Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1468
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Bodalina U M - - 2007
Temporal changes in the expression of p53 were investigated during hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA)-induced differentiation of murine erythroleukaemic (MEL) cells. Cell preparations were analysed by SDS-PAGE and western immunoblotting, which detected an immunospecific band of molecular mass 53 kDa. This analysis provided semi-quantitative information. Cell extracts were analysed further by means ...
Tian Ying Y Qingdao University Medical College, 38 Dengzhou Road, Qingdao 266021, Shandong Province, - - 2006
To investigate the effects of inositol hexaphosphate (IP(6)) on proliferation of HT-29 human colon carcinoma cell line. Cells were exposed to various concentrations (0, 1.8, 3.3, 5.0, 8.0, 13.0 mmol/L) of IP(6) for a certain period of time. Its effect on growth of HT-29 cells was measured by MTT assay. ...
Quick Quincy A - - 2006
OBJECT: Radiotherapy is one of the few treatment options available for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM); however, the basis for its overall ineffectiveness in GBM is not fully understood. The present study was designed to explore the nature of the response to ionizing radiation in GBM cells to gain insight into the ...
Lee Eunmyong - - 2006
SC-560, a structural analogue of celecoxib, induces growth inhibition in a wide range of human cancer cells in a cyclooxygenase (COX)-independent manner. Since SC-560 suppresses the growth of cancer cells mainly by inducing cell cycle arrest, we sought to examine the role of p21CIP1, a cell cycle regulator protein, in ...
Yu T - - 2006
Microscopically visible gammaH2AX foci signify the presence of DNA double-strand breaks (dsbs) in irradiated cells. However, large foci are also observed in untreated tumour cells, and high numbers reduce the sensitivity for detecting drug or radiation-induced DNA breaks. SW756 cervical carcinoma cells that express about 50 gammaH2AX foci per cell ...
Olsen Anders A Buck Institute, 8001 Redwood Boulevard, Novato, CA 94945, - - 2006
Checkpoints are evolutionarily conserved signaling mechanisms that arrest cell division and alter cellular stress resistance in response to DNA damage or stalled replication forks. To study the consequences of loss of checkpoint functions in whole animals, checkpoint genes were inactivated in the nematode C. elegans. We show that checkpoint proteins ...
de Groot J W B - - 2006
Activating mutations in the RET gene, which encodes a tyrosine kinase receptor, often cause medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Surgical resection is the only curative treatment; no effective systemic treatment is available. We evaluated imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor currently used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumors, as ...
Codogno Patrice - - 2006
ARF, often localized in the nucleolus, controls the p53 pathway and ribosomal biogenesis. In a recent issue of Molecular Cell, Kimchi and colleagues describe a short mitochondrial form of ARF (smARF), produced by internal initiation of translation, that dissipates mitochondrial membrane potential independently of p53 and Bcl-2 family members and ...
Foroutan Behzad - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: P-Glycoprotein plays a major role in regulating the concentration of chemotherapeutic agents inside the cytoplasm of normal and cancerous cells. The present in vitro study has primarily focused on the evaluation of the chemosensitising drug model, verapamil, as a P-glycoprotein antagonist not only to overcome chemoresistance in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ...
Goel Ajay - - 2006
While there is an increasing interest in selenium chemoprevention against human colon polyp recurrence and other cancers, the mechanism(s) by which these agents inhibit carcinogenesis are uncertain. Some of the proposed mechanisms include the inhibition of cytosine methyltransferases, carcinogen bioactivation, and inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX). More recently, it has been ...
Bae In Hwa - - 2006
Cisplatin (CDDP) is a DNA damaging agent and is widely used for treating cancer. While the role of p53 in CDDP-induced cell death has been stressed, evidence exists that CDDP can also kill p53-mutated cells. To investigate the latter mechanism, we performed a comparative study using three different human cell ...
Li Gong-Cheng - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether Trichostatin A (TSA) possesses antitumor activity against human bladder cancer cells, and if any, its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A human bladder cancer cell line, BIU-87, was treated with different concentrations of TSA. After treatment, cell growth was measured by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis and cell ...
Alshatwi Ali A - - 2006
The influence of zinc status on the expression of proteins known to be involved in the stability of p53, the human tumor suppressor gene product, was examined in hepatoblastoma (HepG2) cells. Cells were cultured in zinc-deficient (ZD0.2, ZD0.4), zinc normal (ZN), zinc adequate (ZA), or zinc-supplemented (ZS) medium, which contained ...
Kadara Humam - - 2006
Growth and Differentiation Factor-15 (GDF-15, NAG-1, MIC-1) is induced by several apoptosis-inducing agents including the retinoid-related molecule (RRM) 6-[3-(1-adamantyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-naphthalene carboxylic acid (CD437). It has been suggested that GDF-15 may be involved in the induction of apoptosis by CD437 in H460 lung cancer cells. The present study was designed to probe ...
Koljonen Virve - - 2006
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive dermal tumour of neuroendocrine origin with poor prognosis. The role of cell cycle-regulatory proteins (p53/p21/p27) in MCC pathogenesis and their prognostic importance were evaluated. Twenty-four primary MCC specimens with corresponding clinical data were analysed by immunohistochemistry for p21, p27 and p53 antibodies. The ...
Jin Xun - - 2006
We have established in culture a spontaneously immortalized bovine embryonic fibroblast (BEF) cell line that has lost p53 and p16(INK4a) functions. MyoD is a muscle-specific regulator capable of inducing myogenesis in a number of cell types. When the BEF cells were transduced with MyoD they differentiated efficiently to desmin-positive myofibers ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2006
This study first investigates the anticancer effect of plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) in human nonsmall cell lung cancer cells, A549. Plumbagin has exhibited effective cell growth inhibition by inducing cancer cells to undergo G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis. Blockade of cell cycle was associated with increased levels of p21 and reduced amounts ...
Melzner Ingo I Department of Pathology, University of Ulm, Ulm, - - 2006
Activity of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) in the JAK2/STAT5 signaling pathway is critically controlled by suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1). We have previously shown that SOCS-1 is biallelically mutated in the primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) cell line MedB-1, resulting in impaired JAK2 degradation and sustained phospho-JAK2 action. SOCS-1 is ...
Shinozaki Fumika - - 2006
Hsp90 participates in many distinct aspects of cellular functions and accomplishes these roles by interacting with multiple client proteins. To gain insight into the interactions between Hsp90 and its clients, here we have reduced the protein level of Hsp90 in avian cells by gene targeting in an attempt to elicit ...
Taylor B Frazier BF Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Louisville, 570 South Preston Street, Suite 221, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2006
Arsenic trioxide, an acute promyelocytic leukemia chemotherapeutic, may be an efficacious treatment for other cancers. Understanding the mechanism as well as genetic and molecular characteristics associated with sensitivity to arsenite-induced cell death is key to providing effective chemotherapeutic usage of arsenite. Arsenite sensitivity correlates with deficient p53 pathways in multiple ...
Li Ying - - 2006
DNA damage is a critical event preceding cellular apoptosis or necrosis. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of aristolochic acid I (AAI) on DNA damage and cell cycle in porcine proximal tubular epithelial cell lines (LLC-PK1 cells). LLC-PK1 cells were stimulated with AAI at the concentrations of ...
Cai Qi - - 2006
The response of renal inner medullary (IM) collecting duct cells (mIMCD3) to high NaCl involves increased expression of Gadd45 and p53, both of which have important effects on growth and survival of the cells. However, mIMCD3 cells, being immortalized by SV40, proliferate rapidly, which is known to sensitize cells to ...
Oka Hiroaki - - 2006
Mouse lymphoma L5178Ytk+/- (MOLY) cells and human lymphoblastoid TK6 and WTK-1 cells are widely used to detect mutagens in vitro. MOLY and WTK-1 cells have a p53 mutation, while TK6 cells, which were derived from the same parental line as WTK-1 cells, do not. In this study, we tested the ...
Boerma Marjan - - 2006
Immortalized cell lines offer significant logistical advantages over primary cells when used for in-vitro studies. Immortalized cells may, however, exhibit important differences relative to their primary cell counterparts. In this study, microarrays were used to make a genome-wide comparison between primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and EA.hy926, an ...
Panno M Luisa - - 2006
In the present study, we evidence how in breast cancer cells low doses of Taxol for 18 h determined the upregulation of p53 and p21 waf expression concomitantly with a decrease of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2. P53 and its gene product, the mdm2 protein, in treated cells exhibits a prevalent nuclear ...
Chen Tong-Jong - - 2006
In the present study, we investigated the protective mechanism of quercetin (QUE) and its glycosides, rutin (RUT) and quercitrin (QUI), on reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent (H(2)O(2)) and -independent (chemical anoxia) cell death in rat glioma C6 cells. Induction of HO-1 protein expression was detected in QUE- but not RUT- or ...
Cammarota Marcella - - 2006
Exposure to nickel and chromium, and their compounds, has been associated with adverse health effects. These metals are two human carcinogens whose pathogenesis involves active extracellular matrix degradation and remodelling. In this work we have compared the effects of in vitro exposure to nickel and chromium of a keratinocyte cell ...
Foroutan Behzad - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Resistance to an anthracycline-based regimen, such as CHOP, constitutes a problem for curing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients. Chemoresistance in the clinic manifests itself as a lack of response to treatment or regrowth of a tumour after an initial response. METHODS: In this study, lymphocytes from NHL patients were treated ...
Jin H-S - - 2006
In this study, microarray analyses were performed to determine the time course of gene expression profiles in SiHa cells after infection with an adenovirus-expressing p53 (Adp53). We then investigated the consequences of Adp53 gene transfer on the expression level of six genes associated with cell cycle control and on apoptosis ...
Roger Lauréline - - 2006
Much remains to be learned about how cancer cells acquire the property of migration, a prerequisite for invasiveness and metastasis. Loss of p53 functions is assumed to be a crucial step in the development of many types of cancers, leading to dysregulation of cell cycle checkpoint controls and apoptosis. However, ...
Liu Xiaoqi - - 2006
We previously reported the phenotype of depletion of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) using RNA interference (RNAi) and showed that p53 is stabilized in Plk1-depleted cancer cells. In this study, we further analyzed the Plk1 depletion-induced phenotype in both cancer cells and primary cells. The vector-based RNAi approach was used to ...
Yip Helena T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine expression of cell cycle and apoptotic genes, biochemical analysis of CCL23 and antisense cyclin D1-transfected CCL23 (CCL23AS) cells in the presence of cisplatin was performed. In addition, biochemical analysis of CAL27 cells before and after treatment with cisplatin was performed to determine expression of cell cycle genes. ...
Hassan I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The potential of MTp53 knockout by oligodesoxyribonucleotide phosphothioates (ODNs) to affect proliferation, apoptosis and chemosensitivity in undifferentiated thyroid cancer (UTC) cells with a recessive MTp53 mutation was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transient transfections with ODNs complementary to p53 and control ODN (HIV-RT) were carried out in FTC 133 cells. ...
Zhu Huijun - - 2006
We investigated p53-dependent and -independent molecular events associated with cell cycle alteration and cell death in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells using cryptolepine, a DNA-damaging agent. After a 24-h treatment, cryptolepine caused an accumulation of p53 at concentrations of 1.25-10 microM and induction of p21(Cip1/WAF1) but only at concentrations up ...
Malki A M - - 2006
AIM: Using caffeine as a reference derivative, this study was performed to investigate how other methylxanthine derivatives, theophylline, 3-isobutyl-methylxanthine and 1,3-dipropyl-7-methylxanthine, sensitize cells to radiation by modifying cell cycle checkpoints and inducing the apoptotic response. The effect of the methylxanthine derivatives was studied in response to gamma and ultraviolet radiation ...
Dorsey Waneene C WC Molecular Toxicology Research Laboratory, Grambling State University, Grambling, LA, - - 2006
Neuregulins are a family of growth factor domain proteins that are structurally related to the epidermal growth factor. Accumulating evidence has shown that neuregulins have cyto- and neuroprotective properties in various cell types. In particular, the neuregulin-1 Beta (NRG1-Beta) isoform is well documented for its antiinflammatory properties in rat brain ...
Ichwan S J A - - 2006
To investigate whether dysregulation of p53 phosphorylation confers tumor resistance to p53, we analysed the effects of wild-type p53 on oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines carrying various mutations of p53. Introduction of exogenous p53 neither induced apoptosis nor suppressed colony formation in HSC-3 cells lacking any detectable p53 ...
Dimas K - - 2006
Sclareol is a labdane-type diterpene that has demonstrated a significant cytotoxic activity against human leukemic cell lines. Here, we report the effect of sclareol against the human breast cancer cell lines MN1 and MDD2 derived from the parental cell line, MCF7. MN1 cells express functional p53, whereas MDD2 cells do ...
Zhang Xu Hannah XH Division of Experimental Diabetes and Aging, Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, - - 2006
The G1 phase of the cell cycle is characterized by a high rate of membrane phospholipid turnover. Cells regulate this turnover by coordinating the opposing actions of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase and the group VI Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2). However, little is known about how such turnover affects cell-cycle progression. Here, we ...
Zhao Rui R Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison 53792, - - 2006
Although the anticancer effects of selenium have been shown in clinical, preclinical, and laboratory studies, the underlying mechanism(s) remains unclear. Our previous study showed that sodium selenite induced LNCaP human prostate cancer cell apoptosis in association with production of reactive oxygen species, alteration of cell redox state, and mitochondrial damage. ...
El-Metwally T H - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: The pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (HPAF) cells have a multipotent stem cell potential. It was hypothesised that all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) can induce transdifferentiation of these cells into cells with an endocrine phenotype. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To explore this hypothesis, an in vitro system of cells was established. Some ...
Alleva Renata - - 2006
alpha-Tocopheryl succinate (alpha-TOS) exerts pleiotrophic responses in malignant cells leading to cell cycle arrest, differentiation and apoptosis. We tested the ability of alpha-TOS to induce apoptosis or cell cycle perturbation in three human osteosarcoma (OS) cell lines which differ in their pRB and p53 status. We found high levels of ...
Liu G-Y - - 2006
Peptidylarginine deiminases (PADIs) convert peptidylarginine into citrulline via posttranslational modification. One member of the family, PADI4, plays an important role in immune cell differentiation and cell death. To elucidate the participation of PADI4 in haematopoietic cell death, we examine whether inducible overexpression of PADI4 enhances the apoptotic cell death. PADI4 ...
Bhonde Mandar R - - 2006
DNA damage induced by the topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan (CPT-11) triggers in p53(WT) colorectal carcinoma cells a long term cell cycle arrest and in p53MUT cells a transient arrest followed by apoptosis (Magrini, R., Bhonde, M. R., Hanski, M. L., Notter, M., Scherübl, H., Boland, C. R., Zeitz, M., and ...
Bhonde M R - - 2006
Knowledge of the type of biological reaction to chemotherapy is a prerequisite for its rational enhancement. We previously showed that irinotecan-induced DNA damage triggers in the HCT116p53(wt) colon carcinoma cell line a long-term cell cycle arrest and in HCT116p53(-/-) cells apoptosis (Magrini et al., 2002). To compare the contribution of ...
D'silva, Michael Aloysius
The cellular ubiquitin-protein ligase E6-AP was initially identified as a protein that interacts with the E6 oncoprotein of Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) associated with cervical carcinomas. Subsequently, this E6/E6-AP complex has been shown to bind and target the tumour suppressor protein p53 for ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation. In addition to p53, the ...
Xu Dakang - - 2006
Embryonic stem (ES) cells, and the inner cell mass from which they are derived, are hypersensitive to DNA damage and appear to have specific cellular defense systems for DNA repair and the elimination of damaged cells. These mechanisms differ from somatic cells and are vital to minimize developmental defects that ...
Puzianowska-Kuznicka Monika - - 2006
In the present work, we have reviewed data showing that triiodothyronine and its nuclear receptors modify expression of different genes/proteins involved in cell cycle control beginning from growth factors (such as EGF and TGF-beta), to cell surface receptors (EGFR), as well as proteins acting at the cell membrane (Ras), various ...
Yamamoto Ken-ichi - - 2006
ATM, the gene mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, is related to a family of large phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase domain-containing protein kinases involved in cell cycle control and DNA repair. To define the physiological roles of ATM in higher vertebrate cells, we created an ATM-deficient DT40 cell line, which, despite of the lack ...
Zaka Raihana - - 2006
Ank is a multipass transmembrane protein that regulates the cellular transport of inorganic pyrophosphate. In the progressive ankylosis (ank) mouse, a premature termination mutation at glutamic acid 440 results in a phenotype characterized by inappropriate deposition of basic calcium phosphate crystals in skeletal tissues. Mutations in the amino terminus of ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >