Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1178
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Olsofka J N - - 1999
Fournier's disease is a potentially fatal acute, gangrenous infection of the scrotum, penis, or perineum associated with a synergistic bacterial infection of the subcutaneous fat and superficial fascia. Thrombosis of small subcutaneous arterioles with resultant ischemia contributes to the rapid extension of the infection. During a 12-year period, the clinical ...
Erverdi N - - 1999
The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of bacteremia after orthodontic banding. The study was conducted on 40 healthy orthodontic patients with good oral hygiene. Venous blood samples were obtained with a strict aseptic technique before and after fitting of a molar band in each patient. Microbiologic ...
Jaakkola J - - 1999
This study reviewed 21 cases of hematogenous osteomyelitis of the calcaneus in skeletally immature patients. The average patient age was 2.9 years. Local tenderness, swelling, and erythema were the most common findings. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was elevated in 20 (95%) of 21 patients, whereas the C-reactive protein was abnormal ...
Best C D - - 1999
PURPOSE: Emphysematous pyelonephritis in diabetics is considered a potentially lethal infection. Mortality rates of patients treated conservatively approaches 80% in some series. These patients often present with signs of sepsis or septic shock. In contrast, gas forming renal abscess is rare, with patients presenting entirely differently from those with emphysematous ...
Harari S - - 1999
Aspergillus infections have a very high mortality rate. Their incidence is growing because of the increasing number of immunocompromised patients. Treatment of Aspergillus infection is difficult, and the agents used have numerous adverse effects and toxicities. Recently, new and less nephrotoxic formulations of amphotericin B have come onto the market ...
Loundon N - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To define the epidemiologic features of persistent acute otitis media (PAOM) and modifications of these features during the past 15 years and to investigate for possible differences in bacterial resistance between acute otitis media (AOM) and PAOM. DESIGN: Retrospective patient series. SETTING: Academic tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Fang C T - - 1999
The diagnosis and management of imported malaria presents a continuing challenge in developed countries, including Taiwan. We retrospectively analyzed the records of all 31 patients with imported malaria treated at National Taiwan University Hospital from January 1984 through December 1998. Plasmodium falciparum was identified as the causative malarial parasite in ...
Kohan D - - 1999
Otologic disease in patients infected with HIV occurs frequently and usually represents rhinologic disease and associated eustachian tube dysfunction rather than manifestations of HIV infection. As in all patients, the decision to operate on an HIV-infected individual who would benefit from major otologic surgery is a balance between the risks ...
Moola S - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacies of 10-day regimens of grepafloxacin (GFX) (Raxar or Vaxar; Glaxo Wellcome; Greenford, UK), 600 qd, and clarithromycin (CLA) (Klacid, Biaxin, or Klaracid; Abbott Laboratories; Chicago, IL), 500 mg bid, in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), on the basis of clinical response, including radiographic evidence, ...
Yigla M - - 1999
Guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis prior to fibreoptic bronchoscopy, are based on only five studies, which showed a bacteraemia rate of <1% among 291 patients studied. T his study was designed to expand the current data regarding the frequency of bacteraemia following fibreoptic bronchoscopy. Aerobic and anaerobic cultures ...
Collazos J - - 1999
We describe a patient with salmonella pyomyositis and review 30 other cases reported during the past 4 decades. Men outnumbered women by 2.9 to 1, and the median age of the patients was 51 years. Approximately one-half the cases were caused by Salmonella enteritidis. Infected vascular aneurysms were observed in ...
Kaplan D M - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The clinical picture of lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) has changed with the advent of antibiotics, as have the utility of various diagnostic tests. LST may appear in children as a complication of acute otitis media, but nowadays it is more frequently encountered in adults with long-standing chronic ear disease. ...
Gumbo T - - 1999
Candida species are now the fourth leading cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients, and non-Candida albicans species now surpass Candida albicans. The clinical features of the most common non-Candida albicans species, Candida (Torulopsis) glabrata, have not been well studied. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features of 139 patients ...
Habib G - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the value and limitations of Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). BACKGROUND: Duke criteria have been shown to be more sensitive in diagnosing IE than the von Reyn criteria, but the diagnosis of IE remains difficult in some ...
Eggimann P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous fluconazole for the prevention of intra-abdominal Candida infections in high-risk surgical patients. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Two university-affiliated hospitals in Switzerland. PATIENTS: Forty-nine surgical patients with recurrent gastrointestinal perforations or anastomotic leakages. INTERVENTIONS: Prophylaxis with intravenous fluconazole (400 ...
Aasuri M K - - 1999
PURPOSE: To evaluate the specific risk factors responsible for the development of pneumococcal keratitis. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of 383 patients of culture-proven bacterial keratitis, seen between 1991 and 1995, 139 had monobacterial isolates on culture. We analyzed the various predisposing factors in these patients, with special emphasis on ...
Betrosian A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe the syndrome of rhabdomyolysis during bacterial sepsis with regard to incidence, blood bacteriology and complications and to examine the association between hyperosmolal state and rhabdomyolysis, evaluating the relationship between plasma osmolality (Posm) and serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels. DESIGN: Prospective study including all patients admitted to the ...
Krcmery S - - 1999
Fungal urinary tract infection (UTI) represents a high-risk event in severely ill patients. Its increasing incidence in recent years is associated with extensive and prolonged use of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive and cytotoxic drugs. Other important risk factors comprise higher age, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure, hemodialysis, renal transplantation, ...
Mueller-Premru M - - 1999
To study the epidemiology - especially the impact of contaminated stopcocks - on central venous catheter (CVC) infection and catheter-related sepsis (CRS), semi-quantitative (SQ) and quantitative (Q) culture methods and typing of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) were employed in 49 neonates with clinical signs of sepsis while receiving parenteral nutrition in ...
Chuang Y C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical features and therapeutic outcome of 16 adult patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa central nervous system (CNS) infection. We also attempted to identify the factors that significantly influence the prognosis of this potentially fatal CNS infection. METHODS: Sixteen adult patients with ...
Viscoli C - - 1999
In a surveillance study of candidemia in cancer patients that was conducted by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, 249 episodes were noted; Candida albicans was isolated in 70% (63) of the 90 cases involving patients with solid tumors (tumor patients) and in 36% (58) of the ...
Kawada Y - - 1999
The adequacy of the newly revised criteria for the evaluation of clinical efficacy of antimicrobial agents in acute uncomplicated cystitis harmonized to the IDSA/FDA guidelines was studied. Low bacterial counts were significantly more frequently found in midstream urine than in catheter urine. Non-uropathogens were isolated with significantly higher frequency from ...
Shiomi M - - 1999
During the Sakai outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection, which was linked to contaminated cafeteria school lunches, there were several treatment modalities with regard to antimicrobial drugs. Patient outcomes among three hospitals with different modalities were compared retrospectively. Hemolytic uremic syndrome did not develop in any of the 15 patients ...
Aberg J A - - 1999
PURPOSE: To further elucidate the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis who are not HIV-infected. SUBJECTS: All of the patients without HIV infection who received care at two Midwest hospitals between January 1986 and February 1996 and had a respiratory isolate of Cryptococcus neoformans. METHODS: The medical ...
Becker I - - 1999
A new treatment regimen was tested on patients with incurable diffuse cutaneous leshmaniasis (DCL) infected with Leishmania mexicana mexicana in Mexico. Two patients with advanced stages of the disease were treated with polychemotherapy (pentamidine and allopurinol) combined with recombinant human interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma). For determination of the best medication, parasites isolated ...
Girishkumar H - - 1999
Between January and July 1995, 227 patients at the Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center had positive fungal cultures. Candida spp were the most common fungi isolated. Forty-three patients with invasive disease, as indicated by fungus-positive blood cultures, became the focus of our study. C albicans caused fungaemia in 21 patients (49%). Twenty-eight ...
Yamamoto M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although Streptococcus intermedius has been recognized as an important pathogen for abscess formation outside the central nervous System, the Streptococcus milleri group, of which it is a member, has not been recognized as a specific pathogen for brain abscess, often thought to be caused by Streptococcus viridans, which includes ...
Pagano R - - 1999
Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome (VVS) is an easily identifiable cause of entry dyspareunia. The aetiology is unknown although there is a strong association with Candida infection. The condition represents a focal area of hyperaesthesia within the vulvar vestibule. A management protocol for patients with this condition is presented; 230 patients with ...
Wibulpolprasert B - - 1999
PURPOSE: We describe the sonographic appearances of extrapulmonary visceral organ abscesses in melioidosis and examine the role of sonography in early detection and follow-up of this elusive disease. METHODS: The sonograms and records of 80 patients with melioidosis were retrospectively reviewed. The number, size, sonographic appearances, and distribution of abscesses ...
Haarala M - - 1999
The aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora in the first voided and in the midstream urine of healthy females (n = 5) and female patients with either urethral syndrome (US) (n = 5) or interstitial cystitis (IC) (n = 14) were studied. Bacteria were grown on media enabling isolation of fastidious ...
Landau Z - - 1999
We report an outbreak of brucellosis among 9 patients in a meat-packing plant. All patients developed chronic brucellosis characterized by severe chronic musculoskeletal pains, diffuse arthralgia, myalgia and recurrent bouts of fever, which we suggest may be related to a delay in antibiotic treatment. All the patients had a prolonged ...
Rutishauser J - - 1999
The incidence of severe invasive infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, a group A streptococcus (GAS), has increased in the past 10 years. Most cases occur outside of the hospital setting. We report on two patients with nosocomial streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (StrepTSS). In patient 1 the syndrome was associated with ...
Møller K - - 1999
We reviewed the medical records of 26 patients (median age 62 years, range 5-76 years) admitted to our institution during 1978-98 with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) caused by streptococci other than Streptococcus pneumoniae (comprising 1.9% of all patients with ABM). 19 cases were community-acquired and 7 were nosocomial. 73% had ...
Klossek J M - - 1998
The aim of this work was to study the bacterial flora of purulent secretions during chronic rhinosinusitis. We studied a total of 533 patients divided into two groups. The control population consisted of 139 adults (> 16 years) of both sexes seen in the community or hospitalized for less than ...
Martinelli G - - 1998
Three patients with ANLL developed Fournier's gangrene as an early complication after allo-BMT (two cases) and auto-BMT (one case); two patients were in first CR, the third had resistant disease. Patients developed fever, perineal pain, swelling and blistering of the genital area. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from the lesions and ...
Mücke R - - 1998
The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of Candida stomatitis and resulting interruptions in radiation and radiochemotherapy in 50 patients suffering from squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck region receiving fluconazole (100 mg d-1) in comparison with a historical control group (n = 50) ...
Mandal A K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to determine whether all adult patients with primary empyema thoracis need decortication. METHODS: A management algorithm was developed and analyzed in a prospective, longitudinal, nonblinded study of 179 consecutive adult patients. The treatment options included thoracentesis, closed (tube) thoracostomy, image-guided catheter drainage, and decortication. We ...
Marinella M A - - 1998
The group G streptococci are beta-haemolytic streptococci which are characterised by the presence of the Lancefield group G antigen, and have been implicated in a variety of infections. Underlying malignancy has been reported in up to 67% of patients with group G streptococcal bacteraemia in some series. The clinical records ...
Peleg M - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study examined the value of ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in the treatment of superficial acute odontogenic fascial space infections. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 50 patients in whom both radiographic and sonographic examinations, as well as a needle aspiration, were performed. RESULTS: Purulent fluid ...
Wallace R J RJ - - 1998
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates among patients with chronic lung disease were studied for their heterogeneity using genetic identification methods, pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and seroagglutination. A mean of 7.3 cultures per patient were collected from 17 patients with nodular bronchiectasis who were elderly (mean age 66 yr), predominantly ...
Wolf L E LE Department of Medicine, Northeast Health Systems, Beverly, Massachusetts, - - 1998
To determine the clinical characteristics of patients with extraintestinal Clostridium difficile (ECD). All cultures obtained during a 10.5-year period (from Jan. 1, 1985, to Jun. 30, 1995) at a tertiary-care hospital were retrospectively examined. The medical records of patients from whom ECD was isolated were then reviewed. Fourteen patients from ...
Sirivichayakul C - - 1998
A prospective study was performed on 20 bacteriologically proven pediatric cases of severe shigellosis admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Chulalongkorn Hospital during March 1989 to March 1990. Fourteen patients were male and six were female. Shigella B was found in 85% and Shigella D in 15% of cases. The ...
Caron F - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To emphasize epidemiologic, clinical, or radiologic characteristics whose detection could lead to an early diagnosis and to enhance therapeutic efficacy. PATIENTS: Eighty hospitalized patients from 1982 to 1996. DESIGN: The diagnosis of Q fever infection was serologically confirmed in all the patients (phase II Coxiella burnetii antibody) using ...
Gross M - - 1998
Two elderly patients with obstructive renal calculi who developed Candida albicans bloodstream infection within 12 h following ureteroscopy and ureteral stenting are described. Both patients were treated with prolonged courses of broad-spectrum antibiotics and were found to have urine cultures positive for Candida albicans prior to the urologic procedures. One ...
Bennett BB - - 1998
Objective: To determine whether asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with upper genital tract inflammation or bacterial colonization.Methods: Fifty nonpregnant women with intact uteri who planned to undergo gynecologic surgery and had no recent symptoms of vaginal infection were enrolled. We obtained a vaginal swab for Gram stain, endocervical swab ...
Chakrabarti S - - 1998
SETTING: Hepatosplenic abscesses in neutropenic patients, especially during the recovery phase, are almost always attributed to fungal infections. We report similar lesions due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in neutropenic patients in a tertiary care centre in India. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the features of hepatosplenic tuberculosis in neutropenic patients. DESIGN: Retrospective comparison ...
Schiødt I - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early infectious complications following autologous transplantation in haematological patients. Sixty-one patients who underwent either autologous bone marrow (BM; 28 patients) or peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC; 33 patients) transplantation for haematological malignancies were reviewed retrospectively. Engraftment happened significantly faster and the ...
Domingo P - - 1998
The aim of this study was to delineate the clinical and therapeutic characteristics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bronchopulmonary infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Eighteen AIDS patients had 39 episodes of P. aeruginosa bronchopulmonary infection. Their mean CD4 cell count was 0.012+/-0.011 cells x 10(9) x L(-1) and two episodes ...
Salonen J H - - 1998
We retrospectively studied the incidence of anaerobic bacteremia during 6 years (1991-1996) at Turku University Central Hospital (Turku, Finland). The clinical significance of a positive anaerobic blood culture, the effect of a positive culture on the choice of antimicrobial therapy, and the outcome for patients were evaluated. Cultures of blood ...
Stricof R L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation of tuberculosis (TB) control measures in New York City hospitals in 1992 and determine trends during the subsequent 2 years. METHODS: The 22 acute care facilities with the largest number of hospitalized TB patients in 1991 were selected for inclusion in the study. Medical and ...
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