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Ellerbrock Isabel - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to give an overview of recent advances regarding structural changes and altered neural connectivity associated with chronic headache syndromes, focusing on migraine. RECENT FINDINGS: In conjunction with a recent boost of studies investigating exercise dependent neuroplasticity and reorganization of the brain, ...
Husic Rusmir - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between psoriatic arthritis (PsA)-specific clinical composite scores and ultrasound-verified pathology as well as comparison of clinical and ultrasound definitions of remission. METHODS: We performed a prospective study on 70 consecutive PsA patients. Clinical assessments included components of Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) and ...
Dash Gopal Krishna - - 2013
: Subclinical rhythmic electrographic discharge of adults (SREDA) is the rarest benign epileptiform variant. It is an established EEG phenomenon that when present may cause confusion with an epileptic discharge for those unfamiliar with the entity. An electronic term search was performed on all EEG reports to identify those records ...
Green Geoffrey C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of using continuous heart rate variability (HRV) and respiratory rate variability (RRV) monitoring for (a) tracking daily organ dysfunction in critically ill patients and (b) identifying patterns of variability changes during onset of shock and resolution of respiratory failure. ...
Sakaida Isao - - 2013
AIM: Although it is an important treatment challenge to treat ascites with diuretic therapy, no objective markers have been established to assess improvement of ascites. However, change in body weight has been used as a marker of change in ascites volume. Thus, we evaluated the relationship between changes in body ...
Kolind Shannon - - 2013
Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) has been regarded as a rare, extreme form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Like ALS, it is a clinical diagnosis without established biomarkers. We sought to explore loss of cerebral myelin in relation to clinical features, including cognitive impairment, in cases of both ALS and PLS. ...
Farina Roberto - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the association between the probability of a sulcus/pocket to bleed on probing (BoP) and patient related as well as site-specific characteristics. METHODS: Data from 88960 sites were retrospectively derived from the clinical record charts of 601 adult patients. BoP (positive/negative) had been recorded at the initial periodontal ...
Hermus Ruurd R - - 2013
Orofacial clefts are a common oral disorder associated with tooth agenesis. As information on the simultaneous absence of teeth can be an aid in treatment planning, a large sample of orofacial cleft patients was examined. The sample consisted of 910 patients with cleft lip and palate. Tooth agenesis was assessed ...
Samochocki Zbigniew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because vitamin D has immunomodulatory properties and immunologic mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD), it is possible that vitamin D may influence the activity of AD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to correlate vitamin D concentrations in patients who had AD with ...
Chiang Tsung-Ta - - 2013
Vitamin B12 deficiency causes skin hyperpigmentation, subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord, and megaloblastic anemia. Although vitamin B12 deficiency rarely occurs in well-nourished, healthy, young people, nitrous oxide (N2O) intoxication is an important cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in this cohort. N2O, a colorless gas used as an anesthetic ...
A Qari Faiza F Faiza A. Qari, FRCP, ABIM, Department of Internal Medicine/Endocrinology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2013
Objective: We aimed to investigate the associations between the neurological manifestations of vitamin D deficiency and bone profile as well as the levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Methodology: We conducted a case series on patients with vitamin D deficiency who were followed up at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah between January ...
Henry Meret - - 2013
Primary myelofibrosis is rare in children. Many causes have been described for secondary myelofibrosis including vitamin D deficiency. Here, we describe a patient with myelofibrosis secondary to vitamin D deficiency, as diagnosed by laboratory evidence. The patient also developed resultant extramedullary hematopoiesis with secondary development of ascites as a result ...
Kato Yumiko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Patients with peripheral facial palsy frequently complain of fluid leakage and food retention during meals. We investigated oral function during eating in adults with peripheral facial palsy. DESIGN: a prospective two-phase controlled observational study. SETTING: Data were collected at the ENT clinic in Nihon University Itabashi Hospital (patients) and ...
Wong K W - - 2013
We report a case of melioidosis presenting as peritonitis in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). A 47-year-old man, a lorry driver, with end-stage renal disease due to diabetes mellitus on CAPD presented in PD-related peritonitis. He was started on intraperitoneal cloxacillin and ceftazidime, and changed to intraperitoneal ...
Khubchandani Shaila Raju - - 2013
Abstract A 30 year old lady patient of SLE on steroid and hydroxychloroquine therapy presented with lupus nephritis and later developed cardiac symptoms. Her renal biopsy revealed features of Class III lupus nephritis. Also seen was typical lamellated myelinoid material in the glomerulus. The alpha-galactosidase A activity was normal. The ...
Campos Tercio De - - 2013
Based on the Atlanta Classification, acute pancreatitis is classified according to its severity in either mild or severe acute pancreatitis. In recent years, several issues regarding acute pancreatitis have been discussed in the literature. These issues include how many categories of severity should be considered; whether or not a patient ...
Watson Natalie A - - 2013
The diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) was reported most commonly during clinical consultation, followed by the patient questionnaire (reflux symptom index, RSI) and least commonly using the appearance of the larynx in isolation (reflux finding score, RFS). The clinical consultation and patient symptoms (RSI) were the most closely related, showing ...
Yu Hee Joon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The semiology of infantile seizures often shows different characteristics from that of adults. We performed this study to describe clinical and ictal characteristics of infantile seizures at less than two years of age. METHODS: A retrospective study was done for infants with epilepsy (ages: 1-24months) who underwent long-term video ...
Uhlenhake Elizabeth E - - 2013
Objectives  Alopecia is the fifth most common dermatologic diagnosis in African-American patients. Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) is the most common form of scarring alopecia in this group. This study sought to evaluate clinical and histologic findings in patients without clinical alopecia who use chemical and/or thermal straighteners to determine ...
Akdeniz Necmettin - - 2013
Abstract Anthrax is a zoonotic infection caused by Bacillus anthracis which can be clinically present in a cutaneous, gastrointestinal or inhalational form depending on the entry site of the agent. The most frequent clinical type with the mildest clinical course is cutaneous anthrax. In this report, a patient with cutaneous ...
Picciani Bruna Lavinas Sayed - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infections are known to trigger and exacerbate psoriasis. Although oral candidiasis is often clinically diagnosed, it is not always confirmed by laboratory tests such as oral cytopathology. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of oral candidiasis in patients with psoriasis through clinical and cytopathological ...
Gallagher Catherine C William S. Middleton Memorial VA Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, WI 53705-2281, USA. - - 2013
Recent studies suggest that white matter abnormalities contribute to both motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. The present study was designed to investigate the degree to which diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) indices are related to executive function in Parkinson’s patients. We used tract-based spatial statistics to compare ...
Plecko Barbara - - 2013
To date we know of four inborn errors of autosomal recessive inheritance that lead to vitamin B6-dependent seizures. Among these, pyridoxine-dependent seizures due to antiquitin deficiency is by far the most common, although exact incidence data are lacking. In PNPO deficiency, samples have to be collected prior to treatment, while ...
Verma Rajesh - - 2013
Vitamin B12 deficiency has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation with a variety of neurological symptoms and signs. As a result, many patients lack classic features of advanced severe deficiency. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in order to prevent the irreversible damage to the nervous system. We describe a ...
Bentli Recep - - 2013
Aims. Kidney disease was found to be a major risk factor for vitamin D deficiency in a population study of patients hospitalized. The aims of the study were to describe the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency inpatients and outpatients in a nephrology department during fall and to evaluate effect of ...
Zeng Fang - - 2013
Brain dysfunction in functional dyspepsia (FD) has been identified by multiple neuroimaging studies. This study aims to investigate the regional gray matter density (GMD) changes in meal-related FD patients and their correlations with clinical variables, and to explore the possible influence of the emotional state on FD patients's brain structures. ...
Milman Perry J - - 2013
Erythema nodosum (EN) often presents as a sudden onset of tender, erythematous, subcutaneous nodules on the legs and ankles. Although rare, pernicious anemia may be related to vitamin B12 deficiency. Discussion of this association in the context of a particular patient is presented.
Rajagopalan Venkateswaran - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Current diagnosis time is about 12-months due to lack of objective methods. Previous brain white matter voxel based morphometry (VBM) studies in ALS reported inconsistent results. Fractal dimension (FD) has successfully been used to quantify brain WM shape complexity in ...
van Overbeek Ellen C - - 2013
In cross-sectional studies periventricular white matter lesions (WML) were related to low plasma levels of vitamin B12. Whether low vitamin B12 levels are also related to progression of WML is still unknown. We studied baseline vitamin B12 levels and its association with progression of WML over 2 years of follow-up ...
Stoll D - - 2013
In 2009 hypovitaminosis D was highly prevalent in a population of Swiss rheumatology patients (86%). We aimed to evaluate the evolution of vitamin D status in the same population two years later, after the results of the first study were disseminated to local physicians and patients, in order to determine ...
Ali Noura Abdulwahid NA Department of Internal Medicine, Mafraq Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab - - 2013
We present a female patient in her late 30s, with baseline vegetative state following prior traumatic brain injury, who presented with prolonged right hemispheric status epilepticus. The neuroimaging revealed a striking right-sided pancortical oedema with left (crossed) cerebellar diaschisis and dilation of right hemispheric arteries. EEG was concordant and showed ...
Matsumoto Morio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There are few studies on Modic changes of the cervical spine in patients suffering from whiplash. This study compared Modic changes seen in whiplash patients 10 years after the injury with those observed in asymptomatic volunteers. METHODS: This is a follow-up study of 133 patients who suffered whiplash injuries ...
Berg Richard L - - 2012
ObjectivePotential vitamin B(12) deficiency is a common clinical diagnostic problem, and many providers have a low threshold for initiating therapy. The goal of this study was to systematically evaluate current practice patterns regarding the laboratory evaluation of suspected vitamin B(12) deficiency.MethodsThis retrospective study reviewed the electronic medical records of 192 ...
Pialasse Jean-Philippe - - 2012
Results from several studies have suggested that brainstem dysfunction occurs more often in adolescent with idiopathic scoliosis compared to healthy individuals. The vestibular nuclei occupy a prominent position in the brainstem. Because the lateral vestibulospinal tract controls axial muscles, alteration in the brainstem during body growth (i.e., preadolescent and adolescent ...
Cacciapuoti Federico - - 2012
Inheired or acquired hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is associated with several impairments, as certain tumors, deep venous thrombosis, tube neural defects, osteoporosis, early atherosclerosis and vascular acute events (IMA, stroke, PVD), mild cognitive impairments till Alzheimer's disease (AD). But, vascular and neuronal derangements are the most frequent HHcy-manifestations. As far as early ...
Hu Stephanie W - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Minocycline has been used in the treatment of leprosy since the demonstration of its efficacy in inhibiting Mycobacterium leprae growth in 1987. Hyperpigmentation, a well-documented adverse effect, classically shows 3 clinical and histological patterns: type I consists of blue-black pigmentation in areas of current or previous inflammation, type II ...
Mittal Rajneesh - - 2012
Osteomalacia is one of the most common osteometabolic diseases. It is typically caused by lack of vitamin D and is characterized by mineralization deficiency of the osteoid matrix in the cortical and trabecular bone. Indians are at particularly high risk for developing osteomalacia, because of their traditional clothing style and ...
Cafasso D E - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Heterotopic ossification is defined as the abnormal formation of true bone within extra-skeletal soft tissues. It may be associated with a variety of clinical conditions, but is most frequently seen with musculoskeletal trauma, neurologic injury or genetic abnormalities. It has also been described in patients with chronic venous insufficiency; ...
Kim Victor - - 2013
Chronic bronchitis (CB) is a common but variable phenomenon in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It has numerous clinical consequences, including an accelerated decline in lung function, greater risk of the development of airflow obstruction in smokers, a predisposition to lower respiratory tract infection, higher exacerbation frequency, and worse overall ...
Chow C W - - 2012
AIM:: This study presents the clinicopathological features in three patients with acinar dysplasia, a very rare developmental abnormality of the lungs, to expand on the spectrum of the disease. METHODS:: The clinical and histological features in the biopsies and autopsies were reviewed and compared with those reported in literature and ...
Bandinelli Francesca - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Entheseal involvement is a frequent and distinctive feature of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and is often under-diagnosed. The aim of the present study is to investigate using ultrasound (US), lower limb entheseal abnormalities in patients with early psoriatic arthritis (ePsA) and to evaluate their correlation with ePsA clinical characteristics. METHODS: ...
van der Kruijs Sylvie J M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Dissociation is a mental process with psychological and somatoform manifestations, which is closely related to hypnotic suggestibility and essentially shows the ability to obtain distance from reality. An increased tendency to dissociate is a frequently reported characteristic of patients with functional neurological symptoms and syndromes (FNSS), which account for ...
Sturiale Carmelo Lucio - - 2012
Although several descriptions of the angioarchitectural features of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) associated with higher hemorrhagic risk have been reported, the prognostic value of the different bleeding patterns still needs to be elucidated. This study evaluated the influence on clinical appearance and outcome of the parenchymal and non-parenchymal (subarachnoid hemorrhage-SAH-and ...
Wilkins Robert G - - 2012
The unintended intravenous infusion of small volumes of air is common in clinical practice. International Electrotechnical Commission guidelines for infusion pumps permit infusion of up to 1 mL in 15 minutes and discount bubbles smaller than 50 μL. A review of the literature, however, suggests that these limits may be ...
Sahin Tayfun - - 2012
The left ventricular filling pattern may show changes during respiration, which are generally used in the diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction. The clinical importance of the respiratory E/A wave pattern change has been investigated in a limited number of studies. The aim of the present study was to assess the diastolic ...
Singer Richard Francis - - 2012
Vitamin D status is determined by the serum concentration of one of its metabolites, 25-hydroxy-D. Defining vitamin D deficiency based on its classical roles in gut calcium absorption and bone mineralization is problematic in dialysis patients and, until recently, was ignored in the nephrology literature. The newly recognized nonclassical functions ...
Qayyum Faiza - - 2012
Vitamin D plays an important role in a broad range of organ functions, including the cardiovascular system. Only one study has tested the association between vitamin D deficiency and arrhythmia and it found no association. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency ...
Shin Sae-Ron - - 2012
Clinical manifestations of chronic exposure to organic mercury usually have a gradual onset. As the primary target is the nervous system, chronic mercury exposure can cause symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, headache, and poor recall and concentration. In severe cases chronic exposure leads to intellectual deterioration and neurologic abnormality. Recent ...
Silva Claudine Yap - - 2012
Background: The incidence of psoriatic alopecia in psoriatic patients is underwhelming, given the prevalence of psoriasis in the North American population. Recently, a 60-year-old Albanian female, lacking a significant medical history for psoriasis, presented to our clinic with a 1-year history of "dandruff" associated with itch, hair thinning, and histopathologic ...
Bittner Vera V University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294-0007, USA. - - 2012
This post hoc nested case-control analysis of the TNT study was designed to investigate whether baseline vitamin D level is a significant predictor of cardiovascular risk among statin-treated patients and whether changes in vitamin D after treatment with atorvastatin are associated with improved cardiovascular outcomes. A total of 10,001 patients ...
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