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Results 301 - 350 of 1468
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Silva Ana A Unidade de Biologia do Cancro, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, - - 2008
Mutations in the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene leading to PTEN protein deletion and subsequent activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway are common in cancer. Here we show that PTEN inactivation in human T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells is not always synonymous with PTEN gene lesions and ...
Jung Peter - - 2008
In the majority of human tumors, expression of the c-MYC oncogene becomes constitutive. Here, we report that c-MYC directly regulates the expression of AP4 via CACGTG motifs in the first intron of the AP4 gene. Induction of AP4 was required for c-MYC-mediated cell cycle reentry of anti-estrogen arrested breast cancer ...
Ortiz Trinidad - - 2008
The radiosensitizing effect of wortmannin (WM) treatment during and after irradiation was studied in radioresistant bladder tumor cell lines with normal (MGH-U1 cells) or defective p53 activity (RT112 cells). WM modulated G(2)/M cell cycle arrest induced by higher X-ray doses (10 Gy) in both cell lines, although the alteration was ...
Najjar Imen - - 2008
Alternate splicing of STAT1 produces two isoforms: alpha, known as the active form, and beta, previously shown to act as a dominant-negative factor. Most studies have dealt with STAT1alpha, showing its involvement in cell growth control and cell death. To examine the specific function of either isoform in cell death, ...
Ahmed Mohamed M - - 2008
Ameloblastoma (AB) is a locally invasive neoplasm with a potentially destructive behavior. The molecular mechanisms that regulate its cell growth are not yet fully understood. Intervention between G1 cell cycle regulatory proteins could participate in its pathogenesis. P53 gene status implied that p53 mutation might play a role in its ...
Chan Kuei-Chuan - - 2008
Simvastatin was reported to attenuate platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced vascular smooth muscle proliferation by up-regulation of cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p27, but had no effect on p16, p21, p53 expression. We investigate the mechanisms by which simvastatin inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth in high glucose conditions to ...
Bataller Marc - - 2008
During a normal cell cycle, polyploidy and aneuploidy can be prevented by several checkpoints, which are mainly p53 dependent. Here, we show that treatment of HCT-116 (p53+/+) colon carcinoma cells with the novel antitumor antibiotic mithramycin SK (MSK) results in polyploidization and mitotic catastrophe, which occurs after a transient halt ...
Cyr Louis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are several studies documenting that organosulfur compounds show promise as anticancer agents. Although some mechanisms of the antiproliferative activity of naturally occurring organosulfur compounds have been elucidated, few studies have reported the differential response of human breast cells to these compounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of the ...
Laytragoon-Lewin Nongnit - - 2009
Radiotherapy is the most frequently used and cheapest treatment both for curative and palliative purposes in HNSCC. Despite advances in technology and intensive treatments with radiation, only half of the patients are cured. New therapeutic approaches focusing on the molecular mechanism that mediate tumour cell growth or cell death in ...
Qiu Huiying - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report here a new acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) cell line SH-2 and describe its biological characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mononuclear cells isolated from a patient with AML-M2 subtype were passaged by liquid culture medium. Interleukin-3 and bone marrow stromal cells were used to support cell proliferation at the ...
Wesierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2008
Escape from the proper control of the cell cycle by up-regulation of cyclins or aberrant activation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) as well as by inactivation of cellular inhibitors of CDKs (CKI) leads to malignant transformation. Loss of cellular CKIs in cancers provided a rationale for development of pharmacological inhibitors of ...
Hamamoto Tomoyuki - - 2008
PURPOSE: Quercetin (QCT), an important flavonol, is known to sensitize tumour cells to hyperthermia by suppressing heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) induction, and is also reported to inhibit p53 accumulation. This study was conducted to examine the effects of QCT on the heat sensitivities of human tumour cell lines with ...
Singhal Ghata - - 2008
We previously showed that in quiescent cells p300/CBP negatively regulates the cell cycle G1-S transition by keeping c-Myc in a repressed state and that adenovirus E1A induces c-Myc by binding to p300/CBP. Studies have shown that p300/CBP binding to simian virus 40 large T is indirect and mediated by p53. ...
Wei Zheng-Li - - 2008
In this study, we aimed at evaluating the possible enhancing effect exerted by the combined use of sodium butyrate (SB) and X-rays on eradicating the human colorectal cancer cell line HCT 116 containing wild-type p53. We assessed the effect of this combination on the molecular pathways leading to cell death. ...
O'Donnell Joshua D - - 2008
Breast and ovarian cancer patients with germline mutations in BRCA1 respond more favorably to initial chemotherapy. We previously reported that cells from women carrying the BRCA1 185delAG founder mutation undergo an enhanced caspase-3-mediated apoptotic response. Here, we report on the transient and stable transfection of cDNA coding for the putative ...
Sedic Mirela - - 2008
In the present article, we describe a mechanistic study of a novel derivative of N-amidino-substituted benzimidazo[1,2-alpha]quinoline in two human colorectal cancer cell lines differing in p53 gene status. We used a proteomic approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry to complement the results obtained by common molecular ...
Deli Dimitra - - 2008
A variety of lower eukaryotes and certain mammalian cells are known to constitutively secrete lysosomal hydrolases. Recent studies in Tetrahymena have shown that phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate regulates the proper secretion of lysosomal enzymes at the level of phagolysosome formation. We extend these findings by studying the secretion-deficient strain MS-1 of Tetrahymena ...
Nesic Dobrila - - 2008
With nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and p53 functions generally having disparate outcomes for cell survival and cell division, understanding how these pathways are coordinated following a common activation signal such as DNA damage has important implications for cancer therapy. Conflicting reports concerning NF-kappaB and p53 interplay in different cell line models ...
Kawahara Masahiro - - 2008
Down-regulation of the Kpm/Lats2 tumor suppressor is observed in various malignancies and associated with poor prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We documented that Kpm/Lats2 was markedly decreased in several leukemias that were highly resistant to conventional chemotherapy. Silencing of Kpm/Lats2 expression in leukemic cells did not change the rate of ...
Pierini R - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that the proanthocyanidin-mediated induction of apoptosis and arrest of the cell cycle in cancer cells was associated with up-regulation of p21(Cip1/WAF1) (p21), suggesting that p21 may be the molecular mediator of the observed effects. Here we show that procyanidins induce a rapid and sustained arrest of ...
Mihaylova Valia T - - 2008
Mutations in p53 are a common cause of resistance of cancers to standard chemotherapy and, thus, treatment failure. Reports have shown that Tax, a human T-cell leukemia virus type I encoded protein that has been associated with genomic instability and perturbation of transcription and cell cycle, sensitizes HeLa cells to ...
Park Sang Eun - - 2008
We previously reported that HS-1200, a synthetic chenodeoxycholic acid derivative, has apoptosis-inducing activity in various human cancer cells. The present study was undertaken to examine whether HS-1200 had an anticancer effect on HepG2 (wild-type p53) and Hep3B (p53 deleted) human hepatoma cells. Treatment of both cells with HS-1200 resulted in ...
Jung Kyung-Jin - - 2008
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of the aggressive and fatal disease adult T-cell leukemia. Previous studies have demonstrated that the HTLV-1-encoded Tax protein inhibits the function of tumor suppressor p53 through a Tax-induced NF-kappaB pathway. Given these attributes, we were interested in the activity ...
Alexaki Vasileia-Ismini - - 2008
JNK1/2 proteins belong to the family of stress-activated protein kinases. They play a complex role in growth regulation, inducing either cell death or growth support. In this report, we provide evidence that, in human melanoma cells, JNK inhibition with the small molecule inhibitor SP600125 induces either predominantly a G2/M arrest ...
Ranuncolo Stella Maris - - 2008
The BCL6 oncogenic transcriptional repressor is required for development of germinal center centroblasts, which undergo simultaneous genetic recombination and massive clonal expansion. Although BCL6 is required for survival of centroblasts, its expression in earlier B-cells is toxic. Understanding these opposing effects could provide critical insight into normal B-cell biology and ...
Bijnsdorp I V - - 2008
Trifluorothymidine (TFT), a potent anticancer agent, inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS) and is incorporated into the DNA, both events resulting in cell death. Cell death induction related to DNA damage often involves activation of p53. We determined the role of p53 in TFT cytotoxicity and cell death induction, using, respectively, the ...
Cerquetti L - - 2008
Mitotane, 1,1-dichloro-2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2-(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (o,p'-DDD) is an agent with adrenotoxic effect, which is able to block cortisol synthesis. This drug and radiotherapy are used also in adrenal cancer treatment even if their biological action in this neoplasia remains unknown. We investigated the effects of o,p'-DDD and ionizing radiations (IR) on cell growth ...
Moran D M - - 2008
P53 wild-type and p53-null or mutant cells undergo a G(2)-phase cell-cycle arrest in response to ionizing radiation (IR). In this study we examined the effect of heat-shock protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitor, geldanamycin (GA), on IR-induced G(2) arrest in human colon adenocarcinoma cells with different p53 status. We show that GA ...
Barbarotto Elisa - - 2008
We have compared the cytotoxic/cytostatic responses of the SKW6.4 lymphoblastoid B-cells to the alkylating agent chlorambucil, the purine analog fludarabine, the non-genotoxic activator of the p53 pathway, Nutlin-3, used alone or in association with the death-inducing ligand recombinant TRAIL. Exposure to chlorambucil, fludarabine, and Nutlin-3 induced p53 accumulation and variably ...
Lee Ming Kei - - 2008
p53 is the most frequently mutated tumour-suppressor gene in human cancers. Mutant p53 is thought to contribute to carcinogenesis by the acquisition of gain-of-function properties or through the exertion of dominant-negative (DN) effects over the remaining wild-type protein. However, the context in which the DN effects are observed is not ...
Hinds Philip W - - 2008
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Basak et al. (2008) identify Prl-3 as a p53-inducible gene acting in DNA damage-induced cell-cycle arrest. Both deletion and overexpression of Prl-3 can be cytostatic, adding to a growing list of genes whose expression must be carefully titrated for proper cell proliferation.
Zhao Yunfeng - - 2008
The activity of NADPH oxidase is increased in malignant skin keratinocytes. We demonstrated that inhibition of NADPH oxidase activity by diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) suppressed free radical production, inhibited cell growth and promoted cell differentiation of B16 melanoma cells, as indicated by cell morphology, increased production of melanin, and increased expression of ...
Patel Bhavinkumar B BB Division of Basic Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111-2497, - - 2008
Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec, Novartis, Basel, Switzerland) is a small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor with activity against ABL, BCR-ABL, c-KIT, and PDGFR alpha. Several clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy and safety of imatinib in patients with ovarian carcinoma who have persistent or recurrent disease following front-line platinum/taxane based chemotherapy. However, there ...
Zhu Ningxi N Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2008
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and p53 pathways play antiapoptotic and proapoptotic roles in cell death, respectively. Cancer cell growth and progression are associated with high levels of PI3K/Akt activation by loss of PTEN expression and the inactivation of p53 by MDM2 overexpression. We report that inhibition of PI3K/Akt, either by ...
Weber Axel A Institute of Molecular Biology and Tumour Research (IMT), Marburg, - - 2008
In response to stimuli that activate p53, cells can undergo either apoptosis or cell cycle arrest, depending on the precise pattern of p53 target genes that is activated. We show here that Zbtb4, a transcriptional repressor protein, associates with the Sin3/histone deacetylase co-repressor and represses expression of P21CIP1 as part ...
Carvalho Helotonio - - 2008
P53 activation is one of the main signals after DNA damage, controlling cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and apoptosis. We have previously shown that confluent nucleotide excision repair (NER)-deficient cells are more resistant to apoptosis induced by ultraviolet irradiation (UV). Here, we further investigated the effect of cell confluence on ...
Pärssinen Jenita - - 2008
PPM1D is an oncogene that is amplified and overexpressed in many human tumors, including breast cancer. It functions as a negative regulator of the p38 MAP kinase-p53 signaling pathway and is also proposed to participate in other critical cell survival pathways. To define the functional significance of PPM1D specifically in ...
Wang Jia - - 2008
Proliferation, apoptosis and p53 protein expression in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells were investigated. Twenty peripheral blood tissue specimens (PBTS) comprising 7 cases of acute type ATL, 7 cases of chronic type ATL and 6 other leukemias were examined by means of antigen retrieval and the polymer method employing anti-Ki67 ...
Park Sang-ki - - 2008
9-anilinoacridine contains a tricyclic and planar aromatic structure that enables DNA intercalation and inhibition of topoisomerase II. Two recently developed sulfide derivatives of 9-anilinoacridines, 2-({4-[4-(acridin-9-ylamino)phenylthio]phenyl}(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)ethan-1-ol (CK0402) and 3-({4-[4-(acridin-9-ylamino)phenylthio]phenyl}(3-hydroxypropyl)amino)propan-1-ol (CK0403), displayed potent cytotoxic activity in multiple cancer cell lines. In-vitro enzymatic assay demonstrated that CK0402 and CK0403 directly inhibit decatenation reaction ...
Tategu Moe - - 2008
Here, we attempted to identify novel target genes of genistein in human A549 cells. Using analysis of proteins related to cell cycle and apoptotic pathways, we confirmed an elevated level of p53 accompanying p21 Waf1/Cip1 protein in genistein-treated or genistin-treated A549 and WI-38 cells, but not in HeLa cells. In ...
Wesierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2008
It is generally accepted that exposure of cells to a variety of DNA-damaging agents leads to up-regulation and activation of wild-type (wt) p53 protein. We investigated the (re)-activation of p53 protein in two human cancer cell lines in which the gene for this tumor suppressor is not mutated: HeLaS(3) cervix ...
Tampio M - - 2008
Although benzo(a)pyrene (BP) induces apoptosis in vitro in murine Hepa1c1c7 cells and in vivo indications of apoptosis in rat lung exist, related cellular mechanisms in human cells are not known. p53 protein participates in several apoptotic processes. We found that BP induces cell death in human MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cells ...
Wong Stephen H K - - 2008
The involvement of p53 and p21 signal pathway in the G2/M cell cycle progression of zinc-supplemented normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells was examined using the small interferring RNA (siRNA) approach. Cells were cultured for one passage in a different concentration of zinc: <0.4 microM (ZD) as zinc deficient; 4 ...
Souid-Mensi Ghada - - 2008
Okadaic acid (OA) is a polyether fatty acid produced mainly by dinoflagellates causing diarrhoeic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in humans. To resolve the controversies concerning its genotoxicity in vitro, we have investigated eventual specific cellular response in DOK, Caco-2 (Deltap53/p53(-)), HepG-2 and C6 glioma cells using the DNA damage detection test ...
Shih Rita S M - - 2008
An adequate zinc status is essential for optimal cellular functions and growth. Yet, excessive zinc supplementation can be cytotoxic and can impair cell growth. Gadd45 plays a vital role as cellular stress sensor in the modulation of cell signal transduction in response to stress. The present study was designed to ...
Kim Young-Myeong - - 2008
The tumor suppressor gene p53 regulates apoptotic cell death and the cell cycle. In this study, we investigated the role of p53 in nitric oxide (NO)-induced apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We found that the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) increased apoptotic cell death in p53-deficient VSMCs compared with ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2008
We observed that treatment of prostate cancer cells for 24 h with wogonin, a naturally occurring monoflavonoid, induced cell death in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Exposure of wogonin to LNCaP cells was associated with increased intracellular levels of p21(Cip-1), p27(Kip-1), p53, and PUMA, oligomerization of Bax, release of cytochrome ...
Lei M - - 2008
We previously reported that polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) depletion by lentivirus-based RNA interference led to mitotic arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells, whereas normal diploid cell lines, hTERT-RPE1 and MCF10A, survived a similar level of depletion. To study homogeneous cell lines, we generated several Plk1-depleted hTERT-RPE1 and MCF10A clones that ...
Takezawa Jun - - 2008
When a replicative DNA polymerase encounters a lesion on the template strand and stalls, it is replaced with another polymerase(s) with low processivity that bypasses the lesion to continue DNA synthesis. This phenomenon is known as translesion replication or replicative bypass. Failing this, the cell is increasingly likely to undergo ...
Campregher C - - 2008
Chronic inflammation in ulcerative colitis is associated with increased risk for colorectal cancer. Its molecular pathway of cancer development is poorly understood. We investigated the role of neutrophil-derived cellular stress in an in vitro model of neutrophils as effectors and colon epithelial cells as targets, and tested for changes in ...
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