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van Munster Barbara C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: S100B protein and Neuron Specific Enolase (NSE) can increase due to brain cell damage and/or increased permeability of the blood-brain-barrier. Elevation of these proteins has been shown after various neurological diseases with cognitive dysfunction. Delirium is characterized by temporal cognitive deficits and is an important risk factor for dementia. ...
Daher Elizabeth F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 10 to 60% of patients with leptospirosis. The aim of this study is to investigate markers for oliguric AKI in leptospirosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with 196 consecutive patients with leptospirosis-associated AKI. These patients were categorized into either oliguric or non-oliguric ...
G?ddn?s Fiia - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis-related multiple organ dysfunction is a common cause of death in the intensive care unit. The effect of sepsis on markers of tissue repair is only partly understood. The aim of this study was to measure markers of collagen synthesis and degradation during sepsis and investigate the association with ...
Donadio Elena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to detect modification in the expression of plasma proteins and/or post-translational modifications of their structure in patients with end stage renal disease. METHODS: Serum samples from 19 adult patients treated by maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) were analyzed in comparison to sera from six healthy ...
Imamura Tomoaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Yusho an intoxication caused by oral dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls occurred in 1968. Patients suffered from various systemic symptoms, including general fatigue, nausea, muscular and articular pain, acneform eruptions, black comedones, cutaneous and oral pigmentation, and increased eye discharge. The major causative factor was the contamination of rice oil ...
van Munster Barbara C - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare plasma and serum protein profiles in elderly acute hip fracture patients with and without delirium. The spectra from surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization (SELDI) using time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry of 16 patients without and 16 patients with delirium (two groups of eight and ...
Matsunawa M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that CX3CL1 contributes to the pathogenesis of microscopic polyangiitis. METHODS: Serum samples from 18 patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), who fulfilled the revised criteria of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), were collected during both the newly diagnosed, untreated active disease states and inactive disease ...
Leelawat Kawin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma is an aggressive tumor with a tendency for local invasion and distant metastases. Timely diagnosis is very important because surgical resection (R0) remains the only hope for a cure. However, at present, there is no available tumor marker that can differentiate cholangiocarcinoma from benign bile duct disease. Previous ...
Tórsdóttir Gudlaug - - 2009
At the time of this study, there were five known patients with Wilson disease (WD) in Iceland. The mutation, a 7-bp deletion in exon 7 on chromosome 13 for WD, is only known in Iceland. In twenty healthy Icelandic heterozygotes for WD and their age- and gender-matched controls, copper concentration ...
Jalel Akrem - - 2009
Vitiligo affects one to two percent of the word population. Its pathogenesis has not been clarified yet. Multiple mechanisms such as autoimmune, neuronal, endocrine and oxidative stress resulting from unbalanced antioxidant defense system have been proposed. Our purpose was to study the total antioxidant status and glutathione peroxidase activity in ...
Kolagal V - - 2009
The existence of oxidative stress and the higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases in association with uremia is well proved. The uremic status of serum copper, ceruloplasmin (CP), protein thiols, malonyldialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) levels was studied. The study was carried out on 51 chronic renal failure (CRF) patients ...
Villar Jesús - - 2009
There is a need for biomarkers insuring identification of septic patients at high-risk for death. We performed a prospective, multicenter, observational study to investigate the time-course of lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) serum levels in patients with severe sepsis and examined whether serial serum levels of LBP could be used as ...
Fernández-Becerra Carmen - - 2009
There are increasing reports of severe clinical cases exclusively associated with Plasmodium vivax infections. Notably, this severity has been recently suggested to be associated with chloroquine resistance. Two different patients presented at the Hospital Clinic in Barcelona with P. vivax malaria episodes. One patient had severe symptoms and the other ...
McGuirk Joseph - - 2009
We studied serum proteomic profiling in patients with graft versus host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry analysis. The expression of a group of proteins, haptoglobin (Hp), alpha-1-antitrypsin, apolipoprotein A-IV, serum paraoxonase and Zn-alpha-glycoprotein were increased and the proteins, clusterin ...
Zhao Chen-Guang - - 2009
Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a clinical syndrome due to multiple etiologies in which hip movements may be severely limited. The aim of this study was to propose a detailed classification of GMC and evaluate the statistical association between outcomes of different management and patient conditions. One hundred fifty-eight patients, ...
Bucova Maria - - 2009
The aim of our work was to find if MCP-1 -2518 (A/G) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) influences somehow the serum concentrations of high-sensitive CRP (hsCRP) both in patients suffering from ischemic heart disease (IHD), myocardial infarction (MI), angina pectoris (AP), and hypertension (HT) and in control group of healthy subjects. ...
Kilpatrick David Chalmers DC Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service, National Science Laboratory, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2009
Bronchiectasis is a common chronic respiratory condition with recurrent cough and sputum production and recurrent chest infections. It is characterised by pathological dilatation of the bronchi thought to result from infection and inflammation. It was hypothesised that impaired innate immunity might influence susceptibility to this disease process. The aim of ...
Steyl C C University of Pretoria. - - 2009
Seriously ill patients often suffer from disorders of salt and water balance and present with clinical signs of either dehydration or oedema. The relationship of hypoalbuminaemia to oedema is complex and controversial and formed the central issue of this study. Prospective study. Medical wards of New Somerset Secondary Hospital, November ...
Cvetković Tatjana - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress has been implicated in numerous pathological conditions including chronic tonsillitis. The aim of this study was to assess levels of lipid peroxidation, evidenced by formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), level of total sulfhydryl groups (TSH), and carbonyl content in patients with tonsillar hypertrophy (TH) and ...
Jiang Xin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (UA), the final product of purine degradation, has been proposed to be a marker for the severity and a possible predictor of mortality in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The objectives of this study were to elucidate whether serum UA level correlates with the clinical ...
Karaman Ulku - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in the serum malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and nitric oxide (NO) levels between normal and T. gondii-infected patients. To this end, MDA, GSH, and NO levels in the sera of 37 seropositive patients and 40 participants in the control group ...
Lyon Ana C - - 2009
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is the most common systemic mycosis in Latin America. A major problem in the management of PCM is to determine the best time to discontinue therapy due to the high relapse rate among patients. Soluble TNF receptors (sTNF-R) levels and chemokines are associated with disease activity in several ...
Turken Orhan - - 2009
A 53-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant. There was no change in laboratory investigations other than a slight increase in serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT). Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen ...
Völkl Thomas M K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients are at a higher risk to develop obesity. The role of leptin in CAH is still controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate serum levels of leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R), and the sOB-R: leptin molar ratios in a cohort of CAH children and ...
van de Veerdonk F L - - 2009
Legionella pneumophila DNA can be detected in serum from patients with Legionnaires' disease (LD). We explored this observation studying the kinetics of L. pneumophila DNA in serum samples in relation to C-reactive protein (CRP). Eleven hospitalized patients with LD were studied. Diagnosis was made by Legionella urinary antigen test in ...
Talebi Mahnaz - - 2008
To investigate homocysteine levels in Alzheimer`s disease and its relationship with the severity of disease. This investigation was performed as a case-control study on 40 Alzheimer patients and 40 non-Alzheimer patients in Tabriz, Iran from May 2006 to September 2007. Alzheimer patients were selected based on the criteria of the ...
Liu Zhengwen - - 2008
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a severe acute viral disease with pathological changes of impaired capillary and small vessels and thrombocytopenia. In this study, serum thrombospondin (TSP)-1 concentration in patients with HFRS was determined to explore its possible role in the pathogenesis of HFRS. The concentration of TSP-1 ...
Okuno Senji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)-M) is recognized as a surrogate marker of middle-molecule uraemic toxins and is a key component in the genesis of dialysis-associated amyloidosis. Few studies have evaluated the association of beta(2)-M levels with clinical outcome in dialyzed patients. METHODS: The prognostic implication of serum beta(2)-M levels for the survival ...
Melikoglu M A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) has been shown as a marker for monitoring inflammatory disease activity and it appears likely to have a destructive role in amyloidosis-related arthritis. Whether it has a catabolic role in osteoarthritis (OA) remains unclear. AIMS: To evaluate a possible association between serum B2M and radiographic grading ...
Ali Suhail M - - 2008
Previous reports based on small patient numbers suggested that changes in serum HER-2/neu levels may predict response or lack of response to trastuzumab-based therapies in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The objectives of this study were to pool data from 307 patients with MBC from 7 medical institutions to validate that ...
Srisamorn Rattanajinda
Thesis (M.Sc. in Pharm.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2005
Azim Hatem A HA - - 2008
Building-up evidence suggests that soluble mesothelinrelated protein (SMRP) carries a diagnostic and a prognostic value in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Egypt suffers endemic asbestosis and thus this study was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of SMRP in patients with MPM and to correlate this marker with known clinicopathological ...
van Weering M G H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Normalization of activities in daily living is an important goal in rehabilitation treatment of chronic lower back pain (CLBP) patients. Clinicians indicate that CLBP patients often show deconditioning but also CLBP patients who seem to be too active are seen. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to ...
Nagano Makio - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) has been implicated in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease. However, there is no knowledge about the correlations between serum levels of MMP-2, proteinuria and atherosclerosis in patients with CKD. We investigated whether serum MMP-2 levels were associated with proteinuria, intima media thickness (IMT), and ...
Marty Francisco M FM Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham & Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2009
Measurement of serum (1-->3)-beta-D-Glucan (BG) is an aid in the diagnosis of fungemia and deep-seated mycoses, including invasive aspergillosis (IA). BG is present in the cell wall of most pathogenic fungi (including Pneumocystis jiroveci) in significant amounts with some notable exceptions such as Cryptococcus neoformans and Zygomycetes. Commercially available assays ...
Harvey Richard A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of free human chorionic gonadotropin beta-subunit (hCGbeta) proportion of total hCG measurement to distinguish placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) from more common forms of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). STUDY DESIGN: Serum samples collected from PSTT, persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) and choriocarcinoma patients were used for ...
Kagohashi Katsunori - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) has been found in elevated amounts in patients with squamous cell lung cancer (SQLC). Elevated levels have also been found among patients with nonsquamous cell lung cancer (NSQLC) and in subjects with nonmalignant pulmonary disease (NMPD). The purpose of the current study was ...
Niitsu N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We carried out immunohistochemistry to examine the expression of nm23-H1 in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells in patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (CHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 128 patients with CHL [87 patients with nodular sclerosis (NS) and 41 patients with mixed cellularity (MC)] for CD15, CD20, Ki-67, EBER, ...
Krystufková O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum levels of B cell activating factor (BAFF) in patients with myositis and correlate these to autoantibody profile, clinical phenotype and treatment. METHODS: BAFF levels in sera from 49 patients with dermatomyositis, 44 with polymyositis, 6 with inclusion body myositis and 30 matched controls were measured by ...
Pasternak B - - 2010
In this study, serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) between patients with a history of Achilles tendon rupture and blood donor controls were compared, and their relation to mechanical properties of the tendons during healing were studied. More than 3 years after injury, serum ...
Yajima Nobuyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of patients with dermatomyositis (DM) complicated by hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). METHODS: Twenty-four patients diagnosed with DM and treated at our hospital between January 2002 and April 2007 were enrolled for study. Serum levels of various parameters including cytokines were determined during the active disease ...
Chen Chun-Hsiung - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible role of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Serum sTREM-1 levels were measured in 80 patients with AS and 30 healthy controls, and synovial fluid (SF) sTREM-1 levels were tested in 6 AS patients using ELISA. Demographic data ...
Hamzaoui K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Serum levels of the B-cell activating factor in the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF), a potent contributor to B-cell survival, are elevated in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. The objective of this study was to determine serum BAFF levels and to link the results to the clinical features in ...
Jain D - - 2008
The aetiopathogenesis of vitiligo has not been fully understood. To investigate the role of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of vitiligo, we examined the blood level of antioxidants and malondialdehyde in 40 patients with generalized vitiligo and 40 healthy volunteers belonging to same age group. Our results revealed that the level ...
Kouba Erik J - - 2009
PURPOSE: It has recently been reported that serum CA-125 levels may serve as a prognostic indicator of extravesical disease in patients with bladder cancer. This study evaluated the role of CA-125 as a prognostic marker in patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. ...
Kubo Yoshitaka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between serum concentrations of the immunoglobulin-like superfamily, selectins, hsCRP, and the development of DIND in patients with aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: Serum ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, L-selectin, and hsCRP were measured in 33 patients with SAH who underwent aneurysmal ...
Ozseker Ferhan - - 2008
Plasma neurotrophin levels are elevated in patients with allergic and autoimmune diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the serum neurotrophin levels in 42 patients displaying chronic spontaneous urticaria, as well as 22 healthy control subjects. Blood samples were obtained from subjects during their first visit to the clinic, ...
João Bugalho Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been reported in patients with cancers of different origins. There are no data comparing serum VEGF levels of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) patients with that of the healthy subjects. OBJECTIVE: We tried to assess whether serum VEGF concentration in MTC ...
Miceli Emanuela - - 2008
Citrulline (CIT), a non-protein amino acid in circulating blood, is almost exclusively contained in the enterocytes of small bowel mucosa and may represent a reliable marker of functioning enterocyte mass. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of measuring serum citrulline levels in a group of ...
Concolino D - - 2008
Deficiency of dihydropteridine reductase causes a variant form of phenylketonuria associated with a devastating neurological disease characterized by mental retardation, hypokinesis and other features relating to basal ganglia disorder. Hyperphenylalaninaemias with tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency make up about 1-3% of all hyperphenylalaninaemias. We describe three patients from Calabria, a southern region of ...
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