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Modabbernia Amirhossein - - 2012
Our aim was to quantitatively evaluate the role of internal jugular venous reflux (IJVR) in transient global amnesia (TGA). Meta-analysis of case-control studies was conducted using Medline, Current contents connect, ISI Web of Knowledge, Biological abstracts and Scopus, plus citations of selected studies. We performed sensitivity and subgroup analyses to ...
Stamenković Bojana - - 2012
Anti-citrullinated peptides antibodies (ACPA) are present in 80% of sera of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with high specificity for diagnosis and prediction for the development of early erosive arthritis. A few studies have reported a low frequency ACPA in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with the presence of arthritis. The aim ...
Jeschke Udo - - 2012
Aim: Mucin 1 (MUC1) is a high molecular weight transmembrane glycoprotein with unique properties which is used as a tumour marker in sera of ovarian cancer patients. The common test kit for the cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) is not sufficient for the discrimination between sera from healthy individuals and sera ...
Lambova Sevdalina Nikolova - - 2012
In rheumatology, specific is the capillaroscopic pattern in systemic sclerosis (SSc), the so-called "scleroderma type". Capillaroscopic pattern in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is less specific and includes a wide range of microvascular changes-"SLE-type" capillaroscopic pattern, non-specific findings and in a small percentage "scleroderma-like" pattern. The latter finding is currently associated ...
Egawa Hiroto H Departments of Surgery Diagnostic Pathology, Kyoto University Department of Surgery, Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Division of Clinical Trial Design and Management, Translational Research Center, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, - - 2012
  We hypothesized that non-inflammatory central sinusoidal fibrosis (NICSF) is a sign of inadequate immunosuppression in children after living-donor liver transplantation.   In study 1, liver biopsy specimens of 158 patients who had undergone liver transplantation 10 years before or earlier were examined to study the relationship between NICSF and tacrolimus ...
Mossberg N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe a population-based material of patients with recurrent Guillain-Barré syndrome (RGBS), examine the long time course, and search for factors predisposing to recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a follow-up study of the neurology and neurophysiology and a systematic study of the acute microbial serology of patients with ...
van den Berg Rosaline - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The performance of spondyloarthritis (SpA) classification criteria is not well-established in general early arthritis cohorts. Therefore, the authors tested their performance in the Leiden Early Arthritis Clinic (EAC) cohort and assessed whether these criteria can assist rheumatologists in diagnosing patients.METHODS: The authors identified all SpA and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) ...
Lammers A J Jolanda - - 2012
Asplenic patients are at risk for pneumococcal sepsis. Patients with hyposplenic function, such as associated with sickle cell disease (SCD), are also at risk. However, tests to assess splenic function are either unavailable or lacking standardization. The aim of this study was to compare different methods for determining splenic function. ...
Lee Yeo Jin - - 2012
Although biphasic head-shaking nystagmus (HSN) is a basic response to head shaking in patients with unilateral vestibular loss, monophasic HSN is commonly seen in patients with dizziness of undetermined etiology. Since the clinical significance of HSN remains unclear, we sought to characterize different types of HSN in patients with vestibular ...
Samson Maxime - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: From an immunological standpoint, the mechanisms by which Tocilizumab (TCZ), a humanized anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor antibody, improves Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients are still not fully understood. In vitro studies and results from mouse models have emphasized the critical role of IL-6 in Th17 differentiation. Th17 lymphocytes have been demonstrated ...
McDonnell Matthew - - 2012
The majority of patients with rheumatoid arthritis involving the cervical spine can be managed non-operatively. These patients should be monitored closely by the treating physician for the development of neurologic symptoms or subluxation on radiographs. Non-surgical treatment in the majority of patients has a definite role. Several studies now suggest ...
Cho Gye Song GS Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the subjective sensation of nasal obstruction and the corresponding cross-sectional area for nasal airflow in patients with a deviated septum. Seventy-one patients with a diagnosis of unilateral nasal obstruction due to a deviated nasal septum were evaluated by ...
Al-Herz Waleed W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, and Allergy & Clinical Immunology Unit, Pediatric Department, Al-Sabah Hospital, Safat, Kuwait. - - 2012
Deficiency of dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) is a newly described combined primary immunodeficiency disease. It was found to account for 15% of combined immune deficiency cases in the National Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders Registry in Kuwait, a country with high prevalence of consanguinity. We present the clinical, immunologic and molecular ...
Karaca Neslihan Edeer - - 2012
Mutations of the CD40 gene have been found in patients with autosomal recessive hyper-immunoglobulin M (HIGM) syndrome type 3. Five patients from 4 unrelated families with CD40 mutation have been reported so far. Clinical manifestations include recurrent sinopulmonary infections, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and Cryptosporidium parvum infection. Affected patients typically have ...
Gu Hong-Xiang - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Microscopic colitis includes lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis. The entity is considered as an important cause for unknown chronic diarrhea, but rarely reported in China before. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of microscopic colitis in patients with chronic diarrhea and normal colonoscopy findings in Southern ...
Yeh Fang-Ching - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KLA) is an emerging infectious disease caused by the virulent K pneumoniae strains of capsular serotype K1 and commonly associated with diabetes mellitus. Recurrent KLA is rarely reported and the mechanism of recurrence is uncertain. In this study we evaluated both phagocytosis by neutrophils and ...
Sarkis Rani A - - 2012
Background. Immunological alterations have been noted following seizures in the acute period, however little is known about the effect of type and severity of epilepsy on leukocyte count in the absence of seizures. Methods. We performed a retrospective chart review of adult epilepsy patients presenting for evaluation over a four-month ...
Maeshima K - - 2012
We report a 37-year-old female of intractable rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), who was successfully treated with a combination of tocilizumab (TCZ) and tacrolimus. She was diagnosed with RA when she was 21 years old, and was administered oral prednisolone, injectable gold and salazosulfapyridine, but deformity ...
Cornec Divi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and 1987 ACR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a cohort of patients with recent-onset arthritis followed-up for 10 years. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four patients with recent-onset arthritis of less than ...
Hudson Marie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical phenotypes of centromeric proteins (CENP)-A- and CENP-B-positive patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to compare them to anticentromere antibody (ACA)-positive and negative SSc patients. METHODS: Sera samples were collected from 802 patients with SSc enrolled in a multicenter cohort study. Antibodies to CENP-A and B ...
Sconfienza Luca Maria - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ultrasound features of the extrinsic wrist ligaments in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in comparison with healthy volunteers. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients affected by RA (12 men, 9 women; mean age 57 ± 14.6 years) were compared with 21 controls (12, 9; 54 ± 12.1, respectively). Wrists were evaluated using ultrasound on ...
Garbacewicz Aleksandra - - 2012
In the present study we compared the prevalence of Demodex mites in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and in one control group involving individuals of similar mean age. From each person we epilated 3-4 lashes from each eyelid and examined them under a microscope to find Demodex mites. In total 147 ...
Falip M - - 2012
Background and purpose:  High levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)-ab were initially described in patients with stiff person syndrome, and have since also been observed in patients with other neurological diseases. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) seems to be specially associated. Our purpose is to describe the prevalence of GAD-ab in ...
Rasova Kamila - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to confirm the immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory changes in the immunologic profile after two months of the facilitation physiotherapy in patients with multiple sclerosis; and to determine whether the changes in the immunologic profile correlate with the changes in dehydroepiandrosterone, the brain microstructure and ...
Nilubol Naris - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the utility of preoperative localizing studies in patients with MEN1 undergoing initial bilateral neck exploration (BNE) and parathyroidectomy for pHPT. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with MEN1 who underwent initial parathyroidectomy between December 1993 and December ...
Duarte Gleison Vieira - - 2012
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory spondyloarthritis that occurs in combination with psoriasis. The exact prevalence of PsA is unknown, and its pathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. Genetic, environmental, and immunologic factors have all been implicated. The appearance of arthritis might precede, succeed or occur concomitant with ...
Kim Ki-Jo - - 2012
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal disorder characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis. MDS patients are known to manifest overt rheumatic manifestations and have distinct immunological abnormalities but their clinical significance has yet to be elucidated. To investigate the prevalence of autoimmune or rheumatic manifestations in the course of MDS and serological ...
Soeiro Alexandre de Matos - - 2012
We report on a 30-year-old female patient, with biological mitral valve prosthesis due to symptomatic mitral stenosis and a history of acute myocardial infarction and generalized tonic-clonic seizure episodes, visual hallucinations, cerebral thromboembolic events and, at present, chorea and acute carditis. The patient was diagnosed with active rheumatic fever (RF), ...
Granato Felice - - 2012
Granato F, Ambrosio M R, Spina D, Lazzi S, Rocca B J, Voltolini L, Bongiolatti S, Luzzi L, Gotti G, Leoncini L & Tosi P (2012) Histopathology 60, 270-277 Patients with thymomas have an increased risk of developing additional malignancies: lack of immunological surveillance? Aims:  To assess the risk, for ...
Harty L C - - 2012
To compare the pattern of joint responses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis treated with TNF inhibitor (TNFi) therapy. A total of 182 PsA/Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients attending the rheumatology unit of a tertiary referral centre in Ireland were recruited and prospectively followed up by the attendant rheumatologists. ...
Baan Hetty - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), signs and symptoms of feet and ankle are common. To evaluate the dynamic function of feet and ankles, namely walking, a variety of gait studies have been published. In this systematic review, we provide a systematic overview of the available gait studies in RA, give ...
Neuman Manuela G - - 2012
Hypersensitivity syndrome reactions (HSR) to antiepileptic drugs (AED) are associated with severe clinical cutaneous adverse reactions (SCAR). We aimed (1) to assess HSRs to AEDs using the in vitro lymphocyte toxicity assay (LTA) in patients who manifested HSRs clinically; (2) to correlate LTA results with the clinical syndrome; (3) to correlate ...
Kang Jiunn-Horng - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to explore the outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and coronary heart disease. We identified 25,367 patients from the National Health Insurance Research Database who underwent nonstenting PCI in Taiwan in 2007. Of these patients, 240 had ...
Khawaja Muhammad Rizwan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study aimed to characterize the clinical hematological and immunological features of patients with thymic epithelial neoplasms. METHODS: From a cohort of 512 patients with thymic epithelial neoplasms, 79 patients diagnosed with autoimmune/immunodeficiency conditions or signs and/or symptoms suggesting an autoimmune or immunodeficiency state were evaluated by standard ...
Mafra Denise - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reported energy intake (EI(rep)) in hemodialysis (HD) patients by total energy expenditure (TEE) measured by a dedicated device. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: RenalCor and RenalVida Clinics (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). PATIENTS AND OTHERS PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight HD patients (51.4 ± 12.2 years, 62% men, body mass index ...
Salehi Iraj - - 2012
More than 14 years of clinical practice in rheumatology led the author to discover the prognostic role of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) as well as the erosions found by MRI, in detecting the RA patients resulting in establishing a new set of criteria by revising the 1987 ACR classification-Iran Criteria for ...
Kim Ji-Soo - - 2012
Vestibular neuritis (VN) mostly involves the superior portion of the vestibular nerve and labyrinth. This study aimed to describe the clinical features of VN involving the inferior vestibular labyrinth and its afferents only. Of the 703 patients with a diagnosis of VN or labyrinthitis at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital ...
Friedmann David R - - 2012
To further define the spectrum of clinical presentation and explore the histologic sequelae of jugular bulb abnormalities (JBAs). Retrospective review. Academic medical center. Thirty patients with radiologic evidence of inner ear dehiscence by JBA. Thirty patients with radiologic inner ear dehiscence by JBA and 1579 temporal bone specimens were evaluated ...
Catanoso M - - 2012
Epidemiological studies on psoriatic arthritis have long been hampered by the absence of widely accepted classification criteria. The development of the CASPAR (ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic ARthritis) criteria has recently provided the framework for conducting epidemiological studies in psoriatic arthritis using uniform recruitment criteria. However, so far, only a minority ...
Jiang Chao - - 2012
We examined whether immunological abnormalities can be found in the specimens of four childhood-onset nemaline myopathy (NM) patients without autoimmune diseases. Pathological examination revealed that nemaline rods were found in all specimens. The immunohistochemical results showed that CD4 positive cells and some other cells were gathered among the necrotic muscle ...
Hakyemez Ismail Necati - - 2012
Fascioliasis is a worlwide parasitic zoonosis, endemic in south-east mediterranean area, but uncommon in other areas. Clinical signs are usually non-specific. A 32 year old male patient was admitted to our hospital with complaints of abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, lost of appetite, itching, cough, night sweats and weight loss. ...
Zakeri Zahra - - 2012
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an enzyme being involved in purine metabolism and plays a significant role in the immune system. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of adenosine deaminase levels in differentiating between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Thirty patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 30 osteoarthritis patients ...
Ercan Altan - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with hypogalactosylation of immunoglobulin G (IgG). We examined whether a proxy measure for galactosylation of IgG N-glycans could predict response to therapy or was differentially affected by methotrexate (MTX) or TNF blockade. Using a previously defined normal phase high-performance liquid chromatography approach, we ascertained the ...
Sahin Ziver - - 2012
HLA-B*51 and HLA-B*52 are two close human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele groups with minor amino acid differences. However, they are associated with two different vasculitides (HLA-B*51 in Behçet's disease and HLA-B*52 in Takayasu's arteritis (TAK)) and with major clinical and immunological differences. In this study, we aimed to screen a ...
Monzon Jose G - - 2012
Interferon is the only accepted adjuvant treatment for patients with melanoma; hence, oncologists should be aware of the possibility of retinal abnormalities resulting from its use. Interferon-associated retinopathy in patients being treated for resected melanoma is a rare phenomenon with a proposed immunological basis. Patients are usually asymptomatic or have ...
Mohammadinejad P - - 2012
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common form of symptomatic primary immunodeficiency disease. It is characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia, increased predisposition to infections, autoimmunity, and cancer. This study was performed to evaluate the clinical and immunological features of a group of pediatric patients with CVID. The study population comprised 69 ...
Lanteri Alexis Caitlin AC Operation Smile, Inc, Norfolk, - - 2012
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to compare the severity of unilateral cleft lips in populations of Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Northern Africa and the Middle East. We hypothesize that severity of unilateral cleft lips shows significant variation between these populations. Medical photographs of 780 patients with primary unilateral ...
Krempaska S S University of P.J. Safarik, Slovakia. - - 2012
This study presents the role of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in the vestibular system investigation focused on the function of the saccule and inferior portion of the vestibular nerve. The main goal of the study is to report VEMP findings in different groups of patients with inner ear disorders ...
Lim Hyun Woo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Despite complaints of dizziness, some patients with unilateral compensated vestibular weakness show normal results on Sensory Organization Test (SOT), which is being widely used for the evaluation of vestibular function compensation. The head shake-sensory organization test (HS-SOT) has been suggested to increase the sensitivity of SOT. In HS-SOT, the ...
Marmor Michael F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To compare different screening procedures for hydroxychloroquine sulfate (Plaquenil) toxicity at different stages of damage. METHODS: Ten patients were studied using 10-2 automated fields, multifocal electroretinography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and fundus autofluorescence. RESULTS: All 10 patients used hydroxychloroquine for more than 6 years, and those with ...
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