Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1174
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Lin Jerry W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis has several features of a prolonged bacterial infection including positive bacterial cultures and abnormal computed tomography findings such as mucosal thickening and hyperostotic bone. Recent studies have suggested that chronic rhinosinusitis may be treated successfully by outpatient parenteral antibiotic treatment (OPAT). In this setting, antibiotics are administered ...
Kokturk Nurdan - - 2005
This study was planned to investigate the characteristics of clinical and laboratory findings of patients with fever diagnosed as pulmonary embolism (PE) in comparison with PE patients without fever and patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Thirty-nine PE patients with fever without other identifiable causes (18 received antibiotics and 21 did ...
Barrios Nilka J - - 2005
The incidence of severe fungal infections in the immunocompromised patient with malignancies has increased in recent years. This appears to be associated to the profound periods of immunosuppression and the extended use of broad spectrum antibiotics. Aspergillosis is the second most common fungal infection reported in the immunocompromised cancer patients. ...
Chen Tun-Chieh - - 2005
Candidemia is a clinically important disease which has increased in incidence worldwide in recent decades. In order to identify the risk factors for mortality in candidemic patients and to elucidate the role of antifungal susceptibility testing, a retrospective cohort study was performed of 56 episodes of candidemia in 1998 at ...
Viviani M - - 2005
This study aimed to quantify the animate source provided by the patients using the concept of "absolute carriage" by multiplying the carrier rate by the level of carriage; and to compare the impact of a low and high dose of an oropharyngeal vancomycin gel on the absolute MRSA carriage and ...
El-Mahallawy Hadir A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Community respiratory viruses are an important cause of respiratory disease in the immunocompromised patients with cancer. To evaluate the occurrence and clinical significance of respiratory virus infections in hospitalized cancer patients at National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, during anticancer treatment, we studied cases that developed episodes of ...
BaHammam Ahmed - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinico-radiological features of patients with positive cultures for nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) and compare those to a sample of patients with tuberculosis (MTB). METHODS: A laboratory database was used to retrieve all specimens submitted to King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, mycobacteriology laboratory for mycobacterial smears and cultures ...
Fournier Pierre-Edouard - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Rickettsia sibirica mongolotimonae has been found in Hyalomma ticks in Inner Mongolia (in China) and Niger and in humans in France and South Africa. To date, only 3 cases of human infection have been reported. METHODS: Patients received a diagnosis of R. sibirica mongolotimonae infection on the basis of ...
Viscoli Claudio - - 2005
Determinations of the type and setting of empirical therapy for immunocompromised patients with fever are complicated by the characteristics of the underlying illness and the effects of treatments already received, as well as by changing microbiological patterns and trends in drug resistance at national and institutional levels. Several systems have ...
Mand Sabine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (USG) is known to be a suitable tool for diagnosis in lymphatic filariasis as the adult filarial nematode Wuchereria bancrofti in scrotal lymphatic vessels of infected men can be detected by the characteristic pattern of movement, the Filaria Dance Sign. In onchocerciasis, moving adult worms have not yet ...
Blázquez Garrido Rosa Maria - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The community outbreak of legionnaires disease that occurred in Murcia, Spain, in July 2001--to our knowledge, the largest such outbreak ever reported--afforded an unusual opportunity to compare the clinical response of patients with Legionella pneumonia treated with levofloxacin with that of patients treated with macrolides and to determine the ...
Oksuz Sukru - - 2005
We report the case of a 73-year-old female patient with diabetic nephropathy and cholelithiasis. She was admitted to our hospital with right upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. The patient had visited an outpatient clinic with the same complaints 2 days earlier, and had been prescribed antibiotics empirically (two doses ...
Abdul-Halim Hamdy - - 2005
PURPOSE: Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare, severe gas-forming infection of renal parenchyma and surrounding tissues seen mostly in diabetic patients. Diagnosis and adequate therapeutic regimen are controversial. We reviewed the clinical presentation, diagnosis and aspects of surgical management of patients presenting with severe EPN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with ...
Shah Palak S - - 2005
PURPOSE: The effect of replacing the indwelling catheter of patients suspected of having a urinary tract infection (UTI) before collecting a urine sample on the number of organisms isolated in cultures and on drug and microbiology laboratory costs was studied. METHODS: Data were collected for all patients hospitalized in two ...
Ergönül Onder - - 2005
AIM: The limitations and opportunities of revised definition of fevers of unknown origin (FUO) in comparison to conventional definition were investigated, and prehospital characteristics of the patients were detailed. METHOD: The patients were grouped according to both revised and classic definitions of FUO. RESULTS: Fifty-nine of the 80 patients (74%) ...
Andersen Niels Frost - - 2005
Escherichia coli is a leading cause of bacteraemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate all E. coli positive blood cultures collected during a 4-y period in a haematological department using piperacillin plus netilmicin for empiric treatment of febrile episodes. We measured the incidence of piperacillin-resistant E. coli bacteraemia ...
Ljungman Per - - 2005
Both CMV and fungal infections have been suggested to be causes of fever of unknown origin (FUO) in neutropenic patients. The aim of this prospective, blinded study was to use nucleic acid techniques for monitoring of 20 acute leukemia and 15 autologous stem cell transplant (SCT) patients. Blood samples were ...
McManus Terence E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with cystic fibrosis [CF] have frequent pulmonary exacerbations associated with the isolation of bacterial organisms from sputum samples. It is not clear however, if there are differences in the types of additional organisms isolated from patients who are infected with Burkholderia cepacia complex [BCC] or Pseudomonas aerugionsa [PA] ...
Sharifi Mood Batool - - 2004
The South eastern region of Iran is an endemic area for salmonellosis. Sometimes bacteremia due to nontyphoidal salmonella occurs but certain patients are at increased risk for recurrent bacteremia. The risk of invasive salmonellosis and recurrent bacteremia is increased in the patients with immunosuppression, especially impaired cell-mediated immunity, lymphoproliferative diseases ...
Kostamo Katriina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic hyperplastic sinusitis (CHS) form a heterogeneous group with similar symptoms and similar treatment despite of possible different mechanisms behind the disease. In the present study we focused on the microbiological findings in CHS and compared these results to the patient history in order to find out ...
Al-Abeid Hanan M - - 2004
The presence of Candida spp. in the oral cavity was evaluated in 95 cancer patients (57 in-patients and 38 out-patients) and in 65 healthcare workers in Amman, Jordan. Candida carriage occurred in 72.6% of cancer patients and 33.8% of healthcare workers, with Candida albicans being the species most commonly recovered, ...
Lumbiganon Pagakrong - - 2004
We describe the treatment and follow-up results of 30 children with culture-proven melioidosis seen during 1994-1999. Twelve patients had septicemia, and 18 patients had localized infection. Ceftazidime with or without trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were used for the acute treatment of severe melioidosis. Oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was given in the eradication phase in 4 ...
Pereira Claudio Maranhão - - 2004
Hemophilia is a common hereditary hemorrhagic disorder, however little is known about the oral microflora of hemophilic patients. The aim of this study was to quantify the Candida and identify its species in non-stimulated saliva of hemophilic patients, and consider its relationship with clinical factors influencing Candida carriage. This study ...
Busaba Nicolas Y - - 2004
PURPOSE: Review the microbiology of chronic rhinosinusitis and test the hypothesis that bacterial infections are not the predominant etiology for chronic rhinosinusitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue cultures were prospectively collected from the ethmoid mucosa of 179 patients (94 had chronic rhinosinusitis and 85 had chronic rhinosinusitis with polyposis) at the ...
Suputtamongkol Yupin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is an important cause of fever in the rural tropics. Since 1996, there has been a marked increase in the incidence of leptospirosis in northeastern Thailand. Although leptospirosis generally is susceptible to antibiotics, there is no consensus regarding the optimal treatment for severe leptospirosis. METHODS: An open-label, randomized ...
Westling K - - 2004
The occurrence of oral penicillin-resistant viridans group streptococci (VGS) was studied in 50 patients with either newly diagnosed acute leukaemia or autologous peripheral stem cell transplants. One patient was excluded because of Staphylococcus aureus growth in the stem cell harvest. VGS were isolated from the oral cavity of 48 of ...
Sardan Yesim Cetinkaya - - 2004
BACKGROUND: On February 19, 2003, four patients (patients 1-4) in the neurology ward underwent cranial magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and developed fever within 1 hour afterward. Klebsiella oxytoca was isolated from blood cultures of patients 1 through 3. OBJECTIVE: To identify the source of this cluster of nosocomial K. oxytoca ...
Hachem Ray Y RY Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control, and Employee Health, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA. - - 2004
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) has emerged as a common cause of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. At The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX), Aspergillus terreus is second to A. fumigatus as the most common cause of IA. In the current study, the authors compared the ...
Smalbraak H.J.T. - - 2004
We describe a previously healthy, middle-aged patient with prolonged bacteremia and Escherichia coli presenting with jaundice and lung abscesses. At presentation, a paucity of respiratory signs and symptoms was found, although the patient appeared to be very ill. The cavitary pulmonary lesions and jaundice were due to hematogenous spread of ...
Fox Lindy Peta - - 2004
Four patients were admitted to Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center for evaluation of lower extremity pain and swelling. Three patients were initially misdiagnosed with cellulitis and one patient underwent evaluation for dermatomyositis. After consultation by the dermatologist, a correct diagnosis of pyomyositis was made clinically and confirmed by imaging, surgery, or ...
Cheng A C - - 2004
To evaluate an isolation policy for patients colonised with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), we instituted active surveillance for transmission to uncolonised patients. Surveillance rectal swabs were taken and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed on positive isolates. VRE transmission with an identical genotype occurred in 5 patients, giving a transmission rate of ...
Schardt F W - - 2004
Eleven patients with neuro-borreliosis had been treated with 200 mg fluconazole daily for 25 days after an unsuccessful therapy with antibiotics. At the end of treatment eight patients had no borreliosis symptoms and remained free of relapse in a follow-up examination one year later. In the remaining four patients, symptoms ...
Anandi C - - 2004
Clinical grading and bacteriological study of 107 patients with diabetic foot lesions revealed polymicrobial aetiology in 69 (64.4%) and single aetiology in 21 (19.6%). Among 107 patients 62 had ulcer. Of these 31 had mixed aerobes. Twenty six patients with cellulitis and 12 with gangrene had more than 5 types ...
Kobayashi Cláudia Castelo Branco Artiaga - - 2004
The presence of Candida species in the urine is frequent among hospitalized patients. We studied sample urine of 205 hospitalized patients during a 1-year period to determine the incidence of nosocomial candiduria. The yeasts were isolated in 22% (45/205) urine cultures and risk factors in these patients were analyzed. Candida ...
Shu Tung - - 2004
PURPOSE: We characterized evaluation, management and outcomes in a group of patients diagnosed with renal and perirenal abscesses who had otherwise anatomically normal urinary tracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed our experience with renal/perirenal abscesses at University of Texas Medical Branch from 1991 to 2002. Treatment was determined by physician ...
Malacarne Paolo - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively assess the use of antibiotics in ICUs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 979 critically ill patients over 14 years of age were recruited in 43 Italian ICUs. For each patient, admission and discharge characteristics, information on the drugs administered, use of antibiotic susceptibility tests (ASTs), presence ...
Kaye Keith S - - 2004
Two types of cohort studies examining patients infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) were contrasted, using different reference groups. Cases were compared to uninfected patients and patients infected with the corresponding, susceptible organism. VRE and MRSA were associated with adverse outcomes. The effect was greater when ...
Tong Darryl C - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of antibiotic prophylaxis for invasive dental procedures in patients on dialysis therapy is unclear. We examined current clinical practice in Australia and New Zealand and compared our findings to a systematic review of the current literature. METHODS: Australian and New Zealand nephrology units were surveyed ...
Mayser P - - 2004
In diabetic patients, mycotic infections may increase the risk of developing diabetic foot syndrome. However, few data are available on the prevalence of fungal foot infections in patients with diabetes. During a conference attended by patients with long-term diabetes, 95 individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (52 men, 43 women, ...
Cheng Allen C - - 2004
Melioidosis, an infection due to Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in southeast Asia and northern Australia. We reviewed our experience with meropenem in the treatment of severe melioidosis in 63 patients over a 6-year period. Outcomes were similar to those of ceftazidime-treated patients (n = 153) despite a deliberate selection bias ...
Wang Ge-Fei - - 2004
AIM: To study the incidence, bacterial spectrum and drug sensitivity of catheter-related infection (CRI) in gastrointestinal fistula patients. METHODS: A total of 216 patients with gastrointestinal fistulae during January 1998 to April 2001 were studied retrospectively. Two hundred and sixteen catheters of the 358 central venous catheters used in 216 ...
Bittner Amanda - - 2004
The incidence of resensitization to penicillin in patients with a history of penicillin allergy appears to be low but the approach to patients is controversial. We sought to determine the incidence of penicillin resensitization in patients with a history of penicillin allergy who had negative skin tests to penicillin determinants ...
Lyytikäinen Outi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We studied the species distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of viridans streptococci (VS) isolates causing nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) in Finnish hospitals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with nosocomial BSIs due to VS were identified through a hospital-wide prospective laboratory-based surveillance in two university and two regional hospitals during September 1998-August ...
Myoken Yoshinari - - 2004
A 5-year retrospective analysis of fungemia in patients with hematologic malignancies revealed that four patients, who received fluconazole and itraconazole during neutropenia, developed breakthrough candidemia due to azole-resistant Candida tropicalis isolates. This observation suggests that causative organisms of candidemia in neutropenic patients receiving azoles should be suspected of being azole-resistant.
Castagnola E - - 2004
In recent years, several reports have underlined the increasing role of fungal infections as a cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalised patients. For this reason, and also in light of the high mortality rate associated with these infections, chemoprophylaxis has been advocated by several authors. The available evidence suggests ...
Howden Benjamin P - - 2004
Although infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reduced vancomycin susceptibility (SA-RVS) have been reported from a number of countries, including Australia, the optimal therapy is unknown. We reviewed the clinical features, therapy, and outcome of 25 patients with serious infections due to SA-RVS in Australia and New Zealand. Eight ...
Sanjiv Grover
Introduction: Clinical and mycological features of onychomycosis show variation with time and place. Material and Methods: A study to analyze the morphological variants and mycological isolates of onychomycosis was carried out in 50 patients attending the dermatology out-patient departments at the Air Force Hospitals at Bangalore and at Jorhat. Nail ...
Yu K-H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical features and outcomes of gout complicated with necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: From the database of our hospital, we identified 15 hospitalized cases of gout complicated with necrotizing fasciitis from 1987 to 2001. The medical records of the patients were analysed in detail. RESULTS: Mean patient age ...
Khan Raymond - - 2004
We report the first documented case of Gemella haemolysans endocarditis in the United States in a patient following denture fixation. G. haemolysans was isolated form the patient's blood cultures. The patient was treated with ampicillin for 6 weeks with significant clinical improvement. This case highlights the fact that endocarditis prophylaxis ...
Koch H - - 2004
To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of oral moxifloxacin in outpatients with respiratory tract infections treated in general practices in Germany with the focus on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS, DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This was an open-label, prospective, uncontrolled, post-marketing surveillance study undertaken between October 2001 and June 2002. Symptoms ...
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