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Results 201 - 250 of 1468
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Nikpour P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The Nucleostemin (NS) gene encodes a nucleolar protein enriched in adult and embryonic stem cells. NS is thought to regulate cancer cell proliferation, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. In this study, we have investigated the role of NS in bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of NS ...
Kim Hyo-Jin - - 2009
Osteopontin (OPN) is highly expressed in cancer patients and plays important roles in many stages of tumor progression, such as anti-apoptosis, proliferation, and metastasis. From functional screening of human cDNA library, we isolated OPN as a caspase-8 substrate that regulates cell death during hypoxia/reoxygenation (Hyp/RO). In vitro cleavage assays demonstrate ...
King M L ML Southern Illinois University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA. - - 2010
American ginseng and its ginsenoside constituents have been shown to exert anti-cancer effects although the mechanism of action remains unclear. The present study determined the effects of water-extracted ginseng (GE) or its ginsenoside (GF) and polysaccharide (PS) fractions on the proliferation of human colon cancer cells and examined the role ...
Kawamura Teruhisa T Gene Expression Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2009
Reprogramming somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has been accomplished by expressing pluripotency factors and oncogenes, but the low frequency and tendency to induce malignant transformation compromise the clinical utility of this powerful approach. We address both issues by investigating the mechanisms limiting reprogramming efficiency in somatic cells. ...
Kim Seo Young - - 2009
We investigated the antiproliferative effects of the cytoplasmic fraction of Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis (L.lac CF) on the SNU-1 human stomach cancer cell line. The proliferation of SNU-1 cells was inhibited by treatment with L.lac CF in a time- and dose-dependent manner. L.lac CF caused G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, which ...
Pan Yu - - 2009
Recent advances in cell cycle regulation have led to a suggestion of therapeutically targeting cell cycle checkpoint pathways in cancer cells to increase the toxicity of DNA-damaging agents. In this study, we investigate whether knockdowns of checkpoint kinases Chk1 and Chk2 by RNA interfering potentiate the cytotoxicity and abrogate G(2)/M ...
Ferecatu Ioana - - 2009
p53 protein plays a central role in suppressing tumorigenesis by inducing cell cycle arrest or apoptosis through transcription-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Emerging publications suggest that following stress, a fraction of p53 translocates to mitochondria to induce cytochrome c release and apoptosis. However, the localization of p53 under unstressed conditions remains ...
Phadke Manali S - - 2009
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a multifunctional protein that acts at the intersection of energy metabolism and stress response in tumor cells. To elucidate the role of GAPDH in chemotherapy-induced stress, we analyzed its activity, protein level, intracellular distribution, and intranuclear mobility in human carcinoma cells A549 and UO31 after ...
Zhang Yanhong Y Center for Comparative Oncology, Schools of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, - - 2009
p53 regulates an array of target genes, which mediates p53 tumor suppression by inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and cell survival. G protein-coupled receptors belong to a superfamily of cell surface molecules and are known to regulate cell proliferation, migration, and survival. Here, we found that G protein-coupled receptor 87 ...
Kr??lov?? Vera - - 2009
Sodium selenite has been reported to interfere with cell growth and proliferation and to induce cell death. Despite of our current knowledge, details about its effects on growth and behavior of colonocytes with differing p53 status remain unknown. In our study, we evaluated the antiproliferative, cell cycle specific and proapoptotic ...
López-Vicente Laura - - 2009
The control of senescence and its biochemical pathways is a crucial factor for understanding cell transformation. In a large RNA interference screen, the RSK4 gene was found to be related to p53-dependent arrest. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential role of RSK4 as a tumor ...
Zhang Li-Ying - - 2009
Astrocytic tumors are the most common brain tumors with various genetic defects. As a tumor suppressor gene, Axin could control cell death and growth. Axin possesses a separate domain that directly interacts with p53 and regulates the activity of p53 pathway. Our aims were to elucidate the effects of Axin ...
Zhang Lei - - 2009
The tumor suppressor p53 plays a key role in the regulation of cell cycle, apoptosis, DNA repair, and senescence. It acts as a transcriptional factor, and is able to activate various genes to exert specific functions. MDM2, the main regulator of p53, inhibits the function of p53 through direct interaction. ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2009
This study is the first to investigate the anticancer effect of isoliquiritigenin (ISL) in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. The results reveal that ISL inhibits HeLa cells by blocking cell cycle progression in the G2/M phase and inducing apoptosis. Blockade of cell cycle is associated with increased activation of ataxia ...
Lu Jie - - 2009
A variety of mechanisms maintain the integrity of the genome in the face of cell stress. Cancer cell response to chemotherapeutic and radiation-induced DNA damage is mediated by multiple defense mechanisms including polo-like kinase 1 (Plk-1), protein kinase B (Akt-1), and/or p53 pathways leading to either apoptosis or cell cycle ...
Gadbail A R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biological aggressiveness of odontogenic keratocyst/keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KCOT), radicular cyst (RC) and dentigerous cyst (DC) by observing the actual proliferative activity of epithelium, and p53 protein expression. METHODS: The actual proliferative activity was measured by Ki-67 Labelling Index and argyrophilic ...
Kraljević Pavelić Sandra - - 2009
PURPOSE: p53 gene plays a crucial role in the response to therapy. Since it is inactivated in the majority of human cancers, it is strongly believed that the p53 mutations confer resistance to therapeutics. In this paper we analyzed the influence of two mechanistically diverse antitumor agents--cisplatin and methotrexate on ...
Bauer Sebastian - - 2010
Inadequate response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy is associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced malignant testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs), especially of the nonseminomatous type. Novel chemotherapeutic agents have failed so far to significantly improve the outcome of such patients. The majority of these tumours express low levels of p53, ...
Lee Eun-Woo - - 2009
Makorin Ring Finger Protein 1 (MKRN1) is a transcriptional co-regulator and an E3 ligase. Here, we show that MKRN1 simultaneously functions as a differentially negative regulator of p53 and p21. In normal conditions, MKRN1 could destabilize both p53 and p21 through ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation. As a result, depletion of ...
Crea Francesco - - 2009
Irinotecan is a topoisomerase-I (Top-I) inhibitor used for the treatment of colorectal cancer. DNA demethylating agents, including 5-azacytidine (5-aza), display synergistic antitumor activity with several chemotherapy drugs. 5-Aza may enhance irinotecan cytotoxicity by at least one of the following mechanisms: (a) Top-I promoter demethylation, (b) activation of genes involved in ...
Molenaar Jan J - - 2009
Two genes have a synthetically lethal relationship when the silencing or inhibiting of 1 gene is only lethal in the context of a mutation or activation of the second gene. This situation offers an attractive therapeutic strategy, as inhibition of such a gene will only trigger cell death in tumor ...
Liu Jing - - 2009
The aim of the study was to discover possible differential cytotoxicity of triptolide towards estrogen-sensitive MCF-7 versus estrogen-insensitive MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Considering that MCF-7 cells express functional Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and wild-type p53, whereas MDA-MB-231 cells which are ERalpha-negative express mutant p53, the anti-proliferation effect of triptolide ...
Miyachi Mitsuru - - 2009
PURPOSE: Seventy to eighty percent of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) tumors retain wild-type p53. The tumor suppressor p53 plays a central role in inducing cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in response to various stresses. p53 protein levels are regulated by MDM2 through ubiquitin-dependent degradation. In this study, we evaluated whether nutlin-3, a ...
Roubalová Eva - - 2010
In this study, we characterized the effects of LA-12 on tumor cell lines possessing wild type p53 and on p53-deficient/mutant cell lines and the results were compared to those obtained using cisplatin. We have determined changes of p53 levels, of its transcriptional activity, of its posttranscriptional modifications and the effect ...
Wang Yuan - - 2009
Recent studies have identified genes and core pathways that are altered in human glioblastoma. However, the mechanisms by which alterations of these glioblastoma genes singly and cooperatively transform brain cells remain poorly understood. Further, the cell of origin of glioblastoma is largely elusive. By targeting a p53 in-frame deletion mutation ...
Panno M L - - 2009
Psoralens (5-MOP and 8-MOP), a class of naturally occurring compounds, in combination with ultraviolect light are potent modulators of epidermal cell growth and differentiation. For a long time, photo-chemotherapy has been used in the treatment of psoriasis where it can reduce the number of cycling keratinocytes and decrease the IGF-1 ...
Ahmed Mohamed M - - 2009
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) represents a major health problem worldwide. It is therefore essential to develop a deeper understanding of its biology. Beside the recent hypothesis of cancer stem cells, the consideration of its cell death and cell proliferation has emerged as important diagnostic and prognostic tools. PURPOSE OD ...
Lee Eun-Woo - - 2009
In this study, we use promoter analysis to show that interaction between Jab1 and p53 induces suppression of p53 activation in U2OS and H1299 cells. Interaction between p53 and Jab1 was further confirmed by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescent analyses. In particular, Jab1 was able to induce nuclear export of p53 as ...
Gao Daming - - 2009
APC/Cdh1 is a major cell cycle regulator and its function has been implicated in DNA damage repair; however, its exact role remains unclear. Using affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry, we identified Claspin as a novel Cdh1-interacting protein and further demonstrated that Claspin is a novel Cdh1 ubiquitin substrate. As ...
McDonough Holly - - 2009
Our previous studies have implicated CHIP (carboxyl terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein) as a co-chaperone/ubiquitin ligase whose activities yield protection against stress-induced apoptotic events. In this report, we demonstrate a stress-dependent interaction between CHIP and Daxx (death domain-associated protein). This interaction interferes with the stress-dependent association of HIPK2 with Daxx, blocking ...
Carter B Z - - 2009
Kinesin spindle protein (KSP), a microtubule-associated motor protein essential for cell cycle progression, is overexpressed in many cancers and is a potential anti-tumor target. We found that inhibition of KSP by a selective inhibitor, ARRY-520, blocked cell cycle progression, leading to apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines that express ...
Dalgard Clifton L - - 2009
PURPOSE: The role of miR-34a, a p53-regulated microRNA, in retinoblastoma (RB) was investigated. METHODS: The expression of miR-34 family members in RB cells was determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR and real-time qPCR. Regulation of miR-34a expression by p53-activating compounds was determined by qPCR analysis. The tumor suppressor functions of miR-34a in ...
Jung-Hynes Brittney - - 2009
Prostate cancer (PCa), next only to skin cancer, is the most commonly occurring malignancy in men in the US. Aging is recognized as a major risk factor for this neoplasm as a man's chance for developing this disease significantly increases with increasing age. Because aging is inevitable, Americans are living ...
Kopanja D D Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60607, - - 2009
The Cul4A gene, which encodes a core component of a cullin-based E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, is overexpressed in breast and hepatocellular cancers. In breast cancers, overexpression of Cul4A strongly correlates with poor prognosis. In addition, Cul4A is required for early embryonic development. The early lethality of mouse embryos prevented a ...
Sun Ji-Yuan - - 2009
Swainsonine, an extract from Astragalus membranaceus, is known for its anti-cancer effects and could prevent metastases. In order to investigate the effects and mechanisms of swainsonine in C6 glioma cells, we carry out correlated experiments in vitro and in vivo. After treatment with swainsonine, the effective dose and IC(50) value ...
Renouf B - - 2009
p53 inactivation is often observed in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells, because of either mutations in p53 gene or an overexpression of the p53-negative regulator MDM2. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is present in virtually 100% of BL cases occurring in endemic areas, but in only 10-20% of sporadic cases. In EBV(-) BL ...
Tampio Marjo - - 2009
Benzo(a)pyrene (BP) forms benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE)-DNA adducts in human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells, leading to p53 protein induction and phosphorylation. Although BP-induced apoptosis in rodent cells is known, it is still unclear in human cells. Here we have analyzed the effects of BP on p53 related apoptotic proteins, cell cycle and ...
Senovilla Laura - - 2009
Tetraploidy may constitute a metastable state leading to numeric and structural chromosome abnormalities that are associated with cancer. Here, we show that cultured primary p53(-/-) (but not wild type, WT) mouse mammary epithelial cells (MMECs) accumulate a tetraploid sub-population in vitro. This occurs spontaneously, yet can be exacerbated by the ...
Di Gennaro Elena - - 2009
Despite the introduction of several novel anticancer agents almost 50% of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients die for cancer suggesting the necessity of new therapeutical approaches. In this study we demonstrated that the HDAC inhibitor vorinostat exerted potent antiproliferative effect in a panel of mut- and wt-p53 human CRC cell lines. ...
Chow Louise T - - 2009
A simple, efficient system has been developed to produce high titers of infectious human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18) in organotypic raft cultures of primary human keratinocytes (PHKs). Molecular characterization elucidated key early and late events in the reproductive program. The system obviates the need for immortalized cells and allows the ...
Mishra Pradyumna Kumar - - 2009
The toxic response of cultured human colon epithelial-FHC cells to methyl isocyanate was investigated with regard to genomic instability. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of the extent of phosphorylation of DNA damage signaling factors such as ATM, gammaH2AX and p53, was increased in treated cells compared to controls. At the same ...
Tao Yungan - - 2009
Checkpoint kinase-1 (CHK1) is a key regulator of the DNA damage-elicited G(2)-M checkpoints. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a selective CHK1 inhibitor, Chir124, on cell survival and cell cycle progression following ionizing radiation (IR). Treatment with Chir-124 resulted in reduced clonogenic survival and ...
Chen George G GG Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong. - - 2009
ZBP-89 inhibits the some tumor cells but its role in HCC is unknown. We investigated effect of ZBP-89 on cell death of 5 HCC cell lines with different status of p53. We found that ZBP-89 significantly induced cell death of all HCC cells particularly those with wild-type p53. The inhibition ...
Lee S-H - - 2009
p53 is eliminated from K-Ras-mutated cancer cells through direct interaction with Snail. However, it is not achieved through proteasome-mediated degradation or transcriptional repression. Here we provide evidence that p53, binding with Snail, is exported from a K-Ras-mutated cell through a vesicle transport-like mechanism, independently using a p53-nuclear-exporting mechanism. Although we ...
Mansilla Sylvia - - 2009
HCT116 (p53(+/+)) human colon carcinoma cells treated with nanomolar concentrations of doxorubicin underwent transient senescence, synthesized DNA, showed endopolyploidization, increased their size and became multinucleated without a significant increase in mitosis. Nuclei underwent a budding process that involved the release of buds outside the nuclear membrane, and some of the ...
Sun Yi - - 2009
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a high-incidence malignancy in Southern China and Southeast Asia. Although mutation of p53 tumor-suppressor gene is a rare event in NPC, NPC has a high frequency of overexpressed/accumulated p53 protein, which was reported to be dysfunction or inactivation in most of NPC. We report here a ...
Yoshida Mitsuzi - - 2009
Gnidimacrin (NSC252940) shows significant antiproliferating activity against human tumor cell lines. This compound binds to and directly activates protein kinase C (PKC). Human hepatoma HLE cells, which lose p53 function and retinoblastoma protein (Rb) expression, are resistant to gnidimacrin. However, PKC betaII gene-transfected HLE (HLE/PKC betaII) cells became sensitive to ...
Gao Fangming - - 2009
Our previous studies showed that the depletion of the outer kinetochore protein hBub1 upon activation of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) primarily triggers early cell death mediated by p53 rather than aneuploidy. Here, we report that phosphorylation of p53 at Ser37 is critical for proapoptotic activity upon SAC activation. Furthermore, we ...
Bazuine Merlijn - - 2009
Adipocytes provide an organism with fuel in times of caloric deficit, and are an important type of endocrine cell in the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis. In addition, as a lipid-sink, adipocytes serve an equally important role in the protection of organs from the damaging effects of ectopic lipid deposition. For ...
Ostrakhovitch Elena A - - 2010
DUOXA1/NIP1, originally identified as a Numb-interacting protein, was recently shown to function as a maturation factor for the dual oxidase 1(DUOX1). In this study, we identified DUOXA1/NIP1 expression in breast cancer cells, observed high expression of DUOXA1 in non-invasive MCF7 cells and low expression in highly metastatic cells with impaired ...
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