Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 602
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Knafo D - - 1998
This paper illustrates how the dimension of space is an apt arena for immigrant patients to play out their separation problems. A continuum is proposed in which the extreme ends represent pathological attitudes toward space. Two cases are presented to demonstrate how these differential approaches to space result in unique ...
Black J L - - 1998
Thirteen patients with stiff-man syndrome (SMS) were studied with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) profiles, and by telephone interviews. The mean MMPI, SAAST, and STAI were within normal limits; however, several patients had abnormal profiles. The results of ...
Schachter J - - 1997
The authors describe post-termination meetings in order to examine the controversial issue of the proper relationship between analyst and patient at this stage. In the first case the meetings facilitated the patient's re-entering treatment, leading to significant further growth. In the second and third cases, the meetings re-ignited mourning for ...
Abbasi Q A - - 1997
We collected daily urine volumes (DUV) from 24 nonpolydipsic psychiatric patients and eight polydipsic schizophrenic patients. At 7 AM and 4 PM, we collected spot urine samples and measured urine creatinine concentration (UCr). Using morning weight and the UCr measurements, we compared actual DUV with estimated DUV using 3 methods ...
Piersma H L - - 1997
This study contrasts self-reported symptomatology on the MCMI-III of a sample of 97 psychiatric patients admitted directly to inpatient care with a sample of 75 patients admitted directly to day hospital treatment. The predominant Axis I diagnosis of patients in both samples was an affective disorder. Effect sizes of the ...
Hurov J R - - 1997
This retrospective study addressed two basic questions important to hand therapists: what are the expectations of therapy vis-a-vis range of motion and strength among patients with distal radius fractures, and do patients treated by different therapists within a center experience substantially similar or dissimilar outcomes? Differences between patient groups were ...
Williams G - - 1997
In the context of the treatment of eating disorders, the author describes a specific failure in the container/contained relationship (Bion, 1962) that goes beyond the experience of having projections rejected. She addresses the predicament of those patients who have not only lacked containment, but also perceived themselves as receptacles of ...
Bagby R M - - 1997
Fava et al., Am. J. Psychiatry 150 (1993)1158-1163, have recently proposed the existence of a sub-type of depressed patients who experience anger attacks. These investigators hypothesized that patients who experience anger attacks will respond better to a specific selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medication than will depressed patients who do ...
Waska R T - - 1997
Due to the extreme states of masochism, dependency, and narcissistic rage that these patients experience, the treatment must be attuned to the inevitable periods of regression and primitive defense. The patient feels compelled to be a servant to the object, yet is furious at this less than equal status. The ...
Schiffer F - - 1997
Seventy psychotherapy patients were given two pairs of goggles each taped over to allow vision from only the left or the right lateral visual field (LVF and RVF). Sixty percent reported at least a one-point difference between visual fields on a five-point anxiety scale; 23% reported at least a two-point ...
Rosenberg D R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in the orbital prefrontal cortex and its ventral striatal target fields have been identified in neuroimaging studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In animal models and studies of patients with lesions to this brain circuitry, a selective disturbance in the ability to suppress responses to irrelevant stimuli has been ...
Amir N - - 1997
Intrusive anxiety-provoking thoughts are a core feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Recent research suggests that individuals use five different techniques of thought control including: distraction, punishment, re-appraisal, social control, and worry. The purpose of the present study was to examine the strategies of thought control used by OCD patients compared ...
Vamos M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the grief reactions that may result in patients after a death occurs within a treatment setting for chronic illness, and in particular to look at the applicability of the concept of survivor guilt in these situations. CLINICAL PICTURE: Two patients with endstage renal disease are described. Both ...
Hatzitaskos P K - - 1997
Dimensions of psychopathology and patterns of hostility, as well as the relationship of hostility to psychopathology, were studied in 85 male young adults: 41 with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and 44 with antisocial personality disorder (APD). Diagnoses were based on DSM-III. The following instruments were also used: Brief Psychiatric Rating ...
Müller N - - 1997
A high incidence of obsessions and compulsions is documented in basal ganglia disorders, especially in patients with Tourette's syndrome (TS). A comparison of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), TS, and Parkinson's disease (PD) revealed significantly higher total scores in both OCD and TS patients than in a healthy control group ...
Gupta B - - 1997
There are few psychiatric studies of serious self-injury patients admitted to general hospitals. In order to better characterize patients whose overdoses are serious enough to require hospitalization on a toxicology service, we describe 207 consecutively admitted, serious overdose patients (OD), all of whom were psychiatrically evaluated. They were compared with ...
Ponsi M - - 1997
The author begins by pointing out that, whereas in classical psychoanalysis the present was seen as an instrument affording access to the past, reconstruction of which would free the patient from the repetition compulsion, nowadays the past is regarded more as a means of throwing light on the present and ...
Bellodi L - - 1997
We have studied fasting plasma tryptophan (TRP) levels and tryptophan/large neutral amino acid (TRP/LNAA) ratios in 12 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 12 patients with OCD and a coexisting current diagnosis of major depressive disorder (OCD-MDD). Assessments were made at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment with fluvoxamine. ...
Stein D J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: While serotonin is the neurotransmitter most commonly implicated in obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, there is also evidence for dopaminergic mediation of these conditions. Indeed, augmentation of serotonin reuptake inhibitors with the atypical neuroleptic risperidone has been suggested to be useful in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Charts of all patients ...
Thut G G Neurology Department, University Hospital Zurich, - - 1997
Intermanual transfer for a skilled motor task was studied in two patients with total callosal agenesis, and one with an acquired partial callosal lesion and clinical evidence for disturbed transfer of motor signals. Patients had to draw meaningless figures with one upper extremity (original learning, OL) and to reproduce their ...
Modestin J - - 1997
Prevalence of criminal behavior in a population of 261 male inpatients with affective disorders was studied. The patients were divided into 3 RDC subgroups and compared with the same number of matched subjects drawn from the general population. The full account of conviction records in the criminal register was used ...
McDougle C J - - 1997
A preponderance of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience little or no improvement in their symptoms when treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). It is hypothesized that SRI-refractory patients may have altered serotonin neurotransmission different from patients responsive to SRIs, or that they may have abnormalities in their dopamine function. ...
Starcevic V - - 1997
Regardless of the controversial philosophical aspects of understanding another human being, it is a useful concept in psychotherapy because understanding of the patient is one of the factors determining the course of therapy. Understanding resulting from empathy refers to the perception of the patient's innermost feelings and meanings, but inevitably ...
Allen D M - - 1997
Successful management of patient behaviors that interfere with the process of psychotherapy is essential to treating patients with borderline personality disorder. Provocative patient behaviors that induce a strong negative reaction from the therapist must be attenuated. Strategies for doing so used in four different treatment paradigms--Kernberg's expressive psychotherapy, Linehan's dialectical ...
Siddique C M - - 1997
Comparisons of adult out-patients diagnosed with V-code conditions and those with mental disorders were conducted in a number of areas related to patient and treatment characteristics. Data were collected from three community mental health centres over a 6-year period (n = 7,220) in a semi-rural region of Nova Scotia, Canada. ...
Josephs L - - 1997
In recent years there has been a growing interest in refining the technique of ego defense analysis. All of these approaches share in common an attempt to work closely with the patient's free associations, to interpret at a level that is accessible to the patient's consciously observing ego, and to ...
Connors M E - - 1997
Severely traumatized patients may exhibit poor functioning and a great deal of dependence upon the therapist. The question is raised as to what such patients truly need from a therapist, and the concept of optimal responsiveness is described. These patients may display complex blends of deficits, resulting from inadequate structuralization, ...
Canatsey K - - 1997
The use of seclusion or seclusion and restraints (S/SR) may affect patients negatively, even if controlling their behavior in the short run, by placing them in the "victim" role and fostering a corrosive atmosphere of patient-caregiver mistrust and alienation. This project's goal was to reduce the use of the most ...
Coen S J - - 1997
Psychoanalytic techniques are explored through which analysts can help patients tolerate, face, and attempt to resolve affects and conflicts that have seemed unbearable to the patient. The patient's feeling of "I can't" is differentiated from the feeling of "I won't." Process material focuses on patients' shifts between seeming inability to ...
Franzek E - - 1996
Twenty-eight psychiatric patients with computerized tomography (CT) findings of ventricular abnormality most likely to result from prenatal/perinatal lesions (VA group) were compared to 28 sex- and age-matched psychiatric patients with normal neuroradiological findings (NCT group). The neuroradiological rater was blind to clinical psychiatric diagnoses and, vice versa, clinical diagnoses were ...
Hatcher R L - - 1996
Extending a previous study (R.L. Hatcher, A. Barends, J. Hansell, & M.J. Gutfreund, 1995), factor analysis of 3 alliance measures completed by 231 patients explored patients' views of the alliance. Two of 6 factors, Confident Collaboration and Idealized Relationship (with the substantial general factor removed), correlated with patients' estimate of ...
Eugster S L - - 1996
This study identified systematic differences between therapists (n = 114) and patients (n = 119) in the process components that predict evaluation of psychotherapy sessions. The Comprehensive Scale of Psychotherapy Session Constructs was developed to measure 9 process variables and their relationships to session evaluation from the perspectives of therapist ...
Dorman M F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: In Experiment 1 the objective was to determine whether patients who have been implanted with the Ineraid electrode array perform better on tests of consonant identification when signals are processed through a continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor than when signals are processed through an analogue (Ineraid) processor. In Experiment ...
Faimberg H - - 1996
The author links the function of analytic listening to Freud's concept of Nachträglichkeit, which she defines as the retroactive assignment of meaning rather than mere deferred action, and derives the notion of 'listening to listening' from their combination. A dialectical conception of time is proposed, with interpretation involving three logical ...
Berthier M L - - 1996
We studied the behavioral, cognitive, and neuroimaging characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in 13 patients with focal brain lesions (acquired OCD) and compared their clinical features and the severity of obsessive and compulsive (OC) symptoms with patients with idiopathic OCD. Both OCD groups were further compared with matched normal controls ...
Cohen H - - 1996
Neuroscience and occupational therapy in physical rehabilitation have developed along parallel tracks. As physicians began to study the neural bases of motor control, they also began to reconsider the sequelae of "hopeless" diagnoses as conditions that they could influence. This change in some physicians' understanding of the neural mechanisms of ...
Oquendo M A - - 1996
Use of a patient's second language in psychiatric evaluation and treatment has a variety of effects. Patients frequently undergo psychiatric evaluation in their second language, yet competence in a second language varies depending on the phase of illness. Evaluation of bilingual patients should ideally be done in both their languages, ...
Eapen V - - 1996
1. Obsessive Compulsive Behaviours (OCB) occur in more than 50% of patients with the Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) and in some cases these behaviours are more disabling than the tics themselves. 2. Fluoxetine, a specific serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) has been demonstrated to be effective in patients with ...
Somer E - - 1996
Thirty one patients in treatment for anxiety disorders and 31 controls were interviewed within hours after both the first and second Iraqi missile attacks on Israel during the Gulf war. After the first attack patients did not report higher anxiety levels, nor were they more pessimistic about the war and ...
Ellman J P - - 1996
Increasingly it seems that analysts and their patients are in the midlife period. If analyst and patient are both going through a midlife crisis involving similar issues, this may have repercussions in the analysis. Turning to the literature for guidance reveals a paucity of papers concerning the clinical application of ...
Kanner A M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Postictal psychiatric events presenting as postictal psychotic events and postictal nonpsychotic events are known to occur following seizure clusters. Accordingly, patients undergoing prolonged video-electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring studies may be at increased risk of experiencing postictal psychiatric event, as they often have flurries of seizures during these studies. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Cardoso F - - 1996
The clinical features of 32 patients (24 males) with Tourette's syndrome in Brazil were studied. The mean age at onset was 7.1 years, tics being the first symptom in 71% and hyperactivity in 29%. Blinking, grimacing, and shoulder elevation were the most common motor tics and sniffing, throat clearing, and ...
Weil F - - 1996
Improved treatment efficacy and prognosis in modern psychiatry have mandated changes in the Israeli Mental Health Law. Since 1991, the conditions for compulsory intervention have broadened, beyond that of immediate physical danger. Concurrently, checks and balances over this process have increased. No compulsory treatment decisions are taken without a recent ...
Cohen L J - - 1996
Specificity of neuropsychological dysfunction in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was assessed by comparing neuropsychological performance in 65 OCD patients, 17 social phobic patients, and 32 normal control subjects. Although both patient groups showed visual constructional impairment relative to normal subjects, only patients with social phobia showed executive dysfunction. Nonconcurrent state anxiety ...
Shirata K - - 1995
General Health Questionaire of 60 symptoms proposed by Goldberg was used to study psychiatric condition of 74 patients with severe atopic dermatitis. The patients were composed of 26 males and 48 females. A matched healthy control was obtained from 65 persons of 22 males and 43 females. The patients showed ...
Horowitz M J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Psychodynamic clinicians cite defensive actions observed in evaluation and treatment as a source of important information. Empirical support for such assertions has seldom been based on objective study of recorded psychotherapy. A quantitative study of the association of signs of defensive control with disclosure of conflicted beliefs was undertaken. ...
Gelkopf M - - 1995
The implications of the chemical war threat and the missile attacks during the Gulf War for a medium-sized psychiatric community are analyzed in terms of psychiatric care and management. Changes in medication, physical restraint, and ward transfer were observed for schizophrenic patients in active psychotic phase (n=50), in residual post-active ...
Abbruzzese M - - 1995
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) performances were studied in 33 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 33 age-, sex-, and education-matched normal comparison subjects; the OCD patients were divided into four subgroups on the basis of their symptomatology. Neither the two groups of subjects nor the four OCD subgroups differed ...
Eriksson K I - - 1995
In ongoing studies of the quality of the mental health services in two Swedish counties, two thirds of the committed versus about one third of the voluntarily admitted patients reported coercive measures during the index period of care. Committed patients reported an equal degree of coercive treatment and restraint, whereas ...
Jawad S S SS East Glamorgan General Hospital, Church Village, Mid Glamorgan, Wales, - - 1995
Forty-six female patients with pseudoseizures were compared with 50 female patients referred to a psychiatric outpatient clinic. Patients with convulsive pseudoseizures were more likely to be single and childless. An abnormal EEG was more frequently reported in patients with convulsive pseudoseizures, contributing to their earlier diagnosis of epilepsy. The defence ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >