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Results 251 - 300 of 589
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Hatzitaskos P K - - 1997
Dimensions of psychopathology and patterns of hostility, as well as the relationship of hostility to psychopathology, were studied in 85 male young adults: 41 with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and 44 with antisocial personality disorder (APD). Diagnoses were based on DSM-III. The following instruments were also used: Brief Psychiatric Rating ...
Müller N - - 1997
A high incidence of obsessions and compulsions is documented in basal ganglia disorders, especially in patients with Tourette's syndrome (TS). A comparison of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), TS, and Parkinson's disease (PD) revealed significantly higher total scores in both OCD and TS patients than in a healthy control group ...
Gupta B - - 1997
There are few psychiatric studies of serious self-injury patients admitted to general hospitals. In order to better characterize patients whose overdoses are serious enough to require hospitalization on a toxicology service, we describe 207 consecutively admitted, serious overdose patients (OD), all of whom were psychiatrically evaluated. They were compared with ...
Ponsi M - - 1997
The author begins by pointing out that, whereas in classical psychoanalysis the present was seen as an instrument affording access to the past, reconstruction of which would free the patient from the repetition compulsion, nowadays the past is regarded more as a means of throwing light on the present and ...
Bellodi L - - 1997
We have studied fasting plasma tryptophan (TRP) levels and tryptophan/large neutral amino acid (TRP/LNAA) ratios in 12 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 12 patients with OCD and a coexisting current diagnosis of major depressive disorder (OCD-MDD). Assessments were made at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment with fluvoxamine. ...
Stein D J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: While serotonin is the neurotransmitter most commonly implicated in obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, there is also evidence for dopaminergic mediation of these conditions. Indeed, augmentation of serotonin reuptake inhibitors with the atypical neuroleptic risperidone has been suggested to be useful in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Charts of all patients ...
Thut G G Neurology Department, University Hospital Zurich, - - 1997
Intermanual transfer for a skilled motor task was studied in two patients with total callosal agenesis, and one with an acquired partial callosal lesion and clinical evidence for disturbed transfer of motor signals. Patients had to draw meaningless figures with one upper extremity (original learning, OL) and to reproduce their ...
Modestin J - - 1997
Prevalence of criminal behavior in a population of 261 male inpatients with affective disorders was studied. The patients were divided into 3 RDC subgroups and compared with the same number of matched subjects drawn from the general population. The full account of conviction records in the criminal register was used ...
McDougle C J - - 1997
A preponderance of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience little or no improvement in their symptoms when treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). It is hypothesized that SRI-refractory patients may have altered serotonin neurotransmission different from patients responsive to SRIs, or that they may have abnormalities in their dopamine function. ...
Starcevic V - - 1997
Regardless of the controversial philosophical aspects of understanding another human being, it is a useful concept in psychotherapy because understanding of the patient is one of the factors determining the course of therapy. Understanding resulting from empathy refers to the perception of the patient's innermost feelings and meanings, but inevitably ...
Allen D M - - 1997
Successful management of patient behaviors that interfere with the process of psychotherapy is essential to treating patients with borderline personality disorder. Provocative patient behaviors that induce a strong negative reaction from the therapist must be attenuated. Strategies for doing so used in four different treatment paradigms--Kernberg's expressive psychotherapy, Linehan's dialectical ...
Siddique C M - - 1997
Comparisons of adult out-patients diagnosed with V-code conditions and those with mental disorders were conducted in a number of areas related to patient and treatment characteristics. Data were collected from three community mental health centres over a 6-year period (n = 7,220) in a semi-rural region of Nova Scotia, Canada. ...
Josephs L - - 1997
In recent years there has been a growing interest in refining the technique of ego defense analysis. All of these approaches share in common an attempt to work closely with the patient's free associations, to interpret at a level that is accessible to the patient's consciously observing ego, and to ...
Connors M E - - 1997
Severely traumatized patients may exhibit poor functioning and a great deal of dependence upon the therapist. The question is raised as to what such patients truly need from a therapist, and the concept of optimal responsiveness is described. These patients may display complex blends of deficits, resulting from inadequate structuralization, ...
Canatsey K - - 1997
The use of seclusion or seclusion and restraints (S/SR) may affect patients negatively, even if controlling their behavior in the short run, by placing them in the "victim" role and fostering a corrosive atmosphere of patient-caregiver mistrust and alienation. This project's goal was to reduce the use of the most ...
Coen S J - - 1997
Psychoanalytic techniques are explored through which analysts can help patients tolerate, face, and attempt to resolve affects and conflicts that have seemed unbearable to the patient. The patient's feeling of "I can't" is differentiated from the feeling of "I won't." Process material focuses on patients' shifts between seeming inability to ...
Franzek E - - 1996
Twenty-eight psychiatric patients with computerized tomography (CT) findings of ventricular abnormality most likely to result from prenatal/perinatal lesions (VA group) were compared to 28 sex- and age-matched psychiatric patients with normal neuroradiological findings (NCT group). The neuroradiological rater was blind to clinical psychiatric diagnoses and, vice versa, clinical diagnoses were ...
Hatcher R L - - 1996
Extending a previous study (R.L. Hatcher, A. Barends, J. Hansell, & M.J. Gutfreund, 1995), factor analysis of 3 alliance measures completed by 231 patients explored patients' views of the alliance. Two of 6 factors, Confident Collaboration and Idealized Relationship (with the substantial general factor removed), correlated with patients' estimate of ...
Eugster S L - - 1996
This study identified systematic differences between therapists (n = 114) and patients (n = 119) in the process components that predict evaluation of psychotherapy sessions. The Comprehensive Scale of Psychotherapy Session Constructs was developed to measure 9 process variables and their relationships to session evaluation from the perspectives of therapist ...
Dorman M F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: In Experiment 1 the objective was to determine whether patients who have been implanted with the Ineraid electrode array perform better on tests of consonant identification when signals are processed through a continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor than when signals are processed through an analogue (Ineraid) processor. In Experiment ...
Faimberg H - - 1996
The author links the function of analytic listening to Freud's concept of Nachträglichkeit, which she defines as the retroactive assignment of meaning rather than mere deferred action, and derives the notion of 'listening to listening' from their combination. A dialectical conception of time is proposed, with interpretation involving three logical ...
Berthier M L - - 1996
We studied the behavioral, cognitive, and neuroimaging characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in 13 patients with focal brain lesions (acquired OCD) and compared their clinical features and the severity of obsessive and compulsive (OC) symptoms with patients with idiopathic OCD. Both OCD groups were further compared with matched normal controls ...
Cohen H - - 1996
Neuroscience and occupational therapy in physical rehabilitation have developed along parallel tracks. As physicians began to study the neural bases of motor control, they also began to reconsider the sequelae of "hopeless" diagnoses as conditions that they could influence. This change in some physicians' understanding of the neural mechanisms of ...
Oquendo M A - - 1996
Use of a patient's second language in psychiatric evaluation and treatment has a variety of effects. Patients frequently undergo psychiatric evaluation in their second language, yet competence in a second language varies depending on the phase of illness. Evaluation of bilingual patients should ideally be done in both their languages, ...
Eapen V - - 1996
1. Obsessive Compulsive Behaviours (OCB) occur in more than 50% of patients with the Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) and in some cases these behaviours are more disabling than the tics themselves. 2. Fluoxetine, a specific serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) has been demonstrated to be effective in patients with ...
Somer E - - 1996
Thirty one patients in treatment for anxiety disorders and 31 controls were interviewed within hours after both the first and second Iraqi missile attacks on Israel during the Gulf war. After the first attack patients did not report higher anxiety levels, nor were they more pessimistic about the war and ...
Ellman J P - - 1996
Increasingly it seems that analysts and their patients are in the midlife period. If analyst and patient are both going through a midlife crisis involving similar issues, this may have repercussions in the analysis. Turning to the literature for guidance reveals a paucity of papers concerning the clinical application of ...
Kanner A M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Postictal psychiatric events presenting as postictal psychotic events and postictal nonpsychotic events are known to occur following seizure clusters. Accordingly, patients undergoing prolonged video-electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring studies may be at increased risk of experiencing postictal psychiatric event, as they often have flurries of seizures during these studies. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Cardoso F - - 1996
The clinical features of 32 patients (24 males) with Tourette's syndrome in Brazil were studied. The mean age at onset was 7.1 years, tics being the first symptom in 71% and hyperactivity in 29%. Blinking, grimacing, and shoulder elevation were the most common motor tics and sniffing, throat clearing, and ...
Weil F - - 1996
Improved treatment efficacy and prognosis in modern psychiatry have mandated changes in the Israeli Mental Health Law. Since 1991, the conditions for compulsory intervention have broadened, beyond that of immediate physical danger. Concurrently, checks and balances over this process have increased. No compulsory treatment decisions are taken without a recent ...
Cohen L J - - 1996
Specificity of neuropsychological dysfunction in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was assessed by comparing neuropsychological performance in 65 OCD patients, 17 social phobic patients, and 32 normal control subjects. Although both patient groups showed visual constructional impairment relative to normal subjects, only patients with social phobia showed executive dysfunction. Nonconcurrent state anxiety ...
Shirata K - - 1995
General Health Questionaire of 60 symptoms proposed by Goldberg was used to study psychiatric condition of 74 patients with severe atopic dermatitis. The patients were composed of 26 males and 48 females. A matched healthy control was obtained from 65 persons of 22 males and 43 females. The patients showed ...
Horowitz M J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Psychodynamic clinicians cite defensive actions observed in evaluation and treatment as a source of important information. Empirical support for such assertions has seldom been based on objective study of recorded psychotherapy. A quantitative study of the association of signs of defensive control with disclosure of conflicted beliefs was undertaken. ...
Gelkopf M - - 1995
The implications of the chemical war threat and the missile attacks during the Gulf War for a medium-sized psychiatric community are analyzed in terms of psychiatric care and management. Changes in medication, physical restraint, and ward transfer were observed for schizophrenic patients in active psychotic phase (n=50), in residual post-active ...
Abbruzzese M - - 1995
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) performances were studied in 33 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 33 age-, sex-, and education-matched normal comparison subjects; the OCD patients were divided into four subgroups on the basis of their symptomatology. Neither the two groups of subjects nor the four OCD subgroups differed ...
Jawad S S - - 1995
Forty-six female patients with pseudoseizures were compared with 50 female patients referred to a psychiatric outpatient clinic. Patients with convulsive pseudoseizures were more likely to be single and childless. An abnormal EEG was more frequently reported in patients with convulsive pseudoseizures, contributing to their earlier diagnosis of epilepsy. The defence ...
Eriksson K I - - 1995
In ongoing studies of the quality of the mental health services in two Swedish counties, two thirds of the committed versus about one third of the voluntarily admitted patients reported coercive measures during the index period of care. Committed patients reported an equal degree of coercive treatment and restraint, whereas ...
Vivona J M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine self- and other-directed aggression in 89 children and adolescents on a psychiatric inpatient unit to determine ways in which aggressive and nonaggressive patients differ and to discover those factors associated with self-directed versus other-directed aggression. METHOD: Three types of data were collected: ongoing observations of aggressive behavior ...
Dorevitch A - - 1995
The systematic study of antipsychotic-induced movement disorders in young psychiatric patients is very sparse. We assessed the presence of tardive dyskinesia in an adolescent in-patient psychiatric ward. Eighteen per cent (3/17) exhibited either pronounced or subtle signs of tardive dyskinesia. Our study suggests that young psychiatric patients may develop signs ...
Kodama K - - 1995
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with n-isopropyl-p-[123I]iodoamphetamine (IMP) was performed on 20 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Fifteen of the patients showed areas of hypoperfusion. All nine patients who had florid psychiatric manifestations at the time the SPECT was performed had hypoperfusion areas. Four patients who had abnormal ...
Muris P - - 1995
An experiment was carried out in which 30 adolescent and adult patients with autism and 30 age- and IQ-matched Down syndrome patients were instructed to choose one of the chocolates that were hanging near four pictures displaying facial expressions of basic emotions (fear, anger, happiness, and sadness). As predicted, most ...
Goldberger M - - 1995
Use of the couch in psychoanalysis is almost universal because of its many advantages. This paper focuses on situations in which the use of the couch is not beneficial, involving problems of the patient or of the analyst. Interferences with the usefulness of the couch are illustrated by means of ...
Fals-Stewart W - - 1995
Patients in a long-term residential substance abuse treatment program (N = 168) were asked to complete the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), a brief inventory that measures psychological distress in nine symptom areas. Using the Symptom Checklist-90 Analogue (SCL-90 Analogue), which allows raters to assess patients along the same dimensions measured by ...
Palmstierna T - - 1995
Aggressive behaviour by psychiatric inpatients was investigated on the same ward during two separate 6-month periods before and after a 50% decrease in number of beds but without changes in catchment area. Character of the patient group, patient turnover and medical practices as well as total number of staff on ...
McCarthy B W - - 1995
This paper examines what can be learned from evaluating work with unsuccessful sex therapy patients. It is especially important to be aware of potential iatrogenic effects. As much can be learned from unsuccessful as from successful patients as sex therapy tries to answer the question "What type of therapeutic intervention, ...
Steinberg P I - - 1995
The liaison model of consultation shows how including a psychiatrist on a medical team can enhance patient care. A case history of a patient with a delusion about her eyes and her need for ophthalmologic surgery is used to illustrate diagnosis and management of patients who misinterpret or deny signs ...
Kernberg O F - - 1994
The combined analysis of the predominant themes, (a) in the patient's communication of his subjective experience, (b) in the patient's nonverbal behaviour and linguistic style, and in (c) the countertransference, provide indications for the main focus of the analyst's interpretive work, as well as potential evidence, in the corresponding changes ...
Caper R - - 1994
The author approaches the problem of defining what a clinical psychoanalytic fact is by proposing that there is such a thing as a 'psychoanalytic apparatus'--a working psychoanalysis--the proper functioning of which is revealed by the presence of certain emotional states. One of these is the presence of a sense of ...
Fineberg N A - - 1994
We studied the neuroendocrine responses produced by intravenous L-tryptophan (TRP) in 16 untreated patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and 16 matched healthy controls. The increase in plasma growth hormone seen following TRP was significantly greater in the OCD patients, while TRP-induced prolactin release did not differ from controls. Taken ...
Tasca G A - - 1994
Patient selection or matching to group psychotherapy is usually done by therapists. An alternative is to allow patients to "sample" and then select from different group therapies. In the current study characteristics of patients (N = 20) who selected from two types of group psychotherapy in a day-treatment program were ...
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