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Sulg Marilin - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that the maintenance of post-mitotic state is critical for the life-long survival of the inner ear mechanosensory cells, the hair cells. A general concept is that differentiated, post-mitotic cells rapidly die following cell cycle re-entry. Here we have compared the response of postnatal cochlear (auditory) and ...
Lee Daekyun - - 2010
We investigated the effect of HMGB2 on the stability of p53 protein in HeLa cells. Overexpression of HMGB2 led to accumulation of the p53 protein, whereas HMGB2 knockdown with siRNA resulted in a substantial decrease in the p53 protein level. The HMGB2-dependent increase of p53 stability was specific for HPV-positive ...
Chen Danian D Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Department of Ophthalmology, and Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, - - 2009
The activating E2f transcription factors (E2f1, E2f2 and E2f3) induce transcription and are widely viewed as essential positive cell cycle regulators. Indeed, they drive cells out of quiescence, and the 'cancer cell cycle' in Rb1 null cells is E2f-dependent. Absence of activating E2fs in flies or mammalian fibroblasts causes cell ...
Seznec Janina - - 2010
The identification of genes involved in carcinogenesis and tumor progression is of great interest since these genes might be feasible as candidates for new tumor-targeted therapy strategies. Chimeric tumor suppressor-1 (CTS-1), an artificial synthetic variant of p53, resists common p53 inactivation and could therefore be defined as a dominant-positive p53 ...
Kim Eun-Ho - - 2009
Because heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) phosphorylation by Plk1 has been previously reported to be involved in mitotic regulation and p53 function may be involved in this mitotic regulation, we have further examined HSF1 functions in mitotic regulation according to p53 status. Nocodazole-mediated aneuploidy was increased in p53-defective (p53Mut) cells; ...
Skorta Ioanna - - 2009
Imatinib is highly effective in inducing remission in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). However, complete eradication of the malignant clone by imatinib is rare. We investigated the efficacy of combining imatinib with cisplatin. Inhibition of Bcr-Abl by imatinib induced a hypersensitive phenotype both in Bcr-Abl(+) cell lines and in CD34(+) cells ...
Klein Allon M AM Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
UV B (UVB) radiation induces clones of cells mutant for the p53 tumor suppressor gene in human and murine epidermis. Here we reanalyze large datasets that report the fate of clones in mice subjected to a course of UVB radiation, to uncover how p53 mutation affects epidermal progenitor cell behavior. ...
Song Li-Ping LP Department of Radiotherapy Oncology, First Hospital, Medical School of Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi Province, China. - - 2009
To construct the recombinant lentivirus expression plasmid, pLenti6/V5-NT4 p53(N15)-antennapedia (Ant), and study its effect on HepG2 cells. Plasmid pLenti6/V5-NT4 p53(N15)-Ant was constructed incorporating the following functional regions, including signal peptide sequence and pro-region of neurotrophin 4, N-terminal residues 12-26 of p53 and 17 amino acid drosophila carrier protein, Ant. Hepatocellular ...
Bataller Marc - - 2010
HCT116 (p21(-/-)) human colon carcinoma cells treated with mithramycin SK (MSK), a novel analog of the antitumor antibiotic mithramycin A (MTA), were transiently arrested in G2/M, with some cells entering a faulty mitotic cycle without cytokinesis that resulted in G1-like cell arrest, which consisted of post-mitotic aneuploid G1 cells. Some ...
Fan Y Y Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030, - - 2010
The mammalian p53 family consists of p53, p63 and p73. Whereas p53 accounts for tumor suppression through cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis, the functions of p63 and p73 are more diverse and also include control of cell differentiation. The Drosophila genome contains only one p53 homolog, Dp53. Previous work has established ...
Sun Cheng-ming - - 2010
Per2 regulates other molecular and biochemical processes beyond their established role in the regulation of the mammalian circadian clock, herein we investigated the growth inhibiting potential of Per2 in human K562 leukemia cells and the underlying mechanisms. The results showed that over-expression of Per2 induced not only cell cycle arrest ...
Gottlieb Eyal - - 2010
During the course of tumorigenesis, cells acquire a number of alterations that contribute to the acquisition of the malignant phenotype, allowing them to survive and flourish in increasingly hostile environments. Cancer cells can be characterized by perturbations in the control of cell proliferation and growth, resistance to death, and alterations ...
Luo Yi - - 2009
It is believed that telomerase is a terminal effector and its role is to maintain the length of telomeres. However, the main rate-limiting subunit of telomerase, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), has been recently proved to have the ability to affect a variety of other genes such as p53 independently ...
Pereira Barry P BP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Musculoskeletal Research Laboratories, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2009
Osteosarcomas are the most prevalent primary bone tumors found in pediatric patients. To understand their molecular etiology, cell culture models are used to define disease mechanisms under controlled conditions. Many osteosarcoma cell lines (e.g., SAOS-2, U2OS, MG63) are derived from Caucasian patients. However, patients exhibit individual and ethnic differences in ...
Jang Eun Ryoung - - 2010
We screened a protoberberine backbone derivative library for compounds with anti-proliferative effects on p53-defective cancer cells. A compound identified from this small molecule library, cadein1 (cancer-selective death inducer 1), an isoquinolinium derivative, effectively leads to a G(2)/M delay and caspase-dependent apoptosis in various carcinoma cells with non- functional p53. The ...
Liao Wei-Ting - - 2010
Epidemiological evidence indicated that residents, especially cigarette smokers, in arseniasis areas had significantly higher lung cancer risk than those living in non-arseniasis areas. Thus an interaction between arsenite and cigarette smoking in lung carcinogenesis was suspected. In the present study, we investigated the interactions of a tobacco-specific carcinogen 4- (methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone ...
Ooi Melissa G MG Medical Oncology, Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2009
p53 is inactivated in many human malignancies through missense mutations or overexpression of the human homologue of Mdm2 (Hdm2), an E3 ubiquitin ligase that ubiquitinates p53, thereby promoting its proteasomal degradation. The cis-imidazoline nutlin-3 can disrupt the p53-Hdm2 interaction and activate p53, inducing apoptosis in vitro in many malignancies, including ...
Oğuztüzün Serpil - - 2011
This study investigates the usefulness of glutathione-S-transferases (GST) isoenzymes and p53 immunostaining as a marker of malignancy in urinary cytology, and evaluates their potential effect in increasing diagnostic accuracy in a series of urine cytologic samples. They are also correlated with cytopathology diagnosis and histopathologic diagnosis. In this study, the ...
Bork Ulrich - - 2010
Carcinogenesis is a multistep process that is frequently associated with p53 inactivation. The class 1 carcinogen cadmium (Cd(2+)) causes renal cancer and is known to inactivate p53. G(2)/mitosis (M) arrest contributes to stabilization of p53-deficient mutated cells, but its role and regulation in Cd(2+)-exposed p53-deficient renal cells are unknown. In ...
Korotchkina Lioubov G - - 2009
Cellular senescence is characterized by irreversible loss of proliferative potential and a large, flat cell morphology. Ectopic p21 and doxorubicin induced cellular senescence in HT1080 and WI-38-tert cell lines. In the same cell lines, the Mdm2 inhibitor nutlin-3a induced p53 but, unexpectedly, caused quiescence (reversible arrest) with a small cell ...
Kim Jin Young JY Graduate Program in Neuroscience at the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey, - - 2009
Previous studies have suggested the existence of a gender bias in repair after demyelination. Here we report the existence of gender dimorphism for the regulation of cell number in the subventricular zone (SVZ), an area that has been studied for its repair potential. The number of Sox2(+) multipotential cells in ...
Jain Abhinav K - - 2009
Negative regulation of p53 in normal, unstressed cells maintains levels of this tumor suppressor below a threshold for cell cycle arrest or apoptosis, and is rapidly reversed in the face of cellular stresses to permit p53 response. Recently, we created a new mouse and stem cell model by knock-in addition ...
Xiao Dong D Department of Pharmacology & Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
Growth suppressive effect of diallyl trisulfide (DATS), a promising cancer chemopreventive constituent of garlic, against cultured human cancer cells correlates with checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1)-mediated mitotic arrest, but the fate of the cells arrested in mitosis remains elusive. Using LNCaP and HCT-116 human cancer cells as a model, we now ...
Allen Joshua E JE Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Cell Cycle Regulation, Departments of Medicine (Hematology/Oncology), Genetics and Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2009
Putative cancer stem cell (CSC) populations efflux dyes such as Hoechst 33342 giving rise to side populations (SP) that can be analyzed or isolated by flow cytometry. However, Hoechst 33342 is highly toxic, more so to non-SP cells, and thus presents difficulties in interpreting in vivo studies where non-SP cells ...
Lim Ssang-Taek ST Department of Reproductive Medicine, Moores Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, - - 2010
Pyk2 is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase related to focal adhesion kinase (FAK). Compensatory Pyk2 expression occurs upon FAK loss in mice. However, the impact of Pyk2 up-regulation remains unclear. Previous studies showed that nuclear-localized FAK promotes cell proliferation and survival through FAK FERM domain-enhanced p53 tumor suppressor degradation (Lim, S. ...
Lefkimmiatis Konstantinos - - 2009
Despite extensive studies on the role of tumor suppressor p53 protein and its homologues, p73 and p63, following their overexpression or cellular stress, very little is known about the regulation of the three proteins in cells during physiologic cell cycle progression. We report a role for p73 and p63 in ...
Li Yi - - 2009
Oral leukoplakia is a well-recognized precancerous lesion of squamous cell carcinoma. When accompanied with abnormal p53 expression, it suffered a higher risk of canceration. The present study was carried out to test whether the recombinant human adenovirus-p53 could introduce wild-type p53 gene to oral leukoplakia cells and induce cell cycle ...
Sigl Reinhard R Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2009
The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is essential for progression through mitosis. At anaphase onset, the APC/C requires the activator protein CDC20 to target securin and cyclin B1 for proteasome-dependent degradation, but then depends on the CDC20-related protein FZR1 (also known as CDH1) to remain active until the onset of the next ...
Fanucchi Stephanie - - 2009
A novel survival role of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) that involves its nuclear translocation and direct association with p53 has been demonstrated. Here we examined the relationship between the p53/FAK interaction and Ser46 phosphorylation of p53 (p-p53(Ser46)) in the apoptotic regulation of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (HOSCC) cell lines, ...
Ramos-Lima Francisco J - - 2010
Despite some initial research that reported a lack of activity of trans geometry, complexes with general formula trans-[PtCl2(L)(L')] exhibit an important cytotoxic activity in cisplatin-sensitive and resistant cell lines. Based on the proposed mechanism of action for the trans-platinum compounds, they might form DNA adducts initiating a DNA-damage response and ...
Yamada Tohru - - 2009
We report that amino acids 50 to 77 of azurin (p28) preferentially enter the human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, ZR-75-1, and T47D through a caveolin-mediated pathway. Although p28 enters p53 wild-type MCF-7 and the isogenic p53 dominant-negative MDD2 breast cancer cell lines, p28 only induces a G(2)-M-phase cell cycle ...
Nakaya Tadashi - - 2009
FE65 is a neural adaptor protein known to interact with a number of proteins, including Alzheimer's amyloid beta-protein precursor (APP). Although several different functions have been proposed for FE65, its primary physiological role remains unclear. We previously showed that APP can liberate FE65 from the membrane as a result of ...
Polager Shirley - - 2009
During tumour development cells sustain mutations that disrupt normal mechanisms controlling proliferation. Remarkably, the Rb-E2f and MDM2-p53 pathways are both defective in most, if not all, human tumours, which underscores the crucial role of these pathways in regulating cell cycle progression and viability. A simple interpretation of the observation that ...
Kim Tae-Hyun - - 2009
In the present study, we identified a missense mutation (G199V) in KAT-18 cell line established from primary cultures of anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). Notably, knockdown of this mutant (mt) p53 reduced cell viability and exerted antitumor activity equivalent to high doses of several chemotherapeutic agents. We showed that p53 knockdown ...
Zhao Hong H New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, - - 2009
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major cause of lung cancer and a contributor to the development of a wide range of other malignancies. There is an acute need to develop a methodology that can rapidly assess the potential carcinogenic properties of the genotoxic agents present in CS. We recently reported ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2009
This study is the first to investigate the anticancer effect of tricetin in human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. Results reveal that tricetin inhibits MCF-7 cells by blocking cell cycle progression in the G2/M phase and inducing apoptosis. Cell cycle blockade is associated with increased activation of ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM). Activation ...
Li Yunqing Y Departments of Microbiology, Neurology and Pathology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2009
MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a transcriptional target of p53 that is down-regulated in some cancer cell lines. We studied the expression, targets, and functional effects of miR-34a in brain tumor cells and human gliomas. Transfection of miR-34a down-regulated c-Met in human glioma and medulloblastoma cells and Notch-1, Notch-2, and CDK6 protein ...
Rodriguez-Enfedaque Aida - - 2009
Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) is a differentiation and survival factor for neuronal cells both in vitro and in vivo. FGF1 activities can be mediated not only by paracrine and autocrine pathways involving FGF receptors but also by an intracrine pathway, which is an underestimated mode of action. Indeed, FGF1 ...
Mikes Jarom?r - - 2009
Photodynamic therapy with hypericin (HY-PDT) is known as an efficient modality for treatment of various cancerous and non-cancerous diseases. Although the role of p53 protein in cell death signaling is well established, relatively little is known of its impact on the efficiency of HY-PDT. Comparison of sensitivity and long-term survival ...
Drakos E - - 2009
p53 is expressed frequently, but is rarely mutated in anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) tumours. Nutlin-3a is a recently developed small molecule that targets Mdm2, a critical negative regulator of p53, and disrupts the p53-Mdm2 interaction resulting in p53 stabilization and activation. We show that nutlin-3a ...
Song B - - 2009
In this study, high-throughput microRNA (miRNA) expression analysis revealed that the expression of miR-140 was associated with chemosensitivity in osteosarcoma tumor xenografts. Tumor cells ectopically transfected with miR-140 were more resistant to methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Overexpression of miR-140 inhibited cell proliferation in both osteosarcoma U-2 OS (wt-p53) and colon ...
Chiu Shu-Jun - - 2009
Oxaliplatin, a chemotherapeutic drug, induces DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells. It has been shown that gamma-H2AX acts as a marker of DSBs. However, the molecular events associated with oxaliplatin-mediated cell cycle arrest and cell death remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the roles of ...
Węsierska-Gądek Józefa - - 2009
Overexpression of p53 tumor suppressor protein in malignant cells induces cell cycle arrest, or alternatively, apoptosis thereby indicating that additional factors may contribute to the p53-mediated outcome. Comparison of the experimental protocols revealed that the construct encoding wild-type (wt) p53 was expressed in cells of different origin. Therefore, we decided ...
Zhang Chong - - 2010
PURPOSE: In previous research, we found that 10-methoxy-9-nitrocamptothecin (MONCPT) possessed potent anti-tumor activity in A549 cells in vitro and in vivo. In this paper, our purpose is to investigate the mechanism of MONCPT-induced cell cycle arrest in A549 cells. METHODS: Cell cycle distribution was measured using flow cytometry (FCM). Protein ...
Huang Baoying - - 2009
Cellular senescence is a stress-induced state of irreversible growth arrest thought to act as a barrier to cancer development. The p53 tumor suppressor is a critical mediator of senescence and recent in vivo studies have suggested that p53-induced senescence may contribute to tumor clearance by the immune system. Recently developed ...
Songgang Li - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: As one of the mostly aggressive and fatal malignancy, gallbladder carcinoma has been known to be resistant to many anticancer drugs. Although it is under active investigation, it is still difficult to achieve satisfactory effect for most chemo-drugs on this tumor. It has previously reported that somatostatin could increase ...
Koryllou Angeliki - - 2009
New therapeutic approaches are needed for lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death. Methylating agents constitute a widely used class of anticancer drugs, the effect of which on human non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been adequately studied. N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), a model S(N)1 methylating agent, induced cell ...
Canner J A - - 2009
Interruption of the role of p53s as a tumour suppressor by MDM2 may be one of the mechanisms by which cancer cells evade current therapy. Blocking the inhibition of wild-type p53 by MDM2 in cancer cells should reactivate p53's tumour suppressor functions and enhance current cancer treatments. MI-63 is a ...
Filion Tera M TM Department of Cell Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, - - 2009
Pluripotent human embryonic stem (hES) cells require mechanisms to maintain genomic integrity in response to DNA damage that could compromise competency for lineage-commitment, development, and tissue-renewal. The mechanisms that protect the genome in rapidly proliferating hES cells are minimally understood. Human ES cells have an abbreviated cell cycle with a ...
Hasegawa H - - 2009
It has been reported that the induction of cellular senescence through p53 activation is an effective strategy in tumor regression. Unfortunately, however, tumors including adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) have disadvantages such as p53 mutations and a lack of p16(INK4a) and/or p14(ARF). In this study we characterized Nutlin-3a-induced cell death in ...
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