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Results 351 - 400 of 1178
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Ariza J - - 2001
To outline the characteristics and define appropriate management of chronic hepatosplenic suppurative brucellosis (CHSB), 905 patients with brucellosis were analyzed. Sixteen episodes of CHSB (14 in the liver and 2 in the spleen) were found in 15 patients. Six patients had had previous remote brucellosis. Twelve patients presented with systemic ...
Salonen J H - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic significance of the D-arabinitol/L-arabinitol ratio in urine of neutropenic patients with suspected fungal infection. D-arabinitol/L-arabinitol ratios were determined in 373 serial urine samples of 104 patients with haematological malignancies receiving empirical amphotericin B treatment for suspected invasive fungal infection. ...
Maraspin V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We assessed the isolation rate of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from blood in European patients with typical erythema migrans and evaluated the course and outcome of their illness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with erythema migrans and from whom borreliae cultured from blood were included in this study. ...
Gupta A K - - 2001
In this open label, multicentre trial, 44 patients with clinical and mycological evidence of Candida onychomycosis were treated with itraconazole pulse therapy. Onychomycosis of the toes alone and concomitant disease involving the fingers and toes was treated with three pulses, and onychomycosis of the fingers alone with two pulses. Final ...
Malik I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of neutropenic febrile patients who present in shock, to evaluate the influence of this presenting feature on response to antibiotic therapy, morbidity, and mortality and to identify discriminating demographic features and clinical characteristics of these individuals. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on all episodes of fever ...
Kao P F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To examine retrospectively the clinical presentations, microbiologic characteristics, and treatment outcomes of psoas abscess in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and to assess the usefulness of computed tomography and gallium-67 scanning in its early diagnosis. METHODS: During a 9-year period, psoas abscesses in patients with DM were collected at ...
Hohenadel I A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In a retrospective study the value of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in the diagnosis of pneumonia was investigated in 95 immunocompromised patients suffering from haematological disorders and receiving a regimen of broad spectrum antibiotics and antifungal agents (BSAR). METHODS: With the exception of four afebrile patients, all had fever, raised ...
Soini H - - 2001
Population-based analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in Houston, Tex., over 5 years identified 377 patients infected with an isolate containing one to four copies of IS6110. The isolates were analyzed by spoligotyping and assigned to one of three major genetic groups based on nucleotide polymorphisms in codons katG 463 and ...
Green B T - - 2001
Splenic abscesses are rare but appear to be increasing in frequency. Recent advances in radiologic techniques have affected the diagnosis and management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate these effects. The medical records of one institution were retrospectively reviewed and six cases of splenic abscesses seen between 1989 ...
Alho O P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether the symptoms and signs and radiologic findings during a common cold are similar in patients who have and have not suffered from recurrent sinusitis. METHODS: We recruited 2 series of volunteer cases from February 1, 1996, to December 31, 1996. Twenty-three adults who claimed to have ...
Gorschlüter M - - 2001
Abdominal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neutropenic patients. We present a retrospective series of 16 patients, mostly with acute leukemia, who developed severe abdominal infections during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia between 1991 and 1997. The frequency among patients with acute leukemia was 2.35% (13 of 553). Thirteen ...
Singal A - - 2001
There is a paucity of literature on tinea capitis from North India. The response to griseofulvin has not been studied as well. We studied 153 consecutive patients of tinea capitis for clinical patterns, causative dermatophytic species, clinico-etiological correlation, and response to griseofulvin. Culture and sensitivity were done on all patients. ...
Yazawa N - - 2001
Recent studies have demonstrated that macrolide antibiotics have anti-inflammatory as well as antibacterial effects. Therefore, macrolide antibiotics have been successfully used to treat patients with various inflammatory diseases. We evaluated the effect of macrolide antibiotics in 4 patients with prurigo pigmentosa who were treated with either 400 mg of clarithromycin ...
Olofsson M B - - 2001
During a 1-y prospective study between 1 October 1996 and 30 September 1997, fecal samples from 786 adult patients with diarrhea and 203 healthy control subjects were screened for vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) and ampicillin-resistant Enterococci (ARE). The carriage rates of VRE and ARE were 0.4% and 6%, respectively among patients ...
Richman P B - - 2001
The purpose of our study was to determine the extent to which patients use antibiotics without consulting a physician and to examine patient characteristics associated with such oral antibiotic misuse. The study design was a prospective survey. The setting was a suburban, community, emergency department (ED). The participants were a ...
Thomsen R N - - 2001
Septicaemia caused by Aeromonas species is a life-threatening condition, arising primarily in immunocompromised patients, which has rarely been reported in Scandinavia. Herein we describe 3 cases of Aeromonas sobria bacteraemia from Denmark. All the patients were male and all 3 cases occurred during the summer. Two patients had acute leukaemia ...
Nawasreh O - - 2001
We compared the therapeutic efficiency of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride and gentamicin sulfate in the treatment of chronic otitis media. A total of 88 patients aged 9-62 years with chronic suppurative media were randomly placed into two groups. In the first group, 48 patients (54.5%) received topical ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, while in the ...
Kashiwagi B - - 2000
We report 3 patients with acute epididymo-orchitis with abscess formation due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which is relatively unusual and difficult to treat. All patients presented with swollen testicles, pain and high fever. First, they were treated empirically with several antibiotics. After several weeks of antibiotics therapy, the swelling of scrotum ...
Wong T Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological features of Plesiomonas shigelloides infection in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Infectious Disease Unit of a district hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Patients with laboratory-confirmed cases of Plesiomonas shigelloides infection between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Epidemiological ...
Nakata K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency distribution of bacteria on the external surface of eyes of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and to investigate the relationship between the frequency of bacterial colonization and the grade of atopy or ocular diseases associated with AD. DESIGN: Comparative cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six AD patients ...
Hueston W J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Considerable discussion has focused on treatment methods for patients with acute bronchitis. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether antibiotic or bronchodilator treatment is associated with differences in follow-up visit rates for patients with acute bronchitis. METHODS: A retrospective medical chart review was conducted for patients with a new episode of acute ...
Trenschel R - - 2000
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are increasingly diagnosed in patients undergoing allogeneic BMT. We have previously shown that the addition of metronidazole to ciprofloxacin for gastrointestinal bacterial decontamination significantly reduces the incidence of grades II-IV aGVHD by reduction of the anaerobic intestinal bacterial flora. Here, we found that the combined use ...
Kilpatrick M M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In patients with traumatic or ischemic brain injury, hyperthermia is thought to worsen the neurological injury. We studied fever in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU) population using a definition common to surgical practice (rectal temperature >38.5 degrees C). We sought to determine fever incidence, fever duration, and peak ...
Moorthy K - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing perineal infection or Fournier's gangrene is an uncommon but lethal complication of ischiorectal fossa abscesses. It is associated with a high mortality, especially in diabetics and immunocompromised individuals. Attempts have been made to study factors which could serve as prognostic indicators. The role of faecal diversion has not ...
Blau I W - - 2000
Fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Treatment with amphotericin B is the main therapeutic approach. However, this treatment is limited by the substantial toxicity. We present the data of the first randomized prospective comparative trial in adults (134 patients with fever of unknown ...
Skinner J L - - 2000
This report defines the cost and benefit of extended antifungal prophylaxis in ventricular assist device (VAD) patients (pts). Extended antifungal prophylaxis is defined as prophylaxis with fluconazole or nystatin that is given until pts are extubated and off antibiotics. These data are compared with that obtained from earlier VAD patients ...
Rondelaud D - - 2000
A retrospective study of 616 patients affected by fasciolosis was carried out to determine the numerical fluctuations of this disease over time, the recruitment of patients, and the modes of infection in a cattle-rearing area under a temperate climate (region of Limousin, central France). The annual number of patients showed ...
Kargar Samani K K Division of Haematology, Centre Hospitalier Régional de Tournai, - - 2000
The response of gram-positive cocci to third generation cephalosporin therapy in febrile neutropenic patients is not optimal. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of ceftazidime plus penicillin (C + P) and compared it to ceftazidime plus vancomycin (C + V) in febrile neutropenic patients. The study includes 64 patients admitted ...
Legrand E - - 2000
A molecular epidemiological study of Mycobacterium simiae strains isolated from AIDS patients in Guadeloupe was performed by the random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of DraI- or XbaI-digested bacterial DNAs. A comparison of RAPD profiles suggested a similarity of banding patterns within a group of ...
Busaba N Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bacteriology of maxillary sinus mucoceles to chronic sinusitis and understand the pathogenesis of nontraumatic maxillary sinus mucoceles (NTMSM). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Review of intraoperative bacteriology culture results obtained in patients with NTMSM. Patients with history of facial trauma or previous paranasal sinus surgery were ...
Ko S C - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical spectra, pathogenesis, treatment, outcome, and prognostic factors of fungal empyema thoracis. DESIGN: The medical records of patients with positive fungal cultures from pleural effusions were retrospectively analyzed. SETTING: A university-based tertiary care hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1990 through December ...
Prasad K N - - 2000
Enteric pathogens associated with chronic diarrhoea in HIV-positive patients were studied. The study was conducted during January 1995-December 1998. Stool specimens from all diarrhoea patients (n = 26) were examined microscopically for ova and parasites using wet preparations and stained smears. Stool samples from diarrhoea patients were also cultured on ...
Ruoppi P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To detail the underlying pathological conditions, symptoms, signs, and outcomes of patients with isolated sphenoid sinus involvement. DESIGN: A retrospective survey. SETTING: An academic referral center of a university hospital. PATIENTS: All 39 patients, aged 7 to 85 years, treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, ...
Winston D J - - 2000
The efficacy and safety of quinupristin/dalfopristin for treatment of infections due to vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium were evaluated in 24 hospitalized patients with documented infections (19 bacteremias, 5 localized infections) caused by vancomycin-resistant E. faecium that was susceptible to quinupristin/dalfopristin in vitro. Patients received iv quinupristin/dalfopristin at a dosage of either ...
Svenungsson B - - 2000
A 1-year prospective study was conducted to identify enteropathogens in adults with diarrhea (n=851) and in healthy control subjects (n=203) by use of conventional laboratory methods. Virulence factor genes for diarrheagenic Escherichia coli were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Enteropathogens were identified in 56% of patients and 16% of control ...
Winkelstein J A - - 2000
A registry of United States residents with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) was established in 1993 in order to estimate the minimum incidence of this uncommon primary immunodeficiency disease and characterize its epidemiologic and clinical features. To date, 368 patients have been registered; 259 have the X-linked recessive form of CGD, ...
Gambini D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium is regarded as a potential pathogen of the human urogenital tract based on prevalence findings of several European studies. GOAL: To determine the prevalence of M genitalium in urethral specimens of symptomatic patients with nongonococcal urethritis and from asymptomatic patients attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic in ...
Timmers G J - - 2000
We conducted an open label, randomised clinical trial to compare amphotericin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD, Amphocil) 2 mg/kg/day intravenously with fluconazole 200 mg/day orally, for the prevention of fungal disease in neutropenic patients with haematological malignancies. In the event of unresolved fever after 4 days of empirical antibacterial therapy, patients ...
Pastor P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Neisseria meningitidis is an important cause of serious bacterial infection in children and adults in the US. From 1992 to 1997 invasive disease caused by N. meningitidis was studied among 1.9 million residents of Dallas County, TX METHODS: The demographic characteristics and diagnoses of 151 patients were identified through ...
Piippo S - - 2000
Vulvovaginal symptoms in children and young adolescents are not yet very well understood, nor is the actual incidence known. This study evaluates the character and possible infectious aetiology of vulvar symptoms of females aged up to 16 y. The signs, symptoms and bacteriological findings of 68 consecutive cases were studied. ...
Huang J J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare, severe gas-forming infection of renal parenchyma and its surrounding areas. The radiological classification and adequate therapeutic regimen are controversial and the prognostic factors and pathogenesis remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the clinical features, radiological classification, and prognostic factors of EPN; to compare the ...
Versteegh M F - - 2000
In order to evaluate the results, we reviewed all 34 patients treated in our hospital for endophthalmitis after cataract surgery between January 1994 and January 1998. After cultures were taken, all patients received intraocular, subconjunctival and topical vancomycin and ceftazidime. Additionally, twelve patients received the same antibiotics systemically. Besides steroids ...
Simonart T - - 2000
The laboratory data for 17 patients with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal necrotizing fasciitis (GAS NF) were compared with data for 145 patients hospitalized for cellulitis during the same period. Admission values of C-reactive protein and creatine kinase were higher for patients in the group with GAS NF than for patients ...
Kim H K - - 2000
We reviewed 20 consecutive patients with a culture-proven acute septic arthritis of the hip who were treated with a shortened course of parenteral antibiotic therapy after a surgical drainage. Patients were switched over to an oral antibiotic when they showed clinical improvement. Sixteen of the 20 patients had parenteral antibiotic ...
Solgaard L - - 2000
Of 163 patients with intertrochanteric hip fractures 87 received 2 g dicloxacillin and 240 mg of gentamicin preoperatively, and 76 patients had no antibiotic prophylaxis. Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis was not shown to have any significant effect on wound infections. However, 16 reversible and 1 irreversible cases of kidney toxicity were ...
Kavaliotis J - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data of shigellosis in children from northern Greece, hospitalized in our department during the period 1971-96. In total, 422 cases of shigellosis, aged 1 month to 14 y (238M, 184F) were hospitalized during the study period. The annual ...
Hopkins H A - - 2000
Across-sectional study was performed of pediatric hematology-oncology patients who received vancomycin; use was compared to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for vancomycin use. Thirty-seven patients received 308 doses of vancomycin. AR patients initially received vancomycin as empirical therapy; 100% of this use was not consistent with ...
Shah S S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe a pediatric neurosurgery patient population receiving vancomycin and examine the indications for and appropriateness of vancomycin use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on the pediatric neurosurgery patients at Egleston Children's Hospital who received vancomycin from January 1 through December 31, ...
Perl B - - 1999
To assess the cost-effectiveness of blood cultures for patients with cellulitis, a retrospective review was conducted of clinical and microbiological data for all 757 patients admitted to a medical center because of community-acquired cellulitis during a 41-month period. Blood cultures were performed for 553 patients (73%); there were a total ...
Biocina B - - 1999
A group of 284 patients who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation between April 1986 to June 1991 and who were followed up for at least five years was analyzed in this paper. Patients were divided into three groups according to the presence or absence of cytomegalovirus infection or disease: patients without ...
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