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Results 401 - 450 of 1442
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Lagrange Magali - - 2007
The E6 protein of human papillomavirus type 16 (16E6) is involved in the tumorigenesis of human cervical cells by targeting numerous cellular proteins. We have designed a strategy for neutralizing 16E6 based on the intracellular expression of single-chain Fv antibodies (scFvs) specific to 16E6. Recombinant adenovirus vectors were constructed to ...
To-Ho K W - - 2008
The mitotic arrest deficient 2 (MAD2) is suggested to play a key role in a functional mitotic checkpoint because of its inhibitory effect on anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) during mitosis. The binding of MAD2 to mitotic checkpoint regulators MAD1 and Cdc20 is thought to be crucial for its function and loss ...
Arthur Christopher R CR Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology and Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, - - 2007
JG-03-14, a substituted pyrrole that inhibits microtubule polymerization, was screened against MCF-7 (p53 wild type), MDA-MB231 (p53 mutant), MCF-7/caspase 3 and MCF-7/ADR (multidrug resistant) breast tumor cell lines. Cell viability and growth inhibition were assessed by the crystal violet dye assay. Apoptosis was evaluated by the TUNEL assay, cell cycle ...
Uberti Daniela - - 2007
Here we show that human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells stably transfected with amyloid precursor protein (HEK-APP), expressed a conformational mutant-like and transcriptionally inactive p53 isoform, and turned out to be less sensitive to the cytotoxin doxorubicin in comparison with untransfected cells. Treatment of HEK-APP cells with gamma- and beta-secretase inhibitors ...
Yuan Xiang-Wei - - 2007
The tumor suppressor p14ARF, encoded by the INK4a/ARF locus, is often disrupted in human cancers, p14ARF triggers cell cycle arrest and sensitizes cells to apoptosis in the presence of collateral signals. To investigate the role of p14ARF in chemotherapeutic drugs-induced apoptosis, p14ARF was overexpressed by stable transfection in human osteosarcoma ...
Cui Qiao - - 2007
AIM: To study the caspase-3-independent mechanisms in oridonin-induced MCF-7 human breast cancer cell apoptosis in vitro. METHODS: The viability of oridonin-treated MCF-7 cells was measured by MTT (thiazole blue) assay. Apoptotic cells with condensed nuclei were visualized by phase contrast microscopy. Nucleosomal DNA fragmentation was assayed by agarose gel electrophoresis. ...
Gomes Antony - - 2007
In our earlier communication, it was reported that Indian toad (Bufo melanostictus) skin extract (TSE) possesses antiproliferative and apoptogenic activity in U937 and K562 cells [Giri et al., 2006. Antiproliferative, cytotoxic and apoptogenic activity of Indian toad (Bufo melanostictus, Schneider) skin extract in U937 and K562 cells. Toxicon 48 (4), ...
Mitchell Clint - - 2007
We have examined the mechanisms by which the multinuclear platinum chemotherapeutic BBR3610 kills human colon cancer cells. BBR3610 more efficiently killed HCT116, DLD1, SW480, and HT29 cells than BBR3464, cisplatin, or oxaliplatin. The amount of platinum uptake per cell and its incorporation into DNA were identical for BBR3464 and BBR3610. ...
Du Jun - - 2007
Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP6) is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily. Expression of BMP6 and its receptors are increased when brain tissues of adult rats are injured, suggesting that BMP6 may have a neuroprotective function in the physiologic response to neurological damage. This research investigates the molecular mechanisms supporting a ...
Ding Boxiao - - 2007
In HPV-positive cervical carcinoma cells, p53 protein is functionally antagonized by the E6 oncoprotein. We investigated a possible role of p53 in antioxidant defense of HPV-positive cervical cancer cell lines. We found that SiHa cells containing integrated HPV 16 had higher expression of p53 and exhibited the greatest resistant to ...
Sandoval Marisol - - 2007
Inorganic arsenic is a major environmental contaminant associated with an increased risk of human skin cancer. Arsenic modulates cellular signaling pathways that affect diverse processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, including genotoxic damage. The p53 protein plays a central role in mediating stress and DNA damage responses, leading ...
Tsuboi Koji - - 2007
This study was conducted in order to evaluate the cytotoxicity of high linear-energy-transfer (LET) ionizing radiation (IR) on glioblastoma cells and fibroblasts using different modes of cell inactivation assays. Two human glioblastoma cell lines with or without p53-mutation, and fibroblasts were used as materials. Gamma rays and 290 MeV/u carbon ...
Drakos Elias - - 2007
PURPOSE: p53 is frequently expressed but rarely mutated in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). p53 protein levels are regulated by murine double minute 2 (MDM2) through a well-established autoregulatory feedback loop. In this study, we investigated the effects of nutlin-3A, a recently developed small molecule that ...
Yang Di - - 2007
Down-regulation of p53 expression has been found in a broad range of human cancers and cell proliferation disorders, indicating that p53 plays a key role in cell cycle regulation and tumor suppression. In our current study, we transfected human embryonic lung fibroblast (HELF) cells with pcDNA3-wild-type p53 (pcDNA3-wtp53) plasmid, or ...
Zhao Shiguang - - 2008
We have previously reported that As(2)O(3) affected cell cycle progression and cyclins D1 and B1 expression in two glioma cell lines differing in p53 status (U87MG-wt; T98G-mutated). In the present study, we further demonstrated that As(2)O(3) affected proliferation, viability and apoptosis of the two cell lines in a dose- and ...
Pan Jingxuan - - 2007
The activity of the novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor INNO-406 against human cells with mutated KIT was investigated. Human mast cell (HMC)-1.1 cells with juxtamembrane domain mutation V560G, and HMC-1.2 cells with both V560G and the kinase domain mutation D816V, were treated with INNO-406 (0.02-5.00 microM) or imatinib for 72 h. ...
Luciani M Gloria - - 2007
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy. Most of the clinical data on CRC prevention have come from the use of aspirin. Besides inhibition of cyclooxygenases, aspirin has a diversity of molecular effects that counteract colon carcinogenesis. Aspirin restrains cell proliferation by inducing a G1 arrest in colorectal ...
LaPierre David P - - 2007
Expression of the extracellular matrix proteoglycan versican is associated with more than 10 types of cancers, often being secreted by stromal cells in response to tumor signals. Previous work in our lab has shown that overexpression of the V1 versican isoform in cultured fibroblasts (V1 cells) increases both proliferation and ...
Harisi Revekka R 1st Institute of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. - - 2007
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in childhood and adolescence. The several chemotherapy-resistant cases of osteosarcoma are at a higher risk of relapse and adverse outcome. The aim of the current study was to determine the role of extracellular matrix in the resistance developed against chemotherapeutic treatments ...
Xiao Hui - - 2007
The p53 tumor suppressor is a mutational target of environmental carcinogen anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE). We now demonstrate that p53 plays an important role in regulation of cellular responses to BPDE. Exposure of p53-null H1299 human lung cancer cells to BPDE resulted in S and G(2) phase cell cycle arrest, but not ...
Toscano Florent - - 2007
Oxaliplatin is an efficient chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of metastatic human colon cancer, but cancer cells are frequently resistant. The aim of this study was to analyse the underlying mechanisms in a panel of 10 human colorectal cancer cell lines submitted to a short (2h) oxaliplatin treatment period, ...
Zhang Guangjian - - 2007
PURPOSE: Work by our group has shown that bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) induces cell cycle arrest at the G1/S interface in human transitional carcinoma cell lines. This study evaluated the effect of BCG on cell cycle regulatory proteins relevant to this effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of BCG on selected ...
Breen Laura - - 2007
BACKGROUND: p53 is a tumour suppressor gene, which is mutated in more than half of all tumours. Most chemotherapeutic drugs cause DNA damage, which is sensed by p53; the cell can then try to repair the damage or induce cell suicide. If the p53 machinery is defective, effective chemotherapy is ...
Nafz Julia - - 2007
Carcinogenesis is a dynamic and stepwise process, which is accompanied by a variety of somatic and epigenetic alterations in response to a changing microenvironment. Hypoxic conditions will select for cells that have adjusted their metabolic profile and can maintain proliferation by successfully competing for scarce nutritional and oxygen resources. In ...
Roos W P - - 2007
Exposure of stem cells to genotoxins may lead to embryonic lethality or teratogenic effects. This can be prevented by efficient DNA repair or by eliminating genetically damaged cells. Using undifferentiated mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells as a pluripotent model system, we compared ES cells with differentiated cells, with regard to ...
Wittlinger Michael - - 2007
PURPOSE: Proper detection of DNA damage and signal transduction to other proteins following irradiation (IR) is essential for cellular integrity. The serine 15 (Ser15) on p53 is crucial for p53 stabilization and a requirement for transient and permanent cell cycle arrest. Here, we sought to determine the relationship between p53 ...
Mu C - - 2007
Quercetin is a flavonoid ubiquitously found in nature. The therapeutic effect of quercetin on human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) was evaluated in this study. Various groups were incubated with different doses of quercetin for 12-, 24-, 48- and 72-h time duration and compared with control groups. Dose- and time-dependent inhibition ...
Cheon Gi Jeong - - 2007
We investigated the relations between the cell uptakes of metabolic radiotracers and beta-radiation pretreatment using a dominant mutant p53 (p53mt) cell line to evaluate the effects of p53 genes on (18)F labeled positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer uptakes. METHODS: pCMV-Neo-Bam (control), which contains a neo-resistance marker, and p53 dominant-negative mutant ...
Toillon Robert-Alain - - 2007
PURPOSE: Sequential administration of radiotherapy and endocrine therapy is considered to be a standard adjuvant treatment of breast cancer. Recent clinical reports suggest that radiotherapy could be more efficient in association with endocrine therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the estrogen effects on irradiated breast cancer cells ...
Strauss Sandra J - - 2007
Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor with proven efficacy in multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This study reports the effects of bortezomib in B-cell lymphoma cell lines with differing sensitivity to bortezomib to investigate factors that influence sensitivity. Bortezomib induced a time- and concentration-dependent reduction in cell viability in five lymphoma ...
An Ping P Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, 238 Jiefang Road, Wuhan 430060, Hubei Province, - - 2007
To investigate the effects of KN-93, a CaMKII selective inhibitor on cell proliferation and the expression of p53 or p21 protein in human hepatic stellate cells. Human hepatic stellate cells (LX-2) were incubated with various concentrations (0-50 micromol/L) of KN-93 or its inactive derivative, KN-92. Cell proliferation was measured by ...
Wang Jing - - 2007
PIK3CA, encoding the p110alpha catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), is mutated in a variety of human cancers. We screened the colon cancer cell lines previously established in our laboratory for PIK3CA mutations and found that four of them harbored gain of function mutations. We have now compared a panel ...
Yow C M N - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy and mechanism of delta- or 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) on a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The optimal uptake of photosensitizer ALA in HepG2 (p53 wild) cells was investigated by means of spectrometric measurement. Cell viability was determined by trypan ...
Mumbuc S - - 2007
Immunoreactivity of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Ki67 and p53 in inflammatory nasal polyp and inverted papilloma tissues was investigated. Immunohistochemistry was performed using a standard avidin-biotin-peroxidase method, and the immunoreactivity of PCNA, Ki67 and p53 was quantified by counting immunostained nuclei in at least 1000 epithelial cells. The mean ...
Dornetshuber Rita - - 2007
Worldwide, multiple Fusarium mycotoxins occur as contaminants of cereals with important impacts on human and animal health. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the widespread Fusarium secondary metabolite enniatin (ENN), a cyclic hexadepsipeptide, on human cell growth and survival. While short-term exposure (up to 8 ...
Yang Y-C - - 2007
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors. PPARgamma agonists inhibit the growth of many types of cancers. To our knowledge, the effect of PPARgamma agonist on ovarian tumors is not reported. In this study, we used two human ovarian ...
Navrátilová Jarmila - - 2007
The p53 protein can control cell cycle progression, programmed cell death, and differentiation of many cell types. Ectopic expression of p53 can resume capability of cell cycle arrest, differentiation, and apoptosis in various leukemic cell lines. In this work, we expressed human p53 protein in v-Myb-transformed chicken monoblasts. We found ...
Suga Shin - - 2007
We previously demonstrated that that the Ras/ER/MDM2 pathway was critical for NIH3T3 cell transformation. In this study, we examined the effect of blocking this pathway on cell growth in gynecologic cancer cells. (1) The levels of MDM2, ER, p53 and p21 in endometrial or ovarian cancer cell lines were investigated ...
Cang Yong - - 2007
The mammalian epidermis is maintained by proliferation and differentiation of epidermal progenitor cells in a stereotyped developmental program. Here we report that tissue-specific deletion of the UV-damaged DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1) in mouse epidermis led to dramatic accumulation of c-Jun and p21Cip1, arrest of cell cycle at G(2)/M, selective apoptosis ...
Tsuno Takaya - - 2007
Cell division is an elemental process, and mainly consists of chromosome segregation and subsequent cytokinesis. Some errors in this process have the possibility of leading to carcinogenesis. Aurora-B is known as a chromosomal passenger protein that regulates cell division. In our previous studies of giant cell glioblastoma, we reported that ...
Flores-Delgado Guillermo - - 2007
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) catalytic subunits typically combine with other proteins that modulate their activity, direct them to distinct substrates, or serve as substrates for PP1. More than 50 PP1-interacting proteins (PIPs) have been identified so far. Given there are approximately 10 000 phosphoproteins in mammals, many PIPs remain to ...
Davis R Eric - - 2007
A cell-sensor assay for stabilization of IkappaBalpha was developed in the activated B cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell line OCI-Ly3. This cell line expresses known nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) target genes due to high constitutive activity of IkappaB kinase (IKK), which phosphorylates the protein IkappaBalpha leading to proteasomal degradation ...
Tokalov S V - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Both heat shock (HS) and ionizing radiation have an impact on the cell cycle and may induce cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. Mutations of the p53 gene are observed at a high frequency in human tumours and are recognized in about half of all human cancers. Sensitivity to radiation, ...
Roepke Martin - - 2007
We have recently shown that thymoquinone (TQ) is an antineoplastic drug that induces p53-dependent apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. This study evaluated the antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of TQ in two human osteosarcoma cell lines with different p53 mutation status. TQ decreased cell survival dose-dependently and, more significantly, in ...
Yan Junli - - 2007
Tight regulation of p53 is essential for maintaining normal cell growth. Here we report that BLIMP1 acts in an autoregulatory feedback loop that controls p53 activity through repression of p53 transcription. p53 binds to and positively regulates BLIMP1, which encodes for a known B cell transcriptional repressor. Knockdown of BLIMP1 ...
Nakamura Yohko - - 2007
p53 is a key modulator of a variety of cellular stresses. In human neuroblastomas, p53 is rarely mutated and aberrantly expressed in cytoplasm. In this study, we have identified a novel p53 mutant lacking its COOH-terminal region in neuroblastoma SK-N-AS cells. p53 accumulated in response to cisplatin (CDDP) and thereby ...
Matthews David J - - 2007
Chk1 and Chk2 kinases are critically involved in modulating DNA damage checkpoints. In particular, Chk1, a key activator of the S-phase DNA damage response, may be involved in resistance to genotoxic therapies that target DNA synthesis. We studied the in vitro and in vivo effects of EXEL-9844 (XL844), a potent, ...
Jiang Lei - - 2008
The p53 gene is a tumor suppressor gene. It encodes a nuclear phosphoprotein p53 involved in the regulation of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis to maintain the genomic integrity of the cell. As mutations of p53 gene are found in most human cancers, p53 protein becomes a hot target in ...
Feagins Linda A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: For patients with Barrett's esophagus, physicians commonly prescribe antisecretory medications in dosages above those required to heal reflux esophagitis because acid has been shown to have proproliferative and antiapoptotic effects on Barrett's cancer cells and on Barrett's mucosal explants. For a number of reasons, these model systems may not ...
Geranmayeh Fatemeh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although gemistocytic astrocytomas are graded as World Health Organization II astrocytomas, they behave more aggressively than other astrocytomas. Their proliferative potential is low, and it remains an intriguing question why these tumors are so biologically "successful." They show a high mutation rate of the P53 gene, cytological abnormalities, and ...
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