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Moran Diarmuid M DM Rush University Medical Center, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, 1653 West Congress Parkway, Jelke 1306, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2010
MDM2 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that binds and ubiquitinates the tumor suppressor protein p53, leading to its proteasomal degradation. Nutlin-3a (Nutlin) is a preclinical drug that binds MDM2 and prevents the interaction between MDM2 and p53, leading to p53 stabilization and activation of p53 signaling events. Previous studies have ...
de Bruijn M T - - 2010
Oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) currently form the backbone of conservative treatment in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Tumour responses to these agents are highly variable, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Our previous results have indicated that oncogenic KRAS in colorectal tumour cells sensitises these cells to chemotherapy. FACS ...
Das Kiron M KM Department of Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. - - 2011
The mechanism by which gastroesophageal reflux promotes metaplasia→dysplasia→carcinoma is unknown. The aim of the study is to determine if repeated exposure to acid and bile confers a tumorigenic phenotype in a telomerase (hTERT)-immortalized benign Barrett's cell line (BAR-T). BAR-T cells were exposed to acid (pH 4) (A) and bile salt ...
Sun Baohua - - 2010
The transcription factor E2F1 is known for its interaction with pRb, controlling cell proliferation; however, E2F1 also has a pivotal role in regulating apoptosis.  The relationship between pRb and E2F1 balances cell proliferation and apoptosis giving pRb tumor suppressive properties. The intricacies of the pRb/E2F1 relationship and thus the regulation ...
Pilzer David - - 2010
Mortalin, the mitochondrial hsp70, is a vital constitutively expressed heat shock protein. Its elevated expression has been correlated with malignant transformation and poor cancer prognosis. Cancer cells exhibit increased resistance to complement-dependent cytotoxicity, partly due to their capacity to eliminate the complement membrane attack complex (MAC) from their cell surface. ...
Edel Michael J - - 2010
Human pluripotent stem cells, such as embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), have the unique abilities of differentiation into any cell type of the organism (pluripotency) and indefinite self-renewal. Here, we show that the Rem2 GTPase, a suppressor of the p53 pathway, is up-regulated in hESCs ...
Cheok C F - - 2010
Chemotherapeutics (e.g., aurora kinase inhibitors) designed to target proliferative cells are often nonspecific for tumor cells as normal cycling cells are also susceptible. Indeed, one of the major dose-limiting toxicities of aurora kinase inhibitors is a dangerous depletion of neutrophils in patients. In this study we proposed a strategy to ...
Biersack Bernhard - - 2010
Three new oxazole-bridged combretastatin A analogues with additional functional groups at the B-ring [-SMe, -OH, p-quinone] were tested for antiproliferative activity and specificity on human HL-60 leukemia, 518A2 melanoma, and colon carcinomas HCT-116 (wt)/(p53(-/-)) and HT-29 cells. While all oxazoles, except quinone 8, were efficacious against HCT-116 cells at submicromolar ...
Guo Ai-Juan - - 2010
The basic structure of salicylaldehyde-amino acid Schiff base compounds includes a C=N chemical bond. These compounds show significant antitumor activities in vitro when combined with a metal ion. This study investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of four salicylaldehyde-amino acid Schiff base copper ternary coordination compounds on the proliferation of ...
Vitale Ilio - - 2010
Tetraploidy can constitute a metastable intermediate between normal diploidy and oncogenic aneuploidy. Here, we show that the absence of p53 is not only permissive for the survival but also for multipolar asymmetric divisions of tetraploid cells, which lead to the generation of aneuploid cells with a near-to-diploid chromosome content. Multipolar ...
Zheng Tongsen - - 2010
PURPOSE: Despite recent advances in chemotherapeutic agents for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment, the results of chemotherapy remain unsatisfactory. Doxorubicin (DOX) still represents the cornerstone in HCC chemotherapy, but resistance and toxicity to normal cells are major obstacles to successful chemotherapy. Therefore, new active agents in HCC chemotherapy and agents that ...
Salazar Ana María AM Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F., - - 2010
Aneuploidy and extensive chromosomal rearrangements are common in human tumors. The role of DNA damage response proteins p53 and p21(CIP1/WAF1) in aneugenesis and clastogenesis was investigated in telomerase immortalized diploid human fibroblasts using siRNA suppression of p53 and p21(CIP1/WAF1). Cells were exposed to the environmental carcinogen sodium arsenite (15 and ...
Azmi Asfar S AS Department of Pathology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, United - - 2010
Small molecule inhibitors (SMIs) of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) are known to restore the apoptotic and cell cycle regulatory functions of p53 by disrupting the MDM2-p53 interaction. In principle, these SMIs are not effective against tumours with mutation in the tumour suppressor p53 (mut-p53), which is known to be ...
Ooi Kheng Leong - - 2010
The chloroform extract of Physalis minima produced a significant growth inhibition against human T-47D breast carcinoma cells as compared with other extracts with an EC(50) value of 3.8 microg/mL. An analysis of cell death mechanisms indicated that the extract elicited an apoptotic cell death. mRNA expression analysis revealed the coregulation ...
Galluzzi Lorenzo - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are noncoding RNAs that regulate multiple cellular processes, including proliferation and apoptosis. We used microarray technology to identify miRNAs that were upregulated by non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells in response to cisplatin (CDDP). The corresponding synthetic miRNA precursors (pre-miRNAs) per se were not lethal when transfected ...
Rana Sonia - - 2010
The identification of agents that preferentially kill cancer cells while protecting normal cells offers the potential to overcome toxicities found in many existing chemotherapeutic agents. Because p53 is frequently inactivated in cancer, agents that preferentially kill p53-null cells and protect wild-type p53-expressing cells are highly desirable chemotherapeutic agents. By using ...
Celeghini Claudio - - 2011
The effect of the single-chain alkylphospholipid perifosine was analyzed in p53(wild-type) (SKW6.4, OCI and MOLM), p53(mutated) (BJAB, MAVER) and p53(null) (HL-60) leukemic cell lines. Perifosine promoted cytotoxicity with a combination of apoptosis induction in all cell lines and cell cycle block at the G(2)M checkpoint, which was selectively observed in ...
Pohl Fabian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) has an unfavorable prognosis. Surgical management is the principal treatment approach. In addition, radioiodine treatment and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) are given to reduce the risk of local relapse. Despite aggressive therapy, the response to treatment tends to become increasingly poorer over time. The ...
Ho Louisa - - 2010
A common environment for the Hedgehog (Subfamily: erinaceinae) is a row of shrubs and trees often used on farms for enclosing or separating fields, called a hedgerow. Maintenance of a continuous shrub border is important for shielding crops from weather damage, but also provides an ideal protective habitat for the ...
Choi Eun Jeong - - 2010
We investigated the antiproliferative effects of synthetic flavanone derivatives using an MTT assay in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-453 cells. When cells were treated with synthetic flavanone derivatives in concentrations ranging from 1 to 200 microM for 48 h, cell growth decreased at concentrations >50 microM. 4'-Chloroflavanone is more potent than flavanone ...
Tucholski Janusz - - 2010
Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is a multifunctional member of the transglutaminase (TGase) family (E.C.2.3.2.13), which catalyzes in a calcium-dependent reaction the formation of covalent bonds between the gamma-carboxamide groups of peptide-bound glutamine residues and various primary amines. Here, we investigated the role of TG2 in a response of the neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y ...
Zhao Tongbiao - - 2010
As the guardian of the genome, the tumor suppressor p53 prevents the accumulation of genetic mutations by inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis or senescence of somatic cells after genotoxic and oncogenic stresses. Recent studies have identified the roles of p53 in suppressing pluripotency and cellular dedifferentiation. In this context, p53 ...
Sabisz Michal - - 2010
Our previous studies have shown that murine fibroblast cells, in which PARP-1 gene was inactivated by gene disruption, are extremely sensitive to triazoloacridone compound C-1305, an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II with unusual properties. Here, we show that pharmacological inhibition of PARP-1 activity by its inhibitor compound NU1025, sensitizes human ...
Sarafraz-Yazdi Ehsan - - 2010
The anticancer peptide PNC-27, which contains an HDM-2-binding domain corresponding to residues 12-26 of p53 and a transmembrane-penetrating domain, has been found to kill cancer cells (but not normal cells) by inducing membranolysis. We find that our previously determined 3D structure of the p53 residues of PNC-27 is directly superimposable ...
Shi Yan - - 2010
In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Esteban et al. (2009) report that vitamin C enhances the reprogramming efficiency of mouse and human fibroblasts transduced with three (Oct4/Klf4/Sox2) or four (Oct4/Klf4/Sox2/cMyc) factors. Vitamin C can alleviate cell senescence by p53 repression and may accelerate reprogramming by synergizing with epigenetic regulators.
Choi Hee-Sook - - 2010
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) has anti-tumor effects in various cancer cell lines. However, the anti-tumor effect of I3C on human lung cancers has been rarely reported. We investigated the anti-tumor effects and its mechanism of I3C on human lung carcinoma A549 cell line. Treatment of the A549 cells with I3C significantly reduced ...
Park Jong Kuk - - 2010
We have previously reported that intercellular adhesion molecule-3 (ICAM-3) is associated with an increase of cellular radio-resistance and cancer cell proliferation. In this study, we hypothesized that ICAM-3 has an additional effect on cancer cell migration and invasion because molecules induced by ICAM-3 are known as regulators of cell migration ...
Tokalov Sergey V - - 2010
This study specifies the basic principles to selectively kill p53-deficient cells (H1299, FaDu) by taxol and to protect p53 wild type cells (A549) by the prior administration of structurally related flavonoids (apigenin, genistein, and quercetin). Cytotoxic and cytostatic properties of flavonoids were investigated in vitro by flow cytometry and were ...
Liang Xiaoyan - - 2010
The tumor suppressor LKB1 is inactivated in 90% of Peutz-Jeghers cancer syndrome, 30-40% of non-small cell lung carcinoma, and a variety of other cancers, indicating the loss of LKB1 activity is a critical step in oncogenesis. However, current understanding of LKB1 function is largely limited to the results from cancer ...
Zhang Xiaoying - - 2010
alpha-Santalol, an active component of sandalwood oil, has shown chemopreventive effects on skin cancer in different murine models. However, effects of alpha-santalol on cell cycle have not been studied. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate effects of alpha-santalol on cell cycle progression in both p53 mutated human ...
Ito Atsushi - - 2010
The sensitizing effects of wild-type p53 on X-ray-induced cell death and on heat-induced apoptosis in M10, a radiosensitive and Trp53 (mouse p53 gene)-mutated lymphoma cell line which dies through necrosis by X-irradiation, were investigated using three M10 derived transfectants with wild-type TP53 (human p53 gene). Cell death was determined by ...
Teh Muy-Teck - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The human cell cycle transcription factor FOXM1 is known to play a key role in regulating timely mitotic progression and accurate chromosomal segregation during cell division. Deregulation of FOXM1 has been linked to a majority of human cancers. We previously showed that FOXM1 was upregulated in basal cell carcinoma ...
Tokalov Sergey V - - 2010
Mutations within the tumor suppressor TP53 gene are one of the most common genetic alterations present at high frequency in human tumors and have been shown to be associated with resistance to radio-chemotherapy. The lack of the wild type TP53 gene in cancer cells could be exploited for therapeutic advantage ...
Lalou Claude - - 2010
Altered tumor suppressor p53 and/or CDKN2A as well as Ras genes are frequently found in primary and metastatic melanomas. These alterations were found to be responsible for acquisition of invasive and metastatic potential through their defective regulatory control of metalloproteinases and urokinase genes. Using primary human melanoma M10 cells with ...
Cheng Tse-Chou - - 2010
Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1) is consistently expressed in all EBV-associated gastric carcinomas. We explored its biological effects in gastric carcinoma cells by expressing the protein in two Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative gastric carcinoma cell lines (SCM1 and TMC1). EBNA1-expressing SCM1 and TMC1 cells displayed no significant differences in growth rates, ...
Rudolf K - - 2010
The cytotoxicity of topoisomerase I inhibiting camptothecin, topoisomerase II inhibiting etoposide and their combination were investigated in wild type p53 Bowes and mutant p53 SK-MEL-28 melanoma cell lines during 24h. A combination of camptothecin and etoposide (1 microg/ml + 10 microg/ml) proved to be efficient in both types of cell ...
Portugal Jos? - - 2010
Mitotic catastrophe is a mechanism of cell death characterized by the occurrence of aberrant mitosis with the formation of large cells that contain multiple nuclei, which are morphologically distinguishable from apoptotic cells. Sometimes, mitotic catastrophe is used restrictively to indicate a type of cell death that occurs during or after ...
Asharani P V - - 2010
AIM: Platinum-based therapeutic agents are widely used in medicine. Thus, a thorough understanding of their mechanism of action in cells is warranted. This study investigates the uptake and bioactivity (e.g., cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and protein expression) of platinum nanoparticles (Pt-NPs, approximately 5-8 nm in size) in human cells. MATERIALS & METHODS: ...
Kvardova Veronika - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin and its derivatives are commonly used anti-cancer drugs. However, cisplatin has clinical limitations including serious side effects and frequent emergence of intrinsic or acquired resistance. Thus, the novel platinum(IV) complex LA-12 represents a promising treatment modality, which shows increased intracellular penetration resulting in improved cytotoxicity in various cancer ...
Sun Pei-Chang - - 2010
Histone deacetylases and histone acetyl transferases covalently modify histone proteins, consequentially altering chromatin architecture and gene expression. The effects of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid, a HDAC inhibitor, on 320 HSR colon cells were assessed in 320 HSR colon cancer cells. Concentration and time-dependent inhibition of 320 HSR cell proliferation was observed. ...
Song Bo - - 2010
Translational control mediated by non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) plays a key role in the mechanism of cellular resistance to anti-cancer drug treatment. Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and thymidylate synthase (TYMS, TS) are two of the most important targets for antifolate- and fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapies in the past 50 years. In this study, we ...
Thangasamy Thilakavathy - - 2010
The alkylating agent dacarbazine (DTIC) has been used in the treatment of melanoma for decades, but when used as a monotherapy for cancer only moderate response rates are achieved. Recently, the clinical use of temozolomide (TMZ) has become the more commonly used analog of DTIC-related oral agents because of its ...
Zhu Pengfei - - 2010
Epithelial ovarian cancer is one of the most malignant cancers in women because metastasis occurs in the most of patients by the time of diagnosis. Cancer cells have strong capacity to form angiogenesis or vasculogenic mimicry, which plays the major role in its malignant phenotype. Vasculogenic mimicry might contribute to ...
Huang Vera - - 2010
RNA activation (RNAa) is a newly discovered mechanism of gene activation triggered by small double-stranded RNAs termed 'small activating RNAs' (saRNAs). Thus far, RNAa has only been demonstrated in human cells and is unclear whether it is conserved in other mammals. In the present study, we evaluated RNAa in cells ...
Li Linwei - - 2010
The esophageal cancer related gene 4 (ECRG4) was initially identified and cloned in our laboratory from human normal esophageal epithelium (GenBank accession no.AF325503). ECRG4 was a new tumor suppressor gene in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) associated with prognosis. In this study, we investigated the novel tumor-suppressing function of ECRG4 ...
Prykhozhij Sergey V - - 2010
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling regulates cell proliferation during vertebrate development via induction of cell-cycle regulator gene expression or activation of other signalling pathways, prevents cell death by an as yet unclear mechanism and is required for differentiation of retinal cell types. Thus, an unsolved question is how the same signalling ...
Gupta Seema - - 2010
Though an increased efficacy of carmustine and temozolomide (TMZ) has been demonstrated by inactivation of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) with O(6)-benzyl-guanine (BG) in human pancreatic tumors refractive to alkylating agents, the regulatory mechanisms have not been explored. The effects of TMZ and BG on apoptosis, cell growth, the mitotic index, cell ...
Sebastian Sinto - - 2010
Among different pathological conditions that affect human beings, cancer has received a great deal of attention primarily because it leads to significant morbidity and mortality. This is essentially due to increasing world-wide incidence of this disease and the inability to discover the cause and molecular mechanisms by which normal human ...
Joshi Rajeshree R Department of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, United States of - - 2010
We determined recently that dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), a member of the SIBLING (Small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoproteins) family of phosphoglycoproteins, is highly upregulated in human oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) where upregulation is associated with tumor aggressiveness. To investigate the effects of DSPP-silencing on the tumorigenic profiles of the oral ...
Ferrandiz Nuria - - 2010
Imatinib is a Bcr-Abl inhibitor used as first-line therapy of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). p21(Cip1), initially described as a cell cycle inhibitor, also protects from apoptosis in some models. We describe that imatinib down-regulates p21(Cip1) expression in CML cells. Using K562 cells with inducible p21 expression and transient transfections we ...
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