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Results 451 - 500 of 1468
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Tokalov S V - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Both heat shock (HS) and ionizing radiation have an impact on the cell cycle and may induce cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. Mutations of the p53 gene are observed at a high frequency in human tumours and are recognized in about half of all human cancers. Sensitivity to radiation, ...
Roepke Martin - - 2007
We have recently shown that thymoquinone (TQ) is an antineoplastic drug that induces p53-dependent apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. This study evaluated the antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of TQ in two human osteosarcoma cell lines with different p53 mutation status. TQ decreased cell survival dose-dependently and, more significantly, in ...
Yan Junli - - 2007
Tight regulation of p53 is essential for maintaining normal cell growth. Here we report that BLIMP1 acts in an autoregulatory feedback loop that controls p53 activity through repression of p53 transcription. p53 binds to and positively regulates BLIMP1, which encodes for a known B cell transcriptional repressor. Knockdown of BLIMP1 ...
Nakamura Yohko - - 2007
p53 is a key modulator of a variety of cellular stresses. In human neuroblastomas, p53 is rarely mutated and aberrantly expressed in cytoplasm. In this study, we have identified a novel p53 mutant lacking its COOH-terminal region in neuroblastoma SK-N-AS cells. p53 accumulated in response to cisplatin (CDDP) and thereby ...
Matthews David J - - 2007
Chk1 and Chk2 kinases are critically involved in modulating DNA damage checkpoints. In particular, Chk1, a key activator of the S-phase DNA damage response, may be involved in resistance to genotoxic therapies that target DNA synthesis. We studied the in vitro and in vivo effects of EXEL-9844 (XL844), a potent, ...
Jiang Lei - - 2008
The p53 gene is a tumor suppressor gene. It encodes a nuclear phosphoprotein p53 involved in the regulation of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis to maintain the genomic integrity of the cell. As mutations of p53 gene are found in most human cancers, p53 protein becomes a hot target in ...
Xue, Chengyuan
The development of resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is the main obstacle to the successful treatment of many&#13;cancers, including childhood neuroblastoma, the most common solid tumour of infants. One factor that may play a&#13;role in determining response of neuroblastoma tumours to therapeutic agents is the p53 tumour suppressor gene. A&#13;number of ...
Harakeh Steve - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an acute malignancy of activated T-cells caused by the human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type-1 (HTLV-1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of non-cytotoxic concentrations of ascorbic acid (AA) were evaluated against HTLV-1 positive and negative cells. The effect of AA on apoptosis and proliferation was ...
Jaiswal K R - - 2007
Barrett's esophagus, a metaplasia predisposed to malignant transformation, has been studied in vitro using esophageal adenocarcinoma cell lines. However, findings in such transformed cells may not be applicable to the non-neoplastic cells of benign Barrett's esophagus. Therefore, we have developed and characterized a Barrett's cell line derived from a patient ...
Feagins Linda A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: For patients with Barrett's esophagus, physicians commonly prescribe antisecretory medications in dosages above those required to heal reflux esophagitis because acid has been shown to have proproliferative and antiapoptotic effects on Barrett's cancer cells and on Barrett's mucosal explants. For a number of reasons, these model systems may not ...
Ghosh Goutam - - 2007
Ku86 is one of the two regulatory subunits of the DNA-PK (DNA-dependent protein kinase) complex that is required for DNA double-strand break repair in mammalian cells. In a previous study, by means of somatic gene targeting, we generated human cell lines deficient in Ku86 (XRCC5). Heterozygous human Ku86 cells exhibited ...
Ubezio Paolo - - 2007
We have previously developed experimental and data analysis procedures to measure the antiproliferative activity of drugs in continuously proliferating cancer cell lines using carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE). The method was applied here to analyze the role of p53 in the effect of the anticancer drug cisplatin, distinguishing events occurring ...
Hirota Mikako - - 2007
Duocarmycin A (Duo), which is one of well-known antitumor antibiotics, efficiently alkylates adenine N3 at the 3' end of AT-rich sequences in the DNA. The addition of a minor groove binder, distamycin A (Dist), not only accerelates the reactivity of Duo with oligonucleotide duplex but also switches the DNA-alkylation site ...
Farah Ibrahim O - - 2007
In response to genotoxic agents, normal tissue cells are instructed by p53 either to perform DNA repair or to undergo apoptosis. Studies showed that chemo and/or radiotherapy damage both normal and cancerous cells indiscriminately. To this end, severe side effects inflicted by p53 activation in normal tissues, would possibly be ...
Geranmayeh Fatemeh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although gemistocytic astrocytomas are graded as World Health Organization II astrocytomas, they behave more aggressively than other astrocytomas. Their proliferative potential is low, and it remains an intriguing question why these tumors are so biologically "successful." They show a high mutation rate of the P53 gene, cytological abnormalities, and ...
Brown Lauren - - 2007
In response to various forms of cellular stress, including DNA damage, ribonucleotide depletion, and abnormal proliferative signals, p53 becomes activated as a transcription factor, targeted genes that induce cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Eliminating damaged, stressed, or abnormally proliferating cells from the replicating cell population prevents the propagation of potentially cancer-prone ...
Lammers Twan - - 2007
PP2Calpha is the representative member of the type 2C family of protein phosphatases, and it has recently been implicated in the regulation of p53-, TGFbeta-, cyclin-dependent kinase- and apoptosis-signaling. To investigate the role of PP2Calpha in cell growth and in radio- and chemosensitivity, wild type and PP2Calpha siRNA-expressing MCF7 cells ...
Rosas Pérez Irma - - 2007
Previous studies have used particle mass and size as metrics to link airborne particles with deleterious health effects. Recent evidence suggests that particle composition can play an important role in PM-toxicity; however, little is known about the specific participation of components (individually or acting in groups) present in such a ...
Chen Zehan - - 2006
The majority of cancer therapeutics induces DNA damage to kill cells. Normal proliferating cells undergo cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage, thus allowing DNA repair to protect the genome. DNA damage induced cell cycle arrest depends on an evolutionarily conserved signal transduction network in which the Chk1 kinase ...
Vousden Karen H - - 2006
The p53 tumour suppressor protein can efficiently inhibit tumour development. This activity reflects its ability to induce a number of different responses, including cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Recent studies have revealed some interesting insights into how the choice of response to p53 is regulated, highlighting a correlation between the ...
Bretaud Sandrine - - 2007
Mutations in DJ-1 lead to early onset Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to elucidate further the underlying mechanisms leading to neuronal cell death in DJ-1 deficiency in vivo and determine whether the observed cell loss could be prevented pharmacologically. Inactivation of DJ-1 in zebrafish, Danio rerio, ...
Lin Jiunn-Chang - - 2007
Meclizine (MEC), a histamine H1 antagonist, is used for the treatment of motion sickness and vertigo. In this study, we demonstrate that MEC dose-dependently induced apoptosis in human colon cancer cell lines (COLO 205 and HT 29 cells). Results of a DNA ladder assay revealed that DNA ladders appeared with ...
Cang Yong - - 2006
DDB1, a component of the Cul4 ubiquitin ligase complex, promotes protein ubiquitination in diverse cellular functions, including nuclear excision repair, regulation of the cell cycle, and DNA replication. To investigate its physiological significance, we generated mice with null and floxed alleles of the DDB1 gene. Here we report that null ...
Araki Yoshio - - 2006
Pathogenic mechanisms responsible for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are poorly understood. In an IBD animal model, the oral administration of polysaccharides such as dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induces colitis, which exhibit several clinical and histological features for IBD. However, pathogenic factors in the development of colitis remain unclear. Therefore, we ...
Øster Bodil - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Various forms of cellular stress can activate the tumour suppressor protein p53, an important regulator of cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and cellular senescence. Cells infected by human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) accumulate aberrant amounts of p53. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of p53 accumulation ...
Yun Un-Jung - - 2006
Recent studies have suggested that p53 regulates the G2 checkpoint in the cell cycle and this function is required for the maintenance of genomic integrity. In this study, we addressed a role of p53 in escaping from cell cycle G2 arrest following DNA damage. Cell cycle checkpoint arrest in the ...
Baskar Rajamanickam - - 2007
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown previously to exert proapoptotic activity. However, the mechanism(s) by which H2S affects cell growth and function have not been addressed adequately. In this study, cultured human lung fibroblasts were treated with the H2S donor NaHS (10-75 microM; 12-48 h). NaHS caused a concentration-dependent increase ...
Benassi Maria Serena - - 2007
Since osteosarcoma is a drug-resistant disease, the aim of the present study was to explore the possible interest of therapeutic approaches including nitrogen-containing biphosphonate zoledronic acid using osteosarcoma cell lines with different genetic backgrounds. Parental p53+/pRb+ U2-OS, p53-mutant U2-OS (U2-OS/175) and p53-/pRb- SAOS were sensitive to zoledronic acid with no ...
Hirano Yuko - - 2006
The amount of p53 protein in a cell is normally limited by ubiquitin-dependent degradation. In this issue of Cell, Le Cam et al. (2006) reveal that p53 ubiquitination contributes to transcriptional activation rather than protein stability. These results may provide insight into how p53 can modulate diverse cellular processes such ...
Caino M Cecilia - - 2007
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are potent carcinogens that require metabolic activation inside cells. The proximate carcinogens PAH-diols can be converted to o-quinones by aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) or to diol-epoxides by cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes. We assessed the effect of benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol (BPD) on proliferation in p53-null bronchoalveolar carcinoma H358 cells. BPD ...
Hernández-Vargas H - - 2007
Among microtubule-targeting agents, docetaxel has received recent interest owing to its good therapeutic index. Clinical trials have underlined its potential for the treatment of advanced breast cancer, although little is known about its molecular mode of action in this context. We characterized the molecular changes induced by docetaxel in two ...
Di Francesco Angela Maria - - 2007
E-3-(4'-Hydroxy-3'-adamantylbiphenyl-4-yl)acrylic acid (ST1926) is a novel orally available compound belonging to the class of synthetic atypical retinoids. These agents are attracting growing attention because of their unique mechanism of antitumor action that appears different from that of classical retinoic acid. This study aims at investigating the antitumor activity of ST1926 ...
Liu Han Ching - - 2006
PURPOSE: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. 5-FU can induce cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in various cancers via either a p53-dependent or a p53-independent pathway; however, its pathway of action in laryngeal carcinoma is unknown. In this study, we ...
Dai Li-cheng - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the effect of antisense compounds (AS) targeting human p53 mRNA on radiosensitivity of MCF-7 cells. METHODS: Western blotting and RTPCR were used to analyze the protein content and mRNA level. Additionally, cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell apoptosis were all analyzed in irradiated or sham-irradiated cells. RESULTS: ...
Yu De-Hua - - 2006
4-Methyl-2,7-diamino-5,10-diphenyl-4,9-diaz-apyrenium chloride (MDDD), a stable and water soluble nucleic acid-intercalating agent, was shown to be toxic to cancer cells with IC50 around 10 microM. IC(50) We tested MDDD for its potential antitumor activities and found it inhibited cancer cell growth with IC(50) in the micromolar range for the majority of ...
Luciani M Gloria - - 2007
Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease are at risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Epidemiologic, animal, and laboratory studies suggest that 5-amino-salicylic acid (5-ASA) protects from the development of CRC by altering cell cycle progression and by inducing apoptosis. Our previous results indicate that 5-ASA improves replication fidelity in colorectal cells, ...
Chang Yunchao - - 2006
Pleiotrophin (PTN, Ptn) is an 18kDa secretory cytokine that is expressed in many human cancers, including glioblastoma. In previous experiments, interruption of the constitutive PTN signaling in human U87MG glioblastoma cells that inappropriately express endogenous Ptn reversed their rapid growth in vitro and their malignant phenotype in vivo. To seek ...
Vignati Sara - - 2006
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a ligand-activated transcription factor. In addition to its canonical role in lipid and glucose metabolism, PPAR-gamma controls cell proliferation, death, and differentiation in several tissues. Here we have examined the expression of PPAR-gamma in ovarian tumors and the cellular and molecular consequences of its activation ...
Balabanov Stefan S Department of Oncology and Haematology, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2007
Inhibition of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase with imatinib represents a major breakthrough in the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, resistance to imatinib develops frequently, particularly in late-stage disease. To identify new cellular BCR-ABL downstream targets, we analyzed differences in global protein expression in BCR-ABL-positive K562 cells treated ...
Sharma Nidhi - - 2006
The E2F family of transcription factors is believed to have an essential role in the control of cellular proliferation by regulating the transcription of genes involved in cell cycle progression. Previous work has demonstrated that the targeted inactivation of E2f1, E2f2, and E2f3 results in elevated p21(CIP1) protein levels, loss ...
Chiu Shu-Jun - - 2006
Oxaliplatin, a clinical anticancer drug, has been used to treat colorectal cancer. Securin and p53 have been shown to regulate the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. However, roles of securin and p53 on the oxaliplatin-induced cytotoxicity in human colorectal cancer cells remain unclear. Treatment with 1-10 microM oxaliplatin for 24 ...
Unoki Motoko - - 2006
The ING4 gene is a candidate tumor suppressor gene that functions in cell proliferation, contact inhibition, and angiogenesis. We identified three novel splice variants of ING4 with differing activities in controlling cell proliferation, cell spreading, and cell migration. ING4_v1 (the longest splice variant), originally identified as ING4, encodes an intact ...
Vogiatzi Paraskevi - - 2006
The p53 tumor suppressor gene acts as a great protagonist in deciding how cells undergo either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis after experiencing various stress signals, including DNA damage, hypoxia, oncogene activation, and hyperproliferation. Research on p53 is in steady expansion, as evidenced by the continual flood of papers claiming ...
De Flora Silvio - - 2006
Several lines of evidence suggest that stem cells are major targets for carcinogens. A normal human breast epithelial cell type was previously shown to possess stem cell characteristics. Further cell lines were derived following sequential transfection with SV40 large T-antigen (immortal, non-tumorigenic M13SV1 cells), exposure to X-rays (weakly tumorigenic M13SV1R2 ...
Remondini Daniel - - 2006
Possible biological effects of mobile phone microwaves were investigated in vitro. In this study, which was part of the 5FP EU project REFLEX (Risk Evaluation of Potential Environmental Hazards From Low-Energy Electromagnetic Field Exposure Using Sensitive in vitro Methods), six human cell types, immortalized cell lines and primary cells, were ...
Srsen Vlastimil - - 2006
Previous evidence has indicated that an intact centrosome is essential for cell cycle progress and that elimination of the centrosome or depletion of individual centrosome proteins prevents the entry into S phase. To investigate the molecular mechanisms of centrosome-dependent cell cycle progress, we performed RNA silencing experiments of two centrosome-associated ...
Yang Mingli - - 2006
We previously identified JAZ as a novel zinc finger (ZF) protein by screening a murine interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent NFS/N1.H7 myeloid cell cDNA library. JAZ is a member of a new class of ZFPs that is evolutionarily conserved and preferentially binds to dsRNA, but its function was unknown. Now, we report that ...
Gao Yan - - 2006
C75, a well-known fatty acid synthase (FAS) inhibitor, has been shown to possess potent anti-cancer activity in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we reveal that C75 is a cell cycle arrest inducer and explore the potential mechanisms for this effect in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with abundant ...
Gizatullin Farid - - 2006
VX-680 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora kinases that induces the accumulation of cells with > or =4N DNA content, followed by cell death. Here, we define the role of p53 and p21(Waf1/Cip1) in cell cycle perturbations following exposure to VX-680. Endoreduplication and apoptosis in response to VX-680 are limited ...
Tanaka T T Brander Cancer Research Institute, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, - - 2006
In response to DNA damage by genotoxic agents, histone H2AX is phosphorylated on Ser-139. However, during the cell cycle, predominantly in S and G(2)M phase, histone H2AX is also phosphorylated in untreated normal and tumour cells. This constitutive H2AX phosphorylation is markedly reduced by exposure of cells to the reactive ...
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