Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1177
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Hurley J C - - 1995
Among patients with suspected sepsis, endotoxemia is variably present in association with gram-negative bacteremia. A total of 738 patients with suspected sepsis from 11 studies could be classified into four groups: 131 (18%) patients had both endotoxemia and gram-negative bacteremia (group 1), 87 (12%) had only gram-negative bacteremia (group 2), ...
Heier J S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Fungal sinusitis typically occurs in immunocompromised patients. The authors report four cases of fungal sinusitis in immunocompetent young adults, all of whom had proptosis. METHODS: The diagnosis in all four patients was determined after orbital imaging and sinus biopsies. RESULTS: All four patients required surgical removal of the fungal ...
Leport C - - 1995
Antibiotic prophylaxis for infective endocarditis is recommended for cardiac patients at risk who undergo an at-risk procedure. Efforts should focus on patients with the highest risk, i.e., those with a prosthetic valve undergoing a dental procedure. Amoxicillin is the main recommendation in patients who are not allergic to penicillin. In ...
Wheat J - - 1995
PURPOSE: Amphotericin B has been the treatment of choice for disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Oral antifungal agents would be welcome alternatives to standard treatment of disseminated histoplasmosis in less severe cases. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of itraconazole ...
Richards B S - - 1995
Ten patients who had been managed with posterior spinal arthrodesis and Texas Scottish Rite Hospital instrumentation because of idiopathic scoliosis had a delayed deep wound infection at an average of twenty-five months after the operation. The signs of infection included spontaneous drainage in eight patients and fluctuance in two patients. ...
Nightingale S D - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Published opinion has generally favored amphotericin B over fluconazole as initial therapy for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated cryptococcosis, although data that support this recommendation are limited. METHOD: Retrospective review of 30 consecutive patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated cryptococcosis seen at a single institution over a 1-year period and given fluconazole, ...
- - 1995
The case notes of 305 patients admitted to hospitals in the U.K. with a diagnosis of bacterial meningitis were studied retrospectively and several items of concern emerged. These included: no antibiotics given to patients (82.6%) pre-admission and blood cultures and throat swabs were not obtained routinely. From the figures presented ...
Dibb W L - - 1995
All isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in our laboratory from hospitalised patients were collected over a 4-month period in 1993/94. Details of the patients including length of stay, transfer from another hospital, nationality, diagnosis and antibacterial treatment were noted. Each patient was assessed as to whether the first isolate during the ...
Blue S R - - 1995
Bacillus species are being more frequently recognized as pathogens in immunocompromised hosts or in patients with cancer and central venous catheters. Only nine cases of Bacillus licheniformis infection have been reported in the English-language literature since 1966. In a retrospective study we describe six patients and 17 episodes of B. ...
van Tiel F H - - 1995
Thirty-one isolates of Stomatococcus mucilaginosus were cultured from the blood (n = 6), throat (n = 23) and sputum (n = 2) of 18 hospitalized patients, 13 of whom were neutropaneic and five of whom were non-neutropaneic. Antibiotic susceptibility testing, performed by means of a broth microdilution method, showed that ...
Ramos J M - - 1995
Propionibacterium acnes is a common skin colonizer and its involvement in central nervous system (CNS) infections may be related with previous neurosurgical procedures. P. acnes was isolated in pure or mixed cultures from ten patients with CNS infections during a 5-year period. The clinical presentation, treatment and outcome were retrospectively ...
Khatib R - - 1995
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia persisted for 46 days in a 63-year-old patient and recurred over 98 days in a 79-year-old patient, despite vancomycin therapy. Although the fever resolved, patient 1 developed a spinal epidural abscess 38 days after beginning therapy and patient 2 sustained multiple relapses. A time-kill study ...
Simşek U - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and efficacy of fluconazole in patients with a permanent nephrostomy or suprapubic catheter in the prevention of candiduria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with a nephrostomy or suprapubic catheter who had at least two positive urine cultures with a minimum of 15,000 col/mL Candida counts ...
Hoppe J E - - 1995
We quantitatively studied the orointestinal yeast colonization of 15 consecutive paediatric patients who underwent 16 bone marrow transplantations (BMT). Cultures were performed initially, longitudinally weekly during the period of aplasia (in-patient treatment) and, if possible, also during out-patient follow-up. With one exception, all patients received fluconazole as antifungal prophylaxis. Patients ...
Manzella J P - - 1995
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum has been reported to be an uncommon respiratory pathogen. We describe the clinical and microbiologic features of 17 patients from whose sputum C. pseudodiphtheriticum was isolated. Patients were identified through a review of the reports from the clinical microbiology laboratory at York Hospital, a community teaching hospital, from ...
Landgraf I M - - 1994
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 2083 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and neurological complications were bacteriologically examined during a period of 7 years (1984-1990). The percentage of patients who had at least one bacterial agent cultured from the CSF was 6.2%. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was the most frequently isolated agent ...
Chelsom J - - 1994
During November, 1992, to May, 1994, 13 patients were treated at Haukeland University Hospital, Norway, for necrotising fasciitis due to group A beta-haemolytic streptococci. 3 patients died, 1 before admission. Mucoid group A streptococci were isolated from affected tissue (12 patients) and/or blood (5). Strains from 11 patients were serotype ...
Abernethy M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute rheumatic fever in New Zealand remains relatively high. Reliable early diagnosis of carditis is difficult and important in management. AIM: To determine if Doppler echocardiography contributed to the early diagnosis of carditis in acute rheumatic fever. METHODS: Forty-seven patients admitted to hospital with suspected acute ...
Niederau C - - 1994
The present study evaluated the effects of prophylactic administration of cefotaxime in patients undergoing therapeutic or complicated diagnostic ERCP. One hundred patients were randomized to two groups of 50 patients each. Patients in group 1 received an intravenous infusion of 2 g cefotaxime 15 minutes before endoscopy; patients in group ...
Moulds-Merritt C - - 1994
Thirty-five patients with hepatic abscesses were treated at our institution during an 8-year period. Twenty-nine patients had bacterial abscesses, and six patients had amoebic abscesses. The patients were admitted with fever (95%), right upper quadrant pain (63%), and nausea and vomiting (40%) as the most common symptoms. Eleven patients had ...
Daga M K - - 1994
The present prospective study was carried out to observe the changing trends in the clinical pattern and multidrug resistance in typhoid fever. Fever was the main presenting feature. Other associated features were headache, vomiting, diarrhoea, altered sensorium and jaundice. Out of 78 patients, one patient died due to enteric encephalopathy ...
van Crevel R - - 1994
Between 1987 and 1991 leptospirosis in 32 Dutch travelers was diagnosed. Infections were acquired predominantly in Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries. Contact with surface waters could be confirmed in all but one case. Fever, headache, and myalgia were the most common complaints. Signs included conjunctival injection and lymphadenopathy in ...
Rice D H - - 1994
Thus, if the patient has an appropriate history, appropriate physical findings, and appropriate CT, endoscopic sinus surgery typically will be indicated and beneficial. One should be especially wary of the patient who does not fit these criteria. Particularly worrisome is the patient whose symptoms fail to respond to antibiotics. A ...
Donahue S P - - 1994
PURPOSE: Intraocular infection caused by Candida species can have devastating visual consequences. With the emergence of Candida as a major nosocomial pathogen, the authors investigated the prevalence of ocular lesions in patients with candidemia and evaluated risk factors for eye involvement. METHODS: This study is a prospective, multicentered, observational design. ...
Ekwere P D - - 1994
In an open study 55 patients presenting with acute gonorrhoea were given 4.8 mega units procaine penicillin G, intramuscularly, and oral probenecid (1 g) plus one 375-mg tablet clavulanate-potentiated amoxycillin orally. Before this treatment, 53 patients (96.4%) had presented with a purulent discharge, and dysuria was present in 47 patients ...
Occhipinti D J - - 1994
A retrospective review of urine cultures obtained from patients at the University of Illinois Hospital revealed that the frequency of isolation of non-albicans Candida species increased significantly from 1990 to 1991 (p = 0.0003), while the frequency of isolation of Candida albicans species decreased significantly (p = 0.0006). Patients with ...
Okada A A - - 1994
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report the predisposing factors, timing of symptoms, timing of diagnosis, causative organisms, source of infection, and visual outcome in cases of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis. METHODS: The records of 28 patients with endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis who presented to our combined ophthalmology and medicine ...
Iwen P C - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate aerobiological monitoring for fungal spores during hospital construction and correlate results with an outbreak of invasive aspergillosis (IA). DESIGN: Prospective air sampling for molds was done using the gravity air-settling plate (GASP) method. SETTING: A university medical center special care unit consisting of single-patient rooms with high-efficiency particulate ...
Davis C - - 1994
An open-label, nonrandomized, multicenter study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (i.v.) ciprofloxacin, followed by oral ciprofloxacin and/or some other antimicrobial, as presumptive (empiric) therapy in hospitalized patients with clinical and bacteriologic evidence of infection. Out of a total of 149 patients recruited by 31 physician ...
Erşahin Y - - 1994
Forty-four consecutive patients with brain abscesses, aged between 1 month and 16 years, were reviewed. The cause of abscess was meningitis in 36% of the cases, otitis in 27%, head injury in 16%, congenital heart disease in 9%, other in 5%, and undetected in 5%. Thirty patients had a single ...
Fowler J E JE - - 1994
We reviewed 61 consecutive patients with renal abscesses who were treated between 1972 and 1988 to determine whether the patient characteristics and mortality differed from those of patients treated during the preceding 2 decades. The results demonstrate that the predisposing conditions, symptomatology, abnormal physical findings, abnormal laboratory results, abnormal radiographic ...
Koneru S - - 1994
Pyogenic hepatic abscesses are rare lesions and are most commonly the result of biliary tract disease. During a 3-year period at our institution, 15 patients were diagnosed with pyogenic hepatic abscess. Ten cases were related to biliary disease. Of these, five were associated with previous biliary tract operations. The remaining ...
Soper D E - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: The specific aims of this study were (1) to describe the microbiologic characteristics of patients with acute salpingitis and (2) to determine the incidence of bacterial vaginosis in patients with acute salpingitis and whether bacterial vaginosis microorganisms were common upper-genital-tract isolates in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Women with pelvic ...
Reed R A - - 1994
PURPOSE: The authors present their experience with 494 hepatic chemoembolization (HCE) procedures in 236 patients with administration of a mixture of cross-linked collagen and chemotherapeutic agents. The prevalence of infectious complications was compared in patients who did and did not receive prophylactic administration of antibiotics as part of the HCE ...
Rubio M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the etiology and outcome of episodes of bacteremia and fungemia over a three-year period (1990-1992) in patients with hematological malignancies. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Hematology service of a 1,500-bed Spanish university hospital. RESULTS: Of a total of 178 episodes of significant bacteremia or fungemia in 101 patients, ...
Doi M - - 1994
Candida strains were isolated repeatedly from single patients during recurrent episodes of Candida infection in a hospital, and their electrophoretic karyotypes were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis using CHEF system. When only C. albicans (in 6 patients) or C. glabrata (in 1 patient) were recurrently isolated, their karyotypes from each ...
Gugnani H C - - 1994
A total of 54 patients with culturally proven tropical dermatomycoses, comprising 23 with various types of dermatophytoses, one with foot infection due to Trichosporon beigelii and one with foot infection due to Geotrichum candidum, two with candidosis of the groin and 27 with pityriasis versicolor, were included in a clinical ...
Watanakunakorn C - - 1994
Patients with Proteus mirabilis bacteremia at a large community teaching hospital during a 13-year period (1980-1992) were retrospectively reviewed. There were 176 patients whereof 44 (25%) had polymicrobial bacteremia. The median age of patients was 75 years and 64.2% were 70 years or older. Of the patients 56.8% came from ...
Erjavec Z - - 1994
143 aplastic episodes with fever in 91 haematological patients with granulocytopenia were treated empirically in a randomized prospective study using either imipenem (Imi) or a combination of tobramycin and cefuroxime (T/C). Response after 72 h was significantly better in patients receiving Imi (44/75 vs 27/68, p < 0.05). This was ...
Jamjoom A - - 1994
The authors reviewed six cases of multiple brain abscesses that were treated at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) over an eight year period. This represented 22% of the total brain abscesses treated during the same period. The series is unusual in that the infective pathogens were fungi (Fonsecaea pedrosoi) in ...
Jeng L B - - 1994
12 patients with acute suppurative thyroiditis were treated over a 10-year period. Their ages ranged from 2-81 years. Eight of them had a pre-existing thyroid mass. A piriform sinus fistula was demonstrated in one of the 2 patients with a history of recurrent infections. Cultures of the pus taken from ...
Eubanks P J - - 1993
Candidemia in critically ill patients is a significant source of mortality. To identify perioperative risk factors accounting for patient death, we performed a retrospective study of 46 surgical patients with fungemia during the period from 1981 to 1990. Twenty patients survived (43%), and 26 died (57%). Mortality was associated with ...
Dagnelie C F - - 1993
The bacterial growth in patients presenting with a sore throat was assayed and four clinical features were tested in order to reliably differentiate between beta-haemolytic streptococci group A (GABHS) and other micro-organisms. For 2 years, 53 general practitioners (GPs) in The Netherlands took throat swabs from all patients, aged 4-60, ...
Gamborg Nielsen P - - 1993
Fourteen patients with hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma of the Unna Thost variety were included in the study. Dermatophytosis was found in 7 of the 14 patients. Six were affected with T. rubrum and one with T. mentagrophytes. The growth pattern of dermatophytes in keratin from the patients did not differ from ...
Srdić N - - 1993
Perforative eye injuries in two patients were complicated by fulminant endophthalmitis. In both patients the cornea was free of micro-organisms. Vitrectomy of the posterior pars plana was performed and the contents of the vitreous body were examined mycologically and bacteriologically. Fusarium moniliforme var. subglutinans and Pseudomonas species were isolated from ...
Chiedozi L C - - 1993
Two schedules of antimicrobial agents were compared in this prospective study of antimicrobial prophylaxis in diabetes mellitus patients undergoing cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis. One hundred women grouped into two matched groups of 50 women each were studied. The results suggest that apart from a population of patients with identifiable risks ...
Ellis M E - - 1993
Over the period of 1987 to 1989, three hundred and two isolates of ten species of mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (MOTT) produced disease in 282 patients. M. avium intracellulare was the most common (53% patients), followed by M. gordonae and M. fortuitum-chelonae (20%). The most common clinical presentation was of ...
McNamara M J - - 1993
We reviewed the charts of 200 patients with a preoperative diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) to evaluate the influence and use of intraoperative culture results on patient management and antibiotic selection. Cultures were obtained in 66 percent of patients; 16 percent of the cultures in patients with AA yielded positive ...
Cade J F - - 1993
The optimal dosage of antibiotics for the treatment of patients with severe lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) has not been determined but may be lower than is commonly administered at present. We have compared the efficacy of a low dosage of ceftazidime (1 g tds) with the more usual dosage ...
Henry S L - - 1993
Fifty-two chronic osteomyelitis patients treated with gentamicin-polymethylmethacrylate (Septopal) antibiotic bead chains were observed retrospectively to explore the relationship between the duration of bead implantation and clinical results. Group A contained 35 asymptomatic patients who had elective bead removal based on protocol, surgeon's preference, and patient variables. Group B consisted of ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >