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Results 701 - 750 of 1468
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Calonghi N - - 2004
Growing evidence supports the critical role of lipid peroxidation products in the control of cell proliferation. In previous studies we demonstrated the efficient restriction of the proliferation rate in several cell lines resulting from the in vitro treatment with endogenous lipid polar components of cell membranes. Among these, 9-hydroxystearic acid ...
Yoshihara Takashi - - 2004
XRCC3 was inactivated in human cells by gene targeting. Consistent with its role in homologous recombination, XRCC3(-/-) cells showed a two-fold sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, a mild reduction in sister chromatid exchange, impaired Rad51 focus formation and elevated chromosome aberrations. Furthermore, endoreduplication was increased five- seven-fold in the mutants. ...
Mingo-Sion Amy M - - 2004
c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is activated by diverse cell stimuli, including stress, growth factors, and cytokines. Traditionally, activation of JNK by stress treatment is thought to induce cell death. However, our recent data indicate that JNK's ability to sensitize cells to apoptosis may be, in part, cell cycle dependent. Here, ...
Yoshida Kenichi - - 2004
A domain-specific disruption was performed on the destruction box sequence of endogenous Geminin gene, an inhibitor of the DNA replication initiation complex, in a human cancer cell line HCT116 resulting in the formation of a protein that was stable in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Although the total ...
Nowak Jonathan A - - 2004
Upon serial passaging of mouse skeletal muscle cells, a small number of cells will spontaneously develop the ability to proliferate indefinitely while retaining the ability to differentiate into multinucleate myotubes. Possible gene changes that could underlie myogenic cell immortalization and their possible effects on myogenesis had not been examined. We ...
Chen Thomas T - - 2004
High-grade astrocytomas and glioblastomas are usually unresectable because they extensively invade surrounding brain tissue. Here, we report the expression and function of a receptor on many astrocytomas that may alter both the proliferative and invasive potential of these tumors. Signal regulatory protein (SIRP) alpha1 is an immunoglobulin superfamily transmembrane glycoprotein ...
Li Yu-Xiu - - 2004
AIM: To study the effect of wild type (wt) p53 gene transfection on drug resistant human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells induced by 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU). METHODS: The cytotoxicity of anticancer drugs on Bel7402 and Bel7402/5-FU cells was assessed using SRB assay. p53 expression was detected at its mRNA level by RT-PCR ...
Esposito V - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Abnormalities of the proteins involved in cell cycle checkpoints are extremely common among almost all neoplasms. This study aimed to investigate the expression of four components of the cell cycle machinery-p21, p16, p53, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The expression of p21, ...
Takeyama Naoshi - - 2004
To investigate the possible role of p53 in the progression of paraquat-induced apoptosis, the authors used two cell lines that were wild-type p53-expressing human lung epithelial-like cell line (L132) and a p53-deficient human promyelocytic leukemia cell line (U937) and explored the linkage between p53, DNA damage, and apoptosis. Following paraquat ...
Ashley T - - 2004
ATM, the protein product of the gene mutated in the human autosomal recessive disorder ataxia telangiectasia, is involved in detection of double strand breaks (DSBs) and is a key component of the damage surveillance network of cell cycle proteins. In somatic cells ATM phosphorylates many other proteins including p53, an ...
Chao Jane C J - - 2004
AIM: To study the effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) containing 22-27% flavonoids (ginkgo-flavone glycosides) and 5-7% terpenoids (ginkgolides and bilobalides) on cell proliferation and cytotoxicity in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS: Human HCC cell lines (HepG2 and Hep3B) were incubated with various concentrations (0-1 000 mg/L) of ...
Böhnke A - - 2004
PURPOSE: The tumour suppressor protein p53 is considered to have an impact on the radiosensitivity of tumour cells. However, this concept does not easily translate to the tumour sensitivity in the clinics. The aim of the present study was to determine whether a functional or dysfunctional p53 is associated with ...
Gao Gui - - 2004
C-terminal truncation of ADAMTS-4 from the p68 form to the p53 form is required for activation of its capacity to cleave the Glu(373)-Ala(374) interglobular domain bond of aggrecan. In transfected human chondrosarcoma cells, this process is not autoproteolytic because the same products form with an inactive mutant of ADAMTS4 (a ...
Kaur Jatinder - - 2003
A cell line, AMOS-III has been established from the surgically resected specimen of an untreated primary human oral squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of mouth from a chronic smokeless tobacco consumer. Immunocytochemical analysis showed epithelial specific antigen, cytokeratins 5, 10, 13 and 16 and integrin alpha(6) markers in AMOS-III ...
Kraus Eliyahu - - 2003
PURPOSE: Bicyclic monoterpene (BMT) diols are small-molecule compounds that mimic ultraviolet radiation (UVR) by inducing melanogenesis. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of 2,2-dimethyl-3-propanyldiol-norbornane (AGI-1140), a novel BMT diol, and ultraviolet B (UVB) on additional cellular responses. METHODS: S91 mouse melanoma cells were treated with a ...
di Pietro Massimiliano - - 2003
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) plays a key role in the cytotoxic response of human cells to methylating agents, however, the cascade of events leading to cell cycle arrest and cell death has yet to be characterized. We studied the role of MMR in the transcriptional response to DNA methylation damage ...
Sak Ali - - 2003
Lung cancer is difficult to control locally by radiotherapy and is known to have frequently p53 mutations. Previous results have shown that non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines with nonfunctional p53 have a higher fraction of radiation-induced apoptosis and that apoptosis follows after the release from the G2/M arrest. The ...
Chowdhury Iqbal H - - 2003
We investigated the possible involvement of HTLV-1 Tax in the transcriptional activation of p21/Waf1/Cip1 (hereafter p21), a potent inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases and cell growth. Tax transfection resulted in enhanced expression of p21 protein in T and fibroblastoid cells. Similarly, Tax-expressing cells have higher amounts of endogenous p21 protein and ...
Dong Chen - - 2003
DQ 65-79, a peptide derived from residues 65-79 of the alpha-chain HLA class II molecule DQA03011, blocks T cell proliferation and induces T cell apoptosis. Using a yeast two-hybrid assay, we previously identified proliferating cell nuclear Ag (PCNA) as an intracellular ligand for DQ 65-79. In this study, we show ...
Sheard Michael A - - 2003
The p53 tumor suppressor protein is known to regulate the expression of the CD95 (Fas/APO-1) death receptor in a small subset of normal cell types as well as in many cancer cell types. However, whether p53-dependent regulation of CD95 expression is consistently associated with increased susceptibility to CD95-mediated cell death ...
Kemp Michael Q - - 2003
Previous reports have documented the antiproliferative properties of a mixture of conjugated isomers (CLA) of linoleic acid [LA (18:2)]. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of CLA action on cell cycle progression in breast and colon cancer cells. Treatment with CLA inhibited cell proliferation in breast cancer MCF-7 cells ...
Yamashita Hideki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: NS-398, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has been shown to suppress cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a variety of human cancer cell lines in vitro, except for sarcoma cell lines. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of NS-398 on two human malignant fibrous histiocytoma ...
Bielas Jason H - - 2003
p53, the most commonly mutated gene in human tumors, is believed to play a crucial role in the prevention of cancer by protecting cells from mutation, a theory commonly known as the "Guardian of the Genome" hypothesis. There are two hypotheses as to how this can occur. In the first, ...
O'Nions Jenny - - 2003
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is involved in the pathogenesis of several B cell lymphoproliferations, but the precise contribution it makes to the aetiology of each remains unclear. In vitro, the virus has potent growth transforming activity and efficiently induces the continuous proliferation of normal human B cells. A comparison of EBV-infected ...
Zhou Bingsen - - 2003
Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) is responsible for the de novo conversion of the ribonucleoside diphosphates to deoxyribonucleoside diphosphates, which are essential for DNA synthesis and repair. RR consists of two subunits, hRRM1 and hRRM2. p53R2 is a new RR family member. Because the majority of human tumors possess mutant p53, it ...
Alkhalaf M - - 2003
We have recently shown that growth inhibition of breast cancer cells by progesterone is due to the induction of cell differentiation, but not apoptosis. Because the tumor suppressor protein p53 plays a central role in normal cell growth and in tumor suppression, we have examined the effect of progesterone on ...
Ruggieri A - - 2004
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major causes of chronic liver disease with the potential for development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The core protein of HCV has been shown to modulate expression of various cellular genes and to influence a number of cellular functions. We investigated the effect ...
Alappat Elizabeth C - - 2003
Expression of a truncated form of the death receptor adaptor FADD (C-FADD) as a transgene in mice blocks T cell proliferation. Here we provide evidence that the C-terminal phosphorylation site Ser194 in C-FADD affects the cell cycle in nonlymphoid cells as well. High expression of wild type C-FADD but not ...
He Dalin - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To examine the anti-oncogenic effects of promyelocytic leukemia (PML) on bladder cancer and to explore its molecular mechanisms of growth suppression. METHODS: Wild-type PML was transfected into bladder cancer cells (5637 cell) and expressed in a replication-deficient adenovirus-mediated gene delivery system and introduced into human bladder cancer cells (5637 ...
Mitsuishi Tsuyoshi - - 2003
We examined the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in tissues of premalignant skin lesions, i.e., actinic keratosis (n = 13) and Bowen's disease (n = 62), taken from 69 Japanese immunocompetent and renal transplant recipient patients. Detection and typing of HPV DNA were performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ...
Chandra Joya - - 2003
Adaphostin (NSC 680410), an analog of the tyrphostin AG957, was previously shown to induce Bcr/abl down-regulation followed by loss of clonogenic survival in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell lines and clinical samples. Adaphostin demonstrated selectivity for CML myeloid progenitors in vitro and remained active in K562 cells selected for imatinib ...
Ito Keisuke - - 2003
Methylxantine derivative, caffeine, is known to prevent the p53-dependent apoptosis pathway via inhibition of ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) kinase, which activates p53 by phosphorylation of the Ser-15 residue. In contrast, it has been reported that caffeine induces p53-mediated apoptosis through Bax protein in non-small-cell lung cancer cells. Therefore, the effects ...
Mi Ruo-Ran - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether overexpression of MDM2 could sensitize the ovarian cancer cell line A2780. METHODS: The wild-type p53-expressing cell line A2780 was stably transfected with pCMV-MDM2 (A2780-MDM2) or pCMV (A2780-V) as control. MTT assay and clonogenic survival assay were used to measure the ...
Wang Chen - - 2003
A novel delivery system was used to study NO-mediated cyto- and genotoxicity in two human lymphoblastoid cell lines, TK6 (wild-type p53) and NH32 (p53-null but isogenic to TK6). The delivery system, which supplied NO and O(2) continuously by diffusion through gas permeable tubing, was found to maintain the NO and ...
Zhang Qunhua - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the synergistic antitumor effects of combined use of p14ARF gene and 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A human pancreatic cancer cell line PC-3 was transfected with lipofectin-mediated recombinant p14ARF gene, and was then administered with 5-Fu. Cell growth, morphological changes, cell cycle, apoptosis, and molecular changes ...
Li Maoxiang - - 2003
The tumor suppressor p53 protein suppresses cell growth by inducing cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. Despite the fact that p53-dependent p21-mediated G1 arrest induced by DNA damage is well defined, the role of p53 in the cell cycle in response to the MAKP signaling remains to be determined. Here we ...
Nocentini Silvano - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) are extremely aggressive and resist current radio- and chemotherapic treatments. To gain insight into the dysfunctions of MRT cells, the apoptotic response of a model cell line, MON, was analyzed after exposure to several genotoxic and non-genotoxic agents employed separately or in association. RESULTS: Fluorescence ...
Pitcher Lisa A - - 2003
The functional effects of altered peptide ligands on T cells is proposed to involve differential intracellular signaling mediated by the 21- and 23-kDa tyrosine-phosphorylated derivatives of the TCR zeta subunit (p21 and p23). To understand the functional contribution of p21 and p23 to T cell development and T cell antagonism, ...
Liu Ying - - 2003
We recently isolated and characterized a tripeptide, acetylGlu-Ser-GlyNH2 (Ac-ESG), which inhibits proliferation of lymphoid cells. In this paper we describe the effects of Ac-ESG on growth-related gene expression and cell cycle progression in two lymphoma cell lines, Ramos and Molt, representing B and T lymphocytes, respectively. RNA was extracted from ...
Dellinger Ryan W - - 2003
NB1011, a phosphoramidate derivative of (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine, is a novel anti-cancer agent that selectively targets tumor cells expressing high levels of thymidylate synthase (TS), an enzyme required for DNA biosynthesis. NB1011 treatment of high-TS-expressing breast carcinoma cells (MCF7TDX) results in the induction of p53 and p21 protein levels, whereas no p53 ...
Harmand Pierre-Olivier - - 2003
Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclic triterpene compound isolated from many kinds of medicinal plants and present in human diet. In this study, we investigated the pro-apoptotic effect of UA on HaCat derived keratinocyte cell line. Treatment with UA decreased the viability of HaCat cells in a concentration- and time-dependent ...
Potti Anil - - 2003
The translocation between chromosomes 2 and 8, t(2;8), is well known for its strong association with high-grade Burkitt lymphoma. However, the significance of this translocation in indolent lymphoproliferative disorders is not clear. We present the case of a 75-year-old white male with left upper quadrant abdominal pain, splenomegaly, and an ...
Ashktorab Hassan - - 2003
H. pylori infection of the gastric mucosa is associated with increased epithelial cell apoptosis. In vitro, interferon-gamma and TNF-alpha have been shown to increase the sensitivity of cells to apoptosis induced by H. pylori. The p53 tumor suppressor gene is frequently mutated in many cancers, including gastric cancer. Since p53 ...
Kunapuli Padmaja - - 2003
The leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated (LGI1) gene, located in 10q24, was originally identified because it was interrupted and inactivated by a reciprocal chromosome translocation in the T98G glioma cell line. Loss of LGI1 expression in high-grade brain tumors is correlated with the frequent loss of chromosome 10 during progression of gliomas. To ...
Bai Fang - - 2003
alphaB-Crystallin, a major protein of lens fiber cells, is a stress-induced chaperone expressed at low levels in the lens epithelium and numerous other tissues, and its expression is enhanced in certain pathological conditions. However, the function of alphaB in these tissues is not known. Lenses of alphaB-/- mice develop degeneration ...
Vasilevskaya Irina A - - 2003
Several chaperone-binding drugs based on geldanamycin (GA) have been synthesized, and one of them, 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), is being developed in the clinic. Interest in the use of 17-AAG in combination with cytotoxic drugs led us to study both GA and 17-AAG with cisplatin (DDP) in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell ...
Weisbart Richard H - - 2003
scFv fragments of a monoclonal antibody that penetrates living cells and localizes in nuclei were designed as fusion proteins with C-terminal p53 peptides and tested for restoring p53 function in p53 mutant cancer cells. scFv fragments transported a 30-mer C-terminal peptide of p53 into cancer cells and induced cellular cytotoxicity ...
Baek Kwan-Hyuck - - 2003
During the proliferation of T cells for successful immune responses against pathogens, the fine regulation of cell cycle is important to the maintenance of T cell homeostasis and the prevention of lymphoproliferative disorders. However, it remains to be elucidated how the cell cycle is controlled at the mitotic phase in ...
Puttonen K A - - 2003
The effect of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) on the level of p53 protein, the activity of caspase-3 and the nuclear morphology-based assessment of cell viability were compared in the nonneuronal CV1-P fibroblast and neuronal SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. The level of p53 protein was increased in the low-dose range (<100 micromol/L) in both ...
Cho Jae-We - - 2003
c-Abl, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is found in both nucleus and cytoplasm of proliferating fibroblasts. RB negatively regulates the kinase activity of c-Abl. Overexpression of kinase active c-Abl can overcome RB-induced growth arrest in Saos-2 cells. However, we previously reported that disruption of the RB matchmaker function leads to delayed ...
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