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Orth M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is often complicated by comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study examines whether motor cortex excitability differs between uncomplicated GTS patients and those complicated by ADHD or OCD. METHODS: Motor thresholds, short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF), and ...
Narayan Veena M - - 2008
Earlier studies are inconsistent regarding the structural basis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and few studies have investigated whether patients with OCD have cortical thickness abnormalities compared with healthy volunteers. Using magnetic resonance imaging we compared regional differences in cortical thickness among 21 patients with OCD and 21 demographically matched healthy ...
Dinh Nathalie M H - - 2008
Culture is an essential variable of diagnosis and treatment. A cultural perspective draws attention to the social context within which symptoms arise, are given meaning, and are managed. Ethno-cultural work on illness narratives suggests that most people can provide culturally-based explanations for their symptoms. While these explanations are inconsistent with ...
Csordas Thomas J - - 2008
In contemporary Navajo society, traditional Navajo ceremonies, Native American Church prayer meetings, and Navajo Christian faith healing are all highly sought-after resources in the everyday pursuit of health and well-being. What is the nature of affliction among patients who turn to such forms of religious healing? Are these patients typically ...
Flückiger Christoph - - 2008
Previous research has supported the immediate activation of patient's strengths (resource activation) as an important mechanism of change in psychotherapy. We designed a brief (10 min) priming procedure in which therapists' attention was focused on the patients' individual strengths before each therapy session (resource priming). In a preliminary study, the ...
Reisch T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sequences of emotions (temporal dependence of emotions) to identify specific patterns of borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHOD: The perceived emotions of 50 BPD patients and 50 healthy controls (HC) were monitored by using a hand-held computer system for a 24-h period in a daily life setting. Participants ...
Drapeau Martin - - 2008
This study examined the association between therapist interventions, including interpretations, and patient defensive functioning. The first session of 32 (n = 32) Brief Psychodynamic Interventions were rated for therapist interventions and patient defensive functioning. Lag sequential analysis was used to determine if (a) there are organized sequences of therapist interventions; ...
Gos Tomasz - - 2008
Our postmortem study aimed to determine the impact of suicide on the number of noradrenergic neurons of the locus coeruleus (LC) in suicidal depressive patients. Noradrenergic neurons were shown by immunostaining tyrosine hydroxylase in the LC of 22 non-elderly patients with mood disorders compared to 21 age- and sex-matched normal ...
Ivkovic N - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term effects of antidepressive therapy on chronic pain and related disability, and masseter silent period in psychiatric depressive patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The study included hospitalized psychiatric depressive patients on antidepressive therapy protocol (tetracyclic antidepressant-maprotiline and anxiolytic-diazepam) (n=30) and non-psychiatric ...
Pattee Dailey - - 2008
This study examined the effects of gender and gender role identification on 223 patients' experiences of self-disclosure in psychotherapy. Factor analysis of the Disclosure-to-Therapist Inventory-IV revealed two dimensions: a distress factor, reflecting the perceived difficulty and the anticipated impact of disclosures on the therapist, and an openness factor, reflecting the ...
Moritz Steffen - - 2008
The present study examined whether patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) focus on details at the expense of global aspects. A recent study of our group using Navon letters (e.g., the letter "S" composed out of "A" letters) did not yield differences between OCD patients and controls on local processing. However, ...
Szepietowski J C - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) identified by Polish dermatologists and to evaluate the treatment modalities applied by them. METHODS: A specially designed questionnaire was distributed to 172 dermatologists. A total of 118 doctors responded (68.6%). The dermatologists were asked regarding ...
Hoeschel K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the frequency of attenuated fluid intake behavior (oligodipsia) in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and to test if there is an inverse correlation between oligodipsia and the intensity of current dissociative experience in a pilot study. METHOD: Analyses were based on a sample of 15 BPD ...
Gilbert Andrew R - - 2008
Neuroimaging studies have identified alterations in frontostriatal circuitry in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) allows for the assessment of differences in gray matter density across the whole brain. VBM has not previously been used to examine regional gray matter density in pediatric OCD patients and the siblings of pediatric ...
Zun Leslie S - - 2008
Objectives: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the level of agitation that psychiatric patients exhibit upon arrival to the emergency department. The secondary purpose was to determine whether the level of agitation changed over time depending upon whether the patient was restrained or unrestrained.Method: An observational study ...
Kim M-C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors report stereotactically created lesioning by radiofrequency or Cyberknife radiosurgery for patients with mental illness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 1993, thirty-eight patients have undergone stereotactic psychosurgery for medically intractable mental illnesses. Two patients had aggressive behavior. Twenty-five patients suffered from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and ten patients had depression. ...
Zimbroff Dan L - - 2008
Acute agitation in the psychiatric emergency setting is a common presentation, which can endanger the patient, caregivers and professional staff. Rapid and effective treatment, followed by ongoing evaluation and maintenance treatment where appropriate, is key to circumvent negative outcomes. Nonpharmacological measures are the first step in treating the acutely agitated ...
Prunetti Elena - - 2008
This study explores the relationship between psychotherapists' validation interventions and patients' metacognitive responses at the beginning of treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). A model of BPD based on disorganized attachment provides the hypothesis that, before patients' internal working model of attachment has been corrected within the therapeutic relationship, therapist ...
Selwyn Peter A - - 2008
A clinician's chance encounter on the subway, after a long day seeing patients, prompts reflections on the nature of our interactions with our patients and with others we come across in our lives. Random yet precise, these interactions create a string of opportunities to witness other people's lives as well ...
La Farge Lucy - - 2008
For certain patients, the experience of self lacks solidity and conviction. These patients appear to be unable to know themselves directly and turn to others in their environment and in fantasy in order to discover or confirm a vision of themselves. The author argues that we can come to understand ...
Troussard Xavier - - 2008
Persistent polyclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (PPBL) is a rare and recently described entity. The review of the literature show PPBL is diagnosed predominantly but not exclusively in women, usually smokers. PPBL is recognized by a moderate, chronic and absolute lymphocytosis (>4 × 10(9)/l) in the peripheral blood. In 10% of cases ...
Flanders Sarah E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe and discuss the implications for treatment of 3 cases of dually diagnosed patients with a primary psychotic disorder who have developed persisting, cannabis-oriented delusional systems. METHOD: Psychiatric assessment and daily observation on an acute inpatient psychiatric unit. RESULTS: Abstinence appears to be particularly difficult to attain for ...
Selek Salih - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Various psychological, social, genetic, biochemical, factors are to be involved in the etiology of OCD. Some molecules of free radicals are also found to play role in OCD. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no study, regarding the role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of ...
Blatt Sidney J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Change in three types of thought disorder as measured by Rorschach responses (contaminations, confabulations, and fabulized combinations) were assessed during intensive, long-term, psychodynamically oriented inpatient treatment. METHOD: Rorschach protocols for 90 seriously disturbed, treatment-resistant patients, 42 of whom were primarily preoccupied with primitive issues of interpersonal relatedness and used ...
Halkett Georgia K B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine patients' perspectives on the role of radiation therapists and to develop substantive theory about the relationships patients form with their radiation therapists. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 34 breast cancer patients in Western Australia. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory and the constant comparative ...
Sadeghi Majid - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The use of standardized patients in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations in the assessment of psychiatric residents has increased in recent years. The aim of this study is to investigate the experience of psychiatry residents and examiners with standardized patients in Iran. METHOD: Final-year residents in psychiatry participated in this ...
Yoo S Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the white matter abnormalities of drug-naïve patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) using diffusion tensor-imaging and the white matter changes in the patients after pharmacotherapy. METHOD: Thirteen drug-naïve OCD patients and 13 age- and sex-matched healthy comparison subjects were examined using diffusion tensor-imaging and structural ...
Feldman Michael - - 2007
Formulations regarding the patient's history have not only played an important part in understanding the patient, but interpretations explicitly linking the present with the past have been seen as central to the therapeutic process. In this paper the author considers the role of historical reconstruction in bringing about psychic change. ...
Goyal Rakesh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case report is to highlight the possibility of akathisia in any patient who has recently recovered from encephalitis and now presents with motor restlessness. METHODS: We describe a 15-year-old boy presenting with the onset of abnormal and excessive motor restlessness following successful resolution of encephalitis. ...
McKernan B - - 2007
Immobilization casts are used to reduce patient movement during the radiotherapy of head and neck and brain malignancies. Polyethylene-based casts are produced by first taking a Plaster of Paris 'negative' impression of the patient. A 'positive' mould is then made, which is used to vacuum form an immobilization cast. Taking ...
Quanbeck Cameron David - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors motivating inpatient aggression in a sample of chronically assaultive state hospital patients. METHODS: Inpatients who had committed three or more assaults over a one-year period were identified by using an incident report database. Aggressive episodes were categorized as impulsive, organized, or psychotic by using a ...
Gohle Doris - - 2008
Neuroimaging studies in recent years suggest that cortical hyperactivity associated with more aroused cognitive processes and overfocussed attention is involved in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which was electrophysiologically supported by an own pilot-study in a small sample of stabilized OCD patients. To replicate this first finding, the hypothesis ...
Harris Grant T - - 2007
A total ban on all tobacco products was implemented in a diverse psychiatric institution. A post hoc evaluation examined the effect of the ban on long-term patients by comparing their characteristics the year before the ban to the year after. Several variables measuring physical health, psychiatric symptomatology, feelings of well-being, ...
Monkul E S - - 2007
Our knowledge about the neurobiology of suicide is limited. It has been proposed that suicidal behavior generally requires biological abnormalities concomitant with the personality trait of impulsivity/aggression, besides an acute psychiatric illness or psychosocial stressor. We investigated fronto-limbic anatomical brain abnormalities in suicidal and non-suicidal adult female patients with unipolar ...
Greeven Anja - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate similarities and differences between the symptom profiles of patients with hypochondriasis and those of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to compare the contamination/cleaning OCD subtype to other OCD subtypes. METHOD: Between January 1998 and July 2002, 76 patients diagnosed with hypochondriasis (N = 31) or OCD ...
Moresco Rosa Maria - - 2007
Changes in D(2) receptors during antidepressant therapy have been reported in patients with major depressive disorder using PET/SPET. The aim of this study was to evaluate modifications in D(2) receptors that might occur in patients affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during serotonin reuptake sites inhibitors (SSRIs). To this purpose, we ...
Wagner Doreen - - 2006
THERMAL COMFORT IS ONE DIMENSION of overall patient comfort, and it usually is addressed by covering the patient with warmed cotton blankets. WARMING HELPS A PATIENT maintain normothermia and appears to decrease patient anxiety. AN STUDY WAS CONDUCTED in a preoperative setting to compare the effects of preoperative warming with ...
Zinbarg Richard E - - 2007
The present study tested whether pre-treatment levels of partner hostility and non-hostile criticism predicted outcome in an individual cognitive-behavioral therapy package for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Eighteen patients with a principal or co-principal diagnosis of GAD were randomly allocated to a treatment condition (n=8) or a delayed treatment condition (n=10). ...
Steiner John - - 2006
Seeing and being seen are important aspects of narcissism, where self-consciousness is always a feature, and one which becomes acute when a patient loses the protection of a narcissistic relationship and is obliged to tolerate a degree of separateness. Having felt hidden and protected, he now feels conspicuous and exposed ...
Huppert Jonathan D - - 2007
The psychometric properties of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) subscales have not been validated in a clinical sample of individuals diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Data were collected on 186 patients diagnosed with OCD and 17 patients diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) using the OCI-R and the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale ...
Maritz Jonathan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to document the volume and characteristics of telephone calls from patients in an outpatient psychiatric clinic. METHODS: Telephone calls from a psychiatric resident's patients were logged over a 6-month period. Information collected included sex of the caller, reason for the call, deemed importance ...
Pascual J C - - 2006
Agitation is relatively common among Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) patients in Psychiatric Emergency Services (PES). New injectable atypical antipsychotics are indicated for treatment in agitated psychotic or maniac patients but not for agitated BDP patients. Twenty agitated BPD patients were treated with intramuscular atypical antipsychotics (olanzapine or ziprasidone). Results suggest ...
Hoffer Axel - - 2006
The author traces the history of free association, the "fundamental rule," through the Freud-Ferenczi relationship and controversy. The use of "activity," first proposed by Freud in 1910 with phobic and compulsive patients, was then championed by Ferenczi in the early twenties. The goal of activity was to enhance-or, more accurately, ...
Mion Carmen C - - 2006
This work concerns a nine-year analytical experience with a patient who presented as a main feature an apparent inability to experience and express feelings. Right from the beginning the author was confronted with the question of the viability of analytical work, considering transference or emotional involvement in the absence of ...
Ongenae K - - 2006
A limited number of studies have paid attention to the psychosocial well-being of patients affected with vitiligo. We review the psychosocial effects of vitiligo, how patients deal with them and the psychiatric morbidity in vitiligo patients. Given the appreciable comorbidity, it is important to consider these observations in the management ...
Barron Grace Caroline - - 2006
Awkward moments often arise between patient and analyst involving the question, "What do we call each other?" The manner in which the dyad address each other contains material central to the patient's inner life. Names, like dreams, deserve a privileged status as providing a royal road into the paradoxical analytic ...
De Weert-Van Oene G H - - 2006
This paper focuses on exploring the association between the patient's perception of his own interpersonal behaviour on the one hand, and that of the therapist's behaviour and of helping alliance on the other hand. A cross-sectional study was conducted, including 83 patients from substance dependence programs in The Netherlands. They ...
Vaaler Arne E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the development in symptoms, behaviors, function and treatment between patients with or without a substance use (SU) diagnose in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). METHODS: A total of 118 admitted patients were assessed at admittance, day 3 and discharge from ...
Lerner Vladimir - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Deficiencies of cobalamin and folate may play a causal role in the development or exacerbation of psychiatric illnesses. We compared cobalamin and folate levels in newly admitted psychiatric patients to mentally healthy controls and assessed their correlation with various psychiatric conditions. METHODS: All patients consecutively admitted to ...
Cordal Margarita Díaz - - 2005
The author examines psychic trauma resulting from human rights violations in Chile. Starting from trauma theories developed by authors such as Ferenczi, Winnicott and Stolorow, she posits the relevance of the subject's emotionally significant environment in the production of the traumatic experience. She describes the characteristics of the therapeutic process ...
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