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Gündel Harald - - 2003
Disturbed body image and negative self-referent cognitions caused by the postural disfigurement of the head are regarded as the main reason for elevated depression scores in spasmodic torticollis (ST), but this factor was never controlled for. We therefore compared 48 patients with ST and 48 patients with alopecia areata (AA) ...
Neerakal I - - 2003
We studied the symptom structure of panic attacks in 94 patients attending an outpatient psychiatric clinic. Autonomic symptoms of anxiety were reported by the majority of the panic patients. As compared with studies from the West, certain cognitive symptoms, such as fear of loss of control and depersonalization, and vestibular ...
Coen Stanley J - - 2003
From clinical material of patient-analyst pairs caught up in negativistic transference-countertransference enmeshment, the defensive functions of negativism are explored for both patient and analyst. Fascination with and dread of the negative intersect as patients struggle to avoid terrifying aspects of self and other. The analyst works to avoid being trapped ...
Vidović Vesna - - 2003
This study investigates anxiety and defense styles in eating disorders. Seventy eating disorder (ED) patients and fifty-one female matched control subjects completed State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and 88-items Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ). ED patients were more anxious in actual situations and more anxiety prone in general. They relied ...
Busch Fred - - 2003
Patients need to tell their stories. One of our primary tasks as analysts is to help patients tell their stories and own them. The freedom of mind to think, to feel, and to know are dependent on the ongoing capacity for storytelling. The analyst's stance plays a major role in ...
Chessick Richard D - - 2003
This article is to prepare the reader, along with the previous peregrination, for the article that follows by Professor Lang. It introduces the thinking of Heidegger at the Zollikon Seminars, conducted by the Swiss psychoanalyst Medard Boss, founder of Daseinanalyse and presented to a group of Swiss psychiatrists. Heidegger opposed ...
Chen Yun Chun - - 2003
Patient behaviors are affected by so many factors that makes it is not easy to describe by simple measures. Our approach bases on finding association rules, which is widely used in marketing to identify their customers. We found rules describing complex patient behavior from huge claim dataset and we grouped ...
Springer-Kremser Marianne - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is evidence showing that psychotherapy very often does not reach the persons most in need of it. A change in patterns of "consumer behaviour" is difficult to achieve on the basis of individual behavioural change. Can it be achieved by changes in legislation? METHODS: By comparing socio-demographic criteria ...
Gabbard Glen O - - 2002
In this essay, the author has focused on the rationale for an absolute prohibition of sexual contact between psychiatrists and former patients. The role of an ethics code is to proscribe professional misconduct that may have the potential to harm the patient. Because we know that in many cases of ...
Waska Robert - - 2002
Greed is the unrelenting and unrealistic search for all the good an object has to offer and, via identification, all the good one can produce and provide. In phantasy, and sometimes in the patient's early developmental environment, the object and the ego demand more from each other than either have ...
Baldwin Hilary E - - 2002
Acne is the most common problem that presents to dermatologists. Because it causes visible disfiguring of the face, it produces a great deal of embarrassment, frustration, anger, and depression in patients. In addition, acne is most common in adolescence and young adulthood, a time when patients are least capable of ...
Geller Jesse D - - 2002
Using a new measure, the Patient Representation Inventory (PRI), this study investigated the nature of psychotherapists' working clinical models of their patients. The data provided by 73 therapists suggest that, regardless of experience level or theoretical orientation (cognitive-behavioral or psychodynamic), therapists tend to evoke such representations by accessing the words ...
Andersson Edith M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to illuminate lived experience of having been in an acute confusional state (ACS) as narrated by elderly patients in orthopaedic care. METHOD: Qualitative study with phenomenological hermeneutic method for analysing the data based on narrative interviews. Fifty patients (67-96 years of age) who ...
Staab Jeffrey P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and tolerability of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of patients with dizziness and major or minor psychiatric symptoms, with or without neurotologic illnesses. DESIGN: Review of 60 consecutive cases of patients with dizziness who were treated with an SSRI for at least ...
Skirrow Paul - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of current media events on hallucinatory content in ICU patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients were interviewed over a one-year period, and their descriptions of hallucinatory experiences, together with weekly media stories, were assessed for themes of war. RESULTS: Media coverage for war-related stories rose significantly ...
Osborne Cynthia - - 2002
Working with the gender dysphoric patient is complex because of the various clinical issues that arise. One issue that has not been addressed in the psychiatric literature is whether to address the patient with the biologically congruent pronoun or name or with the patient's preferred-gender pronoun or cross-gender name. This ...
Weber B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric patients are increasingly confronted to computerized psychological and psychopathological assessment. Patients' attitude to computers was reported to affect acceptance of computerized assessment. METHOD: In 78 psychiatric in-patients neuropsychological impairment was examined following admission on an open ward by conventional as well as computerized memory and attention tasks. Besides ...
Sparber Andrew - - 2002
Surveys of general complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use have suggested an association with high levels of depression and anxiety. This raises the question of whether anxious or depressed people seek CAM, or whether there are underlying factors associated with long-term chronic illness. There is no clear indication from four ...
Starcevic Vladan - - 2002
The treatment of hypochondriasis continues to be challenging because of the nature of hypochondriasis and reactions that it often elicits in therapists. In this paper, it is argued that due to complex interactions between hypochondriacal patients and their therapists, there should be a radically different approach to treating hypochondriacal patients. ...
Dell Paul F - - 2002
The goal of this study was to investigate the dissociative phenomenology of dissociative identity disorder (DID). The Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID) was administered to 34 patients with DID, 23 patients with dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS), 52 patients with mixed psychiatric disorders, and 58 normal individuals. DID patients ...
Hempel Anthony G - - 2002
An archival study was performed in a maximum security forensic hospital to evaluate the effects of a total ban on smoking and all tobacco products. One hundred and forty patients were characterized as nonsmokers or light, moderate or heavy smokers. Patient records for the four weeks prior to the ban ...
Goldberg Arnold - - 2002
The author considers the concept of enactment as a ubiquitous event that is best seen as part of a sequence in the process of understanding a patient. As such, enactments are not unusual or special save as they are often subject to disavowal or to being singled out by the ...
Leavitt F - - 2001
MMPI-2 correlates of normal dissociation as measured by the absorption subscale items of the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) were examined in patients with diagnoses in the dissociative spectrum (n = 119) and not in the dissociative spectrum (n = 97). All patients completed the MMPI-2 and DES and were assigned ...
Fassino S - - 2001
Currently the therapy of anorexia nervosa is a relevant clinical problem. The percentage of patients who respond to short-term pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy is still low and the condition often leads to chronic pathology or death. The present study aims to determine outcome predictors beyond personality traits, eating psychopathology, or particular ...
Erzegovesi S - - 2001
The aim of this study was to evaluate which clinical variables might influence the antiobsessional response to proserotonergic drugs in a sample of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). One hundred fifty-nine patients with DSM-IV OCD underwent a 12-week standardized treatment with fluvoxamine, clomipramine, citalopram, or paroxetine. According to treatment response, ...
Jelicic M - - 2001
The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) is a relatively new test battery designed to measure disorders of executive functions. We studied the temporal stability of the BADS in a sample of 22 adult psychiatric patients. All patients were administered the BADS twice with an interval of 3 weeks. ...
Carragee E J - - 2001
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Discography is used today as the basis of the diagnosis of discogenic back and neck pain. As such, it plays a pivotal role in the formulation of treatment plans for patients complaining of chronic axial spine pain. PURPOSE: A brief history of discography is described here, followed by ...
Jenkins J R - - 2001
Feather-picking and self-mutilation behaviors are common in psittacine birds. These behaviors are best defined as stereotypic behaviors or obsessive compulsive disorders. There is likely a genetic predisposition for these behaviors as reflected in the overrepresentation of a number of species of psittacines. Stereotypies most often result from a high level ...
Bayar N - - 2001
Chronic sinusitis is one of the most common diseases in the general population. We investigated the personality traits of non-psychiatric patients in chronic sinusitis and non-sinusitis groups. In this study we evaluated 25 patients with chronic sinusitis and 25 subjects as a control group. In the analysis of the psychiatric ...
Grant J E - - 2001
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been shown to be effective in treating the behavioral symptoms associated with psychiatric disorders in demented patients. Four case studies are presented that show its efficacy in treating behavioral symptoms in demented patients. We suggest that ECT is beneficial in these potentially life-threatening behavioral disturbances.
Bernardo A C - - 2001
This study examined patient-related factors that were associated with readmission to a tertiary care psychiatric hospital in Canada. The charts of a random sample of 200 patients were reviewed from an index discharge date in 1991 through subsequent rehospitalizations over the next three years. Eighty-eight patients (44 percent) were readmitted ...
Jutley R S - - 2001
The case described here is that of a 34-year-old woman with a psychiatric disorder who was referred to the local surgical receiving unit with abdominal pain and vomiting. She remained well and fully mobile but refused blood investigations until the day following admission. At that time the tests showed a ...
Anderson K E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The authors' goal was to examine the frequency and type of obsessive and compulsive symptoms in Huntington's disease. METHOD: The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale was used to assess obsessive and compulsive symptoms in 27 patients with Huntington's disease. The neuropsychological test performance of the 14 patients with at least ...
Wilkinson M - - 2001
This paper delineates the transference and countertransference experiences in the analysis of a patient whose presenting symptom and main concern was his stutter. I suggest that oral-sadistic rather than anal-sadistic hostile elements may be identified in this patient's particular stutter. I focus on its significance in terms of object relationship: ...
Catapano F - - 2001
The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of insight and resistance in a sample of obsessive-compulsive patients, and the predictive value of poor insight with respect to response to treatment with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). Ninety-three patients fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder were evaluated. Seventy patients ...
Hacking S - - 2001
We classified 242 reliable scales from 12 art-based studies of psychiatric patients into 14 qualitative categories and also by three types of decision: form, objective or subjective content. We used meta-analytic techniques to combine and compare different results from studies testing the asssociation of art characteristics with psychopathology. Distinctions between ...
Stiglmayr C E - - 2001
Assuming that the experience of strong aversive tension might be an indicator of the extent of affect dysregulation within patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), we sought to operationalize the duration and intensity of these phenomena. In addition we studied the relationship between aversive tension and the experience of dissociative ...
León-Carrión J J Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Seville, Spain. - - 2001
The possibility that patients who have suffered a traumatic brain injury will commit suicide is high, and in many cases clinicians tend to underestimate this possibility. In this study, 39 consecutive patients are studied through a Rorschach technique more than 1.5 years after their hospital discharge. The data show that ...
Koo M B - - 2001
Little has been published regarding male patients' erotic transferences to female therapists. It has been suggested that male patients do not develop full erotic transferences and rarely experience erotized transferences. The author presents a case report documenting erotization in a male patient-female therapist dyad and reviews current theories on the ...
Haw C - - 2001
Deliberate self-harm (DSH) patients with alcohol problems present a considerable challenge for clinical services. In a study of a sample of 150 DSH patients who were representative of all such patients seen at a general hospital during the study period, 40 patients with an ICD-10 diagnosis of alcohol dependence or ...
Ogden T H - - 2001
The author discusses a fragment of the analysis of a patient who had experienced both neglect and sexual molestation during early childhood. The analysand had developed a defensively hypertrophied form of mindedness in an effort to gain some sense of control over bodily experience, which threatened not only his sanity, ...
Haun M - - 2001
The authors investigated the effect of music on the state anxiety of a sample of 20 patients awaiting breast biopsy at a suburban medical facility. The patients were assigned alternately to either the control or experimental group. The individuals in the experimental group were given a 20-minute music-based intervention in ...
Koo J - - 2001
Delusions of parasitosis is a rare psychiatric disorder in which the patient has a fixed, false belief that he or she is infested by parasites. Even though it is a psychiatric disorder, these patients usually present to a dermatologist because they are convinced that they have a dermatological problem. Patients ...
Despland J N - - 2001
This preliminary study examined how patients' defense mechanisms and psychotherapists' techniques influence early alliance formation. The authors assessed the relationships among defense mechanisms, therapist interventions, and the development of alliance in a sample of 12 patients undergoing Brief Psychodynamic Investigation (4 sessions). Alliance development occurred rapidly and was clearly established ...
Tuch R H - - 2001
Sources of the trend to question not just the analyst's authority to interpret, but the analyst's use of authority in general, are explored. Out of a wish to circumvent the potentially detrimental effects an analyst's interpretations can have on patients, certain psychoanalysts have modified their analytic techniques with an eye ...
Peteet J R - - 2001
The need for suffering patients to reexamine their assumptions about life presents therapists with unique challenges and opportunities. Patients with a religious world view often struggle with whether God cares about, or has sent, their pain. Atheistic patients also search for the meaning in their lives but reject the answers ...
Galanter M - - 2001
Network therapy was developed as a specialized type of combined individual and group therapy to ensure greater success in the office-based treatment of addicted patients by using both psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral approaches to individual therapy while engaging the patient in a group support network composed of family members and peers. ...
Kolden G G - - 2000
Therapeutic realizations are one of five universal, session-level change processes explicated in the Generic Model of Psychotherapy. Realizations refer to session impacts, the moment-to-moment accomplishments that patients experience within sessions. This study establishes the psychometric characteristics and factor structure of a modified patient-rated measure of session-level effects, the Therapeutic Realization ...
Reker T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at assessing the vocational integration attained after a 3-year period by psychiatric patients who participated in different vocational rehabilitation programmes. METHOD: In the north-western German region of Westphalia-Lippe a naturalistic follow-up study was carried out on 471 patients from three different types of vocational rehabilitation programmes. ...
Wenzel T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the life-time prevalence of all major psychiatric disorders in patients suffering from blepharospasm. METHOD: A total of 31 consecutive patients with blepharospasm attending the Department of Neurology were interviewed at the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Vienna. Patients had ...
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