Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1178
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Bock N N - - 1996
An expanded respiratory isolation policy was implemented in a public hospital that cares for about 200 patients with active tuberculous each year. This led to proper isolation of > or = 95% of patients with tuberculosis on admission but involved an 8-fold overuse of isolation rooms. We developed a model ...
Hernández J M - - 1996
Dirithromycin is a new macrolide antimicrobial drug with a long half-life (44 hours) that reaches high tissue concentrations, thus permitting once-daily oral dosing and shorter courses of therapy. Soon after absorption, dirithromycin enters the tissue so rapidly that serum concentrations are comparatively low. It could be hypothesized that these low ...
Tsourounis C - - 1996
Although many prophylactic measures have been attempted, Aspergillus continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in neutropenic BMT patients. The data describing the efficacy of AAB in patients with neutropenia is ambiguous and inconclusive. All of the available studies lack adequate study design, making a definitive conclusion ...
Chandrashekhar C - - 1996
A study of risk factors for wound infection among patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy was undertaken. Over a 2-Year period 177 patients who underwent elective cholecystectomy for symptomatic gall stone disease were randomized into groups, one receiving antibiotics (96 patients) and the other not receiving antibiotics (81 patients). Gall bladder bile ...
Suppola J P - - 1996
The objective of this study was to characterize the overgrowth and susceptibility of Enterococcus faecium, compared with that of other enterococci, in the feces of patients with hematologic malignancy. During a 52-week period, surveillance samples of feces were cultured weekly. Three hundred thirty-three samples were obtained from 92 patients. E. ...
McKindley D S - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic profiles of aztreonam and imipenem in critically ill trauma patients with pneumonia. METHODS: Trauma patients in intensive care units who were intubated within 3 days of hospital admission were eligible for the study. Patients with the clinical diagnosis of pneumonia were consecutively randomized to ...
Thomas A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience of the diagnosis and treatment of primary psoas abscess in India. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 1993 and December 1995, five men (aged 24-67 years) presented with suspected primary psoas abscess. All five patients had fever with or without rigors and upper/lower abdominal pain of ...
Reichel C - - 1996
Tuberculous splenic abscesses do virtually not occur in immunocompetent patients. Tuberculous abscesses have been reported only from areas, where the prevalence of both HIV infection and tuberculosis is very high such as Central Africa. In our institution two of seven patients with AIDS and disseminated tuberculosis who were treated during ...
Huang Y C - - 1996
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 24 patients with clinically proven infectious spondylitis were retrospectively evaluated. Evaluation was made of abnormal signal and enhancement patterns within vertebral bodies, intervening disks, and epidural and paraspinal abscesses. The causative organisms included Mycobacterium tuberculosis, fungi and pyogenic bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant ...
Wallace R J RJ - - 1996
Intermediate results of the first 50 patients treated with clarithromycin (CLARI) regimens for Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) lung disease were evaluated. Patients were HIV negative, and pretreatment isolates were susceptible to CLARI. Patients received CLARI 500 mg twice daily, ethambutol, rifampin (RMP), or rifabutin (RBT) and initial streptomycin, and they were ...
Benizri E - - 1996
Fournier's gangrene, an anaerobic necrotizing cellulitis of the infradiaphragmatic soft tissues, is a serious pathologic entity with an unpredictable course. From 1978 to 1991, a total of 24 men (mean age, 57 years; range 27 to 90) were treated for this entity at our institution. Diagnosis prompted immediate institution of ...
Huang C J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The authors document changes in the etiology, diagnosis, bacteriology, treatment, and outcome of patients with pyogenic hepatic abscesses over the past 4 decades. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Pyogenic hepatic abscess is a highly lethal problem. Over the past 2 decades, new roentgenographic methods, such as ultrasound, computed tomographic scanning, direct ...
Nadelman R B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of erythema migrans (EM), the characteristic rash of early Lyme borreliosis, is based primarily on its clinical appearance since it often occurs prior to the development of a specific antibody response. Other skin disorders, however, may be confused with EM. METHODS: Between June 1991 and September 1993, ...
Chen Y C - - 1996
The safety and efficacy of flomoxef and latamoxef were compared in the treatment of hospitalized patients with sepsis and/or Gram-negative bacteremia in a prospective, open-labelled clinical trial. Patients were randomized to receive 1 to 2 g intravenous doses of either flomoxef every 6 to 12 h, or latamoxef every 8 ...
Stiglmayer R - - 1996
Seventy-six women with gynaecological infections such as endometritis, salpingitis, tubo-ovarian abscess and pelvic peritonitis were treated with sulbactam/ampicillin (SBT/AMP) (50% of patients) or cefoxitin (CFN) (50% of patients) in a randomized, controlled study. The diagnosis was based on the history, clinical findings and microbiological culture findings. The disease was assumed ...
Galandiuk S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal abscesses (IAA) often fail to resolve with intravenous antibiotics alone and frequently require drainage. Diagnosis of IAA in postoperative patients with other likely sources of infection is very difficult. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to characterize IAA and identify parameters that might facilitate diagnosis, we prospectively examined peripheral ...
Shahzadi S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: CT and MR guided stereotactic techniques have provided promising results in the management of brain abscesses. We reviewed our results of stereotactic management of brain abscesses in 20 consecutive patients with 28 abscesses from 1986 to 1993. METHODS: 13 abscesses were in the cerebral hemispheres, 12 in the cerebellum, ...
Perdreau-Remington F - - 1996
The bacteriology of explanted prosthetic hips and surrounding soft tissue was studied in 52 patients undergoing surgical revision for joint loosening. In a prospective four-year study, positive bacterial cultures were recorded in 34 (76%) patients. Coagulase-negative staphylococci were the predominant isolates, and 11 patients (33%) had more than three organisms ...
Tang L M - - 1996
Bacterial meningitis was found in 12 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, accounting for 0.65% of the 1850 patients with the tumour diagnosed between 1981 and 1994 in our hospital. In 11 patients, the time-lag between diagnosis of cancer and the appearance of infection ranged from 9 months to 11 years (mean ...
Venge P - - 1996
Hyaluronan (HA) is a high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan found in large amounts in the skin, joints, and other organs. Previous studies have shown that HA stimulates neutrophil functions both in vitro and in vivo. The object of this study was to test the hypothesis that HA administration subcutaneously might reduce ...
Fung K S - - 1996
From early 1993, we received a number of blood cultures, all from Vietnamese inmates of the Whitehead Detention Centre, the biggest detention camp in Hong Kong, which grew unusual organisms. Upon follow-up, the majority of the patients were found to abscond from the hospital a few days after having been ...
Krüger W - - 1996
Four patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation were treated with liposomal (3 patients) and conventional (one patient) amphotericin-B for disseminated candidosis. Candida krusei was isolated from 3, and C. glabrata from 1 patient. The patients were treated with liposomal amphotericin-B in doses from 3 to 5 mg/kg. The fourth patient ...
Chou F F - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Endogenous endophthalmitis has been associated with pyogenic hepatic abscess in several recent anecdotal reports. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of endophthalmitis associated with pyogenic hepatic abscess, identify the degree of association with Klebsiella pneumoniae as a causative organism, and determine the outcome of treatment. ...
Kauffman C A - - 1996
Thirty patients with documented sporotrichosis were treated with 200-800 mg of fluconazole daily. Fourteen patients had lymphocutaneous infection; only five (36%) of these patients had any underlying illnesses. Sixteen patients had osteoarticular or visceral sporotrichosis; 12 (75%) of these patients had underlying diseases, mostly alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, and chronic obstructive ...
Chander J - - 1996
A total of 110 patients of symptomatic otomycosis was investigated, prospectively. Aural swabs were collected on 1st, 7th and 14th day and examined by direct microscopy and culture for fungi. Of these, 80 patients found to be having pure fungal infection, were taken up for mycological and therapeutic study. Fungi ...
Rodríguez de Castro F - - 1996
The real contribution of the protected specimen brush (PSB) to guide the choice of antimicrobial therapy in ventilated patients with severe pneumonia is not well established. This study aimed to assess how data obtained by PSB changed the initial empirical therapy. One hundred and ten ventilated patients with suspected pneumonia ...
Vandersmissen G G Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospitals, Leuven, - - 1996
Two corticosteroid-treated patients with cutaneous cryptococcal infection are described. One patient had pustulous lesions on the back of his left hand and cellulitis of his left forearm, the other patient had ulcerous lesions of the right forearm and cellulitis of the right lower leg. In both cases diagnosis was suggested ...
Tsai C C - - 1995
Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe and sometimes life-threatening soft tissue infection that is characterized by rapidly widespreading necrosis of fascia and subcutaneous tissue. Fifty-four cases of necrotizing fasciitis were reviewed over a 5-year period. Among them, 25 patients (46%) had diabetes mellitus. The majority of the wound bacterial cultures (71%) ...
Manyemba J E - - 1995
A diagnosis of pericarditis due to Escherichia coli was made in a 38 year old male patient with AIDS. The source of infection in this patient was not established. This case highlights the need to carry out a diagnostic pericardiocentesis in immunocompromised patients presenting with pericardial effusions and the importance ...
Rolston K V - - 1995
Fifty febrile episodes in patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer were reviewed. Biliary obstruction often resulting in cholangitis was an important predisposing factor, whereas neutropenia (< 500 PMN/mm3) was uncommon (10%). Microbiologically documented infections originating from the gastrointestinal tract were predominant, with Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli being isolated most ...
Chandrasekar P H - - 1995
We reviewed the autopsy records of 56 patients who had undergone BMT at the Detroit Medical Center during 1988-1992. Most patients (43 of 56) had died within 2 months of BMT. One or more infections were identified at autopsy in 25 of 40 (63%) allogeneic and four of 16 (25%) ...
Parenti D M - - 1995
In a retrospective review of microbiology records at the George Washington University Hospital from 1980 through 1990, Mycobacterium kansasii bacteremia was identified in 10 patients; this finding represented 4.5% of nontuberculous mycobacterial blood cultures. M. kansasii was isolated from respiratory specimens from all 10 patients, and pulmonary parenchymal changes were ...
Cornwell E E EE - - 1995
There continues to be difficulty making the clinical distinction between fungal colonization and systemic infection in critically ill surgical patients. This distinction is important, given the potential risks of aggressive antifungal therapy. In order to evaluate the significance of fungal infections by various sites, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical courses ...
Goldstein E - - 1995
Controversy exists regarding the need to monitor serum concentrations of vancomycin with some investigators recommending measurement of peak and trough concentrations in the first week of therapy and regularly thereafter, whereas others contend that empiric dosing produces safe and effective drug concentrations so that testing is unnecessary. Since vancomycin concentrations ...
de Gentile L - - 1995
In order to define the prevalence of Candida ciferrii in onychomycosis, the fungal biota associated with toe nail onyxis was examined in 50 elderly patients with trophic disorders of the legs and in 220 patients without clinical evidence of trophic disorders. Candida ciferrii was more frequent in the first group ...
Torlakovic E - - 1995
The presence of intracellular bacteria in blood smears is usually associated with overwhelming sepsis and an ominous prognosis. Recently, the hematology laboratory at our institution documented this finding in a group of mostly asymptomatic patients. We studied seven adult patients from a tertiary care university hospital in whom intracellular bacteria ...
Speirs G E - - 1995
An audit of ciprofloxacin use at Southmead Hospital, Bristol was carried out for forty patients treated in early 1992 employing a modified Delphi technique with six assessors. Most patients assessed (20/40, 50%) had urinary tract infections (UTIs), 5/40 (12.5%) had chest infections, 4/40 (10%) had bacterial gastroenteritis and 3/40 (7.5%) ...
Mangino J E - - 1995
Itraconazole is a triazole compound with broad-spectrum antifungal activity which includes the pathogenic yeasts, certain Aspergillus species, and the endemic fungi such as Histoplasma capsulatum and Blastomycosis dermatitidis. Although prospective trials comparing itraconazole to other azoles and amphotericin B are unavailable, recently published data suggest that itraconazole is the drug ...
Idoko J A - - 1995
An open non-comparative clinical study to determine the efficacy and tolerance of Roxithromycin 150 mg twice daily was carried out amongst Nigerian patients with acute upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Twenty-four (24) patients (mean age 21.6 years, male 13; females 11 who completed the study presented with acute tonsillitis ...
Cherchi G B - - 1995
We determined prospectively during a 12-month period the incidence, clinical characteristics and outcome of Yersinia enterocolitica infection in 144 thalassemic patients (mean age, 12.8 years) and compared them with 100 controls (mean age, 12.1 years). Symptomatic Y. enterocolitica infection occurred in 14 (10%) of the thalassemic patients and in 2 ...
Hamacher J - - 1995
Meropenem and imipenem/cilastatin were compared in an open, randomised prospective multicentre study in the treatment of acute exacerbations of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in hospitalised patients. One-hundred-and-seventy-three patients were enrolled; 164 were evaluable for clinical efficacy and 98 for bacteriological efficacy, with 144 pathogens isolated. The predominant pathogens were ...
Lebeda M D - - 1995
The value of diagnostic maxillary sinus aspiration in patients with abnormal findings on sinus radiographs and fever of unknown origin is unclear. To better define indications for this procedure, the results of 51 sinus aspirations in 34 patients with fevers of unknown origin and abnormal findings on sinus radiographs were ...
Mentec H - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence rate of bacteremia associated with transesophageal echocardiography in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN: A prospective study of 139 patients undergoing transesophageal echocardiography. SETTING: The medical ICU of a tertiary referral teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred thirty-nine ICU patients (mean age 58 yrs) who underwent ...
Cox C E - - 1995
The safety and efficacy of meropenem and imipenem/cilastatin were compared in the treatment of hospitalized patients with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) in a prospective, multicenter, open, parallel-group trial. Patients were randomized to receive 500-mg intravenous doses of either meropenem every 8 hours (n = 116) or imipenem/cilastatin every 6 ...
Schmutzhard E - - 1995
Third-generation cephalosporins are presently the agents of choice for the empirical antimicrobial therapy of bacterial meningitis. However, a number of factors associated with these agents, namely the development of resistance by pneumococci, limited activity against some Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas spp., and the possible adverse effects of their bacteriolytic mode of ...
Tay Y K - - 1995
The aim of this study was to compare a combination of doxycyline and ketoprofen, and doxycycline alone in treating non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU), with particular emphasis on reducing recurrent or persistent disease. Sixty-five men with first episode acute NGU were enrolled between November 1992 and November 1994. The men were randomly ...
Richard P - - 1995
Viridans streptococcal bacteraemia is frequent in neutropenic patients. 25 neutropenic patients with viridans streptococcal bacteraemia were compared with 64 control patients. Exposure to repeated chemotherapy or cytarabine were independent risk-factors for streptococcal bacteraemia. The use of carboxyureidopenicillins and a stay in laminar-airflow rooms were protective. In a further cohort study ...
Malanoski G J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors that predict complications and examine outcomes of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia according to the duration of antibiotic therapy. METHODS: Clinical data were extracted from charts of patients with positive blood cultures for S aureus at a single institution during a 2-year period. RESULTS: Of 102 patients with ...
Yuen A P - - 1995
Fifty-four patients with active chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) were prospectively studied for the bacteriology and their in vitro antibiotic susceptibility to ofloxacin. Thirty-nine patients (72%) had positive cultures. The commonest organism was Pseudomonas sp., which was found in 18 (33%) patients. The second commonest organism was Staphylococcus aureus, which ...
Fazal B A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a coordinated approach for the isolation, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with tuberculosis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, an inner-city hospital in the South Bronx, New York City. PATIENTS: Patients with smear-positive, culture-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis. INTERVENTIONS: Institution of a coordinated tuberculosis ...
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