Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1179
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Ammari Fuad F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience with periductal mastitis and address the clinical characteristics, management and outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out at Princess Basma Teaching Hosptal, Irbid, Jordan. Thirty-five patients with the diagnosis of periductal mastitis from the year 1994 through to 2000 were reviewed. Patients presenting with ...
Srirompotong Somchai - - 2002
The masticator space is an important suprahyoid tissue compartment. Infection of the masticator space can break through the fascia and involve the adjacent space. Severe complications including mediastinitis, pericarditis and death have been reported. The correct diagnosis and proper management are, therefore, crucial in order to reduce this complication. The ...
Yoshida Junichi - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to pose a major threat to the lung and cardiovascular surgery patients. We propose evidence-based infection control (EBIC) against MRSA. METHODS: We conducted a basic study comparing genotyping to cluster analysis using minimal inhibition concentration on 17 drugs for 21 MRSA strains. With or ...
Shibuya Yasuhiro - - 2002
The present multicenter study evaluated the clinical and bacteriological efficacy and safety of panipenem/betamipron (PAPM/BP) for treating pneumonia in elderly patients. Forty-three episodes of pneumonia in 43 patients were treated with PAPM/BP as the sole antibiotic agent. All patients were 65 years of age or older, and were given PAPM/BP ...
Matsuda Akifumi - - 2002
We reviewed the records of 724 patients diagnosed with peritonsillar abscess who had been admitted to our hospital between January 1988 and December 1999. We analyzed their clinical features, disease course, and treatment. The male:female ratio was 3:1, and approximately two-thirds of these patients were between 20 and 39 years ...
Moro Maria Luisa - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe nosocomial transmission of malaria from patient to patient via blood exposure. PATIENTS: A 56-year-old man was admitted to an Italian hospital with fever and Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia, but with no risk factors for malaria. Twenty days earlier, he had been admitted for bronchopulmonary disease to the hospital's ...
Vilaichone Ratha-Korn - - 2002
This is a retrospective study of Streptococcus suis infection in humans submitted to the National Streptococcal Referrence Center of Thailand from 1994 to 2001. There were 11 men and 6 women whose mean age was 46.24 years (range 1 month to 75 years). Among the men, two had known occupational ...
Leung Donald Y M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of superantigen secreting bacteria in children with acute Kawasaki disease (KD) relative to control patients. STUDY DESIGN: Bacterial cultures were obtained in a blinded fashion from the throat, rectum, and groin of 45 patients with untreated acute KD and 37 febrile control patients from 6 ...
Harris Anthony D - - 2002
We aimed to illustrate the importance of control-group selection on the results of risk factor analysis for (1) imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, (2) vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and (3) ampicillin-sulbactam-resistant Escherichia coli. Case patients were compared with 2 different control groups: patients with the susceptible form of the organism (type 1), and ...
Combes Alain - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiology and outcome of polymicrobial ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). SETTING: Two ICUs (18 and 17 beds) in a university hospital. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: We undertook a 16-month study of 124 patients in whom a first episode of VAP had been diagnosed. Patients in whom there was ...
Chang Wen-Neng - - 2002
Adult Proteus (P.) mirabilis meningitis is relatively rare and has not been examined individually in the English-language literature. During a period of 15 years (January 1986-December 2000), four adult patients with P. mirabilis meningitis and one adult patient with mixed bacterial meningitis involving P. mirabilis were identified at Chang Gung ...
Redding Spencer W - - 2002
Candida glabrata colonization is common in patients receiving radiation treatment for head and neck cancer, but to our knowledge has never been described as the infecting organism with oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC). This study presents the first three patients described with C. glabrata OPC in this patient population. Patient 1 developed ...
Gorschlüter Marcus - - 2002
A prospective study of 62 chemotherapy-induced neutropenic episodes in patients with acute leukaemia was conducted to determine the incidence and causes of abdominal infections, and to assess the diagnostic value of the combined use of ultrasonography (US) and microbiology. Each patient underwent US of liver, gallbladder and complete bowel before ...
Hill D Ashley - - 2002
BACKGROUND PURPOSE: The organs and soft tissues of the pelvis are some of the most common primary sites for rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children and adolescents. In most cases a mass is detectable on clinical examination, and the initial concern is focused on the possibility of a neoplasm. The current report ...
Jordan C - - 2002
A study was conducted to assess the influence of fixed appliances on the mutans streptococcal in a group of patients receiving orthodontic treatment. Mutans streptococcal counts in stimulated saliva of 27 patients were obtained at baseline, and at 1-month intervals for 4 months. The difference in mutans streptococcal counts at ...
Mansharamani N - - 2002
Information related to the clinical characteristics and isolated microbes associated with lung abscesses comparing immunocompromised (IC) to non-immunocompromised (non-IC) patients is limited. A retrospective review for 1984-1996 identified 34 consecutive adult cases of lung abscess (representing 0.2% of all cases of pneumonia), including 10 non-IC and 24 IC patients. Comparison ...
Mra Zan - - 2002
Sphenoid opacifications may be discovered during the radiological work up of patients presenting with fever, headache, or neurological changes. While most of these patients do not require surgical intervention, prompt assessment and management is nevertheless required. Ten patients who underwent sphenoidotomy for drainage or biopsy at Montefiore Hospital during a ...
Palwatwichai Apirak - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to characterize the clinical features, underlying disease states, laboratory findings and microbiological characterization of bronchiectasis in Thai patients. METHODOLOGY: For a 2-year period all consecutive patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis at Phramongkutklao Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, were recruited. Data including history, physical examination, underlying ...
Vassbotn Flemming S - - 2002
We have retrospectively examined the nature of acute mastioditis (in western Norway) during a 20 year period (1980-2000). Sixty-one cases of AM were identified in 57 patients with a mean age of 3.6 years. We found no significant change in the incidence of AM during the last 20 years. Seven ...
Salim Raed - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Overgrowth of bacteria in the birth canal is associated with an increased risk of late miscarriage, preterm labour, post-partum endometritis and low birthweight. Conception rates in assisted reproduction treatments (ART) remain frustratingly low. We examined whether the nature of bacterial flora, found in the uterine cervical canal at embryo ...
Y. Mussaddeq
Medicinal plants have been extensively used as major source of drugs for the treatment of various infections in human population since long ago. A study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of crude extract of <I>Adhatoda vasica</I> Nees (Bakhar) on blood sugar level of 20 diabetic patients (males and females). ...
Atakan Irfan Huseyin - - 2002
Fournier's gangrene is a life-threatening disorder in which infection of the perineum and scrotum spreads along fascial planes, causing soft tissue necrosis. If urgent surgery is delayed, the disease will soon result in septic shock, multiorgan failure, and death. In this study, we present 21 patients with Fournier's gangrene who ...
Tal Sari - - 2002
Risk factors that influence the recurrence of nosocomial Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) were determined in an 18-month follow-up study in a subacute geriatric department. A case-control study was conducted, comparing 43 patients with recurrent C. difficile-associated diarrhea (RCDAD) (case patients) with 38 patients who had only 1 episode of CDAD ...
Totan M M Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey. - - 2002
Between 1981 and 2001, we retrospectively analysed 40 cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) admitted to the Paediatric Infection Unit of Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital, in the middle Black Sea region of Turkey. Median age at presentation was 3 y. Fever and splenomegaly were found in all patients. Bone marrow smear ...
Ruoppi P - - 2001
Mucormycosis of the nose and paranasal sinuses is a rare invasive fungal infection, which often has a very fulminant course and characteristic clinical findings. The patients are usually immunocompromised, with diabetic ketoacidosis being the commonest underlying disorder. In some immunocompetent patients, the disease is associated with local predisposing factors, such ...
Shirai M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Bacterial culture of sputum is frequently positive in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). However, it remains to be clarified whether detection of potential pathogenic microorganisms (PPM) in sputum represents bacterial infection or only colonization of the respiratory tract. In the present study, we investigated the clinical significance of PPM ...
Navarro-Martínez A - - 2001
Epididymoorchitis is a focal form of human brucellosis described in 2%-20% of patients with brucellosis. We assessed 59 cases of Brucella epididymoorchitis (BEO) between 1991 and 1999. The median age of patients was 34 years (range, 15-75 years). The onset of symptoms was acute in 46 patients (78%). Scrotal pain ...
Myoken Y - - 2001
An 8-year retrospective analysis of invasive Aspergillus stomatitis in neutropenic patients with acute leukemia was performed to characterize the epidemiology and clinical features of the infection. Twelve cases of invasive Aspergillus stomatitis were identified with both clinicohistological and microbiological evidence, and the majority of cases were caused by Aspergillus flavus ...
Rechtine G R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of infection in trauma patients undergoing surgical intervention with instrumentation for thoracic and lumbar fractures. DATA SOURCES: A case series of 235 consecutive patients who sustained thoracic and lumbar fractures seen at Tampa General Hospital in Tampa, Florida between 1986 and 1997. STUDY SELECTION: 117 ...
Wheat L J - - 2001
In sequential clinical trials of treatment for histoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, therapy with fluconazole failed in a higher proportion of patients than did therapy with itraconazole. To determine the cause for failure with fluconazole, antifungal susceptibility testing that used modified National Committee on Clinical Laboratory Standards procedures ...
Bonhoeffer J - - 2001
To review the diagnostic experience with acute haematogenous osteomyelitis (AHOM) and/or septic arthritis at our institution. Retrospective review of the medical records of those patients with a bacteriologically and/or radiologically confirmed diagnosis, hospitalised in the University Children's Hospital Basel, Switzerland between January 1980 and July 2000. 90 patients (61% males), ...
Chen M Z - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical, epidemiologic, and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) due to Acinetobacter baumannii. METHODS: Retrospective chart and radiographic reviews of all patients who were admitted to National Taiwan University Hospital from January 1993 to August 1999, fulfilled the criteria for CAP, and had an isolate ...
Antony S J - - 2001
This study presents our clinical experience with linezolid in 19 patients with serious resistant gram-positive infections enrolled as part of the compassionate study. In this prospective, non-randomized, noncomparative study, 19 patients were enrolled as part of the National Compassionate Study Protocol conducted by Pharmacia-Upjohn. At the time of this writing, ...
Samonis G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The study evaluated the effects of cefepime and meropenem on the gastrointestinal (GI) colonization of surgical patients by Candida albicans. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty adult surgical patients who received intravenously either of these antibiotics as monotherapy for the treatment of an existing infection were studied prospectively. Ten patients received ...
Font B - - 2001
In order to describe the epidemiology and the clinical and microbiological manifestations of recurrent pneumococcal bacteremia, a long-term study was conducted. Between January 1988 and December 1998, a total of 344 episodes of bacteremia caused by pneumococci was detected in 331 patients. Thirteen (3.9%) of these patients experienced recurrent episodes ...
Liam C K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the microbial aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in patients requiring hospitalization. METHODOLOGY: A prospective study of consecutive non-immunocompromised patients aged 12 years and above admitted with CAP from August 1997 to May 1999 was undertaken. RESULTS: Of 127 patients hospitalized for CAP, an aetiological ...
Krause R - - 2001
To quantitatively assess the role of Candida species in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD), stool samples from a total of 395 patients and control subjects were cultured in differential isolation medium: 98 patients had AAD, 93 patients were taking antibiotics but did not have diarrhea (A(+)D(-)), 97 patients were not taking antibiotics ...
Casiano R R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The diagnosis of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis continues to generate controversy in critically ill patients. The efficacy of endoscopically directed cultures in these patients is unknown. We compared antral tap (AT) with endoscopic tissue culture (ETC) of the osteomeatal complex in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. METHODS: Twenty patients ...
Mahabee-Gittens E M - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Nurses often use intravenous heparin locks (HL) with pediatric patients while obtaining laboratory studies to evaluate fever without a source. The purpose of the HL is to avoid an intramuscular injection if parenteral antibiotics are subsequently ordered. The objectives of this study were to determine if HL placement in ...
Bambakidis N C - - 2001
The objective of the present study is to describe the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial complications of frontal sinusitis (Pott's puffy tumor) in a series of pediatric patients at our institution. A rare entity, Pott's puffy tumor has been reported in only 21 pediatric cases in the literature of the ...
Kremer B - - 2001
Although many investigations on the bacteriology of chronic sinusitis have been reported, there is still much discussion about the physiological flora of the nose and paranasal sinuses, the role of the various aerobic and anaerobic "pathogenic" bacteria, and the influence of the anatomical location from which samples for bacteriology are ...
Memish Z A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical and laboratory features and response to treatment of patients with acute brucellar epididymo-orchitis reporting to a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, and to compare these with other cases reported previously. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, records of all 26 adult patients with brucellosis, ...
Smego R A RA - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative efficacies of alternative antipneumocystis agents in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia unresponsive to primary drug treatment with a combination product of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole or parenteral pentamidine. METHODS: Meta-analysis of 27 published clinical drug trials, case series, and case reports involving ...
Chen Y M - - 2001
Bacteremic episodes caused by anaerobes are unusual and the clinical importance of Clostridium bacteremia remains unclear. This retrospective case study examined the risk factors among a group of patients who developed Clostridium bacteremia. Medical records from 73 episodes of clostridial bacteremia in 73 patients treated in a medical center during ...
Palma-Carlos A G - - 2001
A study of 26 female patients with recurrent candidial infections have been studied. Delayed hypersensitivity to Candida antigens was observed only in 17 of the patients. 12 patients had also chronic urticaria. A defect in NK cells was found in 18 out of 23 cases (78%). Treatment with Candida vaccines ...
Lindbaek M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study results from bacteriological specimens from nasopharynx in patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute sinusitis in relation to CT findings. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Patients from general practice in Vestfold county, Norway. PATIENTS: 427 patients 15 years and older from two studies with a clinical diagnosis of ...
Oshima K - - 2001
We studied clinical features and pathologic findings in 52 consecutively autopsied patients with multiple myeloma in our center between 1979 and 1998. Distant extraosseous involvement was found in 33 patients (63.5%). Thirty-one patients (59.6%) were proven to have infection at autopsy, among which pneumonia was most common site of infection. ...
Samonis G - - 2001
A unique case of Rhodotorula rubra transient fungemia in a post-chemotherapy, febrile neutropenic patient with colon cancer, suffering from gastrointestinal mucositis, is described. The fungus was isolated repeatedly from his blood. However, all signs and symptoms of the infection disappeared, without antifungal treatment, as soon as neutropenia and mucositis, both ...
Yang S C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Synergistic necrotizing fascitis of the scrotum, penis and perianal region was first described by Fournier in 1883. If not recognized early, this infectious process will extend along the fascia plane to the lower abdominal and back regions, causing severe morbidity and even mortality. METHODS: The records of 8 patients ...
Jess T - - 2001
Background: During the past decade, very little has been published on the relationships between Yersinia enterocolitica, acute terminal ileitis (ATI), and Crohn's disease, possibly due to a decrease in Yersinia infections and, consequently, in ATI. Methods: Fifty-three patients admitted to Herlev University Hospital during the period 1976-1998 were diagnosed as ...
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