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Vaaler Arne E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the development in symptoms, behaviors, function and treatment between patients with or without a substance use (SU) diagnose in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). METHODS: A total of 118 admitted patients were assessed at admittance, day 3 and discharge from ...
Lerner Vladimir - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Deficiencies of cobalamin and folate may play a causal role in the development or exacerbation of psychiatric illnesses. We compared cobalamin and folate levels in newly admitted psychiatric patients to mentally healthy controls and assessed their correlation with various psychiatric conditions. METHODS: All patients consecutively admitted to ...
Cordal Margarita Díaz - - 2005
The author examines psychic trauma resulting from human rights violations in Chile. Starting from trauma theories developed by authors such as Ferenczi, Winnicott and Stolorow, she posits the relevance of the subject's emotionally significant environment in the production of the traumatic experience. She describes the characteristics of the therapeutic process ...
Atmaca Murad - - 2005
Recently there has been increasing evidence that free oxygen species may play an important role in the pathophysiology of various neuropsychiatric disorders. The present study was performed to assess the changes in plasma nitric oxide (NO) levels in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared to age- and sex-matched normal controls. ...
Boesenberg Constanze - - 2005
Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease with the greatest incidence occurring in patients between 60 and 70 years old. Younger patients may also be affected. In this study, we used all case material available from 52 patients with sCJD aged 50 years or younger at disease onset, ...
Bekkering Harold - - 2005
The present study compared imitation performance in patients with ideomotor apraxia (IMA), eight right hemispheric-damaged patients, and eight control participants without neurological damage in three experiments. Experiment 1 confirmed in the Goldenberg test that IMA patients were particularly impaired in hand gestures and combined finger and hand gestures, but not ...
Schienle Anne - - 2005
This functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigated the disgust- and fear-reactivity of patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Ten OCD patients were scanned while viewing blocks of pictures showing OCD triggers from their personal environment and OCD-irrelevant disgust-inducing, fear-inducing and neutral scenes. Afterwards, the patients rated the intensity of the ...
Yeung Albert - - 2005
To investigate the prevalence and illness beliefs of sleep paralysis (SP) among Chinese patients in a psychiatric out-patient clinic, consecutive Chinese/Chinese-American patients who attended psychiatric out-patient clinics in Boston and Shanghai were asked about their lifetime prevalence, personal experience and perceptions regarding the causes, precipitating factors, consequences, and help-seeking of ...
Abelson James L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery (anterior capsulotomy) has been beneficial to many patients with debilitating, refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but the irreversibility of the procedure is an important limitation to its use. Nondestructive, electrical stimulation (deep brain stimulation; DBS) has proven an effective alternative to ablative surgery for neurological indications, suggesting potential utility ...
Liu Karen P Y - - 2005
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of therapists' methods of addressing patients' problems (based on assessment results and discussions of patients' needs compared with assessment results only) on the level of agreement, between patients and therapists, over patients' daily living problems. A comparative design was adopted ...
Rosa Susan Ayres - - 2005
This research examines the lived experiences of six novice occupational therapists (0-2 years experience) and eight career occupational therapists (> or = 5 years in the everyday practice in adult rehabilitation. The study focused specifically on therapists' experiences of working together with patients and the ways in which these experiences ...
Mitsumune Tadahiko - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential for predicting which patients would have a negative emotional reaction to bronchoscopy. METHODOLOGY: A questionnaire was distributed to 120 patients who had undergone diagnostic fibreoptic bronchoscopy. A visual analog scale to evaluate the patient's discomfort was adopted. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to ...
Szirmai Agnes - - 2005
The evaluation of cochleovestibular dysfunction in psychiatric patients often causes a difficult problem in neurootological experience. The authors discuss here the neurobiological basis of panic disorders and cochleovestibular dysfunction. In this multicenter study, we examined 63 patients with vertigo and panic disease. Twenty patients with primary panic disease and consecutive ...
Sakuraba Shigeru - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal incidences are known to be high in patients manifesting alcoholism. We attempted to characterize suicidal ideation in Japanese patients with alcoholism in relation to alexithymia. METHODS: Eighty-five male alcoholic patients, hospitalized in the alcoholics ward of a mental hospital and aged between 40 to 69 (52.9 +/- 8.3 ...
Johansson Håkan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated how patients in a psychiatric in-patient ward perceived the therapeutic relationship and the ward atmosphere, the interrelationships between these phenomena, and whether demographic and clinical factors had an influence on the helping alliance. DESIGN: This was an explorative study in a natural setting. A correlational and ...
Hilsenroth Mark J - - 2004
We examined the impact of patient- and therapist-rated alliance developed during psychological assessment on the subsequent alliance measured early and late in formal psychotherapy. We hypothesized that a working alliance developed during psychological assessment conducted from a collaborative therapeutic model of assessment (TMA; Finn & Tonsager, 1992, 1997; Fischer, 1994) ...
Taich Alexander - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report on the prevalence of psychiatric disease and psychosocial stress in children with nonorganic visual loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case series of 71 consecutive pediatric patients with a variety of nonorganic visual signs and symptoms. Chart review of ophthalmologic findings and details of medical and social history with ...
Rosen Jules - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study determined if actors could portray depressed patients to establish the interrater reliability of raters using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). METHOD: Actors portrayed depressed patients using scripts derived from HDRS assessments obtained at three points during treatment. Four experienced raters blindly viewed videotapes of two patients ...
Stengler-Wenzke Katarina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a destructive mental illness that alters the lives of both patients and their relatives. Many investigations have described the coping strategies of relatives of patients with schizophrenia, depression and other psychiatric disorders, but there have been no studies reported about coping strategies and OCD. AIM: ...
Rosenberg David R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine in vivo glutamatergic neurochemical alterations in the anterior cingulate cortex of pediatric patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) without major depressive disorder (MDD) versus pediatric patients with MDD without OCD and healthy controls. METHOD: Single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic examinations of the anterior cingulate cortex were conducted in ...
Ozdas Asli - - 2004
Among the many clinical decisions that psychiatrists must make, assessment of a patient's risk of committing suicide is definitely among the most important, complex, and demanding. When reviewing his clinical experience, one of the authors observed that successful predictions of suicidality were often based on the patient's voice independent of ...
Saik Susan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Neurosyphilis, also known as "general paresis of the insane," at one time accounted for a large portion of admissions to state psychiatric facilities. With the introduction of antibiotics, neurosyphilis is now considered very rare. METHOD: Chart review was performed on patients diagnosed with neurosyphilis who were admitted to a ...
Karno Mitchell P MP Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Box G-BH, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA. - - 2004
A consistent matching result from Project MATCH was the impact of patient trait anger on the effectiveness of alcohol treatments. Despite that finding, subsequent work failed to identify mechanisms underlying the effect. The present study examined a potential mediator, therapist directiveness, to determine its relationship with patient anger, treatment modality ...
Rusbridger Richard - - 2004
The author discusses and illustrates the place in current Kleinian practice of the analysis of the Oedipus complex. He outlines the development of the concept of the Oedipus complex by Freud and by Klein and later writers in the Kleinian tradition. Because the child's exclusion from his parents' sexual relationship ...
Popović Sabina - - 2004
The paper will show specific characteristics of the psychodynamic group psychotherapy in the small group of patients. Primary indications for the psychotherapy were expressed neurotic disorders. All patients have survived war traumatization, and some survived trauma of being refugee and separation from the other family members. Therapeutic atmosphere suitable for ...
Saxena Sanjaya - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Compulsive hoarding and saving symptoms, found in many patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), are part of a discrete clinical syndrome that includes indecisiveness, disorganization, perfectionism, procrastination, and avoidance and has been associated with poor response to medications and cognitive behavior therapy. The authors sought to identify cerebral metabolic patterns ...
Macfarlane Stephen - - 2004
To describe the style of psychotherapy portrayed in the film "Antwone Fisher". The rationale for this examination is that prospective patients often have little idea about what the process of psychotherapy may involve; depictions of therapy in popular films and on television serve to "prime" our patients' expectations in this ...
Suhas S - - 2004
People suffering from the fear of oral malodor believe that they have halitosis, even though offensive oral malodor is absent. Management of such patients is challenging. A simple innovative technique, "air bag" breathing method can be used as a behavioral experiment to provide the patient with evidence that may disconfirm ...
Petterson Regina - - 2004
In this article, the author attempts to provide a psychoanalytic understanding of the anorexic patient who is disconnected from her affective experience and is considered to be alexithymic. Through her restrictive food ritual, this type of patient may organize her internal states by repeatedly creating an illusion of what it ...
Kantrowitz Judy L - - 2004
Thirty American analysts who have published articles that include clinical material were interviewed about their methods for ensuring patient confidentiality. Eight of these analysts had patients who had read about themselves or heard their cases presented, though their analyst had not requested permission to use this material. Eighteen patients had ...
Walsh Lorraine - - 2004
Our perceptions of 'class' and what it meant to be a pauper or a private patient require redefinition before we can draw any firm conclusions on the importance of class to the patient experience in the nineteenth-century Scottish asylum. This chapter argues that a range of influences within the asylum, ...
Quinodoz Danielle - - 2003
In this paper the author examines her own use of language as a psychoanalyst and asks: what is the best way to help analyse and to find the words to express not only what they are thinking but also what they are feeling and experiencing? In common with other psychoanalysts, ...
Salín-Pascual Rafael J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Some of the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms can be elicited in rats by the administration of quinpirole (D2/D3 dopaminergic agonist). Nicotine administration blocked some aspect of checking behavior in that model. The main goal of this study was to determine if the clinical manifestations of OCD non smoking patients ...
Mergl R - - 2003
BACKGROUND; Motor function is deficient in many patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), especially in the face. To investigate subtle motor dysfunction, kinematical analysis of emotional facial expressions can be used. Our aim was to investigate facial movements in response to humorous film stimuli in OCD patients. METHOD: Kinematical analysis of ...
Sverd Jeffrey - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the prevalence of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) among children admitted to a state hospital day treatment service and to characterize the psychiatric disturbance of patients with PDD. METHODS: A total of 146 consecutively admitted patients were evaluated for PDD. Patients who had PDD were ...
Zimmer Richard - - 2003
Subtle, nonpsychotic disturbances in thinking may cause significant impairment of intellectual functioning and interfere with a patient's capacity to make use of psychoanalytic treatment. As these come under interpretive scrutiny, the intellectual exchange between patient and analyst may emerge as a theater for the enactment of perverse sexual fantasies. In ...
Rossberg Jan I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between the characteristics of inpatients and staff members' emotional reactions to the patients, particularly the extent to which the reactions were related to patients' aggressive or suicidal behavior. METHODS: The Feeling Word Checklist-58 was used to measure staff members' feelings. Two positive and five ...
Mergl Roland - - 2004
RATIONALE: Movement disorders such as disturbances of fine motor co-ordination are a frequent phenomenon in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate changes of hand-motor dysfunction in OCD patients under the influence of 10-week treatment with sertraline and behaviour therapy. METHODS: We examined the performance of ...
Serby Michael - - 2003
An 82-year-old man with treatment-resistant depression and early Alzheimer's disease was started on methylphenidate. Significant obsessive-compulsive behavior ensued but diminished over several weeks when methylphenidate was replaced by fluvoxamine. The patient had no prior psychiatric history, but he had a sister with obsessive-compulsive disorder. It appears that methylphenidate precipitated the ...
Ursu Stefan - - 2003
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been found to be hyperactive at rest, during symptom provocation, and after commission of errors in cognitive tasks. This hyperactivity might reflect an abnormality in conflict detection, a hypothesized basic mechanism for the action-monitoring function of the ACC. ...
Gündel Harald - - 2003
Disturbed body image and negative self-referent cognitions caused by the postural disfigurement of the head are regarded as the main reason for elevated depression scores in spasmodic torticollis (ST), but this factor was never controlled for. We therefore compared 48 patients with ST and 48 patients with alopecia areata (AA) ...
Neerakal I - - 2003
We studied the symptom structure of panic attacks in 94 patients attending an outpatient psychiatric clinic. Autonomic symptoms of anxiety were reported by the majority of the panic patients. As compared with studies from the West, certain cognitive symptoms, such as fear of loss of control and depersonalization, and vestibular ...
Coen Stanley J - - 2003
From clinical material of patient-analyst pairs caught up in negativistic transference-countertransference enmeshment, the defensive functions of negativism are explored for both patient and analyst. Fascination with and dread of the negative intersect as patients struggle to avoid terrifying aspects of self and other. The analyst works to avoid being trapped ...
Vidović Vesna - - 2003
This study investigates anxiety and defense styles in eating disorders. Seventy eating disorder (ED) patients and fifty-one female matched control subjects completed State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and 88-items Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ). ED patients were more anxious in actual situations and more anxiety prone in general. They relied ...
Busch Fred - - 2003
Patients need to tell their stories. One of our primary tasks as analysts is to help patients tell their stories and own them. The freedom of mind to think, to feel, and to know are dependent on the ongoing capacity for storytelling. The analyst's stance plays a major role in ...
Chessick Richard D - - 2003
This article is to prepare the reader, along with the previous peregrination, for the article that follows by Professor Lang. It introduces the thinking of Heidegger at the Zollikon Seminars, conducted by the Swiss psychoanalyst Medard Boss, founder of Daseinanalyse and presented to a group of Swiss psychiatrists. Heidegger opposed ...
Chen Yun Chun - - 2003
Patient behaviors are affected by so many factors that makes it is not easy to describe by simple measures. Our approach bases on finding association rules, which is widely used in marketing to identify their customers. We found rules describing complex patient behavior from huge claim dataset and we grouped ...
Springer-Kremser Marianne - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is evidence showing that psychotherapy very often does not reach the persons most in need of it. A change in patterns of "consumer behaviour" is difficult to achieve on the basis of individual behavioural change. Can it be achieved by changes in legislation? METHODS: By comparing socio-demographic criteria ...
Gabbard Glen O - - 2002
In this essay, the author has focused on the rationale for an absolute prohibition of sexual contact between psychiatrists and former patients. The role of an ethics code is to proscribe professional misconduct that may have the potential to harm the patient. Because we know that in many cases of ...
Waska Robert - - 2002
Greed is the unrelenting and unrealistic search for all the good an object has to offer and, via identification, all the good one can produce and provide. In phantasy, and sometimes in the patient's early developmental environment, the object and the ego demand more from each other than either have ...
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