Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1485
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Daoussis Dimitrios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Dkk-1 is an inhibitory molecule that regulates the Wnt pathway, which controls osteoblastogenesis. This study was undertaken to explore the potential role of Dkk-1 in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), a prototypical bone-forming disease. METHODS: Serum Dkk-1 levels were measured in 45 patients with AS, 45 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ...
Trallero-Aragu?s Ernesto - - 2010
A new autoantibody against a 155-kDa protein has been described in patients with myositis. We conducted a study to determine the occurrence and types of cancer occurring in a cohort of patients with polymyositis (PM) or dermatomyositis (DM) and analyzed the value of this autoantibody as a serologic marker of ...
Oaknin Ana - - 2010
INTRODUCTION:: In recurrent ovarian cancer, CA-125 could be the only objective response criteria. This study analyzes response patterns regarding CA-125 in responders versus nonresponders and determines whether a specific cutoff value for CA-125 could predict clinical response, compared with response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, in patients receiving pegylated liposomal ...
Nishino Yuichiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic vasculitis that affects large elastic arteries. Monitoring of disease activity is crucial because the disease may progress despite treatment with glucocorticoids. Elevated levels of B cell activating factor belonging to TNF family (BAFF) have been observed in patients with autoimmune diseases. In this ...
Coskun Omer - - 2010
Due to its high morbidity rates, brucellosis -a systemic inflammatory disease, is still an important health problem, particularly in Mediterranean regions. One-third of the patients are characterized with musculoskeletal involvement. Principally in chronic cases, there are difficulties in the follow-up of therapy success. Radiological imaging methods are used in musculoskeletal ...
Buyukberber Mehmet - - 2010
Cystatin C is a very potent inhibitor of cysteine proteinases and, it has been clinically applied as a sensitive marker in monitoring of renal and liver functions. The aim of this study was to reveal whether cystatin C may be a useful marker for distinguishing intra- versus extrahepatic cholestasis. Serum ...
te Witt René - - 2010
Most clinicians in developed, non-malaria endemic countries have limited or no experience in making clinical assessments of malaria disease severity and subsequent decisions regarding the need for parenteral therapy or high-level monitoring in febrile patients with imported malaria. In the present study, the diagnostic accuracy of plasma soluble Triggering Receptor ...
Scambi Cinzia - - 2010
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by immunological and vascular abnormalities. Until now, the cause of SSc remains unclear. Sclerodermatous graft-versus-host disease (ScGVHD) is one of the most severe complications following bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for haematological disorders. Since the first cases, the similarity of ScGVHD to SSc ...
Pereira Erlick A C EA University of Oxford Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, - - 2010
We report a patient presenting with ALS in whom acromegaly was later confirmed. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been tried in the treatment of ALS and despite equivocal results from clinical trials, efforts have continued to try to harness the significant positive effects on motor neuron growth observed in vitro ...
Koga Tomohiro - - 2010
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare large vessel vasculitis that is difficult to diagnose in the early stages. Therefore, it is also very difficult to manage and prevent irreversible vascular damage in TA. A 19-year-old female patient with back pain was examined using [(18)F]-FDG-PET to detect the source of inflammation. ...
Chinello Clizia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possibility of using the ClinProt technique to find serum cancer related diagnostic markers that are able to better discriminate healthy subjects from patients affected by renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Renal cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the kidney. Biomarkers for early detection, prognosis, follow-up, ...
Kawasaki Yukihiko - - 2009
To evaluate whether KL-6 concentration is a useful biomarker of the severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis, we determined KL-6 concentrations in patients with RSV bronchiolitis with or without chronic heart disease (CHD). We enrolled 52 patients who had been diagnosed with RSV bronchiolitis and required admission to the ...
Chularojanamontri Leena - - 2009
Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a rare idiopathic primary immunodeficiency. It is characterized by a triad of findings, including high levels of serum IgE, recurrent skin abscesses and pneumonia and leads to pneumatocele formation. The diagnosis of HIES is complicated by a diversity of clinical and immunological spectrums and a heterogeneous ...
Jiao Hena - - 2009
Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) is most commonly performed for benign lesions and malignant diseases of the uterus. Postoperative immuno-suppression caused by TAH has become a serious clinical problem, due to the high incidence of infectious complications after this operation. Lornoxicam (LOR) is a member of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and a ...
Sarici G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is one of the common dermatological diseases and its pathogenesis is multifactorial. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of oxidative stress in acne vulgaris. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 32 patients with acne vulgaris in the patient group and 34 healthy adults in ...
Jiang Shuhong - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease are known to have severe inflammation after cataract surgery. This study was designed to investigate the role of IL-17-producing T helper (Th17) cell-related pro-inflammatory cytokines on postoperative inflammation in VKH patients. METHODS: Serum from nine VKH patients and nine controls with age-related or congenital ...
Wang Judy S JS Department of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2010
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are frequently prescribed to patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE), but in a subset, they can induce significant hypergastrinemia. Elevated levels of gastrin have been associated with tumorigenic effects in a number of gastrointestinal cancers. We decided to investigate the association between serum gastrin levels and dysplasia ...
Amir Khalil A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with significant noncardiac and cardiac serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) elevations are not well described. METHODS: One hundred fifty-eight inpatients who had CPK elevation of >1000 IU/L were identified. One hundred thirty-seven patients whose CPK elevations could be attributed to either noncardiac or ...
Sharma Arun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Obesity markedly increases the risk of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), possibly through the action of adipokines. We tested the hypothesis that serum adiponectin, the primary anti-inflammatory adipokine, is associated with functional polymorphisms in the adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) and inversely associated with SAP. METHODS: Severe AP was defined as the ...
Salehi Hossein - - 2009
Drug abuse and its consequences are major health problems in Middle-East countries such as Iran. Salesmen and smugglers may add lead to opium during the process of opium preparation to increase the weight of opium for more profit. Several reports have found lead poisoning symptoms in opium addicted patients and ...
Doyen J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The role of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) and their impact on estradiol (E(2)) levels remain unknown in male breast cancer (MBC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MBC patients with metastatic disease and those treated with AIs were selected from the breast cancer database of the Centre Antoine-Lacassagne (Nice, France). Sex hormone ...
Barahmani N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by folliculotropic T-cell infiltrates around anagen-stage hair follicles. The role of T helper (Th)1 and Th2 cytokines in the pathogenesis of AA have not been established. AIM: To determine whether serum cytokine profiles define the severity of the AA phenotype ...
Peters Hilde P E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hepcidin is a key regulator of iron homeostasis and levels are elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hepcidin may explain the often observed imbalance in iron metabolism in patients with CKD. We evaluated the influence of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on serum levels of hepcidin-25 and ...
Ke Xiaoyan - - 2010
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma in adults. As it is a highly heterogenous disease, many studies have focused on finding useful prognostic factors to help guide therapy. In this report, we examine several biological markers in 83 patients with DLBCL enrolled in our ...
Luo K - - 2010
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a marker of the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but is also elevated in advanced chronic hepatitis B. The detection and usage of AFP tests need to be improved. A cohort of 101 patients with advanced chronic hepatitis B and elevated AFP values was treated with entecavir ...
Akbal Erdem - - 2009
Heart type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) is a major cytoplasmic low-molecular weight protein and released into the circulation when the myocardium is injured. Previous studies have demonstrated that H-FABP is closely associated with acute coronary syndrome, hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy, heart failure, stroke, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, pulmonary embolism. ...
Violi Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: NADPH oxidase is believed to modulate arterial tone, but its role in humans is still unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether NADPH oxidase is involved in flow-mediated arterial dilation (FMD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with hereditary deficiency of gp91(phox), the catalytic core of NADPH ...
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The total serum IgE level is a marker of immunological activity in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), and a 35% decline beyond six weeks is traditionally taken as criteria for remission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude and clinical significance of decline in serum ...
Namazi Mohammad Reza - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is ample evidence for involvement of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether MIF levels were raised in the sera of patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV). METHODS: Serum MIF levels were measured using ELISA method ...
Tan Yajun - - 2009
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a circulating pattern recognition molecule involved in the innate immune system that mediates phagocytosis and activates complement by binding to a carbohydrate extremity. Some MBL genetic polymorphisms result in deficient protein levels and increased susceptibility to infection. The objective of this study was to investigate the ...
Tangkijvanich Pisit - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of glypican-3 (GPC3), a novel serum marker, in differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from non-malignant chronic liver disease and other malignant space-occupying lesions in the liver is largely unknown. The aims of this study were to evaluate its diagnostic role and clinical correlations in patients with ...
Kallinich Tilmann - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterised by recurrent periodic febrile attacks and persistent subclinical inflammation. The damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) protein S100A12 has proven to be a sensitive marker for disease activity and inflammation in numerous inflammatory disorders. The aim of this study was to analyse the role of ...
Takano Masashi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Screening method of endometrial cancer (EC) has not been established yet. Our study was to explore serum biomarkers of EC patients using surface-enhanced laser desorption and ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS). METHODS: Serum samples from 65 EC patients and 40 controls were analyzed by SELDI-TOF MS (training set). Single- ...
Lee Deborah - - 2010
This study was to determine which immunologic factors contribute to the prognosis of patients with alopecia areata (AA) who were receiving oral cyclosporine A and methylprednisolone. Patients with > 25% hair regrowth were defined as responders, and patients exhibiting < or = 25% regrowth were poor-responders. The serum levels of ...
Yamada Hiroshi - - 2009
A patient with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy exhibited a phenotype of neurofibromatosis 1. He had large and multiple café-au-lait spots, and had elevated serum levels of very long chain fatty acids. The patient's mother and elder sister also had X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. This case represents novel manifestations of neurofibromatosis 1 in a patient ...
Yardan Turker - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning causes cerebral and generalized hypoxia. This study aimed to assess the possible use of serum glial marker S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as biochemical markers of hypoxic brain damage in acute CO poisoning. METHODS: Patients with acute CO poisoning admitted to the ED of ...
?ukaszewicz-Zajac Marta - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is a proteolytic enzyme which is associated with tumor progression including invasion, migration, angiogenesis, and metastasis due to its ability to degrade type IV collagen. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess clinical significance of MMP-9 measurement in the diagnostic evaluation of patients ...
Dias Vasco Videira - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important contributor to the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD), and abnormalities in the BDNF-signaling system may be implicated in the cognitive decline observed in BD patients. We aimed to investigate serum BDNF levels in BD patients and its relation to neurocognitive function. METHODS: ...
Harel Noam Y NY Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8018, USA. - - 2009
Improved biomarkers would facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Muscle content of the neuritic outgrowth inhibitor Nogo-A is increased in patients with ALS and other denervating conditions. Seeking a less invasive diagnostic method, we sought to determine whether or not Nogo increases in the serum of ...
Han Qunying - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In view of the role of fibronectin in adhesion, signal transduction pathways and the infectious disease process, changes in serum fibronectin levels may influence disease evolution and severity in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). METHODS: The levels of fibronectin were measured in serum samples from 112 ...
Rentzos Michael - - 2010
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a proinflammatory cytokine. RANTES is a member of the beta chemokines subfamily with strong chemoattractant activity for T lymphocytes and monocytes. We measured by enzyme-like immunosorbent assay (ELISA) serum levels of IL-15 and RANTES in 24 patients with MS in relapse, 27 patients with stable MS and ...
Nakajima Takako Eguchi - - 2010
PURPOSE: Adipocytokines are adipocyte-secreted hormones associated with some malignancies. It has been reported that the impaired response of adipocytokines to body weight loss may play a role in the pathogenesis of cancer-induced cachexia. We investigated the association between adipocytokines with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). METHODS: The levels ...
Ichiyama Takashi - - 2009
The pathogenesis of non-herpetic acute limbic encephalitis (NHALE) has been not clear. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) play important roles in the function of the blood-brain barrier. We measured the serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 23 patients ...
Sugimoto M - - 2009
The serum concentration of aminoterminal procollagen type III (PIIIP) is considered a useful marker of tissue fibrogenesis. The present study tested the hypothesis that: serum PIIIP levels are elevated in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and abnormal haemodynamic loading and/or hypoxaemia; PIIIP levels are associated with the severity of ...
Maina Giuseppe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is lack of data regarding BDNF serum levels in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aims of the present study were: 1) to assess the serum BDNF content in a sample of drug-na?ve patients with OCD and 2) to assess whether putative alterations in peripheral BDNF may be ...
Tamori A - - 2010
Combination therapy with adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) and lamivudine (LAM) is recommended for patients infected with LAM-refractory hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, the effects of such therapy on renal function and serum phosphorus levels have not been fully evaluated. Combination therapy with ADV and LAM was given to 37 patients infected ...
Karmiris Konstantinos - - 2009
Adalimumab is an efficacious therapy for active Crohn's disease, but long-term data are scarce. We conducted an observational study to assess the long-term clinical benefit of adalimumab in patients who failed to respond to infliximab, specifically focusing on the influence of trough serum concentration and antibodies against adalimumab on clinical ...
Serefhanoglu Kivanc - - 2009
Oxidative stress can be defined as an increase in oxidants and/or a decrease in antioxidant capacity. We aimed to determine total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total peroxide, malondialdehyde and catalase levels in plasma samples, and calculation of oxidative stress index (OSI) in patients with brucellosis to evaluate their oxidative status using ...
Bandiera Elisabetta - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Kallikrein-related peptidases are secreted serine proteases that exert stimulatory or inhibitory effects on tumor progression. A recent study demonstrated that kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) concentration is elevated in serum of patients with ovarian carcinoma. At the moment, the presence of KLK5 in other ovarian pathological lesions is not clearly ...
Bakr Ashraf - - 2009
In order to assess the oxidative stress in newly diagnosed children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS), we serially measured serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in 33 children with PNS and ten healthy matched controls. Patients were classified into two groups: those who had steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS; ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >