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Results 401 - 450 of 1554
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Kallinich Tilmann - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterised by recurrent periodic febrile attacks and persistent subclinical inflammation. The damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) protein S100A12 has proven to be a sensitive marker for disease activity and inflammation in numerous inflammatory disorders. The aim of this study was to analyse the role of ...
Takano Masashi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Screening method of endometrial cancer (EC) has not been established yet. Our study was to explore serum biomarkers of EC patients using surface-enhanced laser desorption and ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS). METHODS: Serum samples from 65 EC patients and 40 controls were analyzed by SELDI-TOF MS (training set). Single- ...
Lee Deborah - - 2010
This study was to determine which immunologic factors contribute to the prognosis of patients with alopecia areata (AA) who were receiving oral cyclosporine A and methylprednisolone. Patients with > 25% hair regrowth were defined as responders, and patients exhibiting < or = 25% regrowth were poor-responders. The serum levels of ...
Yamada Hiroshi - - 2009
A patient with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy exhibited a phenotype of neurofibromatosis 1. He had large and multiple café-au-lait spots, and had elevated serum levels of very long chain fatty acids. The patient's mother and elder sister also had X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. This case represents novel manifestations of neurofibromatosis 1 in a patient ...
Yardan Turker - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning causes cerebral and generalized hypoxia. This study aimed to assess the possible use of serum glial marker S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as biochemical markers of hypoxic brain damage in acute CO poisoning. METHODS: Patients with acute CO poisoning admitted to the ED of ...
?ukaszewicz-Zajac Marta - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is a proteolytic enzyme which is associated with tumor progression including invasion, migration, angiogenesis, and metastasis due to its ability to degrade type IV collagen. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess clinical significance of MMP-9 measurement in the diagnostic evaluation of patients ...
Dias Vasco Videira - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important contributor to the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD), and abnormalities in the BDNF-signaling system may be implicated in the cognitive decline observed in BD patients. We aimed to investigate serum BDNF levels in BD patients and its relation to neurocognitive function. METHODS: ...
Harel Noam Y NY Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8018, USA. - - 2009
Improved biomarkers would facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Muscle content of the neuritic outgrowth inhibitor Nogo-A is increased in patients with ALS and other denervating conditions. Seeking a less invasive diagnostic method, we sought to determine whether or not Nogo increases in the serum of ...
Han Qunying - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In view of the role of fibronectin in adhesion, signal transduction pathways and the infectious disease process, changes in serum fibronectin levels may influence disease evolution and severity in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). METHODS: The levels of fibronectin were measured in serum samples from 112 ...
Rentzos Michael - - 2010
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a proinflammatory cytokine. RANTES is a member of the beta chemokines subfamily with strong chemoattractant activity for T lymphocytes and monocytes. We measured by enzyme-like immunosorbent assay (ELISA) serum levels of IL-15 and RANTES in 24 patients with MS in relapse, 27 patients with stable MS and ...
Nakajima Takako Eguchi - - 2010
PURPOSE: Adipocytokines are adipocyte-secreted hormones associated with some malignancies. It has been reported that the impaired response of adipocytokines to body weight loss may play a role in the pathogenesis of cancer-induced cachexia. We investigated the association between adipocytokines with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). METHODS: The levels ...
Ichiyama Takashi - - 2009
The pathogenesis of non-herpetic acute limbic encephalitis (NHALE) has been not clear. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) play important roles in the function of the blood-brain barrier. We measured the serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 23 patients ...
Sugimoto M - - 2009
The serum concentration of aminoterminal procollagen type III (PIIIP) is considered a useful marker of tissue fibrogenesis. The present study tested the hypothesis that: serum PIIIP levels are elevated in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and abnormal haemodynamic loading and/or hypoxaemia; PIIIP levels are associated with the severity of ...
Maina Giuseppe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is lack of data regarding BDNF serum levels in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aims of the present study were: 1) to assess the serum BDNF content in a sample of drug-na?ve patients with OCD and 2) to assess whether putative alterations in peripheral BDNF may be ...
Tamori A - - 2010
Combination therapy with adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) and lamivudine (LAM) is recommended for patients infected with LAM-refractory hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, the effects of such therapy on renal function and serum phosphorus levels have not been fully evaluated. Combination therapy with ADV and LAM was given to 37 patients infected ...
Karmiris Konstantinos - - 2009
Adalimumab is an efficacious therapy for active Crohn's disease, but long-term data are scarce. We conducted an observational study to assess the long-term clinical benefit of adalimumab in patients who failed to respond to infliximab, specifically focusing on the influence of trough serum concentration and antibodies against adalimumab on clinical ...
Serefhanoglu Kivanc - - 2009
Oxidative stress can be defined as an increase in oxidants and/or a decrease in antioxidant capacity. We aimed to determine total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total peroxide, malondialdehyde and catalase levels in plasma samples, and calculation of oxidative stress index (OSI) in patients with brucellosis to evaluate their oxidative status using ...
Bandiera Elisabetta - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Kallikrein-related peptidases are secreted serine proteases that exert stimulatory or inhibitory effects on tumor progression. A recent study demonstrated that kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) concentration is elevated in serum of patients with ovarian carcinoma. At the moment, the presence of KLK5 in other ovarian pathological lesions is not clearly ...
Bakr Ashraf - - 2009
In order to assess the oxidative stress in newly diagnosed children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS), we serially measured serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in 33 children with PNS and ten healthy matched controls. Patients were classified into two groups: those who had steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS; ...
Gelos Marcos - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In colorectal cancer (CRC), no biological marker is known that could serve both as a marker for detection and prognosis. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy of spin-labeled fatty acid (FA) molecules binding to human serum albumin is a suitable method for the detection of conformational changes and alterations of ...
Arca M - - 2009
Hypoadiponectinemia has been reported in patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) presenting increased waist circumference and insulin resistance. However, no studies have evaluated this association in non-obese FCHL patients. Moreover, it is unclear whether correction of lipoprotein abnormalities may influence adiponectin levels in FCHL. We have compared serum levels of ...
Wang Nian-Yue NY Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nanjing Second Hospital Affiliated to Medical College, Southeast University, Nanjing, - - 2009
To develop a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measuring hepatoma-specific datura stramonium agglutinin-tightly bounding gamma-glutamyltransferase (DSA-GGT) and evaluate its clinical application for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis. Serum DSA-GGT concentrations were measured with the sandwich ELISA system in 96 patients with HCC, 240 patients with chronic liver diseases and 119 healthy ...
Nahar Zabun - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine the serum concentration of trace elements of panic disorder patients and to find out the relationship between trace element levels and nutritional status or socio-economic factors. The study was conducted among 54 panic disorder patients and 52 healthy volunteers. Patients were recruited ...
Diekmann Ulf - - 2009
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare disorder predominantly affecting the skin, the eyes, and the cardiovascular system. The disease is caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene and characterized by ectopic calcification and extracellular matrix (ECM) alterations. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a pivotal role in the process of ECM remodeling. ...
Malaguarnera Mariano - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our earlier study has demonstrated that the administration of L-acetylcarnitine (LAC) improves neurological symptoms and serum parameters in hepatic coma. The aim of this work has been to evaluate the efficacy of the LAC and branched chain amino acids (BCAA) versus BCAA, administered in intravenous infusion, in patients with ...
Chang S M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of serum sCD44v6 in patients with oral cancer and evaluate the value of serum sCD44v6 in adjuvant diagnosis, staging and monitoring treatment response in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 112 hospitalized patients with oral and maxillofacial malignancy and 28 healthy individuals were ...
Shang Guan-Hong - - 2009
AIM: The role of high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown. We investigated the contributions of HMGB1 in NSCLC, and analyze the correlation between HMGB1 and clinicopathologic outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 145 patients with diagnosed NSCLC, and 77 patients ...
Wheeler Charlotte - - 2009
BACKGROUND: California has an ongoing epidemic of wound botulism (WB) among injection drug users (IDUs). We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients with WB and determined the sensitivity of the mouse bioassay-the gold standard laboratory test for confirmation of botulism-in verifying WB. METHODS: We defined a clinical case of WB ...
Sperr W R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that tryptase, a mast cell enzyme, is expressed in neoplastic cells in myeloid leukaemias. In several of these patients, increased serum tryptase levels are detectable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have determined serum tryptase levels in 914 patients with haematological malignancies, including myeloproliferative disorders (n = 156), ...
Katzmann Jerry A - - 2009
The repertoire of serologic tests for identifying a monoclonal gammopathy includes serum and urine protein electrophoresis (PEL), serum and urine immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE), and quantitative serum free light chain (FLC). Although there are several reports on the relative diagnostic contribution of these assays, none has looked at the tests singly ...
Broccolo Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the involvement of human herpesviruses 6 and 7 (HHV-6 and HHV-7) in autoimmune connective tissue diseases (ACTD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of active infection with HHV-6 and HHV-7 in patients with ACTD. STUDY DESIGN: The presence and quantity of HHV-6 DNA was determined by ...
Osaka Akemi - - 2009
Patients with hematological malignancies frequently suffer from lung diseases as a complication. However, it is difficult to discriminate leukemic invasion into the lung from infectious pulmonary complications. The serum level of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), which is a mucin-like glycoprotein, is increased in more than 70% of patients with ...
Iyer Anand - - 2009
Human phagocyte-specific chitotriosidase is associated with several diseases involving macrophage activation. Since macrophage activation plays an important role in the control of Mycobacterium leprae infection, we studied the association of chitotriosidase with leprosy both in serum and in situ in lesional skin biopsies from patients. Serum samples from 78 Indonesian ...
Luo Pengcheng - - 2009
It is known that the concentration and activity of the DNA precursor enzyme thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) in serum is significantly elevated in patients with malignancies, as compared with levels in patients with benign tumours and those in healthy individuals. For the first time, the use of serum TK1 as ...
Craig S B - - 2009
In a retrospective study, the laboratory findings from the first blood samples taken following hospital presentation in patients with uncomplicated leptospirosis have been compared with the corresponding data for patients admitted, to a high-dependency medical ward or intensive-care unit, with severe leptospirosis. The aim was to identify those laboratory markers ...
Niewold Timothy B TB University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. - - 2009
Interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of juvenile dermatomyositis (DM). The aim of this study was to examine serum IFNalpha activity in a cohort of children with juvenile DM to determine relationships between IFNalpha and indicators of disease activity and severity. Thirty-nine children with definite/probable juvenile DM were ...
Koos Ralf - - 2009
AIMS: Fetuin-A has been identified as a potent circulating inhibitor of ectopic calcification. We investigated the relationship between baseline fetuin-A serum levels and the rate of progression of aortic valve calcification (AVC) in non-dialyzed patients with aortic valve disease (AVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age 70 +/- 8 ...
Shantouf Ronney - - 2009
Recent in vitro studies have shown a link between alkaline phosphatase and vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). High serum levels of alkaline phosphatase are associated with increased death risk in epidemiologic studies of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. We hypothesized that coronary artery calcification is independently associated ...
Brietzke Elisa - - 2009
The pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) includes, among other processes, changes in the neuroplasticity and regulation of apoptosis, which could potentially be influenced by inflammatory mediators such as chemokines. The objectives of this study were to investigate serum chemokine levels in patients with BD and to compare results with those ...
Dammak Ines - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathogenetic mechanisms in vitiligo have not been clarified completely. One of the major hypotheses in the pathogenesis of vitiligo is the oxidative stress hypothesis. The active and stable phases of vitiligo are defined as the progression or appearance of new lesions in the last 3 months and the ...
Erdamar Husamettin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Free radical-mediated oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of several disorders. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of treatment with nebivolol on the metabolic state of oxidative stress, and antioxidant status markers in patients with cardiac syndrome-X (CSX), additionally, to compare with the ...
Glasgow Connie G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare multisystem disorder affecting primarily women of child-bearing age, and characterized by cystic lung destruction, tumors of the kidney (angiomyolipomas [AMLs]), and involvement of the axial lymphatics (lymphangioleiomyomas). Patients with LAM experience loss of pulmonary function attributed to the proliferation of abnormal-appearing smooth muscle-like cells ...
Jean Guillaume - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23, a novel bone-derived phosphaturic factor involved in mineral metabolism, is increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD); in dialysis patients, it has been linked to increased mortality rates and vascular calcification (VC). The present investigation aimed to study the factors associated with elevated serum FGF-23 levels ...
Yülek Fatma F SB Atatürk E─čitim ve Ara┼čtirma Hastanesi, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2009
Investigating the relationship between the serum levels of zinc and copper with blepharitis. Twenty seven patients with blepharitis and 24 control group patients were evaluated for Schirmer, fluorescein break up time (FBUT) scores and serum levels of zinc and copper. Symptoms and clinical examination scores of blepharitis patients were also ...
Studahl Marie - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was mainly aimed at the comparative analysis of serum S-100B protein in patients with herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). S-100B protein is an established biochemical marker of astroglial damage in central nervous system (CNS) injury. METHODS: Serum levels of S-100B were measured ...
Fagan Ryan P - - 2009
Persistence of circulating toxin in patients with foodborne botulism is not well characterized. Recommendations for administration of botulinum antitoxin are ambiguous for patients with late-presenting disease, such as a Florida woman with toxin-positive serum 12 days after toxin ingestion. We reviewed Alaska records of foodborne outbreaks of botulism that occurred ...
Li Congsheng - - 2009
This study determined the levels of serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecular-1 (sVCAM-1) in patients with different types of Keshan disease (KD), examined the relationship between Coxsackie B virus-specific IgM antibody (CBV-IgM) and sICAM-1 or sVCAM-1 in KD patients, and investigated the role of ...
Desai Rishi - - 2009
BACKGROUND:: Molecular biomarkers such as the galactomannan assay are of increasing interest in clinical settings for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA). The use of bronchoalveolar lavage galactomannan (BAL GM) is being validated in adult populations, but has not been systematically evaluated in pediatric patients. METHODS:: A retrospective analysis was performed ...
Nattee Papit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the most common causes of neonatal cholestasis. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important mediator of inflammation and immune response in various diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the possible roles of MIF in BA. METHODS: Forty-eight BA paediatric ...
Lienert Andrew - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To validate a model to stratify patients with obstructive nephropathy due to malignant ureteric obstruction, associated with a poor prognosis, into different prognostic groups, as a recent report identified low serum albumin, degree of hydronephrosis and number of events related to metastatic disease as prognostic indicators before palliative decompression. ...
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