Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1468
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Le Hong-Van - - 2005
DNA damage results in transcriptional induction of p53 target genes, including the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p21(Cip1) (CDKN1A) and the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA). Depending on the cellular context, p21(Cip1) and PUMA mediate cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, respectively. By imposing cell cycle arrest ...
Hsieh Tian-Jye - - 2005
Liriodenine was isolated from the leaves of Michelia compressa. This study was designed to assess cell cycle arrest, the production of nitric oxide (NO) and p53 expression in liriodenine-treated human hepatoma cell lines, including wild-type p53 (Hep G2 and SK-Hep-1). As evidenced by flowcytometric studies, liriodenine induced cell cycle G(1) ...
Vona-Davis Linda - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Esophageal adenocarcinoma often arises from Barrett's esophagus. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) play critical roles in cell survival. We hypothesized that inhibition of these pathways in Barrett's adenocarcinoma would decrease cell proliferation and alter apoptosis in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two Barrett's-associated adenocarcinoma cell lines, SEG-1 ...
Shmueli Ayelet - - 2005
Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation is an efficient way for the cell to get rid of unwanted proteins. A key player in this process is the E3 ubiquitin ligase. In this issue of Cell, and describe a new E3 ligase, ARF-BP1/Mule, which targets two very different substrates, p53 and Mcl-1, with completely ...
Lin Hui-Hsuan - - 2005
In view of the continuing need for effective anticancer agents, and the association of diet with reduced cancer risk, edible plants are increasingly being considered as sources of anticancer drugs. Hibiscus sabdariffa Linne (Malvaceae), an attractive plant believed to be native to Africa, is cultivated in the Sudan and Eastern ...
Levesque Aime A - - 2005
The topoisomerase I inhibitor SN38 arrests cell cycle progression primarily in S or G(2) phases of the cell cycle in a p53-independent manner. The Chk1 inhibitor, 7-hydroxystaurosporine (UCN-01), overcomes both S and G(2) arrest preferentially in cells mutated for p53, driving cells through a lethal mitosis and thereby enhancing cytotoxicity. ...
Choi Jeong-Woo - - 2005
We investigated the time-course tumor growth suppression effects of recombinant adenovirus expressing p53 on human cervical cancer cells and cell-specific E7 protein-protein interactions in cell lysates using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor. Six HPV-infected human cervical cancer cell lines (HPV 16-positive cells, CaSki and SiHa cells; HPV 18-positive cells, HeLa ...
Roy S - - 2005
In LNCaP prostate cancer cells CG-1521, a new inhibitor of histone deacetylases, alters the acetylation of p53 in a site-specific manner. While p53 is constitutively acetylated at Lys320 in LNCaP cells, treatment with CG-1521, stabilizes the acetylation of p53 at Lys373, elevating p21 (and inducing cell cycle arrest). Treatment with ...
Hall Emily H - - 2005
Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) are ultrashort pulses with high electric field intensity (kV/cm) and high power (megawatts), but low energy density (mJ/cc). To determine roles for p53 in response to nsPEFs, HCT116 cells (p53+/+ and p53-/-) were exposed to nsPEF and analyzed for membrane integrity, phosphatidylserine externalization, caspase activation, ...
Nair Ayyappan R - - 2005
We silenced p53 gene expression in ARPE-19, a human retinal pigmented epithelial cell line using RNA interference. The effect of silencing the p53 gene in proliferating ARPE-19 cells was studied. Four short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting different regions of human p53 mRNA were delivered individually into ARPE-19 cells using lentiviral ...
Aguero Martin F - - 2005
Phenoxodiol, an isoflavone derivative of genistein with unknown mechanism of action, is currently being evaluated in early human cancer clinical trials. To determine the mechanism of antiproliferative effects of phenoxodiol, we examined its effects in a battery of human cell lines. Although we observed caspase-dependent apoptosis in HN12 cells as ...
Brault Laurent - - 2005
Thieno analogues of kenpaullone have been synthesized using an established method. We investigated the effect of five structural analogues of kenpaullone on vincristine sensitive and resistant MCF7 (human mammary adenocarcinoma) cells. One analogue, 8-Bromo-6,11-dihydro-thieno-[3',2':2,3]azepino[4,5-b]indol-5(4H)-one (3a), showed an antiproliferative activity in the drug sensitive cell line that led to cell accumulation ...
Bell H S - - 2005
Necrosis in glioblastoma is often associated with high levels of Fas (APO-1), HIF-1alpha and PARP expression. The presence of such molecules suggests a regulative element to cell death within this tissue, which may involve p53. We aimed to establish whether p53 and its downstream targets Bax, MDM2 and p21 play ...
Guan Ran - - 2005
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is required for multiple stages of mitosis and is up-regulated in many human malignancies. We depleted Plk1 expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA) and showed defects in bipolar spindle formation and cytokinesis, growth inhibition, and apoptosis induction in human cancer cell lines. To our surprise, depletion ...
Ramljak Danica - - 2005
A naturally occurring, cocoa-derived pentameric procyanidin (pentamer) was previously shown to cause G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in human breast cancer cells by an unknown molecular mechanism. Here, we show that pentamer selectively inhibits the proliferation of human breast cancer cells (MDA MB-231, MDA MB-436, MDA MB-468, SKBR-3, and MCF-7) and ...
Yang Bo - - 2005
Relapse of neuroblastoma commonly occurs in hypoxic tissues, and is associated with an acquired and sustained high-level drug resistance, often due to p53 loss of function. Abrogating p53 function with HPV 16 E6 transduction in drug-sensitive neuroblastoma cell lines caused high-level drug resistance. Tirapazamine (TPZ) is a bioreductive agent that ...
Mukhopadhyay Utpal K - - 2005
p53 is frequently mutated in patients with prostate cancer, especially in those with advanced disease. Therefore, the selective elimination of p53 mutant cells will likely have an impact in the treatment of prostate cancer. Because p53 has important roles in cell cycle checkpoints, it has been anticipated that modulation of ...
Wu Jing Jing - - 2005
To better understand the outcome of the interaction between TNF-related apoptosis-inducing factor (TRAIL) and tumor cells, we studied TRAIL-resistant melanoma cells resulting from prolonged exposure to TRAIL and found that they had higher proliferative activity than the parental cells both in vitro and in vivo. This was associated with reduced ...
Valenti Lionel M - - 2005
Major physical traumas provoke a systemic inflammatory response and immune dysfunction. In a model of thermal injury in rats, we previously showed that an overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) was responsible for the collapse of lymphoproliferative responses. In the present work, we performed a time-course analysis of cell proliferation and ...
Bataller Marc - - 2005
We have studied the effects of different concentrations of H(2)O(2) on the proliferation of PC-3 prostate carcinoma cells. Since this cell line lacks functional p53, we sought to characterize whether apoptotic response to the oxidative insult was altered such that, unlike in cells containing functional p53 apoptosis may be reduced ...
Wang Yu - - 2005
Osmotic-response element-binding protein (OREBP), also known as TonEBP or NFAT5, is thought to be responsible for the induction of osmolyte-accumulating genes when cells are under hypertonic stress. Recent studies suggest that OREBP also plays a role in water reabsorption in the kidney, T-cell proliferation, and embryonic development. We developed transgenic ...
Nishio Saori - - 2005
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common human monogenic genetic disorder and is characterized by progressive bilateral renal cysts and the development of renal insufficiency. The cystogenesis of ADPKD is believed to be a monoclonal proliferation of PKD-deficient (PKD(-/-)) renal tubular epithelial cells. To define the function ...
Wesierska-Gadek J - - 2005
In this study we investigated the function of p53 as a regulator of cell cycle progression in cycling and senescent cells. Using the conditional temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant we could prevent the detrimental effect of constitutive expression of high levels of wt p53 protein. High levels of wt p53 inhibited cell ...
Song Yoon-Jae - - 2005
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) IE86 protein induces the human fibroblast cell cycle from G(0)/G(1) to G(1)/S, where cell cycle progression stops. Cells with a wild-type, mutated, or null p53 or cells with null p21 protein were transduced with replication-deficient adenoviruses expressing HCMV IE86 protein or cellular p53 or p21. Even ...
Jee Young-Heun - - 2005
The involvement of the p53 gene in apoptosis of many cell types towards y-radiation is well established. However, little information is available on the relationship between p53 status and cells' ability to undergo apoptosis following exposure to fast neutrons. The aim of this study was to characterize the apoptotic pathway ...
Mazzatti Dawn J - - 2005
Cellular sensitivity to ionizing radiation (IR) treatment is a complex biologic phenomenon that is affected by several processes, namely the ability of the cell to detect and repair DNA damage, regulate cell cycle division, and execute apoptosis. Because the p53 tumor suppressor protein is implicated in the regulation of each ...
Freed William J - - 2005
Immortalized central nervous system (CNS) cell lines are useful as in vitro models for innumerable purposes such as elucidating biochemical pathways, studies of effects of drugs, and ultimately, such cells may also be useful for neural transplantation. The SV40 large T (LT) oncoprotein, commonly used for immortalization, interacts with several ...
Hernández-Zavala A - - 2005
Bladder cancer is one of the most important diseases associated with arsenic (As) exposure in view of its high prevalence and mortality rate. Experimental studies have shown that As exposure induces cell proliferation in the bladder of sodium arsenite (iAsIII) subchronically treated mice. However, there is little available information on ...
Shi Mei M Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, - - 2005
To investigate the role of TIP30 in apoptotic signal pathway in hepatoblastoma cells and to provide a basis for TIP30 as a gene therapy candidate in the regression of hepatoblastoma cells. Apoptosis of human hepatoblastoma cell lines HepG2 (p53 wild), Hep3B (p53 null) and PLC/RPF/5 (p53 mutant) infected with Ad-TIP30 ...
Nasr Rihab - - 2005
HTLV-I associated adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and HTLV-I-negative peripheral T-cell lymphomas are associated with poor prognosis. Using pharmacological concentrations of the proteasome inhibitor PS-341, we demonstrate inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in fresh ATL cells, HTLV-I transformed and HTLV-I-negative malignant T cells, while normal resting or activated ...
Grösch Sabine - - 2005
R-flurbiprofen, a non cyclooxygenase inhibiting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), has been found to inhibit tumor growth in various animal models. In vitro experiments have shown that this effect is based on the induction of a cell cycle block and apoptosis. Cell cycle inhibition has been explained by activation of the ...
Creton S - - 2005
The heterocyclic amine 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), formed during the cooking of meat, induces tumors of the prostate, colon, and mammary gland when fed to rats. PhIP is readily absorbed and efficiently metabolized to a genotoxic derivative by CYP1 enzymes. Although metabolism and mutational potential of PhIP have previously been well characterized, ...
Turner Bradley J - - 2005
Mutations in the intracellular metalloenzyme superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) are linked to neurotoxicity in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by an unclear mechanism. Golgi fragmentation and endoplasmic reticulum stress are early hallmarks of spinal motor neuron pathology in transgenic mice overexpressing mutant SOD1, suggesting that dysfunction of the neuronal secretory ...
Basavarajaiah, Poornima
The tumour suppressor protein p53 stops cell division by activating the expression of p21WAF1/CIP1, whenever it senses that a cells DNA is damaged. Thus, giving the cell a chance to repair the damaged DNA before its errors are duplicated and passed onto daughter cells. When p53 is mutated, it loses ...
Luk Sharon Chui-Wah - - 2005
CKBM is a natural product that exhibits a novel anti-tumor activity through the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. We have investigated its effects on cell cycle regulation using a gastric cancer cell line, AGS. The effects of CKBM on cell proliferation, cell cycle regulation and apoptosis were analyzed ...
Son Se-Hee - - 2005
The promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML), involved in the pathogenesis of acute promyelocytic leukemia, is a coactivator of p53 tumor suppressive functions. The ability of PML to inhibit growth and induce cell death in solid tumor cells, however, has not been determined. We therefore assayed the tumor suppressor activities of PML ...
Schwartz Joel L - - 2005
Studies in cell culture and laboratory animals have shown that green tea and its major component, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, inhibit cell growth and reduce tumor incidence. However, results of epidemiological studies have generated inconsistent, sometimes conflicting data regarding protection by green tea against human cancers. To clarify the findings of these laboratory ...
Kim Eun-Cheol - - 2005
Caesalpinia sappan L. (C. sappan) has been used in Oriental medicine as an antitumor agent. The present study shows the effects of the chloroform extract of C. sappan on cell death in head and neck cancer cell lines. The viability of HNSCC4 and HNSCC31 cells (head and neck cancer cell ...
Szollosi Zoltan - - 2005
The term malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is widely used for pleomorphic soft tissue sarcomas without a specific line of differentiation. MFH is included in the category of fibrohistiocytic soft tissue tumors. MFH has a broad range of histological appearances, and it has several subtypes. All of these subtypes are composed ...
Gribble Elizabeth J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Methylmercury (MeHg), a ubiquitous environmental contaminant, is a known potent teratogen selectively affecting the developing central nervous system. While a definitive mechanism for MeHg-induced developmental neurotoxicity remains elusive, in utero exposure has been associated with reduced brain weight and reduction in cell number. This suggests early toxicant interference with ...
Caraglia M - - 2005
Docetaxel (Taxotere, DTX) is a promoter of apoptosis in cancer cells. Since cytotoxic mechanisms of DTX are not yet fully understood, we have investigated the effects of DTX on apoptosis and ras-->Erk-mediated signal transduction in human epidermoid KB, colon HT-29 and breast HCC1937 cancer cells. We have found that the ...
Nowak M M Max-Planck Institute for Immunobiology, Stuebeweg 51, 79108 Freiburg, - - 2005
The tumor suppressor p53 has two alternative effects, causing either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. These different effects are supposed to be mediated by the transcriptional activation of different target genes. perp, encoding a transmembrane protein of the Pmp22 family, is a transcriptional p53 target exclusively upregulated in apoptotic cells. ...
Hudson Chantelle D CD Medical Molecular Biology Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, United - - 2004
The Brn-3a transcription factor is critical for survival and differentiation of sensory neurons derived from neural crest cells (NCC). Interaction of Brn-3a with p53 results in differential effects on target gene expression, which profoundly affects fate of neuronal cells. Here we demonstrate colocalization of p53 in a subset of Brn-3a-positive ...
Manáková Sárka - - 2004
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is widely used to produce an animal model of Parkinson's disease by selectively destroying the catecholaminergic nerve system of the substantia nigra. In our previous studies we noted that dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) die mostly via apoptosis after exposure to 6-OHDA (< or = 100 microM) but African ...
Sphyris Nathalie - - 2004
To understand the role of endogenous p53 and related proteins in pancreatic injury responses, we established primary pancreatic acinar cultures from wild-type and p53-deficient mice and investigated the relationship between apoptosis, proliferation and underlying molecular events in cells exposed to the DNA cross-linking agent cisplatin. This treatment led to a ...
Xu Xiang-Ming - - 2004
Altered expression of receptor tyrosine kinases contributes to tumorigenic behaviors of epithelial cancers. In this study, the pathogenic roles of receptor tyrosine kinase RON (recepteur d'origine nantais) in regulating oncogenic phenotypes in colorectal epithelial cells were studied. Increased expression of RON and its variants resulted in colony formation and motile ...
Yim Eun-Kyoung - - 2004
The global effects of 5-fluorouracil (FU) on cervical carcinoma cells were analyzed using an efficient proteomic method. More than 50 proteins showed a significant change in 5-FU-treated cervical carcinoma cells compared to control cells. Among them, 34 proteins have been identified by employing two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF-MS using peptide ...
Takahashi Akihisa - - 2004
PURPOSE: We analyzed the death pattern of human lung cancer cells harboring different p53 statuses after irradiation with different levels of linear energy transfer (LET). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used three kinds of human lung cancer cell lines with identical genotypes, except for the p53 gene. These cells were exposed ...
Fomenkov Alexey - - 2004
p53 family members with a transactivation (TA) domain induce cell cycle arrest and promote apoptosis. However, DeltaNp63 isotypes lacking the TA-domain promote cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro and in vgammavo. Although p53, TAp63 or TAp73 are stabilized upon DNA damage, we found that the genotoxic stress agents induced a ...
Kim Yong Wook - - 2004
A constituent of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), is known to possess anti-cancer properties. In this study, the time-course of the anticancer effects of EGCG on human ovarian cancer cells were investigated to provide insights into the molecular-level understanding of the growth suppression mechanism involved in EGCG-mediated apoptosis and cell cycle ...
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