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Results 451 - 500 of 600
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Tyson R L - - 1986
A framework is suggested for conceptualizing countertransference, based on expansion of the concept emerging subsequent to Freud's original view of the phenomenon: from Ucs to Cs, from reactions to transference to all reactions, from the analyst's neurosis to the analyst's functioning, from self-analysis to self-scrutiny, from obstacle to contribution. Particular ...
Schwaber E A - - 1986
Freud's monumental shift to the fantasy theory heralded the view that "it is psychical and not material reality" which is our sole domain of inquiry. Yet despite theoretical agreement and cogent technical admonitions against concerning ourselves with absolute or "external" truths, psychoanalytic listening betrays a stance in which the analyst ...
Burns T - - 1986
Four hundred and sixty seven Swedish psychiatrists (response rate = 52.5%) returned a questionnaire on their understanding of the term "borderline patient". Virtually all had heard of it and 75.2% regularly used it as a diagnosis. Its use was positively associated with female sex, psychotherapy interest and training. 38.8% of ...
Elizur A - - 1986
Interdependencies of attitudes towards vignettes of mentally ill patients and the professional approach of medical students measured by means of diagnostic assessments and therapeutic distance were studied. First, the findings indicate that the attitudes towards the vignettes depended on the behavioral characteristics of each patient presented in the vignettes. Thus, ...
Riehl A - - 1986
30 patients who had psychosomatic disorders and were living constantly with the same partner were followed up 2-3 years after inpatient psychotherapy. The outcome of psychotherapy was assessed and the patients were interviewed about partnership and disease. The interviews were evaluated by 10 raters who had to score 26 variables. ...
Hinze E - - 1986
Parts of the analysis of a patient are described, whose childhood had been overshadowed by serious traumatic experiences (death of father, flight). The interaction between these events which was dictated by recent history and the inner psychic world of the patient is investigated and consequences for the transference, countertransference and ...
Free N K - - 1985
In an attempt to test the hypothesis that therapist empathy is an important variable in successful dynamic therapy, the authors collected outcome measures and empathy ratings in the brief focal dynamic therapy of 59 patients. There was no significant agreement among patients, therapists, and clinical supervisors when they used the ...
Mandal M K - - 1985
25 depressed patients recognized a sad face with more errors than 25 normal persons and labeled other expressions as sadness when affective content was not recognized. Correct recognitions for 6 affects were related to the portion of the face depicted. Comparisons of responses of 25 patients diagnosed as having anxiety ...
Inbody D R - - 1985
The incidence of anorexia nervosa and bulimia has increased markedly during the last decade. Although numerous studies have appeared regarding the dynamics of the eating-disordered patient, few have attempted to link the unique pathology of these patients to specific psychotherapeutic interventions. This paper is based on the authors' experience as ...
Tang G W - - 1985
The recovery from emergency hysterectomy of 18 Chinese patients is described. During the recovery period, patients experienced fear, depression, anger, doubt, selfreproach, and multiple somatic complaints without physical origins. Sexual activity was reduced. The recovery course was particularly difficult for those patients who were nonsymptomatic before operation, those who still ...
Snyder S - - 1985
This study was designed to identify the intensity of borderline personality traits in a large sample of psychiatric inpatients (n = 4,800) and to determine the relationship between the borderline traits and a variety of demographic variables. Results indicated the intensity of borderline pathology increased in (1) students or the ...
Schubert D L - - 1985
An experiment was conducted to determine whether depressed borderline patients could be distinguished from normal controls and psychotic patients on the basis of a visual backward masking task that measures speed of information processing. Results showed that a) borderline patients could not be distinguished from normal controls on the information-processing ...
Hartsfield J - - 1985
Previous research has suggested that the effectiveness of different types of preparatory information in reducing presurgical anxiety will depend on the locus of control orientation of the patient. This study examined this interaction and the relationship of presurgical anxiety to patient background variables. Subjects in this study were 60 female ...
Spero M H - - 1985
I have suggested that the plea for increased respect for the religious patient's perspectives demands a willingness on the psychotherapist's part to acknowledge the unique reality of the patient's relationships with religious objects, a reality which extends beyond the assumptions and predicates of standard interpersonal models of human behavior. At ...
Bienenfeld D - - 1985
In the history of psychotherapy, regression has been generally regarded as a pathologic defense and as a resistance to treatment, and only occasionally as a productive element of the treatment process. Work with aging patients offers a useful vantage point for understanding this latter function, as the extended longitudinal perspective ...
Carney M W - - 1985
Six patients with gross thiamine deficiency found during normal psychiatric practice in England are described. Two surveys of newly admitted psychiatric patients are recounted. A major degree of biochemical deficiency, with or without minimal clinical manifestations, was found. Only three (1%) of 326 patients surveyed had gross clinical deficiency. It ...
Stern J M - - 1985
This paper reviews the various mental processes which occur in patients with organic brain damage and the changes to which these patients are subjected. At the early stages directly following injury, it is necessary to restructure the personality and help it emerge from the chaotic state characterizing this phase. Later ...
Berlin R M - - 1985
Although psychotherapeutic treatment of patients with chronic insomnia can be difficult and frustrating, a psychotherapeutic approach in which the therapist actively explores and uncovers problem areas can be beneficial. Since chronic insomniac patients tend to internalize their feelings, which leads to increased psychologic arousal and insomnia, the therapist must consistently ...
Owens T H - - 1984
Rorschachs were administered to 17 female psychotherapy patients having a history of incest, as well as 17 matched control patients without such a history. Based on a review of the literature it was anticipated that the incest subjects would show evidence of difficulty in maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships, poor self-esteem, ...
Kretsch R - - 1984
Profiles of ego functions of borderline patients are studied. Three ego functions were found to be significantly more disturbed: reality testing, object relations, and defense mechanisms. Further analysis of these and their subfunctions reveals a significant difference between emotional and cognitive factors. Emotional-internal functions are the more disturbed. This consistent ...
Skilbeck W M - - 1984
Examined ethnic differences among black, Hispanic, and white applicants for outpatient psychotherapy, using symptoms self-reported on the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL 90-R). The relationship between self-reported severity of symptoms and therapist-reported severity of psychiatric diagnoses also was examined in order to assess the utility of SCL 90-R as a predictor ...
Holmes C B - - 1984
Fifty patients with closure difficulty on the Bender-Gestalt and 50 patients with edging tendencies on the Bender Gestalt were assessed for possible personality traits associated with those drawing styles. Patients with and without the drawing styles were compared using MMPI data. Patients who drew along the edge of the paper ...
Tyrer P - - 1984
The patients seen at five psychiatric clinics in general practice (GP) serving an urban population of 78,200 are described, and their attitudes to the clinic compared with those for conventional out-patient clinics. The GP psychiatric clinics were strongly preferred, mainly because of their ease of access and absence of stigma; ...
Romney D M - - 1984
The goal of the present study was to discover the factors which influence psychiatric day care patients to remain in treatment. Of the numerous variables examined, three accounted for 65 percent of the variance. They were prior duration of the disorder which accounted for about half, followed by patients' satisfaction ...
Murphy P M - - 1984
Researchers are becoming increasingly interested in those aspects of the curative process that are not specific to any treatment approach. Two hypotheses were tested in this study: (1) that patients would, among those factors they suggest as helpful in their treatment, develop a list of consistently suggested curative factors; (2) ...
Remington G - - 1984
A patient is described who had congenital vascular malformation of the vein of Galen, with several psychiatric, as well as neurologic, manifestations. Prior to this patient's death, there was an increase in some psychiatric manifestations in response to suggestions of surgical therapy for the cerebral venous anomaly. Other symptoms appeared ...
Schwarcz G - - 1984
Individuals with the borderline personality disorder are less stable than neurotics but do not have sustained psychotic decompensations. These patients are socially insensitive, impulsive, resentful and chronically depressed, and may display fits of anger. Borderline patients experience the greatest difficulty in dealing with intense relationships. Medical problems that require sustained ...
Soll M H - - 1985
A group of female patients is described whose self representation includes significant male as well as female aspects, but who are not perverse or borderline. The unconscious fantasy of a transferable penis found in these patients is linked to specific etiologic factors including only intermittently available, unempathic early mothering and ...
Beratis S - - 1984
The unconscious of the patient who enters analysis is mobilized to communicate his infantile wishes and conflicts. Even though the 'basic rule' confronting the patient, to tell whatever comes to mind, does not explicitly state that he has to be thorough and clear, the expectation is there, and most patients ...
McCurdy L - - 1984
A combined approach using psychotherapy in conjunction with a repeated single dose regimen of a rapidly absorbed, short half-life benzodiazepine has been employed in patients with intermittent acute anxiety. The strategy is directed at patient identification of precipitating factors and, encouraged by prompt control of symptoms with a single dose, ...
Insel T R - - 1984
To explore the relationship between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and affective disorder, patients with OCD were studied using a series of biological markers which have been previously reported to be abnormal in patients with affective illness. These "markers" included the dexamethasone suppression test, sleep electroencephalography, the plasma growth hormone response to ...
Goldstein W N - - 1984
Using a psychodynamic framework and an underlying structural configuration, the borderline patient is described. Statistical methods are then used to differentiate this group from both a schizophrenic and a character disorder group of patients. The borderline group emerges as a clear-cut entity characterized by (1) the lack of an integrated ...
Daniel M - - 1983
Pain is a complex phenomenon which is influenced by multiple factors; likewise, assessment of chronic pain patients' response to treatment is influenced by many variables. A physician, psychologist, physical therapist, and occupational therapist rated the extent of recovery of 40 chronic pain patients who had spent 4 to 6 weeks ...
Clopton J R - - 1983
Used multivariate procedures to determine whether psychiatric patients who had made a suicide attempt immediately prior to hospitalization (N = 161) could be differentiated from nonsuicidal psychiatric patients (N = 161). Multivariate analysis of variance and cluster analysis failed to identify differences in the MMPI data of suicidal and nonsuicidal ...
Atkinson J H - - 1983
This study compared basal concentrations of plasma beta-endorphin/beta-lipotropin-like immunoreactivity and dexamethasone suppression of cortisol in seven chronic pain patients, seven psychiatric disorder patients, and seven normal volunteers. Pain patients and psychiatric patients showed significantly higher basal concentrations of beta-endorphin/beta-lipotropin-like immunoreactivity compared to normal volunteers. Pain patients also had significantly higher ...
Johnson R - - 1983
Fifty hospitalized dermatology patients participated in a study to evaluate the transfer of topically applied tetracycline hydrochloride-containing fluorescent ointments, creams, lotions, and tinctures from various sites of application. Patients were examined with a Wood's lamp 24 hours after application to determine the sites and areas of transfer. The topically applied ...
Persson G - - 1983
An instrumental for rating patients as suitable (I) or not suitable (NI) for insight-oriented psychotherapy, is described. It is based on factors suggested by Dewald, and consists of 24 scales, each with 5 steps. Inter-rater reliability was greater than 0.60 in 11 of the scales in a study of 25 ...
Carter J H - - 1983
Accurately diagnosing psychiatric disorders in black patients has been a controversial subject. Criticism has been made that blacks are more likely to receive a diagnosis of psychosis, eg, paranoid schizophrenia. With proper use of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM III), the author anticipates greater diagnostic accuracy ...
Targum S D - - 1983
Of 49 newly hospitalized patients who met Research Diagnostic Criteria for primary unipolar depression and were given the dexamethasone suppression test (DST), significantly more patients admitted for suicide attempts than nonsuicidal patients had abnormal DSTs. All five patients who made subsequent suicide attempts (one completed) within 6 months after admission ...
Cienfuegos A J - - 1983
The use of testimony--tape-recorded by the therapist and revised jointly by therapist and patient into a written document--as a therapeutic technique with former prisoners and with relatives of prisoners of the Chilean military government is described and evaluated. The testimony, aimed at facilitating integration of the traumatic experience and restoration ...
Rosser R M - - 1983
A method of content analysis has been designed for application in brief focal psychotherapy with physically ill patients. The method is being used to study the process of therapy with patients with chronic obstructive airways disease. This paper discusses its reliability and validity in this context and suggests that it ...
O'Shaughnessy E - - 1983
The paper discusses communication--its modes and its changes--between analyst and patient, and, more particularly, within the patient himself in the course of a psychoanalysis. Clinical material from two cases illustrates how patients may need to communicate to the analyst both in words and also--in order to bring their less developed ...
Wiggins K M - - 1983
People must relate to time and the manner in which they relate to time is often a reflection of their object relationships and level of development. A patient's relationship to time throughout a therapy session can be a particular perspective from which object relationships and transference issues can be viewed. ...
Bark N M - - 1982
Two fatal cases of heatstroke in psychiatric patients are described. A literature search revealed published reports of heatstroke involving 51 psychiatric patients, 22 of whom died. The mean age of these patients was 44 years; the majority has schizophrenia. Almost all were male and were taking antipsychotic or other drugs ...
Baker B - - 1982
This study investigated parental bonding patterns of hypochondriacal patients using the Parental Bonding Instrument. Hypochondriacal patients and a matched control group were drawn from in and out-patients of a psychiatric hospital. Maternal over-protection was found much more frequently (P less than .005) in the hypochondriacal group than in the control ...
Vardy M M - - 1982
This study investigated novice psychotherapists' personal values and therapy orientations as a therapist variable affecting their therapeutic rapport with psychotic patients. Both types of therapist characteristics were found significantly related to their initial success in terms of rapport with patients, while psychological differentiation and A-B types (Whitehorn and Betz 1954) ...
Johnson C H - - 1982
A role-reversal technique was employed to teach cognitive coping skills to a patient with a writing phobia. The patient presented desensitization scenes to the therapist and devised coping strategies for lessening anxiety. Treatment resulted in a reduction of anxiety and an increased ability to write in the presence of other ...
Fink M - - 1982
Convulsive therapy is a specific therapy for patients with melancholia and catatonia, with a high success rate. There is little evidence, however, to encourage its use in patients with anxiety, or in the many subtypes of neuroses in which anxiety is prominent. Indeed, the principal contraindication to the use of ...
Kales J C - - 1982
This is the first report of the effectiveness of psychotherapy in treating adult night-terror patients. Night terrors were eliminated or drastically reduced in two patients who completed psychotherapy. A third patient discontinued therapy and showed no improvement. Thus, the primary role of psychopathology in the production of night terrors in ...
Anderson L - - 1982
The personality of the therapist does influence the psychotherapeutic process. Given that therapists are human, they do, in fact, bring into the encounter their moral and cultural, and sometimes even racial, attitudes in spite of efforts to maintain objectivity and neutrality. Ignoring the impact of the therapist-client, organismic variables may ...
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