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Guo Deliang - - 2004
A novel cytoplasm protein, interphase cytoplasm foci protein 45 kDa (ICF45), was identified by screening the cDNA expression library for HeLa cells with serum from an autoimmune patient. The complete cDNA sequence of ICF45 was determined to be 1.32 kb and to encode 298 amino acids with an apparent molecular ...
Kuo Pao-Chen - - 2004
Quercetin, a ubiquitous bioactive plant flavonoid, has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells. However, the regulation of survivin and p53 on the quercetin-induced cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the roles of survivin and p53 in the quercetin-treated ...
Hong Yiling - - 2004
Response to DNA damage and cell-cycle regulation differ markedly between embryonic stem (ES) cells and somatic cells. ES cells require exquisitely sensitive mechanisms to maintain genomic integrity and do so, in part, by suppressing spontaneous mutation. Spontaneous mutation frequency in somatic cells is approximately 10(-4) compared with 10(-6) for ES ...
Lis Agnieszka - - 2004
2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME), a metabolite of estradiol (E), inhibits proliferation of various tumor cells. In this study we determined the effect of 2ME on human glioblastoma cell lines, in vitro. We compared these cells with cultured astrocytes obtained from traumatized adult rat striatum. Exposure to 2ME had a strong antiproliferative effect ...
Kanno Syu-Ichi - - 2004
Cytosine arabinoside (1-beta-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine; Ara-C) is the most important antimetabolite chemotherapeutic drug used for acute leukemia. We examined the difference in susceptibility to Ara-C-induced cell death among a number of typical human leukemia cell lines, NALM-6, MOLT-4, Jurkat, U937 and HL-60. NALM-6, which had a high expression level of p53, a ...
Huh Seung Won - - 2004
PURPOSE: A constituent of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), has been known to possess anti-cancer properties. In this study, we investigated the time-course anticancer effects of EGCG on human ovarian cancer cells to provide insights into the molecular-level understanding of growth suppression mechanism involved in EGCG-mediated apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. ...
Ohnishi K - - 2004
We propose here a novel p53-targeting radio-cancer therapy using p53 C-terminal peptides for patients having mutated p53. Hoechst 33342 staining showed that X-ray irradiation alone efficiently induced apoptotic bodies in wild-type p53 (wt p53) human head and neck cancer cells transfected with a neo control vector (SAS/neo cells), but hardly ...
You Seungkwon - - 2004
Using normal canine embryonic fibroblasts (CaEF) that were shown to be senescent at passages 7th-9th, we established two spontaneously immortalized CaEF cell lines (designated CGFR-Ca-1 and -2) from normal senescent CaEF cells, and an immortal CaEF cell line by exogenous introduction of a catalytic telomerase subunit (designated CGFR-Ca-3). Immortal CGFR- ...
Schneider Yann - - 2004
The pro-apoptotic ability of (Z)-3,5,4'-Tri-O-methyl-resveratrol (R3) was investigated in vitro on the human lymphoblastoid cell line TK6 and its p53-knockout counterpart (NH32). In both cell lines, R3 induced the stimulation of caspase-3. Although R3 induced growth inhibition and apoptosis of both cell lines, two distinct mechanisms were observed. The p53-knockout ...
Inoue Hidekazu - - 2004
p53 is a tumor suppressor protein with numerous biological functions including transformation, regulation of cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. The TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) can induce apoptosis in various transformed cell lines. We investigated the effects of combining wild-type p53 gene transduction by adenoviral infection (Ad-p53) with addition of TRAIL ...
Kim Young-Sook - - 2004
In human neuroblastoma SK-N-BE(2) cells undergoing apoptotic death induced by ginsenoside Rh2, a dammarane glycoside that was isolated from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, caspase-1 and caspase-3 were activated. The expression of Bax was increased in the cells treated with ginsenoside Rh2, whereas Bcl-2 expression was not altered. Treatment with ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2004
Saikosaponin D is a saponin extract derived from several species of Bupleurum (Umbelliferae), which is used for the treatment of various liver diseases in traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, we report that Saikosaponin D inhibits the cell growth of human lung cancer cell line A549 and provide a molecular ...
Zhang Xin - - 2004
The known members of inhibitor of growth (ING) gene family are considered as candidate tumor suppressor genes. ING4, a novel member of ING family, is recently reported to interact with tumor suppressor p53, p300 (a major component of histone acetyl transferase complexes), and p65(RelA) subunit of NF-kappaB. In this study, ...
Zander Linda - - 2004
The catalytic subunit of polymerase zeta is encoded from the Rev3 gene. The enzyme is conserved through eukaryotic evolution and its main function appears to be translesion synthesis (TLS) over damaged bases that stall DNA replication. In non-vertebrate cells, inactivation of polymerase zeta results in a moderate hypersensitivity to DNA ...
Jin Zhao-Hui - - 2004
PURPOSE: To elucidate the relationship between p53 functions and the interactive effects of the combined treatment with mild hyperthermia and mitomycin C. METHODS AND MATERIALS: p53-deficient human non-small-cell lung cancer H1299 cells were transfected with a vector carrying a neomycin-resistant gene (neo) or together with a wild-type or mutant p53 ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2004
1. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a natural pigment with the simple chalcone structure 4,2',4'-trihydroxychalcone. In the present study, we report, for the first time, ISL-induced inhibition of the proliferation of the human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cell line. 2. The results showed that ISL not only inhibited A549 cell proliferation, ...
Wesierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2004
Triazoloacridone C-1305 is a novel inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, which exhibits potent antitumor activity toward solid tumors. In this study, antiproliferative action of C-1305 and its close analog C-1533 was investigated in nontransformed mouse fibroblasts and two mutant cell lines in which the PARP-1 gene was specifically disrupted. Unexpectedly, ...
Wong Lina S - - 2004
Although it is known that high levels of cigarette smoke lead to cell death, little is known about the effects of low-to-moderate levels of smoke components that are found in vivo, such as those experienced by cells in tissues. Clinical studies and experimental data show that smokers heal poorly and ...
Shetye Jayant D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow micrometastases (BMM) is considered to be of interest as a prognostic marker in solid tumors. The use of density-gradient separated bone marrow (BM) aspirates does not allow proper morphological characterization of the cells. An alternative approach, using routinely processed clots of BM aspirates, is presented. MATERIALS AND ...
Apostolou Sinoula - - 2004
Malignant mesotheliomas (MMs) are aggressive tumors derived from mesothelial cells lining the lungs, pericardium and peritoneum, and are often associated with occupational asbestos exposure. Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to identify genes differentially expressed in MM cells compared to normal mesothelial cells. A gene, SEP15, encoding a 15-kDa selenium-containing protein ...
Carstens Marissa J - - 2004
Our previous studies have shown that cells conditionally deficient in Tsg101 arrested at the G(1)/S cell cycle checkpoint and died. We created a series of Tsg101 conditional knock-out cell lines that lack p53, p21(Cip1), or p19(Arf) to determine the involvement of the Mdm2-p53 circuit as a regulator for G(1)/S progression ...
Tong Xiangjun - - 2004
Cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61) is a growth factor-inducible, immediate-early gene that has multifaceted activities in various cancers. In a previous study, we found that Cyr61 inhibited the growth of the H520 and H460 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. In further studies, we now report that p53 plays a pivotal ...
Stukenberg P Todd - - 2004
Cells that fail to divide during cytokinesis often arrest in the next G1 phase by a mysterious mechanism that depends upon p53. What triggers this arrest is unclear. New studies, including a report in this issue (Uetake and Sluder, 2004) suggest that this arrest does not occur because cells are ...
Corbiere Cecile - - 2004
Previously, we demonstrated that a plant steroid, diosgenin, altered cell cycle distribution and induced apoptosis in the human osteosarcoma 1547 cell line. The objective of this study was to investigate if the antiproliferative effect of diosgenin was similar for different human cancer cell lines such as laryngocarcinoma HEp-2 and melanoma ...
Sandoval Raudel - - 2004
The regulation of cell growth is one of the most important effects of type I interferons (IFNs). This response may involve a cytostatic effect or the induction of apoptosis depending on the cell context. Often the growth-inhibitory response of type I IFNs is studied in tumor cell lines carrying mutations ...
Radhakrishna Pillai G - - 2004
Curcumin, a phenolic compound from the rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-cancer activities. Although the precise mode of action of this compound is not yet elucidated, studies have shown that chemo-preventive action of curcumin might be due to its ability to induce apoptosis and to ...
Preto Ana - - 2004
Telomerase activity in tumours is often associated with p53 mutation. Many antitelomerase therapies take advantage of the inability of cells expressing mutant p53 to undergo replicative senescence, since this allows telomere erosion to continue until 'crisis', hence providing the desired cytotoxic effect. However, some tumour types, including breast, melanomas and ...
D'Assoro Antonino B - - 2004
Centrosome amplification plays a key role in the origin of chromosomal instability during cancer development and progression. In this study, breast cancer cell lines with different p53 backgrounds were used to investigate the relationship between genotoxic stress, G(1)/S cell cycle checkpoint integrity, and the development of centrosome amplification. Introduction of ...
Swanson Cristina - - 2004
The Werner syndrome (WS) protein WRN is unique in possessing a 3' to 5' exonuclease activity in addition to the 3' to 5' helicase activity characteristic of other RecQ proteins. In order to determine in vivo functions of the WRN catalytic activities and their roles in Werner syndrome pathogenesis, we ...
Izumaru Shinsuke - - 2004
DNA damage via radiation exposure and administration of chemotherapeutic agents induce apoptosis, which is a basic mechanism for non-surgical anti-cancer treatment. We analyzed ionizing radiation (IR)- or ultraviolet (UV)-induced apoptosis in human laryngeal carcinoma (HEp-2) and uterine cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells, and found that HeLa cells were significantly more sensitive ...
Chi Tian-Yi - - 2004
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in various cancer cell lines in vitro. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor effects of EPA on hepatoma cell lines and the mechanisms responsible for induced cell death. Three hepatoma cell lines tested had different p53 ...
Karlsson Jenny - - 2004
PURPOSE: On the basis of clinical studies showing that arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)), via an apoptotic mechanism, and with minimal toxicity induces complete remission in patients with refractory acute promyelocytic leukemia and that multidrug-resistant and p53-mutated neuroblastoma cells are sensitive to As(2)O(3) both in vitro and in vivo, we searched for ...
Wen Chuan-Jun - - 2004
hNRAGE, a neurotrophin receptor p75 interacting MAGE homologue, is cloned from a human placenta cDNA library. hNRAGE can inhibit the colony formation of and arrest cell proliferation at the G1/S and G2/M stages in hNRAGE overexpressing cells. Interestingly, hNRAGE also increases the p53 protein level as well as its phosphorylation ...
Dornan David - - 2004
COP1 (constitutively photomorphogenic 1) is a RING-finger-containing protein that functions to repress plant photomorphogenesis, the light-mediated programme of plant development. Mutants of COP1 are constitutively photomorphogenic, and this has been attributed to their inability to negatively regulate the proteins LAF1 (ref. 1) and HY5 (ref. 2). The role of COP1 ...
Gu Yaping - - 2004
Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) comprises a group of neurodegenerative disorders for which currently there is no treatment. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of drugs approved for human use, and protein folding agents in reversing the mutant phenotype of familial CJD H187R in a cell model. For an efficient ...
Kim On Hee - - 2004
Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation in vertebrates has been implicated in cell cycle control. In this report we explored the effects of proteasome inhibitors (MG132, lactacystin and ALLN) on cell cycle distribution. Colorectal carcinoma HCT116 cells were treated with proteasome inhibitor MG132. The results showed that MG132 inhibited cell proliferation in a ...
Li Muyang - - 2004
Our previous study showed that ubiquitination of p53 is reversible and that the ubiquitin hydrolase HAUSP can stabilize p53 by deubiquitination. Here, we found that partial reduction of endogenous HAUSP levels by RNAi indeed destabilizes endogenous p53; surprisingly, however, nearly complete ablation of HAUSP stabilizes and activates p53. We further ...
Duc Romain - - 2004
Heterocyclic amines, found ubiquitously in our diet, are carcinogenic and mutagenic. Among this class of compounds, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is the most abundant. To further understand the carcinogenesis of this compound, we studied the effects of PhIP on the progression of human lymphoblastoid cells through the cell-cycle. Cells differing in ...
Khodarev Nikolai N - - 2004
We performed expressional profiling of isogenic glioblastoma cell lines U87-Lux8 and U87-175.4. These cell lines differ in that U87-Lux8 expresses wild-type p53 and U87-175.4 expresses a dominant-negative p53 (175(His) mutation). DNA array analysis and real-time PCR measurements demonstrated that basal expression and response to irradiation were different in these isogenic ...
Bar Jair - - 2004
The p53 tumor suppressor is critical for preventing cancer progression. Numerous observations suggest that p53 function can be modulated by the cells' microenvironment. We addressed specifically the impact of cell crowding on the induction of p53 by DNA damage. We report that cell crowding attenuates markedly p53 upregulation, transcriptional activation ...
Ostrakhovitch E A - - 2004
Previous studies have suggested that cells may differ in their response to metal stress. This study was undertaken to investigate the role of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in metal resistance in human breast cancer epithelial cells with different p53 and estrogen receptor status. Exposure to copper and zinc increased Akt phosphorylation ...
Jiang Yan Lin - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the molecular mechanisms for cell growth inhibition or apoptosis in human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells after ionizing radiation. METHODS: Cell survival studies, a TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay, and a caspase-3 immunocytochemical analysis were performed on irradiated ARPE-19 cell cultures at different time periods. Transcriptional ...
Mukherjee Jagat J - - 2004
Cadmium, a widespread environmental pollutant and a cigarette smoke constituent, enhances the genotoxicity of benzo[a]pyrene (BP). The mechanism(s) underlying the potentiation of BP-induced genotoxicity by Cd2+ is not clearly understood. Our studies of the effects of noncytotoxic concentrations of Cd2+ on the levels of p53 and p21 in (+/-)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE)-treated ...
Wang Yuli - - 2004
Mammalian cells undergo cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage due to the existence of multiple checkpoint response mechanisms. One such checkpoint pathway operating at the G(1) phase is frequently lost in cancer cells due to mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. However, cancer cells often arrest at ...
Deplanque G - - 2004
Caffeine has been widely described as a chemo/radiosensitizing agent, presumably by inhibiting DNA repair, and affecting preferentially cells with an altered p53 status. We evaluated the effects of caffeine using isogenic and isophenotypic K1 cells derived from a papillary thyroid carcinoma and displaying either a wild type or a mutated ...
Ridd K - - 2004
Genomics technology offers a way of detecting the effects of a toxin on the expression of many genes in a single experiment. We have previously partially characterised a foetal rat lung epithelial (FRLE) cell line and shown that it is suitable for use in a pneumocytotoxicity screen. In this study, ...
Wang Yinglin - - 2004
A critical challenge in cancer research is to identify genetic lesions that sensitize patients to chemotherapy. p53, which is mutated in nearly one-third to half of glioblastomas, may be such a lesion. In this paper, we demonstrate that p53 disruption dramatically sensitizes glioblastoma cells to DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor-mediated apoptosis. ...
Eichten Alexandra - - 2004
In response to oncogenic insults, normal human cells execute a defense response that culminates in cellular suicide, apoptosis. Normal human diploid fibroblasts expressing the human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E7 oncoprotein are predisposed to apoptosis when they are deprived of growth factors. Even though a dominant negative p53 mutant abrogates ...
Peltenburg Lucy T C - - 2004
Compared with other types of tumours, malignant melanomas are highly refractory to radio- or chemotherapy. To support the search for possible sensitizers, we explored the effects of the cellular oncoproteins c-Myc and N-Ras, which can decrease the clonogenic potential of irradiated p53-negative IGR39D melanoma cells. Using stable transfectants of this ...
Dagkessamanskaia Adilia - - 2004
Of the 13 two-component signal transduction systems (TCS) identified in Streptococcus pneumoniae, two, ComDE and CiaRH, are known to affect competence for natural genetic transformation. ComD and ComE act together with the comC-encoded competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) and with ComAB, the CSP-dedicated exporter, to co-ordinate activation of genes required for differentiation ...
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