Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1512
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Völkl Thomas M K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients are at a higher risk to develop obesity. The role of leptin in CAH is still controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate serum levels of leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R), and the sOB-R: leptin molar ratios in a cohort of CAH children and ...
van de Veerdonk F L - - 2009
Legionella pneumophila DNA can be detected in serum from patients with Legionnaires' disease (LD). We explored this observation studying the kinetics of L. pneumophila DNA in serum samples in relation to C-reactive protein (CRP). Eleven hospitalized patients with LD were studied. Diagnosis was made by Legionella urinary antigen test in ...
Talebi Mahnaz - - 2008
To investigate homocysteine levels in Alzheimer`s disease and its relationship with the severity of disease. This investigation was performed as a case-control study on 40 Alzheimer patients and 40 non-Alzheimer patients in Tabriz, Iran from May 2006 to September 2007. Alzheimer patients were selected based on the criteria of the ...
Liu Zhengwen - - 2008
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a severe acute viral disease with pathological changes of impaired capillary and small vessels and thrombocytopenia. In this study, serum thrombospondin (TSP)-1 concentration in patients with HFRS was determined to explore its possible role in the pathogenesis of HFRS. The concentration of TSP-1 ...
Okuno Senji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)-M) is recognized as a surrogate marker of middle-molecule uraemic toxins and is a key component in the genesis of dialysis-associated amyloidosis. Few studies have evaluated the association of beta(2)-M levels with clinical outcome in dialyzed patients. METHODS: The prognostic implication of serum beta(2)-M levels for the survival ...
Melikoglu M A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) has been shown as a marker for monitoring inflammatory disease activity and it appears likely to have a destructive role in amyloidosis-related arthritis. Whether it has a catabolic role in osteoarthritis (OA) remains unclear. AIMS: To evaluate a possible association between serum B2M and radiographic grading ...
Ali Suhail M - - 2008
Previous reports based on small patient numbers suggested that changes in serum HER-2/neu levels may predict response or lack of response to trastuzumab-based therapies in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The objectives of this study were to pool data from 307 patients with MBC from 7 medical institutions to validate that ...
Srisamorn Rattanajinda
Thesis (M.Sc. in Pharm.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2005
Azim Hatem A HA - - 2008
Building-up evidence suggests that soluble mesothelinrelated protein (SMRP) carries a diagnostic and a prognostic value in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Egypt suffers endemic asbestosis and thus this study was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of SMRP in patients with MPM and to correlate this marker with known clinicopathological ...
van Weering M G H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Normalization of activities in daily living is an important goal in rehabilitation treatment of chronic lower back pain (CLBP) patients. Clinicians indicate that CLBP patients often show deconditioning but also CLBP patients who seem to be too active are seen. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to ...
Nagano Makio - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) has been implicated in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease. However, there is no knowledge about the correlations between serum levels of MMP-2, proteinuria and atherosclerosis in patients with CKD. We investigated whether serum MMP-2 levels were associated with proteinuria, intima media thickness (IMT), and ...
Marty Francisco M FM Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham & Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2009
Measurement of serum (1-->3)-beta-D-Glucan (BG) is an aid in the diagnosis of fungemia and deep-seated mycoses, including invasive aspergillosis (IA). BG is present in the cell wall of most pathogenic fungi (including Pneumocystis jiroveci) in significant amounts with some notable exceptions such as Cryptococcus neoformans and Zygomycetes. Commercially available assays ...
Harvey Richard A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of free human chorionic gonadotropin beta-subunit (hCGbeta) proportion of total hCG measurement to distinguish placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) from more common forms of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). STUDY DESIGN: Serum samples collected from PSTT, persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) and choriocarcinoma patients were used for ...
Kagohashi Katsunori - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) has been found in elevated amounts in patients with squamous cell lung cancer (SQLC). Elevated levels have also been found among patients with nonsquamous cell lung cancer (NSQLC) and in subjects with nonmalignant pulmonary disease (NMPD). The purpose of the current study was ...
Niitsu N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We carried out immunohistochemistry to examine the expression of nm23-H1 in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells in patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (CHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 128 patients with CHL [87 patients with nodular sclerosis (NS) and 41 patients with mixed cellularity (MC)] for CD15, CD20, Ki-67, EBER, ...
Krystufková O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum levels of B cell activating factor (BAFF) in patients with myositis and correlate these to autoantibody profile, clinical phenotype and treatment. METHODS: BAFF levels in sera from 49 patients with dermatomyositis, 44 with polymyositis, 6 with inclusion body myositis and 30 matched controls were measured by ...
Pasternak B - - 2010
In this study, serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) between patients with a history of Achilles tendon rupture and blood donor controls were compared, and their relation to mechanical properties of the tendons during healing were studied. More than 3 years after injury, serum ...
Yajima Nobuyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of patients with dermatomyositis (DM) complicated by hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). METHODS: Twenty-four patients diagnosed with DM and treated at our hospital between January 2002 and April 2007 were enrolled for study. Serum levels of various parameters including cytokines were determined during the active disease ...
Chen Chun-Hsiung - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible role of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Serum sTREM-1 levels were measured in 80 patients with AS and 30 healthy controls, and synovial fluid (SF) sTREM-1 levels were tested in 6 AS patients using ELISA. Demographic data ...
Hamzaoui K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Serum levels of the B-cell activating factor in the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF), a potent contributor to B-cell survival, are elevated in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. The objective of this study was to determine serum BAFF levels and to link the results to the clinical features in ...
Jain D - - 2008
The aetiopathogenesis of vitiligo has not been fully understood. To investigate the role of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of vitiligo, we examined the blood level of antioxidants and malondialdehyde in 40 patients with generalized vitiligo and 40 healthy volunteers belonging to same age group. Our results revealed that the level ...
Kouba Erik J - - 2009
PURPOSE: It has recently been reported that serum CA-125 levels may serve as a prognostic indicator of extravesical disease in patients with bladder cancer. This study evaluated the role of CA-125 as a prognostic marker in patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. ...
Kubo Yoshitaka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between serum concentrations of the immunoglobulin-like superfamily, selectins, hsCRP, and the development of DIND in patients with aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: Serum ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, L-selectin, and hsCRP were measured in 33 patients with SAH who underwent aneurysmal ...
Ozseker Ferhan - - 2008
Plasma neurotrophin levels are elevated in patients with allergic and autoimmune diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the serum neurotrophin levels in 42 patients displaying chronic spontaneous urticaria, as well as 22 healthy control subjects. Blood samples were obtained from subjects during their first visit to the clinic, ...
João Bugalho Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been reported in patients with cancers of different origins. There are no data comparing serum VEGF levels of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) patients with that of the healthy subjects. OBJECTIVE: We tried to assess whether serum VEGF concentration in MTC ...
Miceli Emanuela - - 2008
Citrulline (CIT), a non-protein amino acid in circulating blood, is almost exclusively contained in the enterocytes of small bowel mucosa and may represent a reliable marker of functioning enterocyte mass. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of measuring serum citrulline levels in a group of ...
Concolino D - - 2008
Deficiency of dihydropteridine reductase causes a variant form of phenylketonuria associated with a devastating neurological disease characterized by mental retardation, hypokinesis and other features relating to basal ganglia disorder. Hyperphenylalaninaemias with tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency make up about 1-3% of all hyperphenylalaninaemias. We describe three patients from Calabria, a southern region of ...
Yoshino Yuichiro - - 2008
The interaction and/or balance between matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)-2 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2 in vivo may play important roles in the process of tumor growth, invasion and metastasis of malignant melanoma. In this study, we investigated the serum levels and immunohistochemical expression of MMP-2, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 in patients ...
Sun Ying - - 2008
BACKGROUND: CXCL16 is a transmembrane molecule combining scavenger receptor functions with the properties of an inflammatory chemokine. Accumulating evidence suggests that CXCL16 is involved in atherosclerosis; however, the role of circulating soluble CXCL16 in human coronary artery disease remains unclear. METHODS: ELISA was used to examine the concentration of serum-soluble ...
Yuksel Bulent C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare results of the determination of carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigens, alpha-fetoprotein, and human chorionic gonadotropin before and after surgical and pharmacologic treatment in patients with cystic echinococcosis (CE). METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 40 CE patients (all with cysts in the ...
Laaksovirta H - - 2008
We measured serum levels of neurotrophic cytokines ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and leukaemia inhibiting factor (LIF) in 96 patients either with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS, n = 18) or sporadic ALS (SALS, n = 78) and in 27 inflammatory neurological controls (13 multiple sclerosis and 14 Guillain-Barré syndrome) and ...
Arshad Anwar - - 2008
A high frequency of bronchopulmonary infections complicating rheumatoid arthritis has been described in reports of case series. This study was undertaken to confirm and compare these finding in patients with RA and control. 117 patients with RA and 103 patients with OA/soft tissue rheumatism as controls. Study subjects were studied ...
Kubota Toshinobu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the characteristics of patients with primary ocular adnexal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma associated with polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. DESIGN: Case series study. METHODS: Among 81 Japanese patients with primary ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma, seven patients (9%) were diagnosed with polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. Patient clinical data included a history of ...
Nakai Keiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Serum levels of cystatin C have been proposed to be an ideal marker of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, some reports have shown that serum levels of cystatin C increase independently of GFR. In this study, we evaluated the clinical utility of cystatin C in monitoring GFR, especially ...
Koyama Yo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that serum levels of pentosidine, one of the well-defined advanced glycation end products (AGE), was an independent prognostic factor for heart failure. Receptor for AGEs (RAGE) is expressed in a variety of tissues, and RAGE has a C-truncated secretory isoform of the receptor protein, termed soluble ...
Muroi Eiji - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine serum concentrations of lymphotactin, a Th1 chemokine, and their clinical association in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Lymphotactin levels were examined in serum samples from patients with SSc (n = 68), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; n = 42), or dermatomyositis (DM; n = 29), and healthy ...
Shiomi Kazu - - 2008
Because mesothelioma initially progresses on the surface of the pleura and peritoneum without forming masses, it has been difficult to diagnose at an early stage. It would be very useful to identify a tumor marker that could be used for screening to enable more diagnoses to be made at an ...
Xing Ru-dong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) is most likely associated with tumor invasion and metastasis. Studies have shown that HA levels are often increased in serum of patients with various malignant tumors. The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of serum hyaluronan in patients with oral cancer and evaluate the ...
Caliskan Mustafa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) have impaired coronary flow reserve (CFR) and reduced CFR has been reported to be a poor prognostic indicator and independent predictor of subsequent cardiac events in patients with IDC. Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Therefore, we ...
Viallon Alain - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential role of procalcitonin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6 and interleukin-8, in the prognosis of patients with sepsis. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The emergency unit of a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: We included 131 patients with sepsis: 15 (12%) with septic shock, 20 (15%) with severe sepsis ...
Katsabeki-Katsafli A - - 2008
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to play crucial role in tumour angiogenesis. It is demonstrated that VEGF can be up-regulated by oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to determine the serum VEGF levels and oxidative stress in patients with primary lung cancer and to investigate their ...
Pirrotta Maria Teresa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cases of discordant responses in multiple myeloma (MM) patients after thalidomide therapy have been sometimes reported, in which extramedullary masses progress or present de novo with a simultaneous serum monoclonal protein reduction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We hereby report, for the first time, on two cases of MM patients with ...
Chiang C-C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of allogeneic serum in the treatment of persistent corneal epithelial defect (PED). METHODS: Thirty-six patients with PED whose autologous serum was unavailable or unsuitable for use were included in the study. Blood was obtained from the patients' family members who were healthy and ...
Honsawek Sittisak - - 2008
AIM: To investigate circulating leptin levels in biliary atresia (BA) patients and the association of leptin with bone mineral density (BMD) and the severity of BA. METHODS: We have examined 50 patients with BA and 15 matched healthy controls. Serum leptin, osteocalcin and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) ...
Maha I. Esmaeel
This study was designed to examine selenium concentrations in patients with newly diagnosed Non-Hodgkin`s Lymphoma (NHL) and the possible association between the levels of this trace element with clinical features of the disease. Also, to test the hypothesis that selenium concentration at presentation would predict for response to treatment. This ...
Bonny S - - 2008
A fifty-one-year-old man with history of treated hypertension and seronegative rheumatoid arthritis presented to hospital with a three day history of a rash affecting the whole body and general malaise. He had been commenced on sulfasalazine 2 weeks ago to control his rheumatoid arthritis, which the patient had discontinued taking ...
Yun Sook Jung - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and its correlation with skin manifestations in patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). METHODS: Serum LDH levels were measured in 33 patients (17 SJS and 16 TEN), from initial hospital admission to remission stage. RESULTS: The mean LDH level ...
Erdal Muhammed - - 2008
The present study was conducted to evaluate the serum copper, zinc, magnesium, and selenium levels in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism in the iodine-rich region of Ankara, Turkey. The effects of hormone replacement therapy on these elements were also studied in these patients. Basal levels of selenium and iron in patients ...
Hellstrom Ingegerd - - 2008
Assays measuring SMRP (mesothelin) and HE4 (a secreted protease) in serum and other body fluids (including urine for SMRP) are likely to be clinically useful for patients with ovarian cancer, as data indicate that they complement CA125 for diagnosis and monitoring of patients. Both markers have temporal stability, as does ...
Kimura Hitoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Circulating vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) levels were measured in patients with esophageal cancer to assess the value of VEGF-C as a biomarker for predicting tumor recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preoperative serum samples were acquired from 80 patients and healthy volunteers who served as normal controls. VEGF-C levels were ...
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