Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1468
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Márki-Zay János - - 2013
MDR-ABC transporters are widely expressed in cell types relevant to pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Many reports demonstrate the interaction of small molecule drugs with MDR-ABC transporters. Cell-based assays for disease relevant cell types can be easily gated and could reveal specific drug targets and may increase significance and utilisation of ...
Constantinou C - - 2011
Vitamin E comprises 8 functionally unique isoforms and may be a suitable candidate for the adjuvant treatment of prostate cancer. In this study, we examined the ability of 2 vitamin E isoforms [α-tocotrienol (γ-TT) and δ-tocotrienol (δ-TT)] and 4 synthetic derivatives [γ- and δ-tocotrienol succinate (γ-TS, δ-TS), α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol ...
Brosseau Carole - - 2011
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3, (1,25-D3) the biologically active form of vitamin-D, is well established as a cancer cell growth inhibitor in addition to maintaining bone mineralization. In breast cancer cells, inhibitory effects on angiogenesis, and metastasis have been observed together with enhancement of apoptosis and induction of cell cycle arrest. There is ...
Wang Tao - - 2011
Reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) resets the epigenome to an embryonic-like state. Vitamin C enhances the reprogramming process, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here we show that the histone demethylases Jhdm1a/1b are key effectors of somatic cell reprogramming downstream of vitamin C. We first observed ...
Munetsuna Eiji E Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurokawa, Imizu, Toyama 939-0398, - - 2011
According to the prevailing paradigm, 1α-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25(OH)D(3)) and its analogs is a pre-requisite step for their biological effects. We previously reported that 25-hydroxy-19-nor-vitamin D(3) (25(OH)-19-nor-D(3)) had anti-proliferative activity in a cell line, PZ-HPV-7, which was derived from human non-cancerous prostate tissue, and suggested that 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) acted after ...
Azzolini Catia - - 2011
Mammalian cells accumulate vitamin C either as ascorbic acid (AA), via Na+-AA co-transport, or dehydroascorbic acid (DHA, the oxidation product of AA), via facilitative hexose transport. As the latter, unlike the former, is a high-capacity transport mechanism, cultured cells normally accumulate greater levels of vitamin C when exposed to increasing ...
Bartoccini Elisa - - 2011
Despite recent advances in the understanding of the role of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) in the CNS, the mechanism of action remains obscure. We demonstrate that some 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) receptor (VDR) is localized in the cell nucleus in specialized microdomains enriched in sphingomyelin and cholesterol; the integrity of these microdomains is necessary ...
Huang Yongye - - 2011
The reprogramming of differentiated cells into a totipotent embryonic state through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is still an inefficient process. Previous studies revealed that the generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from mouse and human fibroblasts could be significantly enhanced with vitamin C treatment. Here, we investigated the ...
Welsh JoEllen J University at Albany Cancer Research Center, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA. - - 2011
1α,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25D) mediates growth inhibition and terminal differentiation in mammary epithelial cells via interaction with the vitamin D receptor (VDR). This review focuses on the concept that cells in the mammary gland express the vitamin D metabolizing enzyme CYP27B1 which converts the circulating vitamin D metabolite 25D to the active ...
Zanatta Leila - - 2011
It is well known that the vitamin D endocrine system is involved in physiological and biochemical events in numerous tissues, especially gut, bone and kidney but also testis. Therefore, in this study the effect and mechanisms of action of 1α,25(OH)(2) vitamin D(3) (1,25D) on aromatase gene expression in immature rat ...
Ghezzi Chiara E - - 2011
In vitro reconstituted type I collagen hydrogels are widely utilized for tissue engineering studies. However, highly hydrated collagen (HHC) gels exhibit insufficient mechanical strength and unstable geometrical properties, thereby limiting their therapeutic application. Plastic compression (PC) is a simple and reproducible approach for the immediate production of dense fibrillar collagen ...
Marcos-Campos I - - 2011
In this work, the capability of primary, monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) to uptake iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) is assessed and a strategy to induce selective cell death in these MNP-loaded DCs using external alternating magnetic fields (AMFs) is reported. No significant decrease in the cell viability of MNP-loaded DCs, ...
Ilett Elizabeth J EJ Cancer Research UK, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, St James' University Hospital, Leeds, United - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DC) may be the most effective way of delivering oncolytic viruses to patients. Reovirus, a naturally occurring oncolytic virus, is currently undergoing early clinical trials; however, intravenous delivery of the virus is hampered by pre-existing antiviral immunity. Systemic delivery via cell carriage is a novel approach currently under ...
Chung Jin-Sung - - 2011
Because syndecan-4 (SD-4) on effector and memory T cells inhibits T-cell activation by binding dendritic cell-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycan-integrin ligand (DC-HIL) on antigen presenting cells and because malignant cells of the cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) subset, Sézary syndrome (SS), exhibit memory T-cell phenotype, we posited SS cells to express SD-4. ...
Schmidt Lotte M - - 2011
Airway epithelial cells regulate immune reactivity of local dendritic cells (DCs), thus contributing to microenvironment homeostasis. In this study, we set out to identify factors that mediate this regulatory interaction. We show that tracheal epithelial cells secrete soluble factors that downregulate TNF-α and IL-12p40 secretion by bone marrow-derived DCs but ...
Dai Qin-Sheng - - 2011
We recently established that NCPMF-60, a newly synthesized flavonoid, is an active cytotoxic component. The molecular mechanisms by which NCPMF-60 exerts its cytotoxic activity are currently unknown. In this study, we show that NCPMF-60 induces G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. After treatment of HepG2 ...
Węsierska-Gądek Józefa - - 2011
Human MCF-7 breast cancer cells are resistant to pro-apoptotic stimuli due to caspase-3 inactivation. On the other hand, they should be sensitive to agents like selective pharmacological inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) that (re)activate p53 tumor suppressor protein because they harbor intact p53 pathways. In this study we examined whether ...
Ametller Elisabet - - 2011
Background: We have previously shown that metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7) expression is increased during the acquisition of resistance to oxaliplatin in colon cancer cells. Now we have analyzed the implication of β-catenin and EGFR pathways in the up-regulation of MMP7 in the oxaliplatin-resistant human colon cancer cell lines RHT29 and RHCT116 ...
Tsao Chun Chui - - 2010
Renal cell cancers (RCC) are notoriously resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. While mutations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene frequently contribute to therapy resistance in other epithelial cancers, p53 mutations are relatively rare in RCC. To date, there is conflicting evidence as to whether p53 signaling and function are otherwise ...
Vaughan Andrew T - - 2010
The immune system involves the complex interplay between many different cell types. Over the last decade, T cells, dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages have all been implicated as the key regulator cells of the immunological response, linking innate and adaptive immunity. The forgotten cell in this discourse has been the ...
Kraus Jean-Louis - - 2010
N,N-bis-(8-hydroxyquinoline-5-yl methyl)-benzyl substituted amines (HQNBA) represent a new class of compounds showing anti-cancer activity. At the chemical level the compounds were shown to react preferentially with thiol radicals which may lead to unfolded cysteine containing proteins and subsequent ER-stress. At the molecular level, treatment of U87 cells with this class ...
Pang Ervinna - - 2011
Patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) whose disease is associated with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have a significantly better outcome than those with HPV-negative disease, but the reasons for the better outcome are not known. We postulated that they might relate to an ability of HPV proteins to ...
Fenouille Nina - - 2011
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), or osteonectin, belongs to the family of matricellular proteins that modulate cell-matrix interactions and cellular functions. SPARC is highly expressed in melanoma, and we reported that SPARC promotes epithelial/mesenchymal-like changes and cell migration. Here, we used siRNA and conditional shRNA to investigate ...
Gomez-Monterrey Isabel I Department of Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Chemistry, University of Naples "Federico II", - - 2010
Here, we report the design of new analogues of spirooxoindolepyrrolidine nucleus as modulators of p53 activity. Compounds (3R,7aR)-6-(4-chlorobenzyl)-1H-spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione (9c) and (3R,7aR)-5'-methyl-6-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-1H-spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione (10d) are the most potent compounds of this series, inhibiting cell growth of different human tumor cells at submicromolar and micromolar concentrations, respectively. Compound 9c induces apoptotic cell death ...
Gong Xiaowei - - 2010
p53 plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of genome integrity after DNA damage, deciding whether cells repair and live, or die. However, the rules that govern its choice are largely undiscovered. Here we show that the functional relationship between p38 and p53 is crucial in defining the cell fate ...
Hsieh Tze-chen - - 2011
The chemopreventive potential of resveratrol is marred by its low bioavailability. Studies of modified resveratrol may reveal features that affect its bioefficacy and bioavailability. We compared the anti-proliferative and gene regulatory activities of resveratrol with trimethoxy-resveratrol and triacetyl-resveratrol using cultured human prostate cancer (CaP) cells. LNCaP cells were incubated with ...
Leontieva Olga V - - 2010
Cell cycle arrest coupled with hyper-active mTOR leads to cellular senescence. While arresting cell cycle, high levels of p53 can inhibit mTOR (in some cell lines), thus causing reversible quiescence instead of senescence. Nutlin-3a-induced p53 inhibited mTOR and thus caused quiescence in WI-38 cells. In contrast, while arresting cell cycle, ...
Boisvert François-Michel FM Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, MSI/WTB/JBC Complex, Dundee, - - 2010
The nucleolus is involved in regulating several aspects of stress responses and cell cycle arrest through the tumor suppressor p53. Under normal conditions, p53 is a short-lived protein that is present in cells at a barely detectable level. Upon exposure of cells to various forms of exogenous stress, such as ...
Oh Eun-Taex - - 2012
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) plays an important role in cancer onset and progression. Therefore, inhibition of HDAC offers potential as an effective cancer treatment regimen. CG200745, (E)-N(1)-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-N(8)-hydroxy-2-((naphthalene-1-loxy)methyl)oct-2-enediamide, is a novel HDAC inhibitor presently undergoing a phase I clinical trial. Enhancement of p53 acetylation by HDAC inhibitors induces cell cycle arrest, differentiation, ...
Mendoza Rhone A - - 2011
We have generated cell lines with significantly reduced expression of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), Min-p38 MAPK cells, and used these cells to investigate p38 MAPK's role in tumorigenesis of breast cancer cells. MCF-7 cells were stably transfected with a plasmid producing small interfering RNA that inhibited the ...
Liu Bo - - 2011
The p53 feedback loop can induce cellular senescence, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in response to various stresses, including DNA damage, hypoxia and nutrient deprivation. Using a stochastic model of the negative feedback circuit involving p53 and its inhibitor Mdm2, we present the different oscillatory dynamics at the single-cell and ...
Honma Masamitsu - - 2011
The high frequency of false or irrelevant positive results in in vitro mammalian cell genotoxicity tests is a critical concern for regulators. Here, we tested whether such results may be due to the mammalian cells used in the tests being deficient in p53, which is involved in the maintenance of ...
Kim Dong-Hyun - - 2010
It has been shown that the HIV protease inhibitors indinavir and lopinavir may have activity against the human papilloma virus (HPV) type 16 inhibiting HPV E6-mediated proteasomal degradation of p53 in cultured cervical carcinoma cells. However, their mode and site of action is unknown. HPV-negative C33A cervical carcinoma cells and ...
Jackson James G - - 2011
The tumour suppressor p53 pathway is often inactivated by multiple mechanisms in the genesis of human cancers. Aberrant cellular proliferation, DNA damage, hypoxia, and ribosomal stress cause activation of the p53 tumour suppressor with multiple possible consequences to the cell: cell death, cell cycle arrest, or senescence. These mechanisms ultimately ...
Russo Debora - - 2010
PRIMA-1 has been identified as a compound that restores the transactivation function to mutant p53 and induces apoptosis in cells expressing mutant p53. Studies on subcellular distribution of the mutant p53 protein upon treatment with PRIMA-1Met, a methylated form of PRIMA-1, have suggested that redistribution of mutant p53 to nucleoli ...
Menendez Sergio - - 2010
The reprogramming of somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells is one of the major discoveries of recent years. The development and application of patient specific iPS lines could potentially revolutionise cell-based therapy, facilitating the treatment of a wide range of diseases. Despite the numerous technological advancements in the ...
Jin Yucui - - 2010
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is a potential chemopreventive phytochemical derived from Brassica vegetables. In this study, we assessed the effects of DIM on cell cycle regulation in both estrogen-dependent MCF-7 and estrogen receptor negative p53 mutant MDA-MB-468 human breast cancer cells. In-vitro culture studies showed that DIM dose dependently inhibited the proliferation ...
Jiang Ying - - 2012
p53 can mediate DNA damage-induced apoptosis in various cell lines treated with Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). However, the potential role of p73, one of the p53 family members, in BaP-induced apoptotic cell death remains to be determined. In this study, normal fetal lung fibroblasts (MRC-5) and human lung adenocarcinoma cells (H1299, p53-null) ...
Kanagasabai Ragu - - 2010
Transcriptional activation of p53 target genes, due to DNA damage, causes either apoptosis or survival by cell cycle arrest and DNA repair. However, the regulators of the choice between cell death and survival signaling have not been completely elucidated. Here, we report that human adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7) survive UV-induced DNA ...
Ishimaru Tatsuto - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of roscovitine (Sigma-Aldrich®), a pharmacological inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinase, on renal cell carcinoma cell lines in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We exposed several renal cell carcinoma cell lines to roscovitine and examined apoptotic signaling pathways using immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: As expected, roscovitine caused ...
Chen Jong-Hang - - 2010
Acrylamide (ACR) has been recognized as a neurological and reproductive toxin in humans and laboratory animals. This study aimed to determine the effects of ACR-induced DNA damage on cell cycle regulation in human astrocytoma cell lines. Treatment of U-1240 MG cells with 2 mM ACR for 48 h resulted in ...
Boisvert François-Michel - - 2010
The nucleolus is involved in regulating several aspects of stress responses and cell cycle arrest through the tumor suppressor p53. Under normal conditions, p53 is a short-lived protein that is present in cells at a barely detectable level. Upon exposure of cells to various forms of exogenous stress, such as ...
Guntur Vamsi P - - 2010
AIM: To determine whether increasing p53 protein levels confers enhanced chemosensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three NSCLC cell lines, with different endogenous p53 expression, were transfected with wild-type p53 (wt-p53) or CD-1 (truncated wt-p53) genes. Cells were subsequently treated with cisplatin (CDDP) or paclitaxel (PAX). ...
Wang Hui - - 2010
Oridonin, the main active constituent of Isodon rubescen, has antihepatocarcinoma activity in experimental and clinical settings. The aims of the study were to explore the anticancer effect of oridonin in HepG2 cells and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. Results showed that oridonin treatment for 24 or 48 h resulted in ...
Zenvirt S - - 2010
DNA damage checkpoints cause cell cycle arrest, allowing DNA repair before resumption of the cell cycle. These checkpoints can be activated through several signaling pathways. Checkpoint activators include p53, checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1), checkpoint kinase 2 and/or MAPKAP kinase 2 (MK2). Many cancer cells lack p53 activity and, therefore, depend ...
Das Manasi - - 2011
Recently much attention has been given to the anti-cancer drug nutlin-3a, an antagonist of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) that actively inhibits p53-MDM2 interaction. Reactivating p53 function by nutlin-3a thus provides a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer. Although nutlin-3a seems a potential candidate in restoring p53 activity, ...
Scarola Michele - - 2010
Loss-of-function mutations of retinoblastoma family (Rb) proteins drive tumorigenesis by overcoming barriers to cellular proliferation. Consequently, factors modulating Rb function are of great clinical import. Here, we show that miR-335 is differentially expressed in human cancer cells and that it tightly regulates the expression of Rb1 (pRb/p105) by specifically targeting ...
Thompson Thelma - - 2010
Vitamin D derivatives can induce differentiation of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Here, we investigated if the G₁ cell cycle block associated with monocytic differentiation is modulated by the p53 status of the cells treated with 1,25D, alone or with plant antioxidants carnosic acid (C) or silibinin (S), and ...
Elshamy Wael M - - 2010
Cells ability to evade cell death and to proliferate post geno-/cell-toxic stresses, likely leads to formation of cancer. Activation of p38MAPK and p53 following these stresses help protect cells against cancer development by initiating apoptosis. The duration of p38MAPK and p53 activation is regulated by the WIP1 phosphatase. BRCA1-IRIS triggers ...
Shih Rita S M - - 2010
Zinc is an essential nutrient for humans; however, this study demonstrated for the first time that an elevated zinc status, created by culturing cells at optimal plasma zinc concentration attainable by oral zinc supplementation, is cytotoxic for normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. p53 plays a central role in the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >