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Results 351 - 400 of 1485
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Gelos Marcos - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In colorectal cancer (CRC), no biological marker is known that could serve both as a marker for detection and prognosis. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy of spin-labeled fatty acid (FA) molecules binding to human serum albumin is a suitable method for the detection of conformational changes and alterations of ...
Arca M - - 2009
Hypoadiponectinemia has been reported in patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) presenting increased waist circumference and insulin resistance. However, no studies have evaluated this association in non-obese FCHL patients. Moreover, it is unclear whether correction of lipoprotein abnormalities may influence adiponectin levels in FCHL. We have compared serum levels of ...
Wang Nian-Yue NY Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nanjing Second Hospital Affiliated to Medical College, Southeast University, Nanjing, - - 2009
To develop a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measuring hepatoma-specific datura stramonium agglutinin-tightly bounding gamma-glutamyltransferase (DSA-GGT) and evaluate its clinical application for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis. Serum DSA-GGT concentrations were measured with the sandwich ELISA system in 96 patients with HCC, 240 patients with chronic liver diseases and 119 healthy ...
Nahar Zabun - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine the serum concentration of trace elements of panic disorder patients and to find out the relationship between trace element levels and nutritional status or socio-economic factors. The study was conducted among 54 panic disorder patients and 52 healthy volunteers. Patients were recruited ...
Diekmann Ulf - - 2009
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare disorder predominantly affecting the skin, the eyes, and the cardiovascular system. The disease is caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene and characterized by ectopic calcification and extracellular matrix (ECM) alterations. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a pivotal role in the process of ECM remodeling. ...
Malaguarnera Mariano - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our earlier study has demonstrated that the administration of L-acetylcarnitine (LAC) improves neurological symptoms and serum parameters in hepatic coma. The aim of this work has been to evaluate the efficacy of the LAC and branched chain amino acids (BCAA) versus BCAA, administered in intravenous infusion, in patients with ...
Chang S M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of serum sCD44v6 in patients with oral cancer and evaluate the value of serum sCD44v6 in adjuvant diagnosis, staging and monitoring treatment response in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 112 hospitalized patients with oral and maxillofacial malignancy and 28 healthy individuals were ...
Shang Guan-Hong - - 2009
AIM: The role of high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown. We investigated the contributions of HMGB1 in NSCLC, and analyze the correlation between HMGB1 and clinicopathologic outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 145 patients with diagnosed NSCLC, and 77 patients ...
Wheeler Charlotte - - 2009
BACKGROUND: California has an ongoing epidemic of wound botulism (WB) among injection drug users (IDUs). We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients with WB and determined the sensitivity of the mouse bioassay-the gold standard laboratory test for confirmation of botulism-in verifying WB. METHODS: We defined a clinical case of WB ...
Sperr W R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that tryptase, a mast cell enzyme, is expressed in neoplastic cells in myeloid leukaemias. In several of these patients, increased serum tryptase levels are detectable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have determined serum tryptase levels in 914 patients with haematological malignancies, including myeloproliferative disorders (n = 156), ...
Katzmann Jerry A - - 2009
The repertoire of serologic tests for identifying a monoclonal gammopathy includes serum and urine protein electrophoresis (PEL), serum and urine immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE), and quantitative serum free light chain (FLC). Although there are several reports on the relative diagnostic contribution of these assays, none has looked at the tests singly ...
Broccolo Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the involvement of human herpesviruses 6 and 7 (HHV-6 and HHV-7) in autoimmune connective tissue diseases (ACTD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of active infection with HHV-6 and HHV-7 in patients with ACTD. STUDY DESIGN: The presence and quantity of HHV-6 DNA was determined by ...
Osaka Akemi - - 2009
Patients with hematological malignancies frequently suffer from lung diseases as a complication. However, it is difficult to discriminate leukemic invasion into the lung from infectious pulmonary complications. The serum level of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), which is a mucin-like glycoprotein, is increased in more than 70% of patients with ...
Iyer Anand - - 2009
Human phagocyte-specific chitotriosidase is associated with several diseases involving macrophage activation. Since macrophage activation plays an important role in the control of Mycobacterium leprae infection, we studied the association of chitotriosidase with leprosy both in serum and in situ in lesional skin biopsies from patients. Serum samples from 78 Indonesian ...
Luo Pengcheng - - 2009
It is known that the concentration and activity of the DNA precursor enzyme thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) in serum is significantly elevated in patients with malignancies, as compared with levels in patients with benign tumours and those in healthy individuals. For the first time, the use of serum TK1 as ...
Craig S B - - 2009
In a retrospective study, the laboratory findings from the first blood samples taken following hospital presentation in patients with uncomplicated leptospirosis have been compared with the corresponding data for patients admitted, to a high-dependency medical ward or intensive-care unit, with severe leptospirosis. The aim was to identify those laboratory markers ...
Niewold Timothy B TB University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. - - 2009
Interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of juvenile dermatomyositis (DM). The aim of this study was to examine serum IFNalpha activity in a cohort of children with juvenile DM to determine relationships between IFNalpha and indicators of disease activity and severity. Thirty-nine children with definite/probable juvenile DM were ...
Koos Ralf - - 2009
AIMS: Fetuin-A has been identified as a potent circulating inhibitor of ectopic calcification. We investigated the relationship between baseline fetuin-A serum levels and the rate of progression of aortic valve calcification (AVC) in non-dialyzed patients with aortic valve disease (AVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age 70 +/- 8 ...
Shantouf Ronney - - 2009
Recent in vitro studies have shown a link between alkaline phosphatase and vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). High serum levels of alkaline phosphatase are associated with increased death risk in epidemiologic studies of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. We hypothesized that coronary artery calcification is independently associated ...
Brietzke Elisa - - 2009
The pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) includes, among other processes, changes in the neuroplasticity and regulation of apoptosis, which could potentially be influenced by inflammatory mediators such as chemokines. The objectives of this study were to investigate serum chemokine levels in patients with BD and to compare results with those ...
Dammak Ines - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathogenetic mechanisms in vitiligo have not been clarified completely. One of the major hypotheses in the pathogenesis of vitiligo is the oxidative stress hypothesis. The active and stable phases of vitiligo are defined as the progression or appearance of new lesions in the last 3 months and the ...
Erdamar Husamettin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Free radical-mediated oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of several disorders. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of treatment with nebivolol on the metabolic state of oxidative stress, and antioxidant status markers in patients with cardiac syndrome-X (CSX), additionally, to compare with the ...
Glasgow Connie G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare multisystem disorder affecting primarily women of child-bearing age, and characterized by cystic lung destruction, tumors of the kidney (angiomyolipomas [AMLs]), and involvement of the axial lymphatics (lymphangioleiomyomas). Patients with LAM experience loss of pulmonary function attributed to the proliferation of abnormal-appearing smooth muscle-like cells ...
Jean Guillaume - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23, a novel bone-derived phosphaturic factor involved in mineral metabolism, is increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD); in dialysis patients, it has been linked to increased mortality rates and vascular calcification (VC). The present investigation aimed to study the factors associated with elevated serum FGF-23 levels ...
Yülek Fatma F SB Atatürk E─čitim ve Ara┼čtirma Hastanesi, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2009
Investigating the relationship between the serum levels of zinc and copper with blepharitis. Twenty seven patients with blepharitis and 24 control group patients were evaluated for Schirmer, fluorescein break up time (FBUT) scores and serum levels of zinc and copper. Symptoms and clinical examination scores of blepharitis patients were also ...
Studahl Marie - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was mainly aimed at the comparative analysis of serum S-100B protein in patients with herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). S-100B protein is an established biochemical marker of astroglial damage in central nervous system (CNS) injury. METHODS: Serum levels of S-100B were measured ...
Fagan Ryan P - - 2009
Persistence of circulating toxin in patients with foodborne botulism is not well characterized. Recommendations for administration of botulinum antitoxin are ambiguous for patients with late-presenting disease, such as a Florida woman with toxin-positive serum 12 days after toxin ingestion. We reviewed Alaska records of foodborne outbreaks of botulism that occurred ...
Li Congsheng - - 2009
This study determined the levels of serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecular-1 (sVCAM-1) in patients with different types of Keshan disease (KD), examined the relationship between Coxsackie B virus-specific IgM antibody (CBV-IgM) and sICAM-1 or sVCAM-1 in KD patients, and investigated the role of ...
Desai Rishi - - 2009
BACKGROUND:: Molecular biomarkers such as the galactomannan assay are of increasing interest in clinical settings for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA). The use of bronchoalveolar lavage galactomannan (BAL GM) is being validated in adult populations, but has not been systematically evaluated in pediatric patients. METHODS:: A retrospective analysis was performed ...
Nattee Papit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the most common causes of neonatal cholestasis. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important mediator of inflammation and immune response in various diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the possible roles of MIF in BA. METHODS: Forty-eight BA paediatric ...
Lienert Andrew - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To validate a model to stratify patients with obstructive nephropathy due to malignant ureteric obstruction, associated with a poor prognosis, into different prognostic groups, as a recent report identified low serum albumin, degree of hydronephrosis and number of events related to metastatic disease as prognostic indicators before palliative decompression. ...
Godoy-Matos Amélio F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4) levels in patients with Familial Partial Lipodystrophy (FPLD). METHODS: Ten patients with FPLD and a control group (9 patients) were selected to participate in the study. RESULTS: RBP4-log levels were lower in patients with FPLD in comparison to control group (1.52 +/- ...
Karapanagiotou Eleni M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin is an orexigenic peptide implicated in body weight regulation, while cachexia is a multifactorial effect of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) presented in patients with advanced disease. The aim of this study was to detect the role of ghrelin in cachexia and systemic inflammation of advanced NSCLC patients ...
Ba??kan Bedriye Mermerci - - 2009
In this study serum homocystein (Hcy) level was measured and its relationship with disease activity criteria and treatment protocols was investigated in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Ninety-two AS patients and 58 healthy individuals were recruited. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and serum C-reactive protein were determined. Bath AS disease activity index and ...
Hant Faye N - - 2009
To assess whether serum concentrations of surfactant protein D (SP-D) and Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), glycoproteins expressed by type II pneumocytes, correlate with the presence of "alveolitis" and measures of lung function in patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Lung Study (SLS). Serum obtained at baseline screening of patients with ...
Rikhof B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with a gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) suffering from non-islet cell tumour-induced hypoglycaemia (NICTH), being associated with increased plasma levels of pro-insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-IIE[68-88], have been reported occasionally. We studied the clinical relevance of pro-IGF-IIE[68-88] and other IGF-related proteins in GIST patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients were ...
Moon Suk-Bae - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma (IHHE) is a rare disorder with only a few series reported in the medical literature. We reviewed our treatment experience with IHHE over 17 years. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with IHHE between 1991 and 2008 was performed. RESULTS: Sixteen patients (median age 30 days) ...
Wallace Erik A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this report is to evaluate the presentation, treatment, and outcomes of adults with methanol toxicity from inhalation of carburetor cleaning fluid fumes. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of adults with positive serum volatile screen for methanol and history of carburetor cleaning fluid fume inhalation. RESULTS: Sixteen patients ...
Mumcu G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the interactions among salivary S. mutans colonisation, serum mannose binding lectin level (MBL), oral ulcer activity and disease course in patients with Beh??et's disease (BD). METHODS: One hundred and six BD patients, 25 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 42 healthy controls (HC) ...
Iwata Yohei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine serum concentrations of pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and its clinical associations in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Serum PTX3 levels from 45 patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dSSc), 46 with limited cutaneous SSc (lSSc), and 20 healthy controls were examined by ELISA. PTX3 expression in the sclerotic ...
Weiss Brendan M - - 2009
Preexisting plasma cell disorders, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, or smoldering myeloma are present in at least one-third of multiple myeloma patients. However, the proportion of patients with a preexisting plasma cell disorder has never been determined by laboratory testing on prediagnostic sera. We cross-referenced our autologous stem cell transplantation ...
Hummers Laura K LK Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. - - 2009
To determine plasma levels of regulators of angiogenesis in patients with scleroderma and to correlate those levels with manifestations of scleroderma-related vascular disease. Plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), endostatin, pro-MMP-1, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), placental growth ...
Karaman Ali - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Genetic factors that predispose individuals to Behçet's disease (BD) are considered to play important roles in the development of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine, by counting sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronucleus (MN) frequencies, whether DNA damage have an effect on the pathogenesis of ...
Steyl, C; ;
Objectives. Seriously ill patients often suffer from disorders of salt and water balance and present with clinical signs of either dehydration or oedema. The relationship of hypoalbuminaemia to oedema is complex and controversial and formed the central issue of this study. Design. Prospective study. Setting. Medical wards of New Somerset ...
Bassim C W - - 2009
To characterize enamel defects in patients with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) and cobalamin (cbl) metabolic disorders and to examine salivary methylmalonate levels in MMA. Teeth from patients (n = 32) were evaluated for enamel defects and compared with age- and gender-matched controls (n = 55). Complementation class (mut, cblA, cblB and ...
Benini F - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serum gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase level is often increased in patients with chronic hepatitis C, and we aimed to identify factors associated with this phenomenon in patients completely abstinent from alcohol (teetotaller). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 71 teetotaller patients have been identified by personal history, questioning of relatives, CAGE questionnaire administration ...
Jalel Akrem
<b>Background: </b> Vitiligo affects one to two percent of the word population. Its pathogenesis has not been clarified yet. Multiple mechanisms such as autoimmune, neuronal, endocrine and oxidative stress resulting from unbalanced antioxidant defense system have been proposed. <b> Aims:</b> Our purpose was to study the total antioxidant status and ...
Karul Aslihan - - 2009
Leptin is a protein hormone controlling food intake and energy expenditure. In all infections including parasitic infections there is loss of appetite and anorexia. The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship between intestinal parasites and serum leptin concentrations in children and adults. Forty patients with intestinal ...
Durazzo Marilena - - 2009
PURPOSE: Cytokines may play an important role as inflammatory factors in liver diseases. There is some evidence suggesting a link between adiponectin-biliary function and liver disease. The aim of this study was to clarify the behavior of adipokines in autoimmune hepatitis type 1. METHODS: We assessed the circulating levels of ...
Marinchev Lyubomir - - 2009
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory joint disease, in which, unlike systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), renal involvement is uncommon. The major causes of renal disease in RA are usually linked to amyloid or secondary effects of drugs. Nevertheless the relation between IgA, IgA-rheumatoid factor (RF) and renal disease in patients ...
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