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Javed A P AP Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Annoor Dental College, Muvattupuzha, Kerala, - - 2013
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is an inherited disorder, which is characteristically presented as skin blisters developing in response to minor injury. Junctional variety of EB is also associated with enamel hypoplasia. Amelogenesis imperfecta presents with abnormal formation of the enamel both in deciduous and permanent dentition. This article describes a previously ...
Fornito Alex A Monash Clinical and Imaging Neuroscience Laboratory, School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia2Centre for Neural Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia3NICTA Victorian Research Laboratory, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia4Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne and Melbourne Health, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2013
Dysregulation of corticostriatal circuitry has long been thought to be critical in the etiology of psychotic disorders, although the differential roles played by dorsal and ventral systems in mediating risk for psychosis have been contentious. To use resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to characterize disease-related, risk-related, and symptom-related changes of ...
Bissolotti Luciano - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe the disease-related sagittal balance changes in relation to the sacropelvic morphology of PD patients with different durations of disease. Thirty-one consecutive Parkinson's disease patients (26 males, 5 females; age 55-83 years) participated in the cross-sectional study. The clinical assessment included: Hoehn Yahr score; ...
Charalampakis Georgios - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify sites at risk for future progression, during 2 yr of maintenance, in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), based on longitudinal clinical and microbiological monitoring. At baseline (2003), clinical and microbiological features were recorded in 50 patients with CP. Two microbial samples were obtained ...
Alvis-Miranda Hernando Raphael HR Faculty of medicine, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, - - 2013
Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare phenomenon that can be seen with some frequency in young patients. CSVT is a multifactorial condition with gender-related specific causes, with a wide clinical presentation, the leading causes differ between developed and developing countries, converting CSVT in a condition characterized by a ...
Roiz-Santiáñez R - - 2013
Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder associated with structural brain abnormalities already present at the onset of the illness. Whether these brain abnormalities might progress over time is still under debate. The aim of this study was to investigate likely progressive brain volume changes in schizophrenia during the first 3 ...
Andela Cornelie D - - 2013
Patients with long-term remission of Cushing's disease (CD) have persistent psychological and cognitive impairments. It is unknown whether, and to what extent, these impairments are accompanied by structural abnormalities in the brain. We aim to investigate structural changes in the brain in a sample of patients with predominantly long-term remission ...
Freeston Je - - 2013
Arthritis activity assessments in PsA have traditionally relied on tender and swollen joint counts but in rheumatoid arthritis, multiple studies have demonstrated sub-clinical inflammation using modern imaging. The aim of this study was to compare CE (clinical examination) and ultrasound (US) findings in an early psoriatic arthritis (PsA) cohort. 49 ...
Egger Karl - - 2013
Erythropoietin (EPO) has received growing attention because of its neuroregenerative properties. Preclinical and clinical evidence supports its therapeutic potential in brain conditions like stroke, multiple sclerosis, and schizophrenia. Also, in Friedreich ataxia, clinical improvement after EPO therapy was shown. The aim of this study was to assess possible therapy-associated brain ...
Tuntiyatorn Lojana - - 2013
Stroke is a clinically syndrome of a sudden onset of neurological deficit in a vascular cause. Stroke mimics is the non-vascular disorders with stroke-like clinical symptoms. It is important to distinguish true stroke from mimics since treatment plan may differ To determine the incidence of the stroke mimics and identify ...
Ceponis Arnoldas - - 2013
Objective. To investigate usefulness of point-of-care hand, and wrist joint ultrasound examination in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. Fifty-one RA patients were evaluated using clinical disease activity measures, grey scale and power Doppler (PD) ultrasound. Agreement between ultrasound and clinical findings, and its impact on physician's confidence and ...
Rance Karen - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency and asthma share risk factors. Epidemiologists suggest that the U.S. prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency has increased as a result of the Westernization of culture and less time spent outdoors. Numerous studies support a patient's Vitamin D deficiency as a contributing cause to increased asthma symptoms, lower ...
Chin D - - 2013
Background: Correlating patient perception of nasal obstruction sidedness to causative anatomy is important in surgical planning. The accuracy of patient-perceived asymmetry of nasal obstruction, as regards objective measures, is described. Methods: Cross-sectional study of patients undergoing nasal airflow assessment. Unilateral obstruction was assessed using visual analogue scale scores and anterior ...
Hey Christiane - - 2013
Swallowing disorders are common in patients after surgery for head and neck cancer. The clinical assessment of oral and laryngopharyngeal abilities is widely used as a dysphagia assessment tool in this patient group, despite a lack of research. The goal of this study was to assess the predictability of clinical ...
Karli R - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between otoacoustic emission (OAE) values and cochlear function in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency and no evidence of symptomatic hearing loss. Two groups were studied: Group 1: patients with vitamin B12 deficiency; Group 2: a matched control group of ...
Lancioni Giulio E - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Assessing the effects of response-related music stimulation versus general (response-unrelated) music stimulation on positive participation of 11 new patients with Alzheimer's disease. Method: The patients were functioning in the severe and low-moderate ranges of the disease. Positive participation included behaviors such as, singing or rhythmic movements and smiles. ...
Mavrommati K - - 2013
Vitamin B12 deficiency can manifest with haematological, gastrointestinal and neuropsychiatric signs. The neuropsychiatric symptoms may be concurrent or precede the other symptoms. The reported case is a clinical case of delirium due to vitamin B12 deficiency in a female vegetarian patient. The patient was treated with vitamin B12 supplementation. Initially, ...
Kelly Anne-Maree - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare changes in arterial and venous pH and pCO2 in patients undergoing noninvasive ventilation and having serial blood gases to assess ventilatory function. This was a prospective observational study of patients with acute respiratory distress. The outcome of interest was agreement in change ...
Galletti F - - 2013
To evaluate seizures as first clinical manifestation of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), in relation to angioarchitectural features of these vascular anomalies. We performed a prospective observational study, collecting records of patients with AVMs consecutively admitted to the Neurological and Neurosurgery Units of Perugia University and to the Neurosurgery Unit of ...
Fernández-Torre José L - - 2013
To describe the causes and outcome of adult patients with preserved electroencephalographic activity despite clinical findings suggesting brain death (BD), and its impact on organ donation. Retrospective study of the clinical and electroencephalography (EEG) data of all adult patients admitted to our hospital between January 2001 and December 2011 in ...
Kim Seung Young - - 2013
An accumulation of pigment deposits on mucosa, called melanosis or pseudomelanosis, of the small bowel is observed infrequently during endoscopic examination. We describe 6 cases of small bowel pseudomelanosis; the possible etiology of which was chronic iron intake. We observed numerous brown spots in duodenum, jejunum, and terminal ileum during ...
Greco A - - 2013
Mobilization and postural changes of patients with cognitive impairment are standard clinical practices useful for both psychic and physical rehabilitation process. During this process, several physiological signals, such as Electroen-cephalogram (EEG), Electrocardiogram (ECG), Photopletysmography (PPG), Respiration activity (RESP), Electrodermal activity (EDA), are monitored and processed. In this paper we investigated ...
Pontin José Carlos Baldocchi JC Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina. São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
Evaluate the static positioning of the scapula on the rib cage in healthy subjects by means of clinical and radiographic evaluation to assess inter-examiner reliability of clinical examination and verify the reliability of this evaluation method compared to the radiographic examination. We selected 30 adult individuals of both sexes with ...
Karam Chafic - - 2013
We studied 25-hydroxyvitamin D (vitamin D) levels in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the effect of vitamin D supplementation. Vitamin D levels were checked in 37 consecutive patients with ALS. Demographic data, vitamin D supplementation, change in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R) score, and side effects ...
Mac-Way Fabrice - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is significantly prevalent in chronic kidney disease. Data in the literature are however scarce about the effects of this deficiency on bone metabolism in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Moreover, it is still debated whether low vitamin D levels should be normalized in HD patients. In this paper, we ...
Dharampal Anoeshka S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of the calcium score (CaSc) plus clinical evaluation to restrict referral for CT coronary angiography (CTCA) by reducing the number of patients with an intermediate probability of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We retrospectively included 1,975 symptomatic stable patients who underwent clinical evaluation and CaSc ...
Carvalho Filomena Marino - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Functional polyps and chronic endometritis are among the most common abnormalities seen in the endometrium of patients with implantation failures and recurrent miscarriages. In this study we describe morphological vascular changes in endometrial samples from asymptomatic infertile patients and their association with chronic endometritis and polyp. STUDY DESIGN: We ...
Ellerbrock Isabel - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to give an overview of recent advances regarding structural changes and altered neural connectivity associated with chronic headache syndromes, focusing on migraine. RECENT FINDINGS: In conjunction with a recent boost of studies investigating exercise dependent neuroplasticity and reorganization of the brain, ...
Husic Rusmir - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between psoriatic arthritis (PsA)-specific clinical composite scores and ultrasound-verified pathology as well as comparison of clinical and ultrasound definitions of remission. METHODS: We performed a prospective study on 70 consecutive PsA patients. Clinical assessments included components of Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) and ...
Dash Gopal Krishna - - 2013
: Subclinical rhythmic electrographic discharge of adults (SREDA) is the rarest benign epileptiform variant. It is an established EEG phenomenon that when present may cause confusion with an epileptic discharge for those unfamiliar with the entity. An electronic term search was performed on all EEG reports to identify those records ...
Green Geoffrey C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of using continuous heart rate variability (HRV) and respiratory rate variability (RRV) monitoring for (a) tracking daily organ dysfunction in critically ill patients and (b) identifying patterns of variability changes during onset of shock and resolution of respiratory failure. ...
Sakaida Isao - - 2013
AIM: Although it is an important treatment challenge to treat ascites with diuretic therapy, no objective markers have been established to assess improvement of ascites. However, change in body weight has been used as a marker of change in ascites volume. Thus, we evaluated the relationship between changes in body ...
Kolind Shannon - - 2013
Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) has been regarded as a rare, extreme form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Like ALS, it is a clinical diagnosis without established biomarkers. We sought to explore loss of cerebral myelin in relation to clinical features, including cognitive impairment, in cases of both ALS and PLS. ...
Farina Roberto - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the association between the probability of a sulcus/pocket to bleed on probing (BoP) and patient related as well as site-specific characteristics. METHODS: Data from 88960 sites were retrospectively derived from the clinical record charts of 601 adult patients. BoP (positive/negative) had been recorded at the initial periodontal ...
Hermus Ruurd R - - 2013
Orofacial clefts are a common oral disorder associated with tooth agenesis. As information on the simultaneous absence of teeth can be an aid in treatment planning, a large sample of orofacial cleft patients was examined. The sample consisted of 910 patients with cleft lip and palate. Tooth agenesis was assessed ...
Samochocki Zbigniew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because vitamin D has immunomodulatory properties and immunologic mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD), it is possible that vitamin D may influence the activity of AD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to correlate vitamin D concentrations in patients who had AD with ...
Chiang Tsung-Ta - - 2013
Vitamin B12 deficiency causes skin hyperpigmentation, subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord, and megaloblastic anemia. Although vitamin B12 deficiency rarely occurs in well-nourished, healthy, young people, nitrous oxide (N2O) intoxication is an important cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in this cohort. N2O, a colorless gas used as an anesthetic ...
A Qari Faiza F Faiza A. Qari, FRCP, ABIM, Department of Internal Medicine/Endocrinology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the associations between the neurological manifestations of vitamin D deficiency and bone profile as well as the levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. We conducted a case series on patients with vitamin D deficiency who were followed up at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah between January 2010 and ...
Henry Meret - - 2013
Primary myelofibrosis is rare in children. Many causes have been described for secondary myelofibrosis including vitamin D deficiency. Here, we describe a patient with myelofibrosis secondary to vitamin D deficiency, as diagnosed by laboratory evidence. The patient also developed resultant extramedullary hematopoiesis with secondary development of ascites as a result ...
Kato Yumiko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Patients with peripheral facial palsy frequently complain of fluid leakage and food retention during meals. We investigated oral function during eating in adults with peripheral facial palsy. DESIGN: a prospective two-phase controlled observational study. SETTING: Data were collected at the ENT clinic in Nihon University Itabashi Hospital (patients) and ...
Wong K W - - 2013
We report a case of melioidosis presenting as peritonitis in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). A 47-year-old man, a lorry driver, with end-stage renal disease due to diabetes mellitus on CAPD presented in PD-related peritonitis. He was started on intraperitoneal cloxacillin and ceftazidime, and changed to intraperitoneal ...
Khubchandani Shaila Raju - - 2013
Abstract A 30 year old lady patient of SLE on steroid and hydroxychloroquine therapy presented with lupus nephritis and later developed cardiac symptoms. Her renal biopsy revealed features of Class III lupus nephritis. Also seen was typical lamellated myelinoid material in the glomerulus. The alpha-galactosidase A activity was normal. The ...
Campos Tercio De - - 2013
Based on the Atlanta Classification, acute pancreatitis is classified according to its severity in either mild or severe acute pancreatitis. In recent years, several issues regarding acute pancreatitis have been discussed in the literature. These issues include how many categories of severity should be considered; whether or not a patient ...
Watson Natalie A - - 2013
The diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) was reported most commonly during clinical consultation, followed by the patient questionnaire (reflux symptom index, RSI) and least commonly using the appearance of the larynx in isolation (reflux finding score, RFS). The clinical consultation and patient symptoms (RSI) were the most closely related, showing ...
Yu Hee Joon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The semiology of infantile seizures often shows different characteristics from that of adults. We performed this study to describe clinical and ictal characteristics of infantile seizures at less than two years of age. METHODS: A retrospective study was done for infants with epilepsy (ages: 1-24months) who underwent long-term video ...
Uhlenhake Elizabeth E - - 2013
Objectives  Alopecia is the fifth most common dermatologic diagnosis in African-American patients. Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) is the most common form of scarring alopecia in this group. This study sought to evaluate clinical and histologic findings in patients without clinical alopecia who use chemical and/or thermal straighteners to determine ...
Akdeniz Necmettin N Department of Dermatology, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey - - 2013
Anthrax is a zoonotic infection caused by Bacillus anthracis which can be clinically present in a cutaneous, gastrointestinal or inhalational form depending on the entry site of the agent. The most frequent clinical type with the mildest clinical course is cutaneous anthrax. In this report, a patient with cutaneous anthrax ...
Picciani Bruna Lavinas Sayed - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infections are known to trigger and exacerbate psoriasis. Although oral candidiasis is often clinically diagnosed, it is not always confirmed by laboratory tests such as oral cytopathology. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of oral candidiasis in patients with psoriasis through clinical and cytopathological ...
Gallagher Catherine C William S. Middleton Memorial VA Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, WI 53705-2281, USA. - - 2013
Recent studies suggest that white matter abnormalities contribute to both motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. The present study was designed to investigate the degree to which diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) indices are related to executive function in Parkinson’s patients. We used tract-based spatial statistics to compare ...
Plecko Barbara - - 2013
To date we know of four inborn errors of autosomal recessive inheritance that lead to vitamin B6-dependent seizures. Among these, pyridoxine-dependent seizures due to antiquitin deficiency is by far the most common, although exact incidence data are lacking. In PNPO deficiency, samples have to be collected prior to treatment, while ...
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