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Results 251 - 300 of 1491
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Blardi Patrizia - - 2010
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with pathogenesis not completely understood. Although a genetic origin has been recognized, it has been hypothesized a role for environmental factors, immune dysfunctions, and alterations of neurotransmitter systems. In young autistic patients we investigated plasma leptin and adiponectin levels over a year period. Thirty-five patients, ...
Choe Jung-Yoon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Angiogenesis may be involved in the pathogenesis of Behçet's disease (BD). Some angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and endothelin-1 are significantly associated with BD. Here, we investigate whether Angiopoietin contributes to disease activity and clinical manifestations of BD. METHODS: We recruited 59 consecutive ...
Zhang J W - - 2010
Prolonged exposure to silica dust causes an imbalance in the generation of free radicals and in the antioxidant system, thereby inducing oxidative stress. The antioxidant status of 113 silicosis patients and 116 control subjects without silicosis was examined. Serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and ...
Wang Mao-hua - - 2010
Thromboangitis obliterans (TAO) is considered to be an inflammatory disease. Previous research has demonstrated that phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) plays critical roles in various inflammatory responses. However, the connection between PC-PLC and TAO is undetermined. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether PC-PLC was implicated in TAO. In our study, there ...
Pecovnik Balon Breda - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Fetuin A, a circulating inhibitor of calcification, is regulated as a negative acute-phase protein. However, its relationship with outcomes of patients undergoing hemodialysis has not been well evaluated. The aim of our study was to determine the association between fetuin-A and some factors of metabolism and their impact on ...
T?t?nc? E Ediz - - 2010
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute disease affecting multiple organ systems and is characterized by fever and haemorrhages. The pathogenesis of CCHF has not been well described. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of a number of different biological processes and can participate in antimicrobial defence. In this ...
Janik Piotr - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Metabolic disturbances of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters are implicated in pathogenesis of Tourette syndrome (TS). The aim of the study was to measure serum concentrations of glutamic acid, g-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine in TS patients and evaluate any correlation between neurotransmitter levels and age at onset, ...
Kubota Toshinobu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into the ocular adnexa. METHODS: We designed a prospective study to evaluate 24 patients with ocular adnexal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrative lesions, including sclerosing inflammation and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. We analyzed peripheral blood and biopsy specimens from all ...
Varoglu Asuman Orhan - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study was carried out to determine the effects of valproate (VPA), carbamazepine, and levetiracetam (LEV) on antioxidant and oxidant enzyme activities and the clinical importance of these effects. METHODS: We enrolled 32 patients receiving VPA, 17 receiving carbamazepine, 8 receiving LEV, 11 on multidrug therapy, and 30 sex- ...
Chen Chih-Hung - - 2010
Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is frequently associated with the presence of serum autoantibodies. The prevalence and clinical relevance of serum autoantibodies in CHC patients and their influence on antiviral treatment have not been well established. From February 1999 to July 2004, 460 consecutive adult patients with CHC were studied. Antinuclear ...
Bagratuni Tina T Section of Haemato-Oncology, The Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey, - - 2010
Immunoglobulin production by myeloma plasma cells depends on the unfolded protein response for protein production and folding. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of IRE1alpha and X box binding protein 1 (XBP1), key members of this pathway, in normal B-plasma cell development. We have determined the gene expression levels of ...
Krechler Tomás - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) takes part in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including diabetes mellitus and cancer. AGE-precursors are detoxified by glyoxalase (GLO). sRAGE, soluble RAGE, is an inhibitor of pathological effects mediated via RAGE. The aim was to study sRAGE and polymorphisms of RAGE (AGER) ...
Chiang Jui-Kun - - 2010
CONTEXT: A better time-to-death (TTD) prediction can facilitate decision-making processes related to plans for providing effective end-of-life care for patients in hospice wards. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of cardiovascular autonomic functions with TTD in patients with terminal hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with 33 patients with ...
Kural Yasemin Balsever - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Even though several case studies have reported a relationship between Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) and atopic diathesis, this association is still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the actual presence of atopic status in CTCL patients. METHODS: A total of 78 patients with both clinical ...
Kayserova J - - 2010
An increase in immunoglobulin free light chains (FLC) was recently described in several pathological conditions, including asthma. FLC pathology is classically associated with monoclonal gammopathies. Its association with allergic disorders is surprising and unexplained. We therefore tested a cohort of children with severe atopic dermatitis (SCORAD 50-80) to determine the ...
Erduran Erol - - 2010
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) may be primary, or secondary, to malignancy, or to metabolic, collagen vascular, and infectious diseases such as brucellosis, miliary tuberculosis and some viral and fungal infections. The diagnostic findings of HS are high fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenia, high serum ferritin and triglycerides, and low serum fibrinogen levels. Brucellosis ...
Yasuda Eisuke E Department of Medical Technology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Ogaki, - - 2010
We evaluated the clinical utility of glypican-3 (GPC3), which has been proposed as a potential novel tumor marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as a serological and histological marker for HCC. The serum GPC3 level was compared between 200 patients with HCC and 200 patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). In ...
Castellino Gabriella - - 2010
To investigate the role of the TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-osteoprotegerin (TRAIL-OPG) system in the pathogenesis of limited SSc (lSSc). Circulating levels of TRAIL and of its soluble receptor OPG were measured by ELISA in serum samples obtained from 50 lSSc patients and 50 healthy controls. TRAIL serum levels in lSSc patients ...
Beltrand Jacques - - 2010
CONTEXT: Recently, in a 4-month proof-of-concept trial, beneficial metabolic effects were reported in non-diabetic children with Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL); this information prompted us to hypothesize that long-term leptin-replacement therapy might improve or reverse the early complications of the disease in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 28-month trial was ...
Metan G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between intravenous piperacillin/tazobactam treatment and Aspergillus galactomannan antigen (GM) and 1,3-beta-D: -glucan (BDG) test results in patients without known risk factors for invasive fungal infections (IFI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients without known risk factors for IFI and who were ...
Frid Anders - - 2010
To study trough levels of metformin in serum and its intra-individual variation in patients using a newly developed assay. Trough serum levels of metformin were measured once using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LCMSMS) in 137 type 2 diabetic patients with varying renal function (99 men) and followed repeatedly during 2 ...
Brandt Doreen - - 2010
PURPOSE: Antitumour treatments are thought to exert their therapeutic efficacy mainly by induction of apoptosis in tumour cells. In epithelial cells, caspases, the key enzymes of apoptosis, cleave the intermediate filament protein cytokeratin (CK)-18 into specific fragments that are released into circulating blood and can be detected by a specific ...
Zorena K - - 2010
The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between the serum level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the incidence of hypertension (HT) in children and adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM). One hundred and five patients with T1DM were enrolled in the study. The control ...
Tomita Hajime - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine serum concentrations and clinical association of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Serum sTREM-1 levels from 17 patients with limited cutaneous SSc (lSSc), 24 patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dSSc), and 29 healthy control individuals were examined by ...
Yildiz Ramazan - - 2010
Bevacizumab-based chemotherapy has become the standard of care in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). We aimed to measure the levels of serum soluble FAS, FASL, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), and its death receptors DR4 and DR5 in MCRC patients and to define prognostic significance of these parameters in response ...
Hu Dawei - - 2010
To investigate the expressions of IL-18 and its binding protein (IL-18BP) in peripheral blood leukocytes and kidney tissues in patients with lupus nephritis (LN). SYBR-green-dye-I-based real-time quantitative PCR method was used to compare the gene expression levels (indicated as 2(-DeltaDeltaCT) value) of IL-18 and IL-18BP in the peripheral blood leucocytes ...
Papachristou Georgios I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor (EGF) binds to pancreatic acinar cells and facilitates recovery from acute pancreatitis (AP). In animal models, EGF protects against pancreatic injury and prevents septic complications. The role of EGF in human AP is unknown. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess EGF serum levels ...
Raza Naeem - - 2010
To determine the association of low serum zinc levels with persistent, progressive or recurrent viral warts. A comparative study. Dermatology outpatient department of Combined Military Hospital, Abbottabad in collaboration with Department of Chemical Pathology, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, from June 2006 to May 2007. Seventy five patients having warts of ...
Ikehara Mizuki - - 2010
We report a patient, a 52-year-old man from Laos, who had come to Japan at 30 years of age, but had maintained a habit of eating raw freshwater crabs. The patient visited a physician for left chest pain in January 2007. Infiltration and mass-like shadows were noted in the left ...
Khoriaty Rami - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) proposed response and progression criteria using serum free light chain (sFLC) testing for patients with nonsecretory multiple myeloma (MM). We attempt to validate these criteria by comparing paraprotein responses with sFLC responses in patients with secretory myeloma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospectively entered data ...
Erdem Fazile Hatipoglu - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the activities of serum paraoxonase and arylesterase in patients with ankylosing spondylitis with respect to those of healthy controls, to assess whether these enzyme levels are related to disease activity and functional capacity. The study included 32 patients with ankylosing spondylitis whose ...
Henze Andrea - - 2010
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and has been discussed as marker of kidney function. In addition to an elevated concentration, the existence of truncated RBP4 species, RBP4-L (truncated at last C-terminal leucine) and RBP4-LL (truncated at both C-terminal leucines), has been reported ...
Anastasi Emanuela - - 2010
Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) has recently been described as a new marker for the early diagnosis of ovarian cancer (OC). The objective of this study was to evaluate (a) the expression of HE4 vs. OC mucin CA125 in 32 patients with OC compared to 163 patients with other malignant ...
Kim Jong-Sun - - 2010
To investigate the serum levels of hyaluronic acid (HA) in Korean female patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and correlate these levels with variables of disease severity including morning stiffness, we measured HA serum levels in 69 FM patients, 72 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and 71 healthy controls by enzyme-linked binding protein ...
Kreisl Teri N - - 2010
Enzastaurin, a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C-beta, inhibits angiogenesis and has direct cytotoxic activity against glioma cells in preclinical studies. Patients with recurrent high-grade gliomas were stratified by histology and use of enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs). Patients on EIAED were treated on the phase I dose-escalation portion of the ...
Murakami Mamoru - - 2010
This study aimed to examine the relationship between symptoms of dry mouth and the moisture levels in patients with maxillofacial prostheses. Dry mouth of 30 patients with maxillofacial prostheses was examined by direct measurement of oral moisture and subjective symptoms of dry mouth were surveyed using Kakinoki's questionnaire. Oral moisture ...
Weigert Johanna J Department of Internal Medicine I, Regensburg University Hospital, D-93042 Regensburg, - - 2010
Adipocytes synthesize galectin-3 whose deficiency protects from inflammation associated with metabolic diseases. We aimed to study circulating galectin-3 in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Galectin-3 was measured by ELISA in the serum of male normal-weight and overweight controls and T2D patients and in T2D patients of both sexes. Because ...
Hollevoet Kevin - - 2010
Soluble mesothelin (SM) is currently the reference serum biomarker of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Megakaryocyte potentiating factor (MPF), which originates from the same precursor protein, is potentially more sensitive, yet lacks validation. To analyze the diagnostic performance of MPF as an MPM biomarker and compare this performance with SM. A ...
Drenberg Christina D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The poor prognosis associated with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is due to the lack of overt early symptoms and the absence of reliable diagnostic screening methods. Since many tumors over express angiogenic regulators, the purpose of this study was to determine whether elevated levels of the angiogenic or angiostatic ...
Kim Sun Young - - 2010
The clinical significance of serum CA-125 measurements in patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung disease has not been investigated. This study showed that serum CA-125 levels were elevated in some patients with NTM pulmonary disease. Further studies are needed to investigate the usefulness of serum CA-125 measurements in patients with ...
Taubert H - - 2010
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system is one of the best-investigated protease systems, both under physiological and pathological conditions, including various types of cancer. However, effects of co-expression of members of the uPA system in soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) patients at the protein level in both tumour tissue and serum have ...
Cakir Zeynep - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity may cause persistent injuries in tissues sensitive to hypoxia. Neuropsychiatric sequelae may be observed in about 67% of cases after severe CO exposure. AIM: The aims of this study were to demonstrate the usefulness of S-100beta and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in CO intoxications, show the ...
Zeigelboim Bianca - - 2010
Objective: Describe findings observed in ENG of patients with spinocerebellar ataxias. Method: Forty-three patients were studied, and the following procedures were carried out: anamnesis, otorhinolaryngological and vestibular evaluation (ENG). Results: The clinical findings in the entire group of patients were: gait disturbances (83.72%), speech difficulties (48.83%), dizziness (41.86%) and dysphagia ...
Attia Enas A S - - 2010
Background. Interleukin-4 (IL-4), a Th(2) cytokine, can stimulate immunoglobulin E (IgE) transcription. No previous studies evaluated the genetic mechanisms in nonatopic AA patients with elevated serum IgE. Objective. To compare serum IL-4 and total IgE levels between Egyptian nonatopic AA patients and healthy subjects and to investigate a possible relation ...
McMahan Zsuzsanna H - - 2010
Secondary (AA) amyloidosis is a disease that is caused by systemic deposition of amyloid fibrils. Circulating serum amyloid A protein is an acute phase reactant and levels are therefore high during inflammatory states. Chronic elevation of serum amyloid A levels results in accumulation and deposition in various organs, leading to ...
Coral-Alvarado Paola Ximena - - 2010
Background. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is the main cause of morbimortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Increased Eng expression has been demonstrated in SSc patients. Objective. Ascertaining serum levels of Eng in SSc patients with and without elevated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) and comparing them with that of healthy volunteers. ...
Plaschke Konstanze - - 2010
Increased patients' serum anticholinergic activity (SAA) is described as a marker of cognitive dysfunction and can be influenced by different exogenous and endogenous factors. The role of cortisol in relation to SAA and cognition in perioperative conditions has not been investigated so far. In 30 men scheduled for urological surgery, ...
Yagura Michiyasu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the upper limit of normal range (ULN) for serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in chronic hepatitis C (CH-C) patients who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) to interferon therapy. METHODS: Enrolled in this study were 136 consecutive patients, 84 males and 52 females, ...
Kessel Aharon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated IgE levels in patients with chronic urticaria have been noted previously, but the significance of these findings has not been appreciated. OBJECTIVE: To measure the IgE levels in such patients and to examine the relationship between these levels and urticarial severity, autologous serum skin test, anti-thyroid antibodies and ...
van Wolfswinkel Marlies E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyponatraemia (serum sodium < 135 mmol/L) has long been recognized as a complication of malaria. However, few studies have been done in non-immune adult populations. It has not been investigated previously how hyponatraemia is distributed among the various Plasmodium species, and its association with malaria severity is unknown.The aim ...
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