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Petersen L - - 2010
This study was performed to explore the strategy of combining Chk1 inhibitors with ionizing radiation (IR) to selectively target p53-deficient cancer cells. Survival and cell cycle progression were measured in response to IR and the Chk1 inhibitors, UCN-01 and CEP-3891, in colon carcinoma HCT116 p53+/+ and p53-/- cells, and in ...
Chen Delin - - 2010
The tumor suppressor ARF plays an essential role in the cellular response to oncogenic stress mainly through activation of p53. Nucleophosmin (NPM), a multifunctional protein, forms a stable protein complex with ARF in the nucleolus and protects ARF from the proteasome-mediated degradation. Notably, NPM is mutated in about one third ...
Kreis N N - - 2010
Abrogation of functional p53 is responsible for malignant cell transformation and the maintenance of malignant state of human papillomavirus-infected cancer cells. Thus, restoration of p53 has been regarded as an important strategy for molecular intervention combating papillomavirus-associated malignancies. We show here that depleting cyclin B1 stabilizes and reactivates p53 in ...
Tyagi Shilpa - - 2010
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1), a critical regulator of mitotic entry, progression and exit, has been shown to be involved in a variety of cancers and thus is becoming an attractive target for cancer management. In case of DNA damage, Plk1 not only inhibits p53 independent apoptosis by dysfunctioning p73α but ...
Boehme Kathleen - - 2010
The current genotoxicity tests of the standard in vitro battery, especially those using mammalian cells, are limited by their low specificity and highlight the importance of new in vitro tools. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of HepG2 cells for assaying mutagens and promutagens. We determined P53 activity as ...
Boni Valentina - - 2010
Thymidylate synthase (TYMS) is a target of the most widely used chemotherapeutic agents against gastrointestinal malignancies, the fluoropyrimidine-based therapy. TYMS expression levels have been identified as predictive biomarkers for 5-fluoruracil (FU) response in colorectal cancer, but their clinical utility remains controversial. The complexity of fluoropyrimidine response must require more mechanisms ...
Dudgeon Drew D - - 2010
In recent years, advances in structure-based drug design and the development of an impressive variety of high-throughput screening (HTS) assay formats have yielded an expanding list of protein-protein interaction inhibitors. Despite these advances, protein-protein interaction targets are still widely considered difficult to disrupt with small molecules. The authors present here ...
Duan Wenrui - - 2010
Restoration of p53 function in tumor cells would be an attractive strategy for lung cancer therapy because p53 mutations are found in more than 50% of lung cancers. The small molecule PRIMA-1 has been shown to restore the tumor suppression function of p53 and to induce apoptosis in human tumor ...
Chock K - - 2010
Cells' ability to evade cell death and to proliferate post geno-/cell-toxic stresses likely leads to formation of cancer. Activation of p38MAPK and p53 following these stresses helps protect cells against cancer development by initiating apoptosis. The duration of p38MAPK and p53 activation is regulated by the WIP1 phosphatase. BRCA1-IRIS triggers ...
Loewer Alexander - - 2010
The tumor suppressor p53 is activated by stress and leads to cellular outcomes such as apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. Its activation must be highly sensitive to ensure that cells react appropriately to damage. However, proliferating cells often encounter transient damage during normal growth, where cell-cycle arrest or apoptosis may be ...
Rodríguez-Jiménez Francisco Javier - - 2010
The network consisting of mTOR and p53 pathways is crucial to understanding a wide variety of physiological and pathological events, including cancer and aging. In addition, the HIF1alpha protein, a downstream target of mTOR, is a hallmark of different tumor types and was the desired strategy of many drug discovery ...
Vitale Ilio - - 2010
The tumor suppressor protein p53 plays a major role in preserving genomic stability. p53 suppresses a pathway leading from normal diploidy to neoplastic aneuploidy (via an intermediate metastable stage of tetraploidy) at two levels: first by preventing the generation/survival of tetraploid cells, and second by repressing their aberrant multipolar division. ...
Struckhoff Amanda P - - 2010
Ceramide signaling plays an important role in tumor progression and development of chemoresistance, and ceramide-based therapies are proposed as potential therapeutic tools for the treatment of breast cancer. We investigated the effect of exogenous ceramide on the cell cycle progression of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Ceramide induced a selective arrest ...
Gong Qiaoke - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is an aggressive malignancy with an annual mortality rate close to its annual incidence. We recently demonstrated that angiotensin II (AngII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) might be involved in PDA angiogenesis. This study evaluated the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects of an AT1R blocker, losartan, in ...
Lee Young Sook - - 2010
In this study, we determined whether p53 expression affected the sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colon cancer cells to bleomycin (BLM). Two human NSCLC cell lines (A549 expressing wild-type p53 and p53-null H1299) and two colon cancer cell lines (HCT116 p53+/+ and its p53 deficient subline HCT116 ...
Yu Yan-Xia - - 2010
Ursolic acid (UA) is a ubiquitous molecule in the plant kingdom with specific anticancer effects that have been shown in vitro and in vivo. Although UA can inhibit the proliferation of liver cancer cells and induce apoptosis of many types of tumor cells, the molecular mechanism of its anti-hepatoma activity ...
Arya A K - - 2010
Primary radiotherapy (RT) is a mainstay of treatment for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Although the cure rates for early (T1) vocal cord tumours are high, RT proves ineffective in up to a third of T3 carcinomas. Moreover, RT is associated with debilitating early- and late-treatment-related toxicity, thus finding means ...
Ghosh Abhijit - - 2010
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a key role in cell-cell communication and signaling, and the signals it propagates are important for tissue remodeling and survival. However, signals from disease-altered ECM may lead to anoikis-apoptotic cell death triggered by loss of ECM contacts. Previously, we found that an altered fibronectin matrix ...
Cho Seong Jun - - 2010
Myosin VI is an unconventional motor protein and functions in a variety of intracellular processes such as cell migration, vesicular trafficking, and homeostasis of the Golgi complex. Previously, we found that myosin VI is up-regulated in RKO, LS174T, and H1299 cells by DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner and mediates ...
Drummond Catherine J - - 2011
Aim: We have examined the cellular action of SN 28049 (N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-2,6-dimethyl-1-oxo-1,2-dihydrobenzo[b]-1,6-naphthyridine-4-carboxamide), a DNA binding drug with curative activity against the Colon 38 transplantable murine carcinoma, on human tumour cells. Its action has been compared with that of two topoisomerase II-targetted drugs, etoposide and doxorubicin. Methods: The NZM3 melanoma and HCT116 ...
Degenhardt Yan - - 2010
Polo-like kinases are a family of serine threonine kinases that are critical regulators of cell cycle progression and DNA damage response. Predictive biomarkers for the Plk1-selective inhibitor GSK461364A were identified by comparing the genomics and genetics of a panel of human cancer cell lines with their response to a drug ...
Napper Jennifer M - - 2010
The goal of this study was to ascertain the specific effects of 17-N-Allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) treatment in human acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Four human leukemia cell lines were treated with varying doses of 17-AAG followed by analysis of toxicity, apoptosis, proliferation, and cell cycle. Cell cycle analysis revealed that the cells ...
Grinberg Shai - - 2010
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is a biologically active molecule that plays important roles in normal cell growth and function. Accordingly, the cell uses multiple mechanisms to control its level. The tumor suppressor protein p53 possesses intrinsic 3'→5' exonuclease activity. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the degradation of ...
Gorjala Priyatham - - 2010
In fibroblasts, beryllium salt causes activation of the p53 transcription factor and induction of a senescence-like state. It is not known whether Be(2+) can affect the proliferation of cancer cells, which are generally unsusceptible to senescence. A172 glioblastoma and RKO colon carcinoma cell lines each have wildtype p53, so these ...
Gouas Doriane A - - 2010
Aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in many low-resource countries. Although its metabolites bind at several positions in TP53, a mutation at codon 249 (AGG to AGT, arginine to serine, p.R249S) accounts for 90% of TP53 mutations in AFB(1)-related HCC. This specificity suggests that p.R249S ...
Auw-Hädrich C - - 2010
In recent years, infectious agents have been increasingly recognised as an important pathogenetic factor for various malignant tumours of the ocular adnexa. Many of these viruses and bacteria affect the cell cycle and physiological apoptosis. Ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL), especially extranodal marginal cell lymphoma, is associated with Chlamydophila psittaci and ...
Lee S-H SH Department of molecular Biology, College of Natural Science, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of - - 2010
p53 is frequently mutated by genetic alternation or suppressed by various kinds of cellular signaling pathways in human cancers. Recently, we have revealed that p53 is suppressed and eliminated from cells by direct binding with oncogenic K-Ras-induced Snail. On the basis of the fact, we generated specific inhibitors against p53-Snail ...
Takahashi Takeo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To investigate the differences between two rat yolk sac tumor cell lines with different radiosensitivities and p53 status in sensitivity to high-LET heavy-ion beam and in sensitizing effect of etoposide or cisplatin in combination with heavy-ion beam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NMT-1 (wild-type p53 cell) is a parent radiosensitive cell ...
Temme Achim - - 2010
Giant cell glioblastoma (gcGB), a subtype of GB, is characterized by the presence of numerous multinucleated giant cells. The prognosis for gcGB is poor, but it may have a better clinical outcome compared with classic GB. The molecular alterations that lead to the multinucleated cell phenotype of gcGB have not ...
Tentori L - - 2010
We recently demonstrated that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 is involved in angiogenesis and tumour aggressiveness. In this study we have compared the influence of abrogation of PARP-1 expression by stable gene silencing to that of the pharmacological inhibition of cellular PARP activity using PARP-1/-2 inhibitors on the chemosensitivity of tumour cells ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2010
A series of 3,5-diaryl-isoxazoline/isoxazole linked pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) conjugates were prepared. These conjugates showed potent anticancer activity with GI(50) values in the range of <0.1-3.6 microM. Some of these PBD conjugates (6a-c) with promising anticancer activity were further investigated on the cell cycle distribution. Moreover, these PBD conjugates exhibited G0/G1 arrest, ...
Shen Hong - - 2010
Nutlin-3a is a preclinical drug that stabilizes p53 by blocking the interaction between p53 and MDM2. In our previous study, Nutlin-3a promoted a tetraploid G(1) arrest in two p53 wild-type cell lines (HCT116 and U2OS), and both cell lines underwent endoreduplication after Nutlin-3a removal. Endoreduplication gave rise to stable tetraploid ...
Watson Jane L - - 2010
Curcumin from the rhizome of theCurcuma longa plant has chemopreventative activity and inhibits the growth of neoplastic cells. Since p53 has been suggested to be important for anticancer activity by curcumin, we investigated curcumin-induced cytotoxicity in cultures of p53(+/+) and p53(-/-) HCT-116 colon cancer cells, as well as mutant p53 ...
Manna Sunil K - - 2010
The Dracaena resin is widely used in traditional medicine as an anticancer agent, and benzofuran lignan is the active component. In this report, we provide evidence that the synthetic derivative of benzofuran lignan (Benfur) showed antitumor activities. It induced apoptosis in p53-positive cells. Though it inhibited endotoxin-induced nuclear factor kappaB ...
Demidenko Zoya N - - 2010
The tumor suppressor p53 is a canonical inducer of cellular senescence (irreversible loss of proliferative potential and senescent morphology). p53 can also cause reversible arrest without senescent morphology, which has usually been interpreted as failure of p53 to induce senescence. Here we demonstrate that p53-induced quiescence actually results from suppression ...
Carney Bruce K - - 2010
Stathmin, a microtubule regulatory protein, is overexpressed in many cancers and required for survival of several cancer lines. In a study of breast cancer cell lines(1) proposed that stathmin is required for survival of cells lacking p53, but this hypothesis was not tested directly. Here we tested their hypothesis by ...
Cecarini Valentina - - 2010
Thymoquinone, a naturally derived agent, has been shown to possess antioxidant, antiproliferative and proapoptotic activities. In the present study, we explored thymoquinone effects on the proteasomal complex, the major system involved in the removal of damaged, oxidized and misfolded proteins. In purified 20S complexes, subunit-dependent and composition-dependent inhibition was observed, ...
Millau Jean-François - - 2010
p53 has a determinant role in cancer prevention and is among the most studied proteins in the world. The majority of studies devoted to this protein are carried out in cell lines because they are easy to use and have naturally emerged as the main research tool in laboratories. However, ...
Panicker Jyoti - - 2010
As histone deacetylase inhibitors such as romidepsin (depsipeptide, FK228) complete successful Phase I clinical trials in pediatric solid tumors, it is important that their mechanisms of action are delineated in order to inform the development of subsequent clinical trials as single agents or in combination therapies. In this study, we ...
Stravopodis Dimitrios J - - 2011
In search for more effective clinical protocols, the antimetabolite drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been successfully included in new regimens of bladder cancer combination chemotherapy. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of 5-FU treatment on apoptosis induction in wild-type and mutant p53 urinary bladder cancer cells. We have ...
Thompson Thelma - - 2010
The tumor suppressor p53 is often referred to as "the guardian of the genome" because of its central role in the cellular response to oncogenic stress and prevention of tumor development. Mutations of p53 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are rare but resistance to chemotherapy has been reported because of ...
Shi Xianping - - 2010
Accumulating evidence indicates that survivin plays a pivotal role in not only cell survival but also cell cycle progression. Op18/stathmin is an oncoprotein that regulates microtubule stabilization. Both survivin and Op18 have been proposed as therapeutic targets for cancer. However, few small molecule inhibitors of survivin and Op18 have been ...
Robertson Danielle M - - 2010
In the central human corneal epithelium, loss of DeltaNp63 occurs in all surface epithelial cells preparing to undergo desquamation, suggesting a potential role for DeltaNp63 isoforms in mediating surface cell apoptotic shedding. In this study, the authors investigated a role for DeltaNp63 isoforms in caspase-mediated apoptosis in a telomerase-immortalized corneal ...
Lin Yuh-Ling - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the antiproliferation effect of a synthetic quinone-containing compound bis-type triaziquone (BTZQ) on breast cancer cells BC-M1 and MCF-7. At a dose of 0.42 and 0.79 microM, BTZQ showed a 50% inhibition on BC-M1 and MCF-7 cell growth after 24 h treatment, respectively, ...
Joy Beena - - 2010
XIAP is an important antiapoptotic protein capable of conferring resistance to cancer cells. Embelin, the small molecular inhibitor of XIAP, possesses wide spectrum of biological activities with strong inhibition of nuclear factor kappa B and downstream antiapoptotic genes. However, the mechanism of its cell death induction is not known. Our ...
David-Pfeuty Th?r?se - - 2010
Corruption of the Rb and p53 pathways occurs in virtually all human cancers. This could be because it lends oncogene-bearing cells a surfeit of Cdk activity and growth, enabling them to elaborate strategies to evade tumor-suppressive mechanisms and divide inappropriately. Targeting both Cdk activities and the PI3K pathway might be ...
Moran Diarmuid M - - 2010
MDM2 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that binds and ubiquitinates the tumor suppressor protein p53, leading to its proteasomal degradation. Nutlin-3a (Nutlin) is a preclinical drug that binds MDM2 and prevents the interaction between MDM2 and p53, leading to p53 stabilization and activation of p53 signaling events. Previous studies have ...
Jung Il Lae - - 2010
The sensitivity or resistance of cancer cells and normal tissues to ionizing radiation plays an important role in the clinical setting of lung cancer treatment. However, to date the exact molecular mechanisms of intrinsic radiosensitivity have not been well explained. In this study, we compared the radiosensitivity or radioresistance in ...
Peck Barrie - - 2010
SIRT proteins play an important role in the survival and drug resistance of tumor cells, especially during chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the potency, specificity, and cellular targets of three SIRT inhibitors, Sirtinol, Salermide, and EX527. Cell proliferative and cell cycle analyses showed that Sirtinol and Salermide, but not ...
Archer Crystal R - - 2010
Syrbactins belong to a new class of proteasome inhibitors which include syringolins and glidobactins. These small molecules are structurally distinct from other, well-established proteasome inhibitors, and bind the eukaryotic 20S proteasome by a novel mechanism. In this study, we examined the effects of syringolin A (SylA) and glidobactin A (GlbA) ...
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