver cell lines. Rat 7777 cells were more responsive than ...
Smith Phillip - - 2005
Tumours are comprised of populations of mutant cells that are undergoing rapid cell division. The high mutation rate and rapid cell growth results in rapid evolution of the phenotypes required for tumour growth. Short cell cycles, angiogenesis, chemotherapy resistance and metastasis quickly evolve. Here I suggest that the genetic system ...
Wohlsein P - - 2005
An unusual malignant spindle-cell sarcoma in the right atrium of a 7-year-old male hunting terrier is described. The neoplasm arose from the endocardium, protruded into the lumen of the right atrium, was covered with endothelium, and showed local invasive growth into the atrial wall. The tumour was composed of interlacing ...
El-Salhy Magdy - - 2005
Human gastric cancer cell line was exposed in vitro to octreotide, galanin and serotonin alone, or in double or triple combination, and the number of viable cells and proliferation index were measured after 3, 6 and 12 h. The tumour cells were also implanted subcutaneously in nude mice. After 8 ...
Postiglione L - - 2005
Endoglin (CD105, an accessory component of the TGF-beta receptor complex) expression and distribution on different human tumour cells and its role in cellular proliferation were evaluated. We examined: 1) sixteen human carcinoma cell lines, 2) eight human sarcoma cell lines, 3) five miscellaneous tumour cell lines. HECV (endothelial cells) were ...
Waldschläger J - - 2005
The higher soy intake in the Asian population compared to Europeans is believed to be an essential factor for the lower incidence of hormone-dependent tumours in Asia. It has already been shown that soya beans, with their ingredients genistein and daidzein from the isoflavonoid group, have protective effects on hormone-caused ...
Woelfle Ute - - 2005
Metastasis-the spread of tumour cells from a primary lesion to distant organs-is the main cause of cancer-related death, and bone marrow (BM) is a frequent site for the settlement of disseminated tumour cells. Many BM samples harbour isolated tumour cells, whereas tumour cell clusters, as the potential precursors of solid ...
Rodríguez-González Agustín - - 2005
Tumour cells are frequently altered in their phospholipid metabolism. Choline kinase (ChoK, E.C. 2.7.1.32) activity, the first enzyme involved in the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine, is increased in a large number of human tumours and tumour-derived cell lines. We have previously reported that MN58b, a specific inhibitor of ChoK, has anti-tumoral ...
Williams Kaye J KJ School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that deficiency in expression of the transcription factor, HIF-1, renders tumours more radioresponsive than HIF-1 proficient tumours. Tumours comprising mouse hepatoma cells lacking HIF-1beta (and thereby HIF-1 function) were grown in nude mice and radiation-induced growth delay compared with that seen for wild-type tumours and tumours ...
Anderson Alexander R A - - 2005
In this paper we present a hybrid mathematical model of the invasion of healthy tissue by a solid tumour. In particular we consider early vascular growth, just after angiogenesis has occurred. We examine how the geometry of the growing tumour is affected by tumour cell heterogeneity caused by genetic mutations. ...
Edward M - - 2005
Hyaluronan, a high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan is associated with cellular proliferation and migration. In a number of different tumour types, there is a close correlation between tumour progression and hyaluronan production, either by the tumour cells or the surrounding stromal cells. We have examined the ability of an aggressive melanoma ...
Szöke Tamas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of microvascularization and determination of its prognostic significance in cases of lung cancer. METHODS: Section prepared from histological material from 432 radically operated non-small cell lung cancer patients were stained with antibodies against factor VIII-associated antigen. During computer imaging, the absolute and relative parameters of the vascularization were ...
Pérez-Martínez C - - 2005
Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings of two uncommon canine lipid-rich mammary carcinomas are described. The predominant histological feature in both tumours was the presence of at least 80% of cells with intracytoplasmic vacuoles which stained positively with Sudan IV but not with alcian-blue periodic acid-schiff method. In both tumours, small groups ...
Nyström M L - - 2005
Tumour invasion is a dynamic process occurring in three dimensions and involving interactions between both tumour and stromal cells. Experimental analysis of squamous carcinoma cell invasion has often used the organotypic gel culture system, which is generated by plating tumour cells on to a synthetic stroma composed of a collagen ...
Hotfilder M - - 2005
While in vitro studies had shown that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) can induce cell death in Ewing tumours, it remained unclear how Ewing tumour cells survive in vivo within a FGF2-rich microenvironment. Serum- and integrin-mediated survival signals were, therefore, studied in adherent monolayer and anchorage-independent colony cell cultures. In ...
Luebke A M - - 2005
Basal cell tumours of the prostatic gland are rare, and the classification is difficult. In the present case report, a large, tumour-like proliferation of atypical basaloid cells was found incidentally in a prostatectomy specimen that otherwise contained a conventional acinar adenocarcinoma. The basaloid cells displayed a solid or adenoid-cystic growth ...
Mentzel T - - 2005
Lipomatous tumours, both benign and malignant, arising on the hands are uncommon. We present a rare atypical lipomatous tumour with spindle cell features (synonym: well-differentiated spindle cell liposarcoma) arising on the left palm of a 54-year-old male patient. The neoplasm presented as a long-standing, exophytic neoplasm measuring 9 x 9 ...
Muranen Taru - - 2005
The neurofibromatosis 2 tumour suppressor merlin/schwannomin is structurally related to the ezrin-radixin-moesin family of proteins, which anchor actin cytoskeleton to specific membrane proteins and participate in cell signalling. Merlin inhibits cell growth with a yet unknown mechanism. As most tumour suppressors are linked to cell cycle control, we investigated merlin's ...
Dyer Michael A - - 2005
The cellular effects of the genetic defects associated with tumorigenesis are context dependent. To better understand the reasons that different cell types require distinct combinations of mutations to form tumours, it is essential to identify and characterize a tumour's 'cell of origin'. Retinoblastoma, a rare childhood cancer of the retina ...
Buccione Roberto - - 2005
The naturally occurring phosphoinositide metabolite, glycerophosphoinositol 4-phosphate, has recently been shown to induce rearrangements in the actin cytoskeleton through modulation of the small GTPases, Rac and Rho. Since this is directly linked to cell spreading and remodelling, we have evaluated the potential role of glycerophosphoinositol 4-phosphate and related metabolites in ...
Dumey N - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Superficial bladder tumours are at high risk for recurrence, relapse after resection, escape to intravesical immunotherapy and they may become invasive. New therapeutics are therefore needed to achieve cure. Thus, gene therapy is an attractive new treatment modality for malignant bladder tumours. The purpose of this study was to ...
Nakamura Etsuko - - 2005
To examine qualitative alterations of the E-cadherin/catenin complex (CCC) during cell differentiation and invasion of undifferentiated-type gastric carcinoma, immunoreactivity for the intracytoplasmic domain and the extracellular domain (ECD) of E-cadherin, and that of beta-catenin, was analysed in the mucosal, submucosal, and deepest invasive parts of 20 early and 20 advanced ...
Noske Aurelia - - 2005
The ubiquitously expressed actin-binding protein, gelsolin, is known to play a role in the modulation of the actin network and in the regulation of cell growth and cell motility. In the present study, we analysed the expression of gelsolin in 241 matched cDNA pairs from human normal and tumour tissues ...
Tsellou Erasmia - - 2005
It has been reported that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) gene p15INK4B is frequently inactivated by genetic alterations and may be responsible for various malignant tumours. Another way of inactivation of this CDKI is by hypermethylation of 5'CpG islands in the promoter region of the p15INK4B gene and this inactivation ...
Al-Saeedi Fatma - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the intracellular location of [methyl-(3)H]choline in MCF7 tumour cells and to determine the relationship between [methyl-(3)H]choline incorporation and proliferation. METHODS: Tumour cells were incubated with [methyl-(3)H]choline for 10 min, and then in cold medium to simulate the rapid blood clearance of ...
Nilsson, Helén
The childhood tumour neuroblastoma is derived from immature cells of the sympathetic nervous system, which have become arrested at different maturation stages. Neuroblastoma is a malignancy with a high degree of heterogeneity, and there is a correlation between a poor differentiation status and a more aggressive phenotype. The MYCN gene ...
Kuncová J - - 2005
CD44 comprises a family of membrane adhesion molecules encoded by a single gene and diversified by alternative splicing and extensive posttranslational modifications. Alterations of CD44 expression patterns are linked to tumour invasion and formation of metastases. However, CD44 expression and its relation to the biological properties of tumours vary depending ...
Hungermann Daniela - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Adenomyoepithelial tumours and myoepithelial carcinomas of the breast are primarily defined by the presence of neoplastic cells with a myoepithelial immunophenotype. Current classification schemes are based on purely descriptive features and an assessment of individual prognosis is still problematic. METHODS: A series of 27 adenomyoepithelial tumours of the breast ...
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