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Results 201 - 250 of 592
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Baker R - - 2000
In light of current debates between classical and intersubjective schools of psychoanalysis, the challenge posed by the latter to such basic concepts as the analyst's neutrality, anonymity, and abstinence is taken up. It is maintained that the term neutral position is today more germane and meaningful than the term neutrality, ...
Gabbard G O - - 2000
Expressions of gratitude from the patient may be regarded by the analyst as a much-needed validation or affirmation of competence. The analyst's need for gratitude may be a relatively silent presence when things are going smoothly or when the analyst's efforts are openly appreciated by the patient. Ungrateful patients, however, ...
Grabe H J - - 1999
Previous studies have described co-occurrence between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and dissociation. We intended to evaluate the phenomenological association between different obsessive-compulsive and dissociative symptoms more precisely. Seventy patients with OCD (DSM-IV) were evaluated with the Hamburg Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (HZI) and the Dissociation Experience Scale. Correlation and discriminant analysis were performed. ...
Faulkner C J - - 1999
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are thought to have problematic hospitalizations. This study seeks to examine this phenomenon in adolescence by documenting the specific problem behaviors exhibited by patients, and the staff interventions in response to these behaviors in patients with and without BPD. Data were collected from the ...
Rothstein A - - 1999
The analyst's experience of patients' disturbances is explored as an aspect of analytic technique. A number of premises are examined. First, it is expected that the analyst is committed to tolerating and understanding disturbances evoked in him by his patients' personalities and their disturbances. Second, that he regards the disturbances ...
Calvocoressi L - - 1999
Relatives frequently accommodate patients' obsessive-compulsive symptoms and clinicians hypothesize that such accommodations adversely affect patient outcome. This study's purpose was to develop a valid and reliable measure, the Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (FAS), and to investigate the family accommodation construct. We administered the FAS and additional family and ...
Kernberg O F - - 1999
This case report illustrates how an analysis of oedipal conflicts gradually resolved a severe and extended inhibition of sexual desire that developed as a new symptom in the termination phase of psychoanalytic treatment. The enactment in the countertransference of castration anxiety, against which the patient was successfully defending himself by ...
Ogrodniczuk J S - - 1999
Transference interpretations are one of the distinguishing features of dynamically oriented psychotherapy. Previous studies have suggested that too many transference interpretations may be detrimental, in particular for certain kinds of patients. Given the potential for negative effects, attempts to validate (replicate) the previous findings are worthwhile. The relationships between the ...
Swartz M - - 1999
Psychogeriatrics and especially psychiatric services in nursing and old-age homes are sorely lacking in research. Four years ago we developed and implemented a model for service delivery for old-age homes within our hospitals' catchment area. In the first year of operation 48 of 373 residents (13%) were evaluated and treated ...
Harris M R - - 1999
During the last 30 years, involuntarily committed psychiatric patients have utilized the justice and legislative systems to delineate their legal rights to refuse treatments prescribed by their psychiatrists. In this paper, the legal and medical implications of the right to refuse psychiatric treatment in the Commonwealth of Kentucky are reviewed. ...
Stein D J - - 1999
1. Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be acutely exacerbated by administration of certain serotonin agonists Exacerbation of OCD symptoms by sumatriptan, a 5HT1D agonist (Zohar, 1993), is consistent with pre-clinical data suggesting that the serotonin auto-receptor plays an important role in this disorder (El Mansari et al, 1995). 2. ...
Pfuhlmann B - - 1999
Thirty-nine women who had suffered from a severe first-episode postpartum psychiatric illness were re-examined after a period of 6-26 years (averaging 12.5 years). Diagnoses were established according to ICD-10 and Leonhard's classification, revealing a marked predominance of cycloid psychoses (54%) according to Leonhard. There was no evidence of the nosological ...
Nijman H L - - 1999
The association between crowding and aggressive behavior among psychiatric inpatients was investigated. Aggressive incidents were documented on two closed psychiatric wards between February 1 and December 15, 1996. A modest correlation between number of patients on the ward and number of aggressive incidents per patient was found. Enlargement of the ...
Barolin G S - - 1999
The rehabilitation patient by his permanent disablement comes into an important crisis which makes psychotherapy as reasonable and necessary as other human crisis situations do. Especially the more senior patient must be regarded within this rank. There is a broad rank of known psychotherapeutic methods which however we propose to ...
Mac Master F P - - 1999
1. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is increasingly recognized as a severe, highly prevalent and chronically disabling disorder, emerging during childhood in as many as 80% of cases. The authors previously found significant abnormalities in the region of the corpus callosum (CC) connecting ventral prefrontal cortex and striatum in pediatric OCD ...
Schmolke M - - 1999
The diagnostic evaluation, representing a fundamental activity in psychiatric practice and research, requires a particular ethical responsibility on the part of the clinician. The author proposes the following aspects as being important for a comprehensive and ethically sensitive diagnosis: (a) incorporation of the patient's subjective perspectives and understanding of his/her ...
Lichter D G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of family history on clinical expression of Tourette's syndrome (TS). BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that clinical expression of TS is similar among sporadic (SP) and familial patients but may be influenced by bilineal (BIL) transmission of tics or obsessive-compulsive behavior (OCB) in high-density pedigrees. ...
Milbrath C - - 1999
Using sequential analysis, the authors examined how therapists' actions related to the verbal disclosure and defensive patterns that followed therapists' interventions within a single therapy hour for 20 patients. At the same time, a new measure, the Psychodynamic Intervention Rating Scale (PIRS), was tested for reliability and construct validity. Results ...
Pauli P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety seems to be a frequent problem in patients with an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD). Distressing experiences before or after AICD implantation such as resuscitation, or AICD shocks are suspected as causes for enhanced anxiety levels. A closer examination of the level and structure of anxiety in AICD ...
Pokorny L - - 1999
In a sample of patients admitted to two state psychiatric facilities, discriminant analyses were used to predict (1) legal status at admission (voluntary versus emergency detention), and (2) the subsequent decision to commit patients initially admitted under an order of emergency detention (court commitment versus release). Measures of preadmission dangerousness, ...
Keinänen M - - 1999
This article illustrates curative changes occurring in psychoanalytic psychotherapy by developing the internal dialogue in the mind. By the internal dialogue, I mean the internalization of the therapy process during the recurrent therapy sessions so that the external dialogue between therapist and patient becomes the corresponding internal structure of the ...
Shusta S R - - 1999
A case study is presented of a 40-year-old man with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). He had been treated with long-term institutional placement, electroconvulsive therapy, exhaustive pharmacotherapy, and psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy. Nothing had relieved his excessive hand washing and door checking. Records from previous treatment revealed a diagnosis of dissociative identity ...
Litinsky A M - - 1998
Previous research has supported theoretical claims that dichotomous thinking may be a risk factor for suicide. However, the concept of dichotomous thinking is vague, and thus far, no measures of it have been developed. This study developed a coding scheme useful on Thematic Aperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) protocols and ...
Chapman F - - 1998
D8/17 is proving to be an important diagnostic and treatment tool in patients with Tourette's syndrome (TS) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The present study represents a direct comparison of immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry in terms of their relative efficiency in the detection of the DB/17 B cell marker. ...
Wiener J - - 1998
This paper seeks to illustrate the ambiguity of the affect of 'anger' which masks a number of subtly different emotions observable in clinical work. The author differentiates between anger, rage and hatred in terms of the dialectical relationship between ego and self and pays particular attention to why it is ...
Zimmerman M - - 1998
The prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), based on structured and unstructured clinical interviews, was compared in two samples of psychiatric outpatients drawn from the same practice setting. In the first sample, 500 patients were diagnosed according to a routine, unstructured clinical interview. In the second sample, 500 subjects were ...
Tsai Y F - - 1998
The purposes of this descriptive study were to document the prevalence of previously identified risk factors for falls in a group of acutely ill psychiatric patients, to determine if patients who fell differed from nonfallers with respect to risk factors, and to describe the circumstances surrounding falls that occurred on ...
Zomer S F - - 1998
Delusions of parasitosis is a rare disorder in which patients have the false and fixed belief that they are infested by parasites. It is a psychiatric disorder, but patients usually present to a dermatologist and referral to a psychiatrist is almost always rejected. Treating a patient with delusions of parasitosis ...
Dalmau A B - - 1998
Several studies have shown an increased mortality rate among psychiatric patients. Morbidity, however, has been studied less often. In this study, the authors examined the number of hospitalizations with somatic diagnoses in 722 patients with affective psychoses and 472 with a paranoid disorder. Every patient had an age- and sex-matched ...
Bogetto F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and type of psychiatric disorders coexisting with burning mouth syndrome (BMS), to compare the clinical features of patients with BMS alone with patients with multiple diagnoses, and to investigate the number and severity of life events that occur before ...
Broocks A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The prevalences of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients suffering from blepharospasm and in those with hemifacial spasm were determined. The two conditions have similar symptoms, but only blepharospasm is etiologically linked to basal ganglia dysfunction. METHOD: After being interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, 13 patients with blepharospasm ...
Rothstein A - - 1998
The author examines the interplay between neuropsychological dysfunction and psychological conflict. Two ideas are emphasized. First, clinicians may overlook or subtly de-emphasize the contribution of neuropsychological dysfunction to patients' difficulties. Second, when neuropsychological difficulties are diagnosed, there is value in being acquainted with the details of the dysfunction and exploring ...
Skerritt U M - - 1998
Controlled clinical trials in the UK have shown folate deficiency in psychiatric patients, and it has been suggested that such deficiency is most likely to occur among patients with affective disorders. Studies have led to the use of folate as an adjunct to therapy in such patients. The present paper ...
Thiel A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines whether concomitant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) indicates a poorer prognosis for patients with anorexia or bulimia nervosa. METHOD: Seventy-five female inpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for anorexia or bulimia nervosa took part in the follow-up study; 29 of these patients met criteria for concomitant OCD. All ...
Stefansson S B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of non-organic psychiatric disorders among disabled patients of normal intelligence with epilepsy with the prevalence of similar psychiatric disorders among age and sex matched disabled patients with other somatic diseases. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in Iceland among people receiving disability benefits using ...
Holbert R D - - 1998
The purpose of this manuscript is to describe a one year experience with Gynecomastia. The patients studied were men who came to the clinic with breast enlargement. The clinical experience appeared to reflect an unexpected number of patients with this diagnosis. The result revealed thirty percent of this group had ...
Zalusky S - - 1998
Past traditions and prejudices may have precluded many analysts from openly considering the use of telephone analysis as a viable treatment option. However, at times psychoanalysis by telephone may represent the best treatment available for a particular patient. Use of the telephone in clinical practice evokes complex feelings and raises ...
Silman A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple assessment of functional ability in patients with scleroderma and to examine its reliability both as a patient self-administered instrument and when administered by a trained observer. METHODS: An 11 item, 4 grade, functional assessment questionnaire was developed after extensive consultation with patients, physiotherapists (PT), and ...
Kunik M E - - 1998
Behavioral disturbances are commonly encountered in elderly demented patients. The records of all patients admitted to a geropsychiatric inpatient unit within a 2-year period who had a primary diagnosis of dementia and an accompanying behavioral disturbance treated with divalproex sodium were reviewed. Of the 13 patients identified, all tolerated divalproex ...
Melamed Y - - 1998
The tragedy of the assassination of the prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin, affected the entire population, regardless of individual mental states. The event influenced the therapeutic situation and gave rise to questions of the limitations and boundaries of treatment. The patients reacted and coped with greater or lesser intensity, according to ...
Knafo D - - 1998
This paper illustrates how the dimension of space is an apt arena for immigrant patients to play out their separation problems. A continuum is proposed in which the extreme ends represent pathological attitudes toward space. Two cases are presented to demonstrate how these differential approaches to space result in unique ...
Black J L - - 1998
Thirteen patients with stiff-man syndrome (SMS) were studied with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) profiles, and by telephone interviews. The mean MMPI, SAAST, and STAI were within normal limits; however, several patients had abnormal profiles. The results of ...
Schachter J - - 1997
The authors describe post-termination meetings in order to examine the controversial issue of the proper relationship between analyst and patient at this stage. In the first case the meetings facilitated the patient's re-entering treatment, leading to significant further growth. In the second and third cases, the meetings re-ignited mourning for ...
Abbasi Q A - - 1997
We collected daily urine volumes (DUV) from 24 nonpolydipsic psychiatric patients and eight polydipsic schizophrenic patients. At 7 AM and 4 PM, we collected spot urine samples and measured urine creatinine concentration (UCr). Using morning weight and the UCr measurements, we compared actual DUV with estimated DUV using 3 methods ...
Piersma H L - - 1997
This study contrasts self-reported symptomatology on the MCMI-III of a sample of 97 psychiatric patients admitted directly to inpatient care with a sample of 75 patients admitted directly to day hospital treatment. The predominant Axis I diagnosis of patients in both samples was an affective disorder. Effect sizes of the ...
Hurov J R - - 1997
This retrospective study addressed two basic questions important to hand therapists: what are the expectations of therapy vis-a-vis range of motion and strength among patients with distal radius fractures, and do patients treated by different therapists within a center experience substantially similar or dissimilar outcomes? Differences between patient groups were ...
Williams G - - 1997
In the context of the treatment of eating disorders, the author describes a specific failure in the container/contained relationship (Bion, 1962) that goes beyond the experience of having projections rejected. She addresses the predicament of those patients who have not only lacked containment, but also perceived themselves as receptacles of ...
Bagby R M - - 1997
Fava et al., Am. J. Psychiatry 150 (1993)1158-1163, have recently proposed the existence of a sub-type of depressed patients who experience anger attacks. These investigators hypothesized that patients who experience anger attacks will respond better to a specific selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medication than will depressed patients who do ...
Waska R T - - 1997
Due to the extreme states of masochism, dependency, and narcissistic rage that these patients experience, the treatment must be attuned to the inevitable periods of regression and primitive defense. The patient feels compelled to be a servant to the object, yet is furious at this less than equal status. The ...
Schiffer F - - 1997
Seventy psychotherapy patients were given two pairs of goggles each taped over to allow vision from only the left or the right lateral visual field (LVF and RVF). Sixty percent reported at least a one-point difference between visual fields on a five-point anxiety scale; 23% reported at least a two-point ...
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