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Müller Christoph - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related sepsis is the most frequent complication in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for short bowel syndrome (SBS). A low-grade systemic inflammatory state and an altered mucosal immune response, as well as diminished intestinal barrier function have been characterized in these patients. The possibility of systemic immunocompromise has ...
Foreman Andrew - - 2009
Conclusive evidence exists that biofilms are present on the mucosa of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients. Less is known about the species constituting these biofilms. This study developed a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) protocol for characterization of bacterial and fungal biofilms in CRS. Fifty CRS patients and 10 controls were ...
Dworniczek E - - 2009
The possible presence of biofilms was examined in mucosal specimens of 15 patients, undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery or a modified Caldwell-Luc approach for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Biofilms were found in 7 of the 15 patients, positive cultures being obtained in most samples, which supports the role of biofilms as ...
Kramp Burkhard - - 2009
Conclusion: The use of heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) does not endanger tracheostomy patients in terms of additional exposure to pathogenic microorganisms. Objective: Stoma filters in the form of HMEs cause a beneficial convection of respiratory air in tracheotomized and laryngectomized patients. We investigated whether or not this may lead ...
Hansen Jens Georg - - 2009
The objective of this study was to assess symptoms and signs in patients with maxillary sinusitis and a bacteriological diagnosis obtained by sinus aspiration or lavage. Designed as a prospective cohort study in general practice, the study included 174 patients, aged 18-65 years, suspected of having acute maxillary sinusitis by ...
Giamarellos-Bourboulis Evangelos J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A recent randomized clinical trial of our group disclosed considerable reduction of the infective sequelae after administration of a synbiotic formula, namely Synbiotic 2000FORTE, in patients with multiple injuries, the latter being a preparation of four probiotics. The mechanism of action of synbiotics was studied. METHODS: A total of ...
Mitra Ranjbar - - 2009
Typhoid fever is an important infectious disease in developing countries, including Iran. In this survey, all patients hospitalized in teaching hospitals of Hamedan during 1995-2005 were investigated. A total of 162 patients with typhoid fever were studied. Of all patients, 106 were male (65.4%). The most prevalent symptoms were fever ...
Sim Jaehoon - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the causes of hemoptysis in a pediatric age group. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who were admitted to Samsung Medical Center between 1996 and 2008 with a chief complaint of hemoptysis. Patients with trauma or underlying bleeding tendency ...
Nakwan Narongwit - - 2009
Isolated cerebellar cryptococcoma in an immunocompetent patient is a rare condition. We report a case of an immunocompetent adult with isolated cerebellar cryptococcoma. The patient presented with chronic headaches for one year and was found to have multiple cerebellar abscesses on imaging. Our patient underwent resection of the lesion and ...
Freling Nicole - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) has become the imaging method of choice in patients with clinical suspicion of a deep neck abscess. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the predictive value of the diagnosis of deep neck abscess using CECT. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study over ...
Eroglu Fadime - - 2009
Despite years of study, the pathogenic role of Blastocytis hominis is still controversial. Genotypic differences between the asymptomatic and symptomatic isolates should assist in determining the pathogenicity of Blastocystis. In this study, we genotyped 32 Blastocystis isolates obtained from 12 asymptomatic healthy individuals and 20 symptomatic patients pain by polymerase ...
Shigemura T - - 2009
Fungal infections in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) are a poor prognostic factor. We describe the first case of CGD with femoral osteomyelitis due to Cladophialophora arxii, which is a member of the dematiaceous group. The causative fungus was identified on the basis of its morphological characteristics, growth temperature ...
Lim Michael - - 2009
PURPOSE: Previous studies on dysbiosis and pouchitis using conventional culture techniques have been disappointing because of inherent limitations associated with the technique. This study was designed to use terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism to evaluate patients with and without pouchitis. METHODS: Bacterial microbiota in 20 pouch patients (15 healthy and ...
Alacacioglu Inci - - 2009
A patient with mantle cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presented herself with fever, nausea, right upper quadrant pain on the 7th day of R-CHOP chemotherapy. After hospitalization with the suspicion of acute cholecystitis, she received antibiotherapy with G-CSF because of emerging neutropenia at the 10th day of chemotherapy. Abdominal computed tomography revealed ...
Jirapongsananuruk Orathai - - 2009
The etiologies of chronic urticaria (CU) comprise a wide variety of disorders including chronic infections. The association of sinusitis and CU is controversial due to the lack of a control group. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of silent sinusitis as a cause of CU in ...
Castaño Maria Jesús - - 2009
After acute brucellosis infection, symptoms persist in a minority of patients for more than 1 year. Such patients are defined as having chronic brucellosis. Since no objective laboratory methods exist to confirm the presence of chronic disease, these patients suffer delays in both diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the ...
Ellis Michael - - 2009
The diagnostic performance and usefulness of the Platelia antigen and antibody test (Bio-Rad) was investigated in a prospective study of haematological patients at risk for invasive Candida infections. Among 100 patients, 86 were eligible, of whom invasive candidiasis (IC) occurred in 12 (14%), according to the criteria of the European ...
Carter John D - - 2009
The majority of patients with Chlamydia-induced reactive arthritis do not present with the classic triad of arthritis, conjunctivitis/iritis, and urethritis. Moreover, acute chlamydial infections are often asymptomatic. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of synovial Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections in patients with chronic ...
Takahashi Kanayo - - 2010
Severe oral mucositis induced by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is associated with intolerable pain and risk of systemic bacteremia infection. Differences between conventional HCT and reduced-intensity regimens for allogeneic HCT (RIST) may influence the occurrence and severity of oral mucositis. Here, we evaluated oral mucositis in patients undergoing RIST ...
Richter A G - - 2009
RATIONALE: Wegener granulomatosis (WG) has previously been associated with increased nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, but no studies have investigated the occurrence of pathogen growth in the lower airways. OBJECTIVES: To culture bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with WG, patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and normal controls. METHODS: ...
Phuong Hoang Lan - - 2009
Diagnosing dengue in febrile patients is challenging. Of a total of 459 patients with acute undifferentiated fever, randomly selected from 12 primary health facilities and 1 clinic of the provincial malaria station in southern Vietnam, dengue-specific antibody (Ab) and NS1Ag enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (Platelia, Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, CA 94547, ...
Deng Ze-Yi - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the bacteriology of postradiotherapy chronic rhinosinusitis (postRT-CRS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) by evaluating the aspiration materials of the maxillary sinus of patients with postRT-CRS and patients with CRS. We collected the secretions of the maxillary sinus from 30 nasopharyngeal carcinoma ...
Surucuoglu Suheyla - - 2009
In this study, we tested the advantages of TaqMan real time PCR technique and compare it to conventional methods using serum samples from patients with different clinical forms of brucellosis. A total of 50 patients were included in the study. Blood culture using BACTEC 9240 system, Standard Wright's tube agglutination, ...
Larsen Mette V - - 2009
We investigated the bacterial flora and antimicrobial sensitivity in sputum from patients admitted to hospital with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in order to recommend the best empirical treatment for these patients. The survey was a retrospective study of all patients admitted to Hvidovre hospital with the ...
Staikowsky Frederik - - 2009
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a recently re-emerged arthropod borne virus responsible for a massive outbreak in the Indian Ocean and India, and extended to Southeast Asia as well as Italy. CHIKV has adapted to Aedes albopictus, an anthropophilic mosquito species widely distributed in Asia, Europe, Africa and America. Our objective ...
Van Leer C - - 2009
We describe a case of brain abscesses with gas formation following otitis media, for which the patient treated himself by placing clay in his ear. Several microorganisms, including Clostridium glycolicum, were cultured from material obtained from the patient. This is the first report of an infection in an immunocompetent patient ...
Gallien S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is one of the most frequent, feared and life-threatening opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients. We wished to assess the therapeutic outcome and identify prognostic factors of IA. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively all patients managed in our department for a proven or probable IA over the last ...
Witzel Andréa Lusvarghi - - 2008
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the influence of Protease Inhibitors (PI) on the occurrence of oral candidiasis in 111 HIV+ patients under PI therapy (Group A). The controls consisted of 56 patients that were not using PI drugs (Group B) and 26 patients that were not using ...
Cakmak Atil - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Fournier's gangrene was originally described as scrotal gangrene in young males. Today, it is generally accepted as synergistic necrotizing fasciitis of perineal, genital, or perianal regions, and the epidemiologic data have changed. However, there are still limited data about females due to the lack of female patients, even in ...
Chaudhry I A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe causes of preseptal cellulitis (PSC) and outcome of treatment in patients admitted to a tertiary eye-care centre. METHODS: A 15-year (January 1991 to December 2005) review of inpatients with clinical signs and symptoms or radiological evidence suggestive of PSC was conducted. Patients with infection anterior to the ...
Abu-Hilal Mohannad A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Typhlitis is necrotizing inflammation of the cecum manifested by febrile right lower quadrant abdominal pain. All cases in literature have been described in immunocompromised such patients with hematological or solid malignancies, patients with neutropenia, patients with AIDS, and patients following immunosuppressive therapy for transplants. CASE REPORT: We report a ...
Payne C J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is common practice to take a specimen of pus for microscopy and bacterial culture during drainage of abscesses. The aim of this study was to determine if routine culture and sensitivity had any therapeutic value in the care of patients with non-perianal cutaneous abscesses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A ...
Bendig Elizabeth A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a known complication of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in pediatric patients. We sought to evaluate the impact of prolonged bacteremia associated with a retained central venous catheter (CVC) in the diagnosis of IE using Duke criteria. METHODS: We conducted a 13-year retrospective review of hospitalized patients ...
Tada Yoshifumi - - 2008
Four cases of nocardiosis in patients with adult-onset Still disease and vasculitis syndrome are presented. Three patients developed lung abscesses and 1 case developed a brain abscess. All were treated with high-dose corticosteroids, and 3 were given cyclosporine when they developed nocardiosis. All patients were successfully treated with antibiotics; cyclosporine ...
Sumi Yuka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of catheter drainage for cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF) with and without descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Department of Traumatology and Acute Critical Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine. PATIENTS: Thirty-two patients with clinically and radiographically diagnosed CNF with and without ...
Waseem Mohiuddin - - 2008
Burkholderia gladioli, a bacterial pathogen, causes a variety of infectious ailments in immunocompromised individuals. We present a case report of foreign body associated Burkholderia gladioli related abscess in an immunocompetent type 1 diabetic patient. Relevant medical literature is reviewed to understand this unusual mode of presentation of this bacterium in ...
Baddley John W - - 2008
Recent studies of nonneutropenic patients with candidemia or candidiasis suggest that fluconazole pharmacodynamic parameters correlate with clinical outcomes; however, additional data of correlation to mortality in patients with candidemia would be valuable. We assessed the impact of MICs for Candida, fluconazole pharmacodynamics, and patient characteristics on all-cause mortality with use ...
Rogers Simon N - - 2008
This study aimed to identify all Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cases on a Regional Maxillofacial ward, to estimate incidence and to ascertain who were most at risk. The study also explored clinical and demographic factors associated with MRSA in a subset of consecutive patients managed by primary surgery for previously untreated ...
Lee Sungsil S Department of Laboratory Medicine and Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2008
We report a case of necrotizing fasciitis involving Streptococcus agalactiae, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, and Finegoldia magna in a 36-yr-old female diabetic patient, which started after a minor dog bite to the toe of the patient. This case suggested that a trivial infection after a minor dog bite in an immunocompromised patient ...
Ozbay Bülent - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the effects of influenza associated with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on the outcome of patients in an area characterized by endemic avian influenza. METHODS: Sixty patients diagnosed with CAP and requiring hospitalization were studied for the presence of influenza. Based ...
Rybak Eli A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To confirm that fever with localized findings is less prevalent among febrile postoperative myomectomy patients than it is among hysterectomy patients. METHODS: Hospital records of 341 hysterectomy patients and 250 myomectomy patients were reviewed. Rate of overall febrile morbidity, proportion of fever with localized findings, proportion of febrile patients ...
Jones L B K R - - 2008
There are no epidemiological studies from the British Isles of chronic granulomatous disease, characterized by recurrent, life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections and inflammatory sequelae. Patients were enrolled in a national registry and medical records were analysed. Of 94 subjects, 69 had X-linked disease, 16 had autosomal recessive disease and nine ...
Koç A Nedret - - 2008
Although Acremonium strictum is environmentally widespread as opportunistic mold, it may cause infection in patients who have immunodeficiency problems. In this study, Staphylococcus aureus and A. strictum were isolated from the pleural fluid of a patient with colon adenocarcinoma. The patient did not receive antifungal therapy because the patient died ...
Bansal Ekta - - 2008
A prospective study was carried out on patients with diabetic foot lesions to determine their clinical characteristics, the spectrum of aerobic microbial flora and to assess their comparative in vitro susceptibility to the commonly used antibiotics. A total of 157 organisms (143 bacteria and 14 fungi) were isolated and an ...
Ghnnam W M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene (FG), caused by synergistic aerobic and anaerobic organisms, is a life-threatening disorder in which infection of the perineum and scrotum (can affect penis alone) spreads along fascial planes, leading to soft-tissue necrosis. Despite antibiotics and aggressive debridement, the mortality rate of FG remains high. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Mastoraki Aikaterini - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this survey was to elucidate the efficacy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) preventing strategy in our institution by investigating the incidence and evaluating the morbidity and mortality associated with this multi-resistant virulent organism. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort among patients submitted to cardiovascular surgical procedures was ...
Marschall Jonas - - 2008
A considerable number of gram-negative bacteraemias occur outside intensive care units (ICUs). Inadequate antibiotic therapy in ICUs has been associated with adverse outcomes; however, there are no prospective studies in non-ICU patients. A 6 month (1 August 2006-31 January 2007), prospective cohort study of non-ICU patients with gram-negative bacteraemia in ...
Mørch K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a treatment ladder in metronidazole-refractory giardiasis, and to compare genetic characteristics of the parasites. METHODS: A clinical observational study was carried out in 38 adult patients with metronidazole-refractory giardiasis, during an outbreak in Norway with more than 1200 cases. All patients were treated with ...
McKinnon Peggy S - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of the predicted pharmacodynamic parameters 24-h area under the inhibitory curve (AUIC=area under the concentration-time curve for 24h of dosing/minimum inhibitory concentration (AUC0-24/MIC) and time above the minimum inhibitory concentration (T>MIC) with clinical and microbiological outcomes in patients with bacteraemia ...
Sato Tomonobu - - 2008
We report 2 pediatric cases of cerebral fungal infection. A patient with severe aplastic anemia developed an Aspergillus species brain abscess and pulmonary aspergillosis after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Despite administration of micafungin, amphotericin B, and flucytosine, the patient died 2 months after the transplantation because of underlying pulmonary ...
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