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Results 101 - 150 of 866
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Murray Katie S - - 2012
To quantify the effect of the new 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) semen analysis reference values on reclassifying previous semen analysis parameters and definition of patients with male factor infertility. A multi-institutional retrospective chart review. University and private male infertility clinics. Men referred for infertility evaluation. Comparison of semen analysis ...
Thakur Mridul - - 2012
To evaluate and compare the centric relation and horizontal condylar guidance using interocclusal wax and extra oral Gothic arch methods and subjective evaluation of dentures thus fabricated. Centric relation and horizontal condylar guidance was recorded by using interocclusal wax and gothic arch tracing in 28 completely edentulous patients. These records ...
Misra S - - 2012
A 29-year-old male patient presented with progressive spastic paraparesis of three years duration. He also had gait ataxia which led to recurrent falls. In addition, there was pigmentation of the skin creases, tongue and buccal mucosa. His clinical course was remarkable by recurrent episodes of diarrhea, pulmonary tuberculosis. The investigatory ...
Lee Hyun Ji Julie HJ Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, - - 2012
Although much is known about the effect of chronic kidney failure and dialysis on the composition of solutes in plasma, little is known about their impact on the composition of gaseous compounds in exhaled breath. This study was designed to explore the effect of uremia and the hemodialysis (HD) procedure ...
Herbella Fernando A M - - 2012
Multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) for the evaluation of esophageal diseases was created in 1991 trying to solve previous limitations of esophageal function test. MII-pH is able to determine the physical characteristics of the refluxate (liquid, gas, or mixed) and nonacidic GER. MII-manometry can determine the presence of bolus and its ...
Toprak Huseyin - - 2012
Acute appendicitis is usually diagnosed on the basis of signs, symptoms, clinical history, physical examination, and results of laboratory tests.The position of the appendix can vary considerably, both in relation to the caecum and because of the inconsistent position of the caecum itself, and may cause variable clinical symptoms. We ...
Vavricka Stephan R - - 2012
Vitamins are micronutrient chemical compounds that cannot be synthesized by an organism but are essential for human metabolism and life. They act as required intermediaries, cofactors or coenzymes in many of the reactions of normal metabolism. In addition, anti-inflammatory effects have been reported for specific vitamins. In inflammatory bowel disease ...
Kalincik Tomas - - 2012
To compare clinical and MRI parameters between patients with clinically isolated syndrome and those converting to clinically definite multiple sclerosis within 2 years, to identify volumetric MRI predictors of this conversion and to assess effect of early relapses. The SET study comprised 220 patients with clinically isolated syndrome treated with ...
Jørgensen Hanne Skou - - 2012
The vitamin D receptor activator paricalcitol has been shown to reduce albuminuria. Whether this is a unique property of paricalcitol, or common to all vitamin D analogues, is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of alfacalcidol on proteinuria, measured as 24 hour (24 h) ...
Lozorio Agnaldo Rogério AR Spinal Group of the Orthopedics and Traumatologiy service of Vila Velha Hospital and Hospital Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Vitória (EMESCAM) - Vitória, ES, - - 2012
Cervical myelopathy is a spinal cord dysfunction related to degeneration typical of aging. Its primary pathology is related to ischemia and spinal cord compression. Patients with myelopathy present many clinical problems; more severe cases may lead to quadriplegia if not treated in a timely manner. Because the primary pathology of ...
Zelber-Sagi Shira - - 2011
Heterogeneity of fibrosis throughout the liver has been reported. However, the need for several measurements when using transient elastography was not thoroughly investigated. The aim was to find out whether measurement of liver stiffness varies according to the probe location. Six hundred and twenty-five consecutive patients with chronic liver diseases ...
Younossi Zobair M - - 2011
Since the initial description of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), several sets of pathologic criteria for its diagnosis have been proposed. However, their interprotocol agreement and ability to predict long-term liver-related mortality (LRM) have not been demonstrated. In this study, we examined patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) for whom ...
Günbey H P - - 2011
Epilepsy is more than a grey-matter disorder affecting large white matter connections of the brain with seizure generation and propagation. The mechanism for such changes remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the microstructural changes in the corpus callosum in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients and whether ...
Malbrunot-Wagner A C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Esophageal varices (EV) are a complication of cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is currently used to diagnose varices but is invasive for pediatric patients. The goal of this study was to explore the relationship between transient elastography (FibroScan®) and the presence of EV in patients with liver disease ...
Noppers Ingeborg M - - 2011
Studies on the efficacy of ketamine in the treatment of chronic pain indicate that prolonged or repetitive infusions are required to ensure prolonged pain relief. Few studies address ketamine-induced toxicity. Here we present data on the occurrence of ketamine-induced liver injury during repeated administrations of S(+)-ketamine for treatment of chronic ...
Petta S - - 2011
Background  Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (TE) is used to stage fibrosis in patients with liver disease, diagnostic reliability and the factors affecting its performance in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are incompletely understood. Aim  To assess LSM. Methods  Consecutive NAFLD patients (n = 169), assessed by liver ...
Zamor Philippe J - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss recent data on statins in patients with elevated liver tests. RECENT FINDINGS: As a result of the obesity epidemic in Western societies, conditions associated with metabolic syndrome are increasing, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Because most patients with metabolic syndrome have indications for statins, ...
Tarantino Giovanni - - 2011
To investigate the spleen vascular involvement and the presence of liver fibrosis in a population of subjects with established systemic sclerosis (SSc). In a cross-sectional fashion, 17 patients with SSc were compared with 18 patients suffering from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver cirrhosis, grade A and B Child-Pugh classification. Eighteen ...
Rifai Kinan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Transient elastography is increasingly used for assessment of liver fibrosis. Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) is a new technology to perform liver elastography. AIMS: We evaluated the clinical feasibility, validity and accuracy of the ARFI method and compared it to Fibroscan(®) and liver histology. METHODS: Ultrasonographic elastography of ...
Stefanescu Horia - - 2011
Noninvasive serum liver fibrosis markers and liver stiffness could be used as predictors of esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients because portal hypertension is related to liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of common serum fibrosis scores and transient elastography in diagnosing esophageal varices and ...
Efe Cumali - - 2011
Abstract Objective. We aimed to investigate the characteristics of autoimmune liver disease (AILD) developed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), including autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and the AIH/PBC overlap syndrome. We also evaluated the accuracy of diagnostic criteria and scoring systems for AILD in SLE. Methods. ...
Robic Marie Angèle - - 2011
The prognosis of patients with chronic liver disease is to a great extent determined by the presence and degree of portal hypertension (PHT). Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has been shown to be an accurate prognostic index in patients with cirrhosis. Transient elastography is a non-invasive procedure that assesses liver ...
Hassanein Tarek I - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), a syndrome precipitated by acute liver injury in patients with advanced cirrhosis, is associated with multiorgan dysfunction and high rates of mortality. Liver support systems have been developed in an attempt to improve survival of patients with ACLF by providing a bridge until ...
Piscaglia F - - 2011
PURPOSE: VirtualTouch is a new technique recently proposed to evaluate liver stiffness during B-mode ultrasonography. The goal of the present study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of VirtualTouch in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and its correlation with transient elastography (Fibroscan). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 patients with ...
Song Jung-Soo - - 2011
So far, there was no report on the prevalence and clinical relevance of anti-Ro52 in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients in Korea. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and the clinical relevance of anti-Ro52 in Korean patients with pSS. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 96 patients with ...
Hoffman Arthur - - 2011
To investigate the safety of consecutive mini-laparoscopy guided liver biopsies for the diagnosis and staging of liver diseases. In this study we retrospectively analyzed the safety of mini-laparoscopic liver biopsy performed in an endoscopy unit in 1071 patients. We measured the incidence of bleeding and evaluated the management and outcome ...
Wanninger Josef - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1) is a short-lived immune suppressive and profibrotic protein. Itslatent precursor is relatively stable and may even protect from fibrosis. Latent TGFβ1 is synthesized by various tissues including the liver and portal, hepatic, andsystemic concentrations of latent TGFβ1 were determined in patients with liver cirrhosis and ...
Arnon Ronen - - 2011
Arnon R, Annunziato RA, Miloh T, Padilla M, Sogawa H, Batemarco L, Willis A, Suchy F, Kerkar N. Liver and combined lung and liver transplantation for cystic fibrosis: Analysis of the UNOS database. Pediatr Transplantation 2011. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  A proportion of patients with CF ...
Andersen Ellen Sloth - - 2011
Transient elastography (TE) is a noninvasive and well validated method for measurement of liver stiffness. The aim of this study was to use TE to evaluate whether patients with sustained virological response (SVR) have lower liver stiffness than patients with non-SVR after treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Patients with ...
Stefanescu Horia - - 2011
Splenomegaly in a common finding in liver cirrhosis that should determine changes in the spleen's density because of portal and splenic congestion and/or because of tissue hyperplasia and fibrosis. These changes might be quantified by elastography, so the aim of the study was to investigate whether spleen stiffness measured by ...
Yilmaz Yusuf - - 2011
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF) is a multifunctional cytokine affecting angiogenesis and vascular function. The biological activity of VEGF is modulated by its soluble receptor VEGFR-1 (sVEGFR-1). We explored the associations of VEGF and sVEGFR-1 concentrations with liver histology in patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The ...
Abdel Ghaffar Tawhida Y - - 2011
Cockayne syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease characterized by low-to-normal birth weight; growth failure; brain dysmyelination with calcium deposits, cutaneous photosensitivity; pigmentary retinopathy, cataract, and sensorineural hearing loss. To the best of our knowledge, cholestatic liver disease was not previously reported in these patients. To highlight the presence ...
Lee Hyun Jung - - 2010
Background and Aims: Transient elastography (TE) is useful for predicting the fibrosis stage, but it is unsatisfactory substitutes for liver biopsy, especially in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). This study was performed to establish a reliable model for predicting significant fibrosis (SF) in patients with CHB. Methods: All CHB ...
Rey Johannes-W - - 2010
To test the occurrence of the Pro12Ala mutation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ)2-gene in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD). DNA from a total of 622 specimens including 259 blood samples of healthy blood donors and 363 histologically categorized liver biopsies of ...
Wagener Gebhard - - 2011
Relative vasopressin deficiency, a contributor to vasodilatory septic shock, also may be a cause of the vasodilatory state in liver disease. This study assessed endogenous vasopressin levels in patients with liver disease and their hemodynamic response to exogenous vasopressin. A prospective, observational study. A single-center, tertiary hospital. Human subjects undergoing ...
Carey Elizabeth J - - 2010
The 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) is a simple test measuring global physical function. It is commonly used to predict mortality in patients with cardiac and pulmonary diseases, but it is also useful in assessing the functional status of patients with a variety of other medical conditions. We sought to determine ...
Athyros Vasilios G - - 2010
Long-term statin treatment reduces the frequency of cardiovascular events, but safety and efficacy in patients with abnormal liver tests is unclear. We assessed whether statin therapy is safe and effective for these patients through post-hoc analysis of the Greek Atorvastatin and Coronary Heart Disease Evaluation (GREACE) study population. GREACE was ...
Lewindon Peter J - - 2011
Cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD), which results from progressive hepatobiliary fibrosis, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, but it is difficult to identify before portal hypertension (PHT) ensues. Clinical signs, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and ultrasound (US) are widely applied, but their value in predicting the presence ...
Lewindon Peter J - - 2010
Cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD), which results from progressive hepatobiliary fibrosis, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, but it is difficult to identify before portal hypertension (PHT) ensues. Clinical signs, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and ultrasound (US) are widely applied, but their value in predicting the presence ...
Macêdo Liana Gonçalves - - 2010
To determine the occurrence of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) in patients with cirrhosis who are candidates for liver transplantation; to compare demographic, clinical, laboratory, and spirometric characteristics, as well as echocardiography results, arterial blood gas analysis, and severity of liver disease between the groups of patients with and without HPS; and ...
Rolstad Sindre - - 2010
The concepts of brain and cognitive reserve stem from the observation that premorbid factors (e.g., education) result in variation in the response to brain pathology. Potential early influence of reserve on pathology, as assessed using the cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers total tau (t-tau) and amyloid-beta42, and cognition was explored in mild ...
Houben Paul H H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the frequency of cascades of further diagnostic investigations and referrals after abnormal laboratory results in situations of low disease probability; (2) to investigate pretest and posttest determinants; and (3) to describe the cascades that occur. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study in primary care in ...
Hevia Oscar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The correction of infraorbital volume loss with dermal fillers results in a natural, youthful, rested appearance. Defects in this facial region should be treated for optimal patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective review describes large-scale use of injection of calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) and a technique for injection into the infraorbital ...
Qu Xiuli - - 2009
The successful implementation of open access scheduling requires the match of daily healthcare provider capacity and patient demand at the high level of total capacity and the low levels of individual capacities for different types of appointments. In this paper, we introduce 12 scheduling rules for determining the two-level provider ...
Constantinides Minas - - 2009
The business of rhinoplasty has undergone changes in keeping with increased competitive pressures locally, nationally, and internationally. Patient demands and progress in the field have abolished the "cookie-cutter" nose, with patients now requesting extensive discussions and predictions with computer photoimaging. The R-Factor Question and The D.O.S. Conversation are effective tools ...
Wilhelm D - - 2009
PURPOSE: The informed consent is a legal requirement prior to surgery and should be based on an extensive preoperative interview. Multimedia productions can therefore be utilised as supporting tool. In a prospective randomised trial, we evaluated the impact of an extended education on patients undergoing cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For ...
Borgsteede Sander D - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine what pain and adjuvant medication is prescribed in palliative care patients at home in The Netherlands. METHODS: In a nationwide, representative, prospective study in general practice in The Netherlands, prescribed medication was registered in 95 general practices with a listed population of 374 070 patients. The GPs ...
Nietert Paul J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the proven effectiveness of many medications for chronic diseases, many patients do not refill their prescriptions in the required timeframe. OBJECTIVE: Compare the effectiveness of 3 pharmacist strategies to decrease time to refill of prescriptions for common chronic diseases. RESEARCH DESIGN/SUBJECTS: A randomized, controlled clinical trial with patients ...
Lohr Kathleen N - - 2009
PURPOSE: Introduce and explore issues at an international conference about the use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in clinical practice. METHODS: Review of salient literature, clinical and personal experiences, conference presentations and discussions, and post-conference comments from outside experts. RESULTS: PROs (information from patients about a health condition and its management) ...
Chatfield Simon M - - 2009
Prevalence of dietary complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and consultation with a CAM practitioner was examined in a cross-sectional study of 75 AS patients. Seventy one of 75 (94.7%) study participants reported previous or current CAM use. Among these AS patients, 44 (72.1%) reported dietary CAM use and 27 (36.0%) ...
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